Bài học không cũ từ bãi cạn Scarborough

30/03/2021 11:06 GMT+7

TTO Sự kiện bãi cạn Scarborough năm 2012 chỉ là vấn đề của Philippines và Trung Quốc. Sự kiện hơn 200 “tàu cá” Trung Quốc có mặt ở đá Ba Đầu hiện nay là vấn đề lớn hơn thế nhiều.

Đá Ba đầuBiển Đông: Trung Quốc sẽ diễn lại kịch bản “Vành Khăn” tại Đá Ba Đầu?

Không chỉ Trung Quốc và Philippines, Việt Nam cũng tuyên bố chủ quyền đối với đá Ba Đầu. Câu hỏi đặt ra là liệu Trung Quốc có ngang nhiên biến Ba Đầu thành sự kiện bãi cạn Scarborough thứ hai hay không?

Bà Lê Thị Thu Hằng, người phát ngôn Bộ Ngoại giao Việt Nam, đã lên tiếng chỉ trích Trung Quốc vi phạm chủ quyền Việt Nam. Trong khi đó, Ngoại trưởng Mỹ Anthony Blinken cũng lên tiếng trên Twitter sẵn sàng bảo vệ Philippines trước các tàu dân quân Trung Quốc.

Mặc dù ông Blinken nói thêm là Mỹ sẵn sàng ủng hộ các đồng minh và trật tự quốc gia dựa trên luật lệ, nhưng có vẻ Mỹ đã thể hiện họ sẽ ủng hộ ai. Trong khi đó, tổ chức ASEAN vẫn chưa thấy lên tiếng. Tiếp tục đọc “Bài học không cũ từ bãi cạn Scarborough”

Vietnam demands China end East Sea violations

By Vu Anh   March 25, 2021 | 08:28 pm GMT+7 VNExpressVietnam demands China end East Sea violationsThe Grierson Reef of the Spratly Islands. Photo by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).Chinese vessels operating near the Spratly Islands is a serious violation of Vietnam’s sovereignty and must be ended, Vietnam has demanded.

Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam demands China end East Sea violations”

Crude oil exports plunge as resource depletes

By Dat Nguyen   March 24, 2021 | 11:00 am GMT+7 vnexpressCrude oil exports plunge as resource depletesTam Dao 03 oil rig off Vietnam’s eastern coast. Photo by VnExpress/Quoc Huy.Vietnam’s crude oil export is plunging, partly because of depleting resources. An industrialist says the situation can only improve after new fields come online in several years.

Crude exports volume from January 1 to February 15 this year fell nearly 50 percent year-on-year to 354,700 tonnes, according to Vietnam Customs.

Most of Vietnam’s oil and gas fields have been harnessed for over 20 years ago and run their course, said Hoang Ngoc Trung, deputy director of Petrovietnam Exploration Production Corporation Ltd.

In the last five years, crude oil prices have been falling, which has affected investment in searching for new fields, he told the Tuoi Tre newspaper.

The corporation’s output was 3.8 million tonnes last year, down marginally from 2019, and the figure is set to fall another 10 percent this year.

However, Vietnam’s crude oil prices remain higher than the global average.

The global average price of Brent crude oil last year was $41.8 per barrel, but Vietnam sold them for $43.7, 4.5 percent higher.

In the first two months, Brent crude was $58.53 per barrel, compared to $59.94 percent in Vietnam.

Trung said exploitation volume is set to recover in the next two or three years with several new fields such as Dai Hung and White Lion coming online.Related News:

US backs Philippines in standoff over South China Sea reef

The United States said it’s backing the Philippines in a new standoff with Beijing in the disputed South China Sea, where Manila has asked a Chinese fishing flotilla to leave a reef.China ignored the call, insisting it owns the offshore territory.The US Embassy said it shared the concerns of the Philippines and accused China of using “maritime militia to intimidate, provoke, and threaten other nations, which undermines peace and security in the region.”“We stand with the Philippines, our oldest treaty ally in Asia,” the US Embassy in Manila said in a statement.

Tiếp tục đọc “US backs Philippines in standoff over South China Sea reef”

Biển Đông: Lợi ích chung, không thể hành động riêng

DANH ĐỨC 15/3/2021 7:00 GMT+7

TTCTTrong khi Hoa Kỳ vẫn đóng vai trò chủ chốt trong các nỗ lực duy trì một Biển Đông mở và tự do cho thương mại và hàng hải, nhiều quốc gia khác đang sốt sắng nhập cuộc.

Tháng 3-2021 bắt đầu bằng những phô phang sức mạnh của Trung Quốc qua cuộc tập trận của hải quân nước này ở một khu vực phía tây bán đảo Lôi Châu thuộc cực nam tỉnh Quảng Đông, phía tây nhìn ra vịnh Bắc Bộ, phía nam cách đảo/tỉnh Hải Nam 30km qua eo biển Quỳnh Châu, và phía đông nhìn ra Biển Đông.

USS Nimitz, một trong những tàu sân bay của Mỹ từng có mặt trên Biển Đông. -Ảnh: The Japan Times

Tiếp tục đọc “Biển Đông: Lợi ích chung, không thể hành động riêng”

Germany to send 1st warship through South China Sea in nearly 2 decades


Taiwan News

German frigate’s forthcoming transit comes as Western allies step up ‘freedom of navigation’ passages in disputed sea

 

German Sachsen-class frigate the Hamburg (Bundeswehr photo)

German Sachsen-class frigate the Hamburg (Bundeswehr photo)

TAIPEI (Taiwan News) — A German frigate will traverse the South China Sea this summer for the first time since 2002, German officials confirmed Tuesday (March 1).

Officials in the country’s defense and foreign ministries told Reuters that the frigate, scheduled to embark on a trip to Asia in August, will traverse the South China Sea on the return leg of its journey.

Tiếp tục đọc “Germany to send 1st warship through South China Sea in nearly 2 decades”

Kíp tàu ngầm đầu tiên của Việt Nam – những câu chuyện bây giờ mới kể

TTO – Đúng 9h ngày 2-6-2017, lần đầu tiên trong lịch sử Hải quân nhân dân Việt Nam và cả Tổ quốc, quả tên lửa phóng đi từ tàu ngầm bắn trúng trực tiếp mục tiêu, ghi dấu mốc đầy tự hào với kíp tàu ngầm lớp kilo 636 số hiệu 182-Hà Nội.

Đây cũng chính là kíp tàu ngầm đầu tiên được đi Nga học.

Nhớ lại những dấu mốc không thể nào quên với tàu ngầm kilo số hiệu 182, thiếu tá Nguyễn Trọng Khôi, thuyền trưởng tàu ngầm mang tên thủ đô Hà Nội, nói: “Khi bước chân sang Nga học, chúng tôi đã quyết tâm học, không chỉ vì danh dự của mỗi cá nhân mà còn học vì Tổ quốc”. Tiếp tục đọc “Kíp tàu ngầm đầu tiên của Việt Nam – những câu chuyện bây giờ mới kể”

A Lesson from Physics on Oil Prices: Revisiting the Negative WTI Oil Price Episode

While the episode of negative WTI price is still being actively debated, its proper root cause is yet to be determined. This Comment contributes to the discussion and studies the event by modifying the theory of storage for an oil market with rigid operational infrastructure, where short-term supply and demand are price inelastic. We found that such pricing anomaly can be well characterized by a simple concept borrowed from the physics of extreme events.

The future prices are modelled as a financial derivative of the storage capacity. During normal market conditions, the spread between nearby futures contract is mostly determined by the carry trade and the cost of storage. However, if either inventory or the storage capacity is no longer available, the carry trade breaks down as the futures trader is unable to make or take the delivery of physical barrels. These events are akin to defaults in financial markets and prices leading to them are characterized by the financial squeeze.

We calibrate the model to inventory data at Cushing, Oklahoma and conclude that only a small fraction of the abnormal price move could be attributed to constraints on the storage capacity. The rest of the move was caused by the financial squeeze on long futures positions held against over-the-counter products. We detail the behavior of main market participants that led to negative prices. The Comment also points to several shortcomings of the recent CFTC report on this topic and suggests additional areas where a more granular look at the data could be helpful.

This comment looks at the announcement by the Danish government on 4 December to cancel the 8th offshore licensing round and all future rounds and to phase out all production of oil and gas by 2050. It describes the industry and political background to the announcement, including the ambitious legal target of a 70% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 and climate neutrality by 2050, and the most recent official projections of offshore production. It concludes that it will shape operators’ investment and management of mature fields but its impact on Danish emissions and upstream production in 2030 and 2050 is likely to be much more modest than at first appears. However, if the reform galvanises the Danish authorities and investors to commit resources to the development of offshore COstorage in the period 2025-30, it may contribute significantly to Denmark’s climate objectives.

View full paper https://www.oxfordenergy.org/wpcms/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/A-Lesson-from-Physics-on-Negative-Oil-Prices.pdf

China ‘threatens war’ with Philippines as US pledges support to Manila

31 Jan, 2021 01:26 AM7 minutes to read Nzherald

China's President Xi Jinping 'threatened war' with the Philippines this week. Photo / AP
China’s President Xi Jinping ‘threatened war’ with the Philippines this week. Photo / AP

news.com.auBy: Jamie Seidel25

China is “threatening war” after it authorised its warships to open fire on fishers plying traditional waters, warns the Philippines. Now Washington says it has Manila’s back.

Beijing has passed legislation calling upon its military-controlled coast guard to open fire upon “foreign” vessels and destroy “illegal” structures within the East and South China seas.

Problem is, those territories don’t belong to it.

Read More

Which means the law represents a significant escalation in international tensions.

ADVERTISEMENT

https://4b158e7d15175961e4172c5d5efb4ced.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.htmlAdvertise with NZME.

And that has Manila worried the region is about to erupt in violence.

Foreign Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jr. says the Chinese move “is a verbal threat of war to any country that defies the law”. Any nation not rejecting the law will be signalling its “submission”.https://platform.twitter.com/embed/index.html?creatorScreenName=nzherald&dnt=false&embedId=twitter-widget-0&frame=false&hideCard=false&hideThread=false&id=1354352774591389697&lang=en&origin=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nzherald.co.nz%2Fworld%2Fchina-threatens-war-with-philippines-as-us-pledges-support-to-manila%2F3Y5CG364WQOCTY773AV42FWHIE%2F&siteScreenName=nzherald&theme=light&widgetsVersion=ed20a2b%3A1601588405575&width=550px

Beijing’s aggressive new legislation orders its coast guard to “take all necessary measures, including the use of weapons, when national sovereignty, sovereign rights, and jurisdiction are being illegally infringed upon by foreign organisations or individuals at sea”.

Hours after the new law was passed, a flight of H-6K strategic bombers escorted by advanced fighters made a dummy “attack run” on the USS Theodore Roosevelt battle group.

Filipino fishers operating out of Thitu (also known as Pag-asa) island in the Spratly Islands also reported Chinese coast guard and militia vessels forcing them out of traditional waters.

The aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) pictured off the coast of England in 2015.
The aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) pictured off the coast of England in 2015.

Making a stand

New US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has responded to Beijing’s intimidation by contacting Mr Locsin, telling him the longstanding defence agreement between the two nations would be honoured.

CHINA TO CONDUCT MILITARY DRILLS IN SOUTH CHINA SEA AMID TENSIONS WITH U.S.

By Reuters Staff, Reuters

FILE PHOTO: An aerial view of China occupied Subi Reef at Spratly Islands in disputed South China Sea April 21, 2017. REUTERS/Francis Malasig/Pool

BEIJING (Reuters) – China said on Tuesday it will conduct military exercises in the South China Sea this week, just days after Beijing bristled at a U.S. aircraft carrier group’s entry into the disputed waters.

A notice issued by the country’s Maritime Safety Administration prohibited entry into a portion of waters in the Gulf of Tonkin to the west of the Leizhou peninsula in southwestern China from Jan. 27 to Jan. 30, but it did not offer details on when the drills would take place or at what scale.

ADVERTISEMENT

A U.S. carrier group led by the USS Theodore Roosevelt entered the South China Sea on Saturday to promote “freedom of the seas,” the U.S. military said, days after Joe Biden began his term as president.

The contested waters have become another flashpoint in the increasingly testy bilateral relationship between Beijing and Washington. The U.S. military has steadily increased its activities there in recent years as China asserts its territorial claims in the area in conflict with neighbouring countries including Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines, Brunei and Taiwan.

ADVERTISEMENT

The announcement of the drills in the Gulf of Tonkin, just east of Vietnam, came as the Southeast Asian country opened a key Communist Party congress in Hanoi.

China on Monday complained that the United States frequently sends aircraft and vessels into the South China Sea, through which trillion dollars in trade flow every year, to “flex its muscles” and said such actions are not conducive to peace and stability in the region.

Reporting by Beijing Newsroom; Additional reporting by James Pearson in Hanoi; Writing by Se Young Lee; Editing by Raju Gopalakrishnan

Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.