PCA Case View – The Republic of Philippines v. The People’s Republic of China


Case View

Case name The Republic of Philippines v. The People’s Republic of China
Case description

On 22 January 2013, the Republic of the Philippines instituted arbitral proceedings against the People’s Republic of China under Annex VII to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (the “Convention”), “with respect to the dispute with China over the maritime jurisdiction of the Philippines in the West Philippine Sea.” On 19 February 2013, China presented a Note Verbale to the Philippines in which it described “the Position of China on the South China Sea issues,” and rejected and returned the Philippines’ Notification. The Permanent Court of Arbitration acts as Registry in this arbitration.

Name(s) of claimant(s) The Republic of Philippines ( State )
Name(s) of respondent(s) The People’s Republic of China ( State )
Names of parties
Case number 2013-19
Administering institution Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Case status Pending
Type of case Inter-state arbitration
Subject matter or economic sector – Other –
Rules used in arbitral proceedings – Other –
Treaty or contract under which proceedings were commenced Multilateral treaty
Treaty: UNCLOS
Language of proceeding English
Seat of arbitration (by country) Netherlands
Arbitrator(s) Judge Thomas A. Mensah (President)
Judge Jean-Pierre Cot
Judge Stanislaw Pawlak
Professor Alfred H. Soons
Judge Rüdiger Wolfrum
Representatives of the claimant(s) Agent
Solicitor General Florin T. Hilbay
Office of the Solicitor General, Makati, Republic of the Philippines

Paul S. Reichler
Lawrence H. Martin
Foley Hoag LLP

Professor Bernard H. Oxman
University of Miami School of Law

Professor Philippe Sands QC
Matrix Chambers

Professor Alan Boyle
Essex Court Chambers

Representatives of the respondent(s) China has not appointed an agent. In a Note Verbale to the PCA on 1 August 2013, China reiterated “its position that it does not accept the arbitration initiated by the Philippines.”
Representatives of the parties
Number of arbitrators in case 5
Date of commencement of proceeding [dd-mm-yyyy] 22-01-2013
Date of issue of final award [dd-mm-yyyy]
Length of proceedings Pending
Additional notes
Attachments – Other –

Award or other decision

Press release



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