Chính trường Israel: Ăn tiền và ở tù

SÁNG ÁNH 2/1/2021 9:00 GMT+7 – TTCT

12 giờ đêm ngày 22-12-2020, Quốc hội Israel tự giải tán vì không thông qua được ngân sách quốc gia cho năm 2021. Bầu cử được ấn định vào ngày 23-3-2021. Chuyện này cũng không quá lạ. Việc Quốc hội Israel không hoàn tất nhiệm kỳ định lệ 4 năm không hiếm: từ lập quốc và bầu cử 1949 đến giờ mới có… 10 lần, đây cũng đã là lần thứ 4 phải tổ chức bầu cử chỉ trong 2 năm sau bầu cử lần trước.

Quốc hội Israel gồm 120 ghế đại biểu. Đảng nào có 61 ghế đa số sẽ cầm quyền, nhưng từ 1949, chưa từng có một đảng đơn lẻ nào kiếm đủ số ghế đó – nhiều nhất là 56 ghế. Tất cả các chính phủ cầm quyền tại Israel đều là liên minh giữa nhiều đảng khác nhau. Chuyện này âu cũng là thường tình, cho đến nay.

Ảnh: The New York Times

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Vietnam’s 8-year corruption crusade turns the tide

By Hoang Thuy, Viet Tuan   December 15, 2020 | 07:51 am GMT+7 vnexpressVietnam's 8-year corruption crusade turns the tideVietnamese policemen stand guard outside a courtroom hearing a trial involving former Minister of Transport Dinh La Thang, Hanoi, Vietnam, January 9, 2018. Photo by Reuters/Kham.A hands-on, take-no-prisoners approach by top echelons of the Communist Party has been a decisive factor in the success of Vietnam’s eight-year corruption fight.

This was highlighted by senior officials in talks with VnExpress that identified several salient features and factors marking the headway made by the nation’s corruption fight since 2013.

A total of 133 cases and 94 incidents of serious corruption and economic violations were directly handled by Vietnam’s top anti-corruption agency.

After decades of following anti-corruption efforts in Vietnam, Vu Quoc Hung, former standing vice chairman of the Communist Party’s Central Inspection Committee, said that the past eight years, especially the term of the Party’s 12th National Congress, was a period of “turning the tide.”

“That turn is reflected in specific numbers and actions,” Hung said, citing statistics from the Commission for Internal Affairs of the Party Central Committee.

Since 2013, agencies across the country have investigated, prosecuted and tried over 11,700 cases of corruption, abuse of power and economic violations.

In particular, the Central Steering Committee on Anti-corruption monitored over 800 cases and incidents, including directly monitoring and guiding 133 cases and 94 incidents of corruption and economic violations that were serious, complex and garnered a lot of public attention.

Of these, 86 cases were tried with 814 top level defendants, including one member of the party’s Politburo, seven members and former members of the Party Central Committee, four ministers and former ministers, and seven generals in the armed forces.

‘Forbidden’ zones breached

Hung said many of the cases and incidents had long been considered to be in “forbidden, sensitive” zones.

Several had happened years ago or involved top officials, but law-enforcement and judicial agencies have still managed to investigate and bring them to trial, like the cases involving former Politburo member Dinh La Thang, the $420 mln online gambling case in Phu Tho Province involving top cops at the Ministry of Public Security, the AVG acquisition case involving two ministers of Information and Communication, and the land management case involving former colonel Dinh Ngoc He.

Hung said one of the most impressive cases was the one in which state-owned telecom giant MobiFone acquired a 95 percent stake at private pay TV firm AVG. This case was the first time two former ministers and former members of the Central Committee were publicly tried for receiving bribes and a business leader in the private sector was tried for giving bribes. The case also saw a 100 percent recovery rate of lost assets, with over VND8 trillion ($345.91 million) recovered.

‘Milestone’ factor

Dinh Van Minh, head of the Government Inspectorate’s Legal Department, said that an important “milestone” that helped generate the strong changes in recent years was the establishment of the Central Steering Committee for Anti-corruption headed by Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong in February 2013.

Before 2013, Vietnam had a Central Steering Committee for Anti-corruption headed by the prime minister. However, Minh said the committee switching to the direct leadership of the party was “the most important factor leading to the recent results.”

“The party is the leading force of the state and society, so the General Secretary and the Politburo directly leading anti-corruption efforts shows a very high political determination and helps facilitate the execution of related tasks,” Minh said.

Hung concurred, recalling that during his time in office before 2006, there was no central steering committee for anti-corruption to monitor and direct throughout the handling of major cases. Each major case had its own steering committee headed by either the head or deputy head of the Central Committee’s Commission for Internal Affairs.

“A limitation of that period was that there were only steering committees for specific cases. In recent years, however, the Anti-corruption Steering Committee operates throughout the conduct of the cases with regular meetings, and are given clearly defined missions and powers. This is a very important factor in turning political determination into practical action, continuously and methodically,” Hung said.

Inspection synergy

Further analyzing the key stages that had helped turn the tide in recent times, Hung pointed to the “synergy” between the inspection, supervision and audit sectors. This led to an important conclusion by the Central Commission for Internal Affairs, which said the Communist Party disciplinary actions need to be implemented first to create conditions for the state and other organizations’ disciplinary action, as well as criminal prosecution.

He recalled General Secretary Trong’s directions in the case of Hau Giang Province’s former vice chairman Trinh Xuan Thanh using a private Lexus car with blue license plates in June 2016. At the time, the case seemed to be a minor violation as it only involved a single provincial official. However, when the Central Inspection Committee stepped in, many large issues were uncovered.

Since the beginning of the 12th National Congress’s term, the Central Inspection Committee has been selecting “hotspots” and outstanding issues that generated public discontent, such as the management of capital, assets and equitization of state-owned enterprises at Vietnam Oil and Gas Group (PetroVietnam), Vietnam Steel Corporation, Vietnam Expressway Corporation and the Bank for Investment and Development of Vietnam (BIDV).

“In a series of cases, we could see that the participation of the Central Inspection Committee and Party disciplinary actions paved the way and knocked down the fortress of negativity,” Hung said, adding that these mechanisms created the basis for subsequent actions of other functional forces.

Vo Van Dung, deputy head of the Central Commission for Internal Affairs, said there were five levels of coordination for handling corruption cases that helped resolve difficulties and problems that arose, including assessment of evidence and determination of criminal charges.

“Under the current law, each procedure-conducting agency acts based on its own perception, so without a mechanism for close coordination, the handling of cases would be prolonged. This five-level mechanism helps ensure that related tasks could progress as required,” he said.

At level one, if a procedure-conducting agency encounters difficulties, the sector leader can hold an inter-sectoral meeting and invite other agencies to help resolve them.

If the case is in the investigation phase, the head of the investigating agency can meet with prosecutors, court representatives and leaders of the Central Commission for Internal Affairs to discuss and resolve issues.

In the prosecution phase, such a meeting would be chaired by the prosecutors, and in the trial phase, the court would chair the meeting. If no resolution could be agreed upon, the head of the Central Commission for Internal Affairs would chair the inter-sectoral meeting.

Should there be no agreement still, the case would be moved to level two with the inter-sectoral meeting chaired by the Executive Secretary of the Communist Party’s Secretariat, who also serves as the deputy head of the Central Steering Committee on Anti-corruption.

Level three would involve meetings of the standing members of the Central Steering Committee on Anti-corruption, which include the party chief and state president, who serves as head of the committee, and its deputy heads.

Level four will have the entire steering committee meet to resolve the issues, and if even that proves insufficient, the case will be moved to level five, in which the Politburo and the Secretariat would hold meetings.

“The steering committee does not direct what the charges and specific sentences should be; instead, it sets out requirements on how to ensure progress in the case, ensure that the correct people are charged for their corresponding crimes in accordance with the law, without bias and without injustice,” Dung said.

Institutional strengthening

In addition to achievements in detecting and handling corruption, Minh also stressed that socio-economic management and anti-corruption institutions had been strengthened over the past eight years.

Between 2016 and May 2020, the party’s Central Committee, Politburo and Secretariat issued nearly 80 documents aimed at strengthening the development of the party, the political system and the anti-corruption fight. The National Assembly and its Standing Committee issued 62 laws, one ordinance and 66 resolutions, while the government and prime minister issued 611 decrees, 532 resolutions and 197 decisions to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of state management in all areas of social life.

“In the coming time, competent authorities need to continue directing the review, amendment and supplementing of political and legal corridors in order to develop a strict prevention mechanism, so that there is no forbidden zone in handling corruption, and corruption prevention is taken to its logical conclusion,” Minh said.Related News:

Tham nhũng: địa ngục cho các tổng thống

  • DANH ĐỨC
  • 03.03.2020, 15:00

TTCT – Tin cựu tổng thống Hàn Quốc Lee Myung Bak bị tuyên án 17 năm tù làm dấy lên nhiều câu hỏi: Tội nghiệt ông có thực đáng như vậy không, hay đây là một màn ân oán chính trị? Làm thế nào mà các tổng thống xứ này cứ thay phiên nhau xộ khám vì tham nhũng sau khi hết nhiệm kỳ? Điều gì khiến tay họ nhúng chàm trong khi số tiền họ tơ hào chỉ khoảng chục triệu USD?

Tham nhũng: địa ngục cho các tổng thống
Ông Lee Myung Bak được dìu ra hầu tòa. Ảnh: YouTube

Tiếp tục đọc “Tham nhũng: địa ngục cho các tổng thống”

Hanoi sidewalks with projected 70-year lifespan crumble after 3 years in use

Wednesday, November 18, 2020, 15:30 GMT+7 vnexpress

Hanoi sidewalks with projected 70-year lifespan crumble after 3 years in use
Stone tiles are seen in poor conditions on the sidewalk of Nguyen Trai Street in Hanoi. Photo: Pham Tuan / Tuoi Tre

Claimed to last for at least 50-70 years, stones used to pave major streets in Hanoi are falling apart only a few years after they were installed.

Tiếp tục đọc “Hanoi sidewalks with projected 70-year lifespan crumble after 3 years in use”

Tổng bí thư, Chủ tịch nước: ‘Đại đoàn kết dân tộc có ý nghĩa sống còn’

Thứ tư, 18/11/2020, 13:07 (GMT+7) vnexpress

Đại đoàn kết dân tộc là chủ trương chiến lược, có ý nghĩa sống còn và quyết định sự thành bại của cách mạng, theo Tổng bí thư, Chủ tịch nước Nguyễn Phú Trọng.

Sáng 18/11, phát biểu tại lễ kỷ niệm 90 năm Ngày thành lập Mặt trận Dân tộc thống nhất Việt Nam – Ngày truyền thống Mặt trận Tổ quốc Việt Nam (18/11/1930-18/11/2020), Tổng bí thư, Chủ tịch nước Nguyễn Phú Trọng nhấn mạnh đoàn kết là truyền thống quý báu, làm nên sức mạnh của dân tộc Việt Nam.

Tiếp tục đọc “Tổng bí thư, Chủ tịch nước: ‘Đại đoàn kết dân tộc có ý nghĩa sống còn’”

Vẫn còn tình trạng đối tượng phạm tội tham nhũng tẩu tán tài sản, bỏ trốn

20/10/2020    11:24 GMT+7 vietnamnet

Đấu tranh chống tham nhũng còn không ít khó khăn, hạn chế; vẫn còn tình trạng đối tượng phạm tội tham nhũng tẩu tán tài sản, bỏ trốn, gây khó khăn cho công tác điều tra, xử lý.Khai mạc QH: Quyết định một số nhân sự, cho ý kiến nhiều dự án luậtQuốc hội dành một phút mặc niệm Thiếu tướng Nguyễn Văn ManĐiều đặc biệt ở 6 nữ Bí thư Tỉnh ủy nhiệm kỳ 2020 – 2025 vừa trúng cử

Tiếp tục đọc “Vẫn còn tình trạng đối tượng phạm tội tham nhũng tẩu tán tài sản, bỏ trốn”

10th session of 14th National Assembly opens

vietnamnet 20/10/2020    15:13 GMT+7

The 10th session of the 14th tenure of the National Assembly kicked off on October 20. It is scheduled to last for nineteen and a half days.

Party, State leader Nguyen Phu Trong, leaders, former leaders of the Party and State attend the opening ceremony of the 10th session of the 14th National Assembly. (Photo: VNA)
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Vietnam moves up in Asia Power Index

vietnamnet 20/10/2020    08:03 GMT+7

Vietnam moved up one spot to rank 12th out of 26 countries and territories in the 2020 Asia Power Index conducted by the Lowy Institute, an independent think-tank in Australia.

Vietnam moves up in Asia Power Index hinh anh 1
Vietnam’s rank in the 2020 Asia Power Index (Photo: Lowy Institute)

Vietnam’s rank improved thanks to gains in diplomatic influence, in which it was placed 9th, up three places against last year.

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Hanoi Party chief reelected for 5-year term

By Vo Hai, Hoang Thuy   October 13, 2020 | 09:43 am GMT+7

Vuong Dinh Hue has been reelected Hanoi Party Committee secretary, a position he has held since February, for the 2020-2025 term.

He won the vote at the city’s 17th Party Congress on Monday, the organization board announced on Tuesday.

Secretary of Hanoi Party Committee for the 2020-2025 term Vuong Dinh Hue. Photo by VnExpress/Ngoc Thanh.
Secretary of Hanoi Party Committee for the 2020-2025 term Vuong Dinh Hue. Photo by VnExpress/Ngoc Thanh.

Hue, 63, a native of the central province of Nghe An, has a doctorate in economics and has been an academic in Vietnam and abroad.

He was twice a member of the Party Central Committee and of the National Assembly and once a member of the Politburo, the Communist Party’s decision-making body.

Tiếp tục đọc “Hanoi Party chief reelected for 5-year term”

Bitexco biến đất nông nghiệp, bãi tha ma thành ‘Kỷ nguyên mới’ phố phường Hà Nội

nông nghiệpSiêu dự án của Tập đoàn Bitexco đang bộc lộ sai phạm và những hệ lụy từ hình thức “đổi đất lấy hạ tầng” của UBND Thành phố Hà Nội.

Mặt bằng tổng thể siêu dự án của Tập đoàn Bitexco. Ảnh: BTC.

Mặt bằng tổng thể siêu dự án của Tập đoàn Bitexco. Ảnh: BTC.

Khi đất nông nghiệp, bãi tha ma thành “siêu dự án” của Tập đoàn Bitexco

Đi dọc đường Vành đai 3 từ góc Đại lộ Chu Văn An theo hướng về Khu đô thị Linh Đàm, hay hướng vào khu trung tâm xã Thanh Liệt, Dự án The Manor Central Park của Tập đoàn Bitexco được bao bọc bởi 4 bề là hàng rào. Tiếp tục đọc “Bitexco biến đất nông nghiệp, bãi tha ma thành ‘Kỷ nguyên mới’ phố phường Hà Nội”

Many high-ranking officials promoted

18/09/2020    09:26 GMT+7 vietnamnet

A number of ministries have appointed new deputy ministers.

The Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs has a new deputy minister, Mr. Nguyen Ba Hoan, who was previously the chief of the Ministry’s office.

The Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs has a new deputy minister, Mr. Nguyen Ba Hoan (left)

Mr. Hoan was born in 1967 in Thanh Hoa province. He holds a bachelor degree on construction economics and bachelor degree in financial economics.

He has worked for 28 years at the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs: at the Department of Overseas Labor Management from 1993 to 2007. In 2007 he was appointed as the Deputy Chief of Office. Since 2015 he has been the Chief of the Office.

Tiếp tục đọc “Many high-ranking officials promoted”

Former minister of industry and trade prosecuted for causing huge loss

16/09/2020    12:00 GMT+7

The Supreme People’s Procuracy on Monday issued an indictment to prosecute former Minister of Industry and Trade Vu Huy Hoang and his accomplices for their involvement in a violation case related to the land plot at 2-4-6 Hai Ba Trung Street, HCMC.

Former minister of industry and trade prosecuted for causing huge loss
Former Minister of Industry and Trade Vu Huy Hoang. — VNA/VNS Photo

Former Director of the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT)’s Light Industry Department Phan Chi Dung, Former Vice Chairman of the HCM City People’s Committee Nguyen Huu Tin, former Director of the municipal Department of Natural Resources and Environment Dao Anh Kiet, and six others will also face prosecution.

Tiếp tục đọc “Former minister of industry and trade prosecuted for causing huge loss”

The trio of ‘petrol tycoons’ in prison

They are ‘Phat Oil’ in Hai Phong, ‘Son Iron’ in Thanh Hoa, and Trinh Suong in Soc Trang.

15/09/2020    19:32 GMT+7 vietnamnet

‘Phat Oil’ in Hai Phong, ‘Son Iron’ in Thanh Hoa, and Trinh Suong in Soc Trang, well-known characters in their specific worlds, have been arrested for producing and trading counterfeit petrol, smuggling and buying smuggled petrol, and illegal trading of VAT invoices.

The trio of ‘petrol tycoons’ in prison

Ngo Van Phat

* On the evening of September 8, the Hai Phong Police began legal proceedings against Ngo Van Phat, born in 1964 residing in Hai An District in Hai Phong City, and put him into temporary detention.

Tiếp tục đọc “The trio of ‘petrol tycoons’ in prison”

Four former officials of Da Nang proposed to be expelled from Party

15/09/2020    09:28 GMT+7 vietnamnet

The Party Central Committee’s Inspection Commission on September 14 announced the results of its 48th meeting in Hanoi from September 9 to 11.

Four former officials of Da Nang proposed to be expelled from Party hinh anh 1
At the 48th meeting of the Party Central Committee’s Inspection Commission (Photo: VNA)

Chaired by Secretary of the Party Central Committee and head of the commission Tran Cam Tu, the meeting considered reports from the Standing Board of the Central Military Commission on disciplinary actions against several Party members.

Tiếp tục đọc “Four former officials of Da Nang proposed to be expelled from Party”

12 high-ranking officials face criminal sanctions for corruption

15/09/2020    10:40 GMT+7 vietnamnet

On September 14, Government Inspector General Le Minh Khai represented the Government in reporting to the National Assembly Standing Committee on anti-corruption tasks in 2020.

12 người đứng đầu bị xử lý hình sự vì để xảy ra tham nhũng
Government Inspector General Le Minh Khai

According to the Government Inspectorate’s report, some high-ranking officials were suspended from work after investigating their involvement in legal cases, including former Hanoi Mayor Nguyen Duc Chung and former Vice Chairman of HCM City Tran Vinh Tuyen.

12 high-ranking officials faced criminal sanctions for being irresponsible, causing corruption cases.

The authorities also disciplined 56 officials, handled 64 officials for criminal violation of norms and standards and recovered nearly VND23 billion related to the violations.

Tiếp tục đọc “12 high-ranking officials face criminal sanctions for corruption”