Natural selection gave a freediving people in Southeast Asia bigger spleens

Date:April 19, 2018
Source:Cell Press
FULL STORY

This image shows a Bajau diver hunting fish underwater using a traditional spear.
Credit: Melissa Ilardo

The Bajau people of Southeast Asia, known as Sea Nomads, spend their whole lives at sea, working eight-hour diving shifts with traditional equipment and short breaks to catch fish and shellfish for their families. In a study published April 19 in the journal Cell, researchers report that the extraordinary diving abilities of the Bajau may be thanks in part to their unusually large spleens. The adaptation, the researchers say, is a rare example of natural selection in modern humans — and one that could provide medically relevant insight into how humans manage acute hypoxia.

Continue reading “Natural selection gave a freediving people in Southeast Asia bigger spleens”

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How do we control dangerous biological research?

Filippa Lentzos

Người Việt Nam đầu tiên nhận giải thưởng môi trường Goldman Environmental Prize,

Goldmanprize

Ngụy Thị Khanh đã sử dụng các nghiên cứu khoa học và hợp tác với các cơ quan nhà nước Việt Nam nhằm thúc đẩy các kế hoạch phát triển năng lượng dài hạn bền vững ở Việt Nam. Nêu bật những phí tổn và tác động môi trường của nhiệt điện than, cô đã hợp tác với các cơ quan chức năng nhằm giảm sự lệ thuộc vào than và hướng tới một tương lai năng lượng xanh hơn.

Những hiểm họa rõ ràng của năng lượng than

Nền kinh tế phát triển bùng nổ đã khiến cho nhu cầu điện của Việt Nam tăng khoảng 12%/năm trong thập kỷ qua. Việt Nam là một trong bốn nước châu Áđứng đầu thế giớivề xây dựng mới nhiệt điện than. Sau khi đã khai thác gần hết tiềm năng thủy điện, năm 2011 chính phủ Việt Nam đã chuyển sang phát triển nhiệt điện than và điện hạt nhân nhằm đáp ứng nhu cầu năng lượng trong tương lai. Một lượng khá lớn than sử dụng ở Việt Nam là than nhập khẩu, làm gia tăng sự lệ thuộc của đất nước vào các nguồn nhập khẩu đắt đỏ.Là một loại nhiên liệu phát điện gây ô nhiễm nhất, than đá gây ra 40% lượng phát thải khí nhà kính toàn cầu và là một nguồn chủ yếu gây ô nhiễm không khí và nước. Continue reading “Người Việt Nam đầu tiên nhận giải thưởng môi trường Goldman Environmental Prize,”

Goldman environmental prize: top awards dominated by women for first time

theguardian.com

Winners are all grassroots activists who have taken on powerful vested interests

Goldman environment prizewinners 2018: (clockwise from top left) Manny Calonzo, Francia Márquez, Nguy Thi Khanh, LeAnne Walters, Makoma Lekalakala and Liz McDaid, Claire Nouvian.
 Goldman environment prizewinners 2018: (clockwise from top left) Manny Calonzo, Francia Márquez, Nguy Thi Khanh, LeAnne Walters, Makoma Lekalakala and Liz McDaid, Claire Nouvian. Photograph: 2018 Goldman Environmental Prize

The world’s foremost environmental prize has announced more female winners than ever before, recognising the increasingly prominent role that women are playing in defending the planet.
Continue reading “Goldman environmental prize: top awards dominated by women for first time”

Honoring Students’ Emotional Response to Complex Global Issues

Editor’s Note: For years, Noah Zeichnera National Board-certified social studies and Spanish teacher at Ingraham High School in Seattle, Washington, taught about complex global issues, including water and pollution, in his classroom. The urgency in teaching these topics renewed itself when he watched Chris Jordan’s new documentary ALBATROSS. Here he interviews Chris Jordan about his film and shares tips for teaching about difficult and emotional topics in the classroom. 

By guest blogger Noah Zeichner

UNSDG14.pngUN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) #14 (Life Below Water) is to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resource. While only a tiny portion of Goal 14’s targets address pollution, it is widely known that the problem is immense, if not catastrophic. On World Water Day this year, the journal Scientific Reports published a study that claims that the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is four to sixteen times larger than first thought, covering an area about four times the size of California. The estimates now are that 87,000 tons of plastic debris are floating in the Pacific and that approximately 94% of the 1.8 million trillion pieces of plastic are microplastics. At the same time, more than three quarters of the total mass of the Garbage Patch were found to be much larger pieces of plastic. These larger pieces will likely break down into nearly invisible microplastics over time.
Continue reading “Honoring Students’ Emotional Response to Complex Global Issues”

Is Earth’s ozone layer still at risk? 5 questions answered

theconversation

False-color image of ozone concentrations above Antarctica on Oct. 2, 2015. NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Editor’s note: Curbing damage to Earth’s protective ozone layer is widely viewed as one of the most important successes of the modern environmental era. Earlier this year, however, a study reported that ozone concentrations in the lower level of the stratosphere had been falling since the late 1990s – even though the Montreal Protocol, a global treaty to phase out ozone-depleting chemicals, had been in effect since 1989. This raised questions about whether and how human activities could still be damaging the ozone layer. Atmospheric chemist A.R. Ravishankara, who co-chaired a United Nations/World Meteorological Organization Scientific Assessment panel on stratospheric ozone from 2007 to 2015, provides perspective. Continue reading “Is Earth’s ozone layer still at risk? 5 questions answered”

Malaysian police adopt Chinese AI surveillance technology

Startup Yitu targets Southeast Asia with wearable face-recognition cameras

Yitu opened its first overseas office in Singapore in January to tap Southeast Asia’s growing market for AI-driven surveillance technology. REUTERS/Edgar Su   © Reuters

asia.nikkei.com

KUALA LUMPUR — Chinese surveillance and security startup Yitu Technology has made its first foray into Malaysia, supplying wearable cameras with artificial intelligence-powered facial-recognition technology to a local law enforcement agency. Continue reading “Malaysian police adopt Chinese AI surveillance technology”

Doctor assaulted while treating child patient at Hanoi hospital, Vietnam

For Vietnamese doctors, a punch in the face leaves emotional scars that can’t be healed

e.vnexpress.net

By Tran Van Phuc   April 18, 2018 | 04:44 pm GMT+7

For Vietnamese doctors, a punch in the face leaves emotional scars that can't be healed

A doctor is seen protecting himself from a violent man at Saint Pall Hospital in Hanoi on April 13 in this still image from a camera footage.

Dr Tran Van Phuc was attacked by a patient’s relative 17 years ago, and the recent assault of a colleague has reopened the wound.

Continue reading “Doctor assaulted while treating child patient at Hanoi hospital, Vietnam”

Phản ảnh bất cập tại Cục lãnh sự, Bộ Ngoại Giao VN – Cảm ơn Thanh tra Bộ Ngoại Giao đã phản hồi

Bài dưới đây ghi lại bất cập mà chính mình đã chứng kiến tại Cục lãnh sự, Bộ Ngoại Giao Việt Nam, tại Hà Nội. Dưới đây là email mình gửi tới thanh tra Bộ Ngoại Giao để phản ánh sự việc và email trả lời của Bộ Ngoại Giao. (Cảm ơn thanh tra Bộ Ngoại Giao đã phản hồi nhanh chóng). Mong rằng người dân Việt Nam mọi nơi ngày càng tích cực phản ánh với tính xây dựng về các dịch vụ hành chính để giúp nhà nước cải thiện hệ thống dịch vụ hành chính tốt hơn nữa.

Nhờ các bạn chuyển đi rộng rãi để các cơ quan nhà nước Việt Nam  có cơ hội lắng nghe góp ý của người dân nhiều hơn. Cảm ơn các bạn.

ĐTH

Email gửi Thanh tra Bộ Ngoại Giao 

 

from: Hang Dao 
to: thanhtrabng@mofa.gov.vn
date: Thu, Apr 12, 2018 at 8:12 AM
subject: Phản ánh về hệ thống đăng ký xếp số tại Cục lãnh sự Bô NG

Kính gửi quý Bộ Ngoại Giao Việt Nam,

Tôi là Đào Thị Thu Hằng, công dân Việt Nam, thường trú tại Hà Nội. Tôi có một số phản ánh dưới đây về thủ tục tại Cục lãnh sự Bộ NG, 40 Trần Phú, Ba Đình, kính mong Bộ NG lắng nghe.

Ngày 11/4/2018, tôi đến Cục lãnh sự Bộ NG 40 Trần Phú, Ba Đình, Hà Nội để làm thủ tục hợp pháp hoá lãnh sự cho giấy tờ cá nhân (Lý lịch tư pháp)

Trước khi đi, tôi đã in tờ khai theo hướng dẫn tại https://hopphaphoa.lanhsuvietnam.gov.vn/Legalization/Legalized-Introduction.aspx

Khi đến nơi, vừa vào cửa, có người chỉ cho tôi đăng ký trực tuyến để lấy mã số tại https://hopphaphoa.lanhsuvietnam.gov.vn/Legalization/Legalized-Registration.aspx

Và tôi đã đăng ký trực tuyến tại máy tính trong cục lãnh sự.

Lúc 15h chiều tôi đã xác nhận mã số mã vạch để xếp số. (mã xxxxxx)

Đến 16h, có thông báo của nhân viên qua loa rằng “Đã hết giờ làm việc. Những ai chưa được gọi hôm nay, xin mời mai đến”. Và không thông báo gì thêm.

Lúc đó, ngoài tôi còn ít nhất khoảng 20 cũng đang ngồi chờ phải đứng dậy ra về. Continue reading “Phản ảnh bất cập tại Cục lãnh sự, Bộ Ngoại Giao VN – Cảm ơn Thanh tra Bộ Ngoại Giao đã phản hồi”

European Parliament sounds the alarm over developing world debt crisis

Ignoring the warning signs of a growing developing world debt crisis is no longer tenable. [Shutterstock]

The number of poor countries facing major debt crises has doubled since 2013, and only 1 in 5 are now considered to be at low risk of crisis. With some countries in the midst of crisis and others on the brink, meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) remains a pipe dream, writes Mark Perera.

Mark Perera is a Senior Networking and Advocacy Officer at European Network on Debt and Development (Eurodad).

The debt burden of developing countries has been rising fast, both in absolute terms, and in relation to economic indicators such as GDP, export earnings, and government revenue – trends are driven by a number of factors. Continue reading “European Parliament sounds the alarm over developing world debt crisis”

Over 100 corporate giants align with UN climate goals

At EU level, a high-level group on sustainable finance issued its final recommendations earlier this year, calling on the 28-country bloc to stop pouring public money into polluting fossil fuels and focus spending on clean energies instead. [Jeff Kubina / Flickr]

L’Oreal and Electrolux today (17 April) joined the likes of McDonald’s and Sony in aligning their emission goals with the 2°C target of the Paris Agreement on climate change.

103 global companies have now signed up to emission reduction goals in line with what climate scientists say is required to prevent dangerous global warming, said the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi), a collaboration between CDP, the United Nations Global Compact, the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

The 100+ companies’ combined emissions are equal to the annual CO2 emissions from 100 coal-fired power plants, representing US$3.4 trillion in market value, roughly equivalent to the London Stock Exchange, the SBTi said in a statement.
Continue reading “Over 100 corporate giants align with UN climate goals”

What the UN deal on shipping emissions means

Real hard work is about to begin after last week’s deal at the IMO, writes Bill Hemmings. [Dirk Dallas / Flickr]

Last week’s difficult deal on shipping emissions at the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) brought some good news. The not-so-good news is that there is far too little acceptance of the need for immediate action, writes Bill Hemmings.

Bill Hemmings is shipping director at Transport & Environment, a sustainability NGO. T&E has observer status at shipping climate talks as part of the Clean Shipping Coalition. Continue reading “What the UN deal on shipping emissions means”

Dirty business: The hidden workers who deal with waste in Vietnam’s capital

By Hoang Phuong, Duc Hoang   April 18, 2018 | 09:00 pm GMT+7

Workers collect, classify and recycle all kinds of waste just to earn a little bit extra.

Minh has lived in Hanoi for ten years, but still doesn’t speak fluent Vietnamese.

He comes from an ethnic minority group based in the north of the country, but moved down to the capital to earn a living as a waste disposal worker in a residential building.

Minh does not get the chance to practice his Vietnamese very much because concrete walls separate him from the rest of society, and the only connection he has with other people is a waste pipe.

Minh does not know exactly how old his two sons are. All he knows is that they quit school early to follow him in the waste business.

Continue reading “Dirty business: The hidden workers who deal with waste in Vietnam’s capital”

Minhs wife and older son clean up the bunker of garbage under a residential building in Hanoi. Photo by VnExpress/Do Manh Cuong

Minh’s wife and older son clean up the bunker of garbage under a residential building in Hanoi. Photo by VnExpress/Do Manh Cuong

Where The Wind Blew

springfilms.

WHERE THE WIND BLEW tells the story of how the Cold War super powers, in their race to develop more and more deadly bombs, spent forty years developing weapons capable of wiping out entire nations, while sacrificing their own vulnerable populations in the name of national security.

Using archive and testimony from both those affected and those participating in these escalating events, Where the Wind Blew shows not only how ordinary people were allowed to suffer in ignorance, but also how, with personal fortitude and courage they defied their governments. They helped change the course of history by joining forces, first nationally, then across the world to finally triumph against the testing of nuclear weapons. Kazakhstan became, in 1989, the first nation to close its test site, leading the way to an international test ban treaty. Continue reading “Where The Wind Blew”