2020 tied for warmest year on record, NASA analysis shows

Sciencedaily.com

Earth’s global average surface temperature in 2020 tied with 2016 as the warmest year on record, according to an analysis by NASA.

Continuing the planet’s long-term warming trend, the year’s globally averaged temperature was 1.84 degrees Fahrenheit (1.02 degrees Celsius) warmer than the baseline 1951-1980 mean, according to scientists at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York. 2020 edged out 2016 by a very small amount, within the margin of error of the analysis, making the years effectively tied for the warmest year on record.
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How Vietnam came to embrace a new vision of the Mekong Delta’s future

Fashion brand Nike and H&M to Vietnam: More renewables, please

Asia.nikkei.com

29 global fashion brands say green energy will boost No. 3 textile exporter

A wind park in Vietnam’s Bac Lieu Province.   © Reuters

HO CHI MINH CITY — Fashion brands including H&M and Nike are pressing Vietnam to move ahead with a renewable energy purchase program as companies come under increasing pressure to meet their sustainability goals, Nikkei Asia has learned.

A consortium of 29 brands sent a letter to Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc this month urging the country to introduce direct power purchase agreements (DPPA) between private buyers and sellers of renewable energy. Currently, energy users can only buy electricity through the national utility or through small-scale projects such as rooftop solar panels.

International clothing brands, which rely heavily on Asian garment factories, are under pressure from shareholders and consumers to reduce emissions in their supply chains. Renewable energy in Vietnam — the world’s third-largest textile exporter — is key to those companies hitting their emission targets.

“Without the DPPA we believe renewable energy development will plateau and fall short of meeting the growing energy needs of Vietnam’s industries,” the consortium warned in the Dec. 15 letter, seen by Nikkei.
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Chinese dams under US scrutiny in Mekong rivalry

A tourist walks on the Mekong river bank outside Loei, Thailand, on Jan 10, 2020. (Photo: REUTERS/Soe Zeya Tun)

14 Dec 2020 01:27AM(Updated: 14 Dec 2020 06:46AM) CNA

BANGKOK: A US-funded project using satellites to track and publish water levels at Chinese dams on the Mekong river was launched on Monday (Dec 13), adding to the superpowers’ rivalry in Southeast Asia.

The 4,350km waterway – known as the Lancang in China and flowing south through Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam – has become a focus of competition.Advertisement

Tiếp tục đọc “Chinese dams under US scrutiny in Mekong rivalry”

Geopolitics plays out on the Mekong with doubts on dams and promises of cooperation

 

aseantoday.com

The geopolitics of the Mekong river continue to evolve, with key announcements from China, Thailand and the Mekong River Commission.

Editorial

Recent weeks have seen new developments in the ongoing tension over the Mekong river and its waters, as the river basin faces ecological crises and its waters play an ever-larger role in geopolitics.

Thailand has announced that it is reconsidering its decision to purchase power from the planned Sanakham Dam, a large hydropower project on the mainstream of the Mekong in Laos. Tiếp tục đọc “Geopolitics plays out on the Mekong with doubts on dams and promises of cooperation”

Châu Á chìm trong lũ

 Lược dịch từ bài viết Flooded Asia: Climate change hits region the hardest, đăng trên Nikkei Asia ngày 6/10/2020.

13/11/2020 Jason Nguyen mekong-cuulong

Khắp nơi trên châu lục, hàng triệu người sẽ phải đối mặt với khó khăn trong những năm tới.

Biến đổi khí hậu đang ảnh hưởng đến chu kỳ gió mùa của các nước châu Á, làm cho mùa mưa trở nên dữ dội hơn. Ảnh: Getty Images.

Dự đoán lâu nay về ảnh hưởng của biến đổi khí hậu đến châu lục đông dân nhất thế giới cuối cùng cũng đang trở thành hiện thực. 

Tiếp tục đọc “Châu Á chìm trong lũ”

VÌ SAO CÁC ĐẬP THỦY ĐIỆN CÓ THỂ GIÚP ASEAN CHỐNG THAY ĐỔI KHÍ HẬU.

 (How hydropower dams can help ASEAN fight climate change)

Stefano Galelli – Bình Yên Đông lược dịch, mekong-cuulong

Channel News Asia – 11 November 2020

Việc xây cất thủy điện ở Lào bị đình chỉ vì lo ngại Covid-19 lây lan. [Ảnh: Jack Board]

Đập là hạ tầng cơ sở được xây để kiểm soát dòng chảy của sông và chứa một số nước lớn trong hồ nhân tạo hay hồ chứa.

Tiếp tục đọc “VÌ SAO CÁC ĐẬP THỦY ĐIỆN CÓ THỂ GIÚP ASEAN CHỐNG THAY ĐỔI KHÍ HẬU.”

Following the Money Isn’t Enough: How Civil Society Organizations Provide Accountability for Climate Adaptation Finance

WRI.org

This paper highlights how civil society organizations can play critical roles in establishing transparent and accountable climate finance systems that put communities at the center of decision-making. It draws from the Adaptation Finance Accountability Initiative’s experiences in Ethiopia and Uganda as well as lessons learned from similar efforts in Bangladesh, Kenya, and the Philippines. It offers valuable information to help civil society organizations build their engagement and capacity on climate adaptation finance.

Download full report here

VIỆT NAM CẦN LÀM GÌ ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐƯỢC KHÁT VỌNG TĂNG TRƯỞNG LÂU DÀI?

English: What will it take to achieve Vietnam’s long-term growth aspirations?

COVID-19 đã làm gián đoạn hành trình của đất nước là trở thành một nền kinh tế tăng trưởng cao, tuy nhiên những điều chỉnh cơ cấu phù hợp có thể đưa nền kinh tế trở lại quỹ đạo.

Với một lượng ca nhiễm và tử vong do Covid 19 tương đối ít được ghi nhận đến nay, Việt Nam hiện đang có cơ hội và bắt buộc phải xem xét về khát vọng kinh tế dài hạn hơn, thậm chí giống như một quốc gia chịu trách nhiệm chống lại vi-rút. Thành công lâu dài sẽ đòi hỏi các nhà lãnh đạo Việt Nam phải tập trung vào vấn đề và cơ hội đã có từ lâu trước khi có đại dịch

Tiếp tục đọc “VIỆT NAM CẦN LÀM GÌ ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐƯỢC KHÁT VỌNG TĂNG TRƯỞNG LÂU DÀI?”

Top 10 Priorities for President Biden to Tackle the Climate Crisis

WRI.org

Former U.S. Vice President Joseph R. Biden and his running mate Kamala Harris are widely recognized as having won the 2020 U.S. presidential election, with a majority in the Electoral College and a resounding majority in the popular vote. The Democratic Party has retained control of the U.S. House of Representatives, while the results for the U.S. Senate are very close and the outcome is undetermined at this time. In this WRI Commentary, WRI U.S. Director Dan Lashof suggests a 10-point plan for the new administration.


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President-elect Biden will be sworn into office in the midst of four deeply intertwined crises: the health crisis, the economic crisis, the racial injustice crisis and the climate crisis. He has promised to build back better by taking bold action on all four simultaneously, including making unprecedented investments in health care, infrastructure and clean energy.
Tiếp tục đọc “Top 10 Priorities for President Biden to Tackle the Climate Crisis”

Mekong Delta localities plant trees, build natural embankments to prevent erosion

vietnamnet 2/11/2020    11:30 GMT+7

More people in the Mekong Delta are planting trees and building embankments made of natural materials to prevent erosion along rivers and canals.

Mekong Delta localities plant trees, build natural embankments to prevent erosion hinh anh 1
A natural embankment in Phung Hiep District’s Bung Tau Town in Hau Giang Province (Photo: nhandan)

The delta, which has a dense river and canal network, has faced increasing erosion along rivers and canals in recent years because of human activity and climate change.

In Hau Giang Province, the Irrigation Sub-department built three natural embankments with a total length of 380 metres on a pilot basis to prevent erosion in Phung Hiep District and Nga Bay Town in 2017.

The natural embankments are made by filling eroded areas with soil and setting up a barrier made of cajuput trunks or bamboo between the embankments and water.

Cajuput and crabapple mangrove trees are planted inside the barriers so that their roots prevent soil erosion. Permeable fabric or fine nets are installed outside the barrier to hold the soil.

Tiếp tục đọc “Mekong Delta localities plant trees, build natural embankments to prevent erosion”

Alarm as Arctic sea ice not yet freezing at latest date on record

theguardian.com

Delayed freeze in Laptev Sea could have knock-on effects across polar region, scientists say

Sea Ice crystals
 Climate change is pushing warmer Atlantic currents into the Arctic and breaking up the usual stratification between warm deep waters and the cool surface. This also makes it difficult for ice to form. Photograph: Alamy Stock Photo

For the first time since records began, the main nursery of Arctic sea ice in Siberia has yet to start freezing in late October.

The delayed annual freeze in the Laptev Sea has been caused by freakishly protracted warmth in northern Russia and the intrusion of Atlantic waters, say climate scientists who warn of possible knock-on effects across the polar region.

Ocean temperatures in the area recently climbed to more than 5C above average, following a record breaking heatwave and the unusually early decline of last winter’s sea ice.

The trapped heat takes a long time to dissipate into the atmosphere, even at this time of the year when the sun creeps above the horizon for little more than an hour or two each day.

Graphs of sea-ice extent in the Laptev Sea, which usually show a healthy seasonal pulse, appear to have flat-lined. As a result, there is a record amount of open sea in the Arctic.

“The lack of freeze-up so far this fall is unprecedented in the Siberian Arctic region,” said Zachary Labe, a postdoctoral researcher at Colorado State University. He says this is in line with the expected impact of human-driven climate change.

“2020 is another year that is consistent with a rapidly changing Arctic. Without a systematic reduction in greenhouse gases, the likelihood of our first ‘ice-free’ summer will continue to increase by the mid-21st century,’ he wrote in an email to the Guardian. Tiếp tục đọc “Alarm as Arctic sea ice not yet freezing at latest date on record”

How Can Governments Attract Private Investment for the Green Energy Transition?

The world is not on track to avoid the catastrophic impacts of climate change. With 2030 just a decade away, and governments are under pressure to speed up the clean energy transition.

The good news is that: a) the technologies and the capital are available to accelerate the green energy transition, and b) the private sector is ready to invest billions of green dollars into decarbonization and clean energy.

But how can governments provide the institutional and regulatory frameworks that make it attractive for private companies and investors to invest in and deploy the needed solutions and technologies to accelerate the clean energy transition?
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Resilient Shores: Vietnam’s Coastal Development Between Opportunity and Disaster Risk

 OCTOBER 21, 2020 World Bank

0:00 / 3:25

In a country that is among the most exposed to natural hazards, Vietnam’s coastline often bears the brunt. Resilient Shores lays out a resilience strategy that can guide Vietnam through the decisive actions it must take to safeguard the prosperity of future generations from climate change and disaster risks.

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