Education Ministry’s survey shows weaknesses of non-state universities

Last update 07:30 | 21/04/2017

VietNamNet Bridge – A report by the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) about the status of non-state universities is nothing new, but the schools complain they are at a disadvantage compared with state-owned schools.

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A comprehensive survey of 59 of 60 non-state schools was carried out for the first time by MOET. The schools account for 25.5 percent of total 235 universities and academies in Vietnam.

Non-state schools’ reports in 2016 showed that they had 20,500 lecturers, 71 percent of whom were permanent, while the others were visiting lecturers. At the Bac Ha International University, the number of visiting lecturers was higher than permanent le turers (49 vs 48).

The number of lecturers with professor/associate professor titles accounted for 5 percent of total lecturers of non-state schools.

Meanwhile, 29 percent of permanent lecturers had only a bachelor’s degree and the figure was 19 percent for visiting lecturers.

A report by the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) about the status of non-state universities is nothing new, but the schools complain they are at a disadvantage compared with state-owned schools.

The majority of lecturers at the schools had a master’s degree, while fewer than 20 percent of lecturers were PhDs.

Poor material facilities are the biggest problem for non-state schools. Twenty- four schools, or 54.5 percent of the schools which provided information, operate on their own land, while 12 schools, or 27.3 percent, have to rent their campuses

Five out of the 12 schools, or 42 percent, were schools operating for more than 20 years. And, 16 out of 24 schools, or 67 percent with campuses built on their own land were established in the last 10 years.

Regarding financial capability, in 2016, about 77 percent (33/43) of schools had revenue higher than expenses and 13 had revenue lower than expenses.

“The schools which have don’t have enough revenue to cover expenses are the ones which are undergoing restructuring, or the ones with investors with limited financial capability,” the report reads.

Besides the Hung Vuong University in HCMC which doesn’t have students, and the Ha Hoa Tien University which has few students, as it has stopped enrollment, the other 58 schools all have students.

A Chau University of Industrial Arts has the fewest students (135), while the HCMC University of Technology has the highest number of students (24,932).

An analyst commented that it is known that many non-state schools operate ineffectively, but it is not clear if MOET is brave enough to eliminate the schools.

Non-state schools keep complaining about unfair treatment. While they have to pay VND1 trillion in tax every year and have to ‘stand on their feet’, state-owned schools can receive big support from the state, from land to finance.


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Ha Anh

This entry was posted in Giáo dục - Education, Giáo dục đại học - University education and tagged , by Trần Đình Hoành. Bookmark the permalink.

About Trần Đình Hoành

I am an attorney in the Washington DC area, with a Doctor of Law in the US, attended the master program at the National School of Administration of Việt Nam, and graduated from Sài Gòn University Law School. I aso studied philosophy at the School of Letters in Sài Gòn. I have worked as an anti-trust attorney for Federal Trade Commission and a litigator for a fortune-100 telecom company in Washington DC. I have taught law courses for legal professionals in Việt Nam and still counsel VN government agencies on legal matters. I have founded and managed businesses for me and my family, both law and non-law. I have published many articles on national newspapers and radio stations in Việt Nam. In 1989 I was one of the founding members of US-VN Trade Council, working to re-establish US-VN relationship. Since the early 90's, I have established and managed VNFORUM and VNBIZ forum on VN-related matters; these forums are the subject of a PhD thesis by Dr. Caroline Valverde at UC-Berkeley and her book Transnationalizing Viet Nam. I translate poetry and my translation of "A Request at Đồng Lộc Cemetery" is now engraved on a stone memorial at Đồng Lộc National Shrine in VN. I study and teach the Bible and Buddhism. In 2009 I founded and still manage on positive thinking and two other blogs on Buddhism. In 2015 a group of friends and I founded website CVD - Conversations on Vietnam Development ( I study the art of leadership with many friends who are religious, business and government leaders from many countries. In October 2011 Phu Nu Publishing House in Hanoi published my book "Positive Thinking to Change Your Life", in Vietnamese (TƯ DUY TÍCH CỰC Thay Đổi Cuộc Sống). In December 2013 Phu Nu Publishing House published my book "10 Core Values for Success". I practice Jiu Jitsu and Tai Chi for health, and play guitar as a hobby, usually accompanying my wife Trần Lê Túy Phượng, aka singer Linh Phượng.

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