Arctic Ocean acidifying up to four times as fast as other oceans, study finds

theguardian.com

Scientists ‘shocked’ by rate of change as rapid sea-ice melt drives absorption of CO2 – with ‘huge implications’ for Arctic sea life

A thin layer of grey ice on a rocky shore
Norway’s Svalbard archipelago. Melting sea ice in the Arctic Ocean is driving faster warming and acidification, in a feedback loop known as Arctic amplification. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty

Acidification of the western Arctic Ocean is happening three to four times faster than in other ocean basins, a new study has found.

The ocean, which absorbs a third of all of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, has grown more acidic because of fossil fuel use. Rapid loss of sea ice in the Arctic region over the past three decades has accelerated the rate of long-term acidification, according to the study, published in Science on Thursday.

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Vườn Quốc gia Cúc Phương: 60 năm vươn tầm châu lục

NNSau 60 năm hình thành và phát triển, Vườn Quốc gia Cúc Phương đã có những chương trình cứu hộ, bảo tồn, giáo dục về môi trường vươn đến tầm châu lục, thế giới.

Là vườn quốc gia đầu tiên của Việt Nam, ra đời vào năm 1962, đến nay Cúc Phương vẫn là vườn quốc gia đứng đầu cả nước về công tác bảo tồn đa dạng sinh học. Với hệ giá trị đặc biệt, từ địa chất địa mạo, cổ sinh học, lâm sinh, cảnh quan và văn hóa bản địa, Cúc Phương được so sánh ngang hàng với những khu rừng nhiệt đới hàng đầu thế giới.

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Roundup Lawsuit Update January 2023

forbes.com Updated: Aug 18, 2022, 1:26pm

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors’ opinions or evaluations.

Roundup Lawsuit Update January 2023Getty

Table of Contents

Roundup weed killer is used for both commercial and personal use. You’ve probably used a Roundup product at least once to kill pesky weeds in your yard or garden.

While it’s effective, some studies have shown chemicals within the product may cause cancer. If you’ve been diagnosed with cancer because of or related to Roundup use, you may be able to file a lawsuit against Bayer, Roundup’s current owner, for compensation. What follows is an update on where cases stand today and what you can do to protect yourself.

Roundup History

Roundup, the most popular and profitable weed killer ever sold, uses glyphosate as its most active ingredient. Glyphosate is toxic to most broadleaf plants and grasses. It kills most plants it comes into contact with, instead of targeting certain weeds or plants.

Monsanto, a now defunct company, developed the product. Because glyphosate kills anything it touches, Monsanto developed plant seeds that were genetically modified to resist the damage of Roundup. This is when residential Roundup sales skyrocketed.

However, as the years went on, science questioned the safety of glyphosate. Studies have shown that the chemical might cause illness to humans and cause damage to the environment. The International Agency for Research on Cancer categorizes glyphosate as possibly carcinogenic to humans—essentially, the IARC is saying this toxin may cause cancer.

In 2018, Roundup was purchased by Bayer. By then, consumers had filed thousands of lawsuits linking Roundup to cancer. The most common cancer associated with Roundup is non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Bayer committed to begin in 2023 replacing “its glyphosate-based products in the U.S. residential Lawn & Garden market with new formulations that rely on alternative active ingredients.”

Roundup Cancer Lawsuits

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Popular weedkiller Roundup on trial again as cancer victims demand justice

theguardian.com

Mike sitting in the living room of his Phoenix home. Contemplating what his latest biopsy results will reveal.
Mike Langford in the living room of his Phoenix home, contemplating what his latest biopsy results will reveal. Photograph: Matt Williams/The Guardian

A long list of upcoming trials complicating Bayer’s efforts to escape the costly, ongoing litigation over the health effects of Roundup

Cancer has taken an unrelenting toll on 72-year-old Mike Langford. After being diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in 2007 he suffered through five recurrences despite multiple rounds of chemotherapy and a stem cell transplant. Now he struggles with chemo-related neuropathy in his arms and legs, and new tests show the cancer is back.

Langford blames his cancer on his longtime use of the popular weed-killing product Roundup, which he applied countless times over decades using a backpack sprayer around his five-acre California property and a vacation lake home. He alleges in a lawsuit that Monsanto, the longtime Roundup maker now owned by the German company Bayer AG, should have warned of a cancer risk.

Last month, a San Francisco judge ruled that Langford’s health is so poor that he is entitled to a speedy hearing of his claims. A trial is set for 7 November in San Francisco county superior court.

“I’ve had it so long. I’m very angry,” Langford told the Guardian a day after doctors biopsied an enlarged lymph node. “The future doesn’t look too terribly promising,” he said, trying to hold back tears. He learned last week that the preliminary biopsy results show a return of NHL.

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Nigeria: Shell settles lawsuit in the Netherlands for €15 million over oil spillages in Niger Delta

Four Nigerian Farmers Take Oil Giant Shell to Court

View full case here

business-humanrights.org

A unique court case, brought by four Nigerian victims of Shell oil spills, in conjunction with Friends of the Earth Netherlands, begins on Thursday 3rd December in the court at The Hague. This is the first time in history that a Dutch company has been brought to trial before a Dutch court for damages abroad. The Nigerian farmers and fishers, who lost their livelihoods after oil from leaking Shell pipelines streamed over their fields and fishing ponds, are claiming compensation from the Anglo-Dutch oil giant…Shell denies all responsibility and contends that the Dutch court has no jurisdiction over its Nigerian subsidiary.

“Shell to pay 15 mln euros in settlement over Nigerian oil spills”, 24 Dec 2022

Shell will pay 15 million euros ($15.9 million) to communities in Nigeria that were affected by multiple oil pipeline leaks in the Niger Delta, the oil company on Friday said in a joint statement with the Dutch division of Friends of the Earth.

The compensation is the result of a Dutch court case brought by Friends of the Earth, in which Shell’s Nigerian subsidiary SPDC last year was found to be responsible for the oil spills and was ordered to pay for damages to farmers.

The money will benefit the communities of Oruma, Goi and Ikot Ada Udo in Nigeria, that were impacted by four oil spills that occurred between 2004 and 2007.

“The settlement is on a no admission of liability basis, and settles all claims and ends all pending litigation related to the spills,” Shell said.

An independent expert had confirmed that SPDC has installed a leak detection system on the KCTL Pipeline in compliance with the appeal court’s orders, the company added…

The case was brought in 2008 by four farmers and environmental group Friends of the Earth, seeking reparations for lost income from contaminated land and waterways in the region, the heart of Nigeria’s oil industry.

After the appeals court’s final ruling last year, Shell said it continued to believe the spills were caused by sabotage.

But the court said Shell had not proven “beyond reasonable doubt” that sabotage had caused the spill, rather than poor maintenance.

Timeline

Vietnam loses sacred cranes after habitat change

In 2020 and 2022, no sarus cranes were spotted in Cham Trim National Park. PHOTO: Nguyen Van Hung

mekongeye – By Tran Nguyen

19 September 2022 at 8:05 (Updated on 22 September 2022 at 17:13)

A vulnerable bird that usually migrated to the wetlands of the Mekong Delta has become a rare visitor to the area

DONG THAP, VIETNAM – Twenty years ago, Nguyen Van Liet took scientists to the wetlands near his hometown of Tram Chim on Vietnam’s Mekong Delta to find sarus cranes, a vulnerable bird species according to the IUCN Red List, native to Southeast Asia, South Asia and Australia.

“We had to go very early so the cranes wouldn’t know it,” Liet said of the expedition, which aimed to study the crane’s movements using a navigation device. “After sedating them, attaching tracking devices to their legs, the crew found shelter to wait for them to wake up and leave safely.”

Memories of those trips will forever be a source of pride for the 58-year-old. His efforts, no matter how humble, have contributed to helping Tram Chim become known worldwide as a place to preserve this rare crane species, which are world’s tallest flying birds.

Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam loses sacred cranes after habitat change”

Hợp tác cấp vùng về thương mại điện năng

IUCN – 06 Th12, 2022

Trong lúc việc phát triển và mở rộng năng lượng mặt trời và gió sẽ là yếu tố quan trọng giúp Việt Nam giảm tiêu thụ than và đáp ứng yêu cầu trong lộ trình thực hiện các cam kết tại COP26, thì việc tăng cường nhập khẩu điện từ các nước láng giềng là một giải pháp bổ sung. Trong Kế hoạch Phát triển Điện lực 8 của Việt Nam (PDP 8) ban hành tháng 4 năm 2022 đã đưa ra dự đoán lượng điện nhập khẩu sẽ tăng từ 572 MW vào năm 2020 lên khoảng 4.000 MW vào năm 2025.

content hero image

Photo: A solar project invested by Trung Nam Group © Trung Nam Group

Tương lai thì nguồn điện nhập khẩu vào Việt Nam phần lớn sẽ đến từ CHDCND Lào và có thể từ Campuchia. Tuy nhiên, cách thức Việt Nam tham gia thương mại điện năng với các nước láng giềng này sẽ có ảnh hưởng trực tiếp đến việc phát triển các dự án phát điện ở các quốc gia này. Phần lớn nguồn điện năng mà Việt Nam nhập khẩu từ CHDCND Lào đến từ các đập thủy điện và các đập này có thể có tác động tiêu cực đáng kể cho Việt Nam.

Tiếp tục đọc “Hợp tác cấp vùng về thương mại điện năng”

In Vietnam, a forest grown from the ashes of war falls to a resort project

mongabay – by Le Quynh on 19 December 2022

  • Planted in the 1970s as part of Vietnam’s post-war reforestation program, the Dak Doa forest has become both a burgeoning tourist attraction and a lifeline for ethnic minority farmers living in the district.
  • The forest is under threat due to a planned tourism, housing and golf complex slated to cover 517 of the forest’s 601 hectares (1,278 of 1,485 acres).
  • Work on the project is currently suspended due to the death of more than 4,500 trees in a botched relocation operation, as well as sanctions imposed on local leaders by central party leadership, which found local officials to have committed a series of violations related to land management.
  • While currently suspended, the project could still be revitalized if a new investor takes over.

DAK DOA, Vietnam — At the end of the rainy season, the hillsides in Dak Doa district, in central Vietnam’s Gia Lai province, turn pink as the Cỏ Hồng grass blushes in the basaltic soil of a 50-year-old pine forest.

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Những chuyến ly hương của người già Đồng bằng Sông Cửu Long

Tiasang – Võ Kiều Bảo Uyên, Nhung Nguyễn

Những biến đổi về môi trường, khí hậu đã đẩy người lớn tuổi ở Đồng bằng Sông Cửu Long (ĐBSCL) phải rời quê tìm đường mưu sinh.  

Bà Nguyễn Thị Áp (63 tuổi) tại chỗ ngủ của mình – một tầng hầm để xe ở chung cư nơi bà làm nhân viên vệ sinh. Ảnh: Thành Nguyễn

Chuyến rời quê đầu tiên trong đời bà Nguyễn Thị Áp* là khi bà đã bước qua tuổi 63. Sáng sớm một ngày tháng Bảy, người phụ nữ tóc bạc trắng xách giỏ quần áo, một mình ra lộ bắt xe đi khỏi quê nhà Chợ Mới, An Giang, tỉnh thượng nguồn ĐBSCL đến Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh (TP.HCM). Không chỉ mưu sinh, với bà, đó còn là một cuộc chạy trốn.

Khoản nợ hơn 100 triệu đồng tích tụ “từ ngày còn mần lúa”, lãi chồng lãi, cùng bệnh tim của người chồng đã đẩy bà Áp – gần như cả đời chỉ quen ruộng vườn – đến đô thị xa lạ tìm kiếm việc làm. Đích đến ban đầu trong kế hoạch của bà là Bình Dương, khu công nghiệp lớn nhất nước, nhưng những hàng xóm đi trước rỉ tai rằng nơi ấy chỉ có việc cho người trẻ. Cuối cùng, theo lời họ hàng chỉ, bà đặt cược vào TPHCM, nơi sẵn công việc làm thuê qua ngày.

“Ruộng đã bán. Con cái có gia đình riêng, và cũng khổ. Dì ở lại [quê] hết đời cũng không thể trả hết nợ”, bà Áp nói, không quên dặn người phỏng vấn giấu danh tính vì sợ chủ nợ nhận ra.

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Earthquakes Triggered by Dams

internationalrivers.org

Exposing the Hidden Dangers of Dam-Induced Earthquakes

Earthquakes can be induced by dams. Globally, there are over 100 identified cases of earthquakes that scientists believe were triggered by reservoirs (see Gupta 2002). The most serious case may be the 7.9-magnitude Sichuan earthquake in May 2008, which killed an estimated 80,000 people and has been linked to the construction of the Zipingpu Dam.

How Do Dams Trigger Earthquakes?

In a paper prepared for the World Commission on Dams, Dr. V. P Jauhari wrote the following about this phenomenon, known as Reservoir-Induced Seismicity (RIS): “The most widely accepted explanation of how dams cause earthquakes is related to the extra water pressure created in the micro-cracks and fissures in the ground under and near a reservoir. When the pressure of the water in the rocks increases, it acts to lubricate faults which are already under tectonic strain, but are prevented from slipping by the friction of the rock surfaces.”

Given that every dam site has unique geological characteristics, it is not possible to accurately predict when and where earthquakes will occur. However, the International Commission on Large Dams recommends that RIS should be considered for reservoirs deeper than 100 meters.

What Are Some Characteristics of RIS?

A leading scholar on this topic, Harsh K. Gupta, summarized his findings on RIS worldwide in 2002:

  • Depth of the reservoir is the most important factor, but the volume of water also plays a significant role in triggering earthquakes.
  • RIS can be immediately noticed during filling periods of reservoirs.
  • RIS can happen immediately after the filling of a reservoir or after a certain time lag.

Many dams are being built in seismically active regions, including the Himalayas, Southwest China, Iran, Turkey, and Chile (see map). International Rivers calls for a moratorium on the construction of high dams in earthquake-prone areas.

Click here for the factsheet on RIS worldwide.

Problems With Big Dams

By 2015, the dam industry had choked more than half of the Earth’s major rivers with some 57,000 large dams. The consequences of this massive engineering program have been devastating. The world’s large dams have wiped out species; flooded huge areas of wetlands, forests and farmlands; and displaced tens of millions of people.


Courtesy of James Syvitski at Colorado University, who produced the video with Bob Stallard of the USGS and Albert Kettner at CSDMS. Data from Alex de Sherbinin (CIESIN, University of Colorado), and Bernhard Lehner (Department of Geography, McGill University).

The “one-size-fits-all” approach to meeting the world’s water and energy needs is also outdated: better solutions exist. While not every dam causes huge problems, cumulatively the world’s large dams have replumbed rivers in a massive experiment that has left the planet’s freshwaters in far worse shape than any other major ecosystem type, including tropical rainforests. In response, dam-affected communities in many parts of the world are working to resolve the legacies of poorly planned dams. Elsewhere (and especially in North America), communities are starting to take down dams that have outlived their usefulness, as part of a broader river restoration movement.

Impacts of Dams

Dam Basics

Fact sheets:

Earthquakes trigger call for detailed research, dams suspect

VNE – By Phan Anh   May 12, 2022 | 10:31 am GMT+7

Earthquakes trigger call for detailed research, dams suspect

A map shows the location of an earthquake epicenter in Kon Tum Province (red star), April 18, 2022. Photo courtesy of the Institute of GeophysicsRecent earthquakes in the Central Highlands are a cause for concern, says the Institute of Geophysics, calling for extensive studies and research to ascertain causes and draw up response plans.

In a report released Wednesday, it said that the earthquakes that occurred from March 2021 to April 2022, with magnitudes of 1.6 to 4.5 on the Richter scale in Kon Plong District, Kon Tum Province and other nearby areas were not “severe” but there was a need to evaluate risks and dangers.

“To ascertain the causes of the earthquakes and to have a foundation for predicting seismic trends and earthquakes’ intensity in the future so that the risk of damage to residential structures and hydropower plants can be evaluated, there needs to be surveys and research on Kon Tum and neighboring areas’ geological characteristics,” the Voice of Vietnam cited the report as saying.

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The Mekong Delta is drowning in ‘sand debt’ – it urgently needs a sand budget

thethirdpole.net

With data on the flow of sand from the upstream Mekong and the amount being extracted, scientists can now calculate how much sand can be mined without further harm to Vietnam’s Mekong Delta

<img src="https://www.thethirdpole.net/content/uploads/2022/12/Dredged-sand-transported-in-Mekong-Delta_Alamy_HFPKCG-scaled.jpg&quot; alt="

Dredged sand is transported in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. The Mekong Delta is sinking due to unsustainable sand mining and the impacts of upstream dams. (Image: Josef Kubes / Alamy)

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Dredged sand is transported in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. The Mekong Delta is sinking due to unsustainable sand mining and the impacts of upstream dams. (Image: Josef Kubes / Alamy)

Marc Goichot

December 7, 2022

Many people will be familiar with the dread when your income no longer covers your expenses; when you’ve exhausted your savings and are sinking ever deeper into debt. In the Mekong Delta, a similar downward spiral is happening. But it’s not the delta’s finances that are draining away – it’s the sand that sustains it. Not its economic stability that is being undermined, but its very foundations.

The Mekong is literally drowning in ‘sand debt’: far more sand is being removed than is being replenished. Without a budget setting out how much sand can be extracted sustainably, this debt will turn into disaster.

If you only look at the headline figures, all seems well with Vietnam’s Mekong Delta and the connected Dong Nai Delta – home to a combined 40 million people, growing cities, thriving economies, and a major regional rice bowl and seafood source. But a closer look reveals some real cause for alarm. The Mekong Delta is sinking. Saltwater is intruding ever further inland. The water table is dropping. All these come with significant costs to communities and nature, as infrastructure, livelihoods and the survival of species are negatively affected.

house collapse due to Mekong delta erosion

RECOMMENDEDAs the Mekong delta washes away, homes and highways are being lost

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Làng sạt lở thôi sợ sạt lở

13/10/2022 10:38 GMT+7

TTONhìn con nước cuồn cuộn đổ về, ký ức chạy “hà bá” của người dân Triêm Tây lại ùa về. Nhưng 15 năm nay, từ khi biết cách chung sống thuận tự nhiên, cảnh nơm nớp sợ sạt lở đã không còn dù mỗi năm nơi đây vẫn bị nhiều trận nước lụt.

Làng sạt lở thôi sợ sạt lở - Ảnh 1.

Những dự án du lịch về thôn Triêm Tây đã “tự tin” ra sát sông Thu Bồn khi áp dụng kè thuận tự nhiên – Ảnh: TRƯỜNG TRUNG

“Mang vào kẻo đạp gai, vít. Uốn ván thì khổ”, quăng cho khách đôi ủng, bà Huỳnh Thị Tài (67 tuổi, thôn Triêm Tây, xã Điện Phương, thị xã Điện Bàn, tỉnh Quảng Nam) dẫn đi lội bùn. 

Đây đã là lần thứ hai trong tháng, người dân vùng đất ngã ba cuối sông Thu Bồn dọn lụt với tâm thế bình thản.

Tiếp tục đọc “Làng sạt lở thôi sợ sạt lở”

Mùa nước mắt bên rừng cao su

TTCTNGUYỄN ĐẮC THÀNH 28/10/2020 06:10 GMT+7

Đã lâu, nhiều người trồng cao su ở Bắc Trung Bộ khóc theo mùa. Mùa bão vào, mùa cây đổ, mùa phá sản, thiếu nợ và tuyệt vọng.

Năm 2001, gia đình chị Thoan trồng 2ha cao su. Khi cây vừa được 4 năm tuổi, một cơn gió càn qua, vườn cao su của gia đình ngã rạp gần trăm cây. Vợ chồng họ ra thăm, chết lặng khi nhìn gia sản bị gió quật đổ.

Ngày những cây cao su đầu tiên đó gãy đổ, chị Thoan chưa hiểu biết nhiều về việc trồng loại cây này. Nhìn những cây cao su ngổn ngang dưới đất, vợ chồng chị chỉ nghĩ “xui lắm mới bị”. Cả hai người không biết đây là loại cây rất dễ gãy đổ. Họ cặm cụi trồng lại vườn. 8 năm sau, một vườn cây cao su khác của nhà hàng xóm gãy đổ gần hết, chị bắt đầu lo lắng. Nhưng rồi, cả gia đình vẫn quyết định bám trụ với cao su, vì chẳng biết trồng cây gì khác.

Khi cơn bão số 5 năm 2020 tràn vào Thừa Thiên Huế, vườn cao su 2ha của vợ chồng chị lại đổ gãy trên 80%. Chị một lần nữa chết lặng.

Chị Thoan có đứa con trai đang học nghề trên thành phố. Khởi nghiệp từ cái nhà lá trên đồi, mười mấy năm đánh cược vào cây cao su là mười mấy năm lần hồi đắp đổi để hi vọng đời con tốt hơn. Nhưng tháng 8 này, người mẹ đành nhấc điện thoại gọi cho con: “Con về đi làm công nhân, kiếm ít tiền giúp ba mẹ – chị Thoan giục con bỏ học – Chứ giờ cao su đổ gãy hết rồi”.

Tiếp tục đọc “Mùa nước mắt bên rừng cao su”

In Vietnam’s Mekong Delta, sand mining means lost homes and fortunes

mekongeyeResidents of the Mekong Delta are seeing houses tumble into rivers and livelihoods disappear due to erosion driven by sand mining

Local government workers use sandbags to fill in areas of subsidence along the Hau River in Chau Phu district, An Giang province, Vietnam (Image: Dinh Tuyen)

Dinh Tuyen – July 5, 2022

Editor’s note: In light of increasingly volatile seasons, the unquantified effects from hydropower, and continued sand mining, mainland Southeast Asia finds itself combating ever more mercurial sandbanks. For the highly populated Mekong Delta region of Vietnam, homes being washed away has become a regular facet of the wet season. But the effects of overdevelopment on the Mekong are felt across the Mekong basin. In Cambodia, the recent consequences have been stark: in May, Vannak Si and Bun Thoeun Srey Leak, both 12, died when a bank gave way in Kandal province, on the border with Vietnam. As the land beneath river-dwellers’ feet becomes ever more unstable, the sand mining and concrete industry defy solutions, as mainland Southeast Asia continues with breakneck development.

When a riverbank subsided and gave way four years ago, Tran Van Bi’s house collapsed into a river in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta. Everything his family had accumulated over 32 years was gone in an instant.

Tiếp tục đọc “In Vietnam’s Mekong Delta, sand mining means lost homes and fortunes”