EU-Vietnam trade and investment agreements

VIETNAM | Brussels, 24 September 2018

EU-Vietnam trade and investment agreements (authentic text as of August 2018)


Disclaimer
: The text of the EU-Vietnam trade agreement presented in this webpage is the text at the end of the negotiation conducted by the European Commission and is made public solely for information purposes. The agreement presented in this document is not binding under international law and will only become so after completion of the ratification process by each Party according to its internal legal procedures.

PREAMBLE: Preamble

CHAPTER 1: Objectives and General Definitions
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International Arbitration Report 2015: The Current State and Future of International Arbitration: Regional Perspectives

International Bar Association – IBA Arb 40 Subcommittee

The Current State and Future of International Arbitration: Regional Perspectives

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Table of Contents

Preface 6

Chapter 1: Executive Summary 7

1.1 The background 7
1.2 Rise in arbitration as a dispute resolution mechanism 9
1.3 Common factors identified as key to growth 9
1.4 Common factors identified as hurdles to growth 10
1.5 The role of arbitral institutions in arbitration procedures 11
1.6 Lack of appetite for an a-national award 11
1.7 International, regional and emerging seats 17
1.8 Institutions – key trends 13
1.9 Specialism in arbitration 15
1.10 Increasing competition – a hurdle for young arbitration practitioners 15
1.11 Development of current hot topics 16
1.12 Advancements in technology 18
1.13 Predictions for key trends in jurisprudence 18 Continue reading “International Arbitration Report 2015: The Current State and Future of International Arbitration: Regional Perspectives”

Evangelization, politics, and technology transfer in 17th-century CochinChina: The case of João da Cruz

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Source: archive.org

31

EVANGELIZATION, POLITICS, AND TECHNOLOGY
TRANSFER IN 17™-CENTURY COCHINCHINA:

THE CASE OF JOAO DA CRUZ

ALEXEI VOLKOV

(citation: Volkov, Alexei. (2012). Evangelization, politics, and technology transfer in 17th-century CochinChina: The case of João da cruz. 31-70. 10.1142/9789814390446_0002.)

Center for General Education and Institute of History, National Tsing Hua University, 101, Sect. 2, Kuang-fu Road, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan

The paper is devoted to the life and activities of Joao da Cruz (16107-1682), a half-Portuguese expert in foundry and cannon-making who worked for the Court of Cochin-china (Central Vietnam) since 1650s. The author argues that the activities of Joao da Cruz entailed appointments of Jesuit missionaries to the positions of Royal Astronomers and Royal Physicians for the period from the late M’*’ century to the second half of the 18 th century. The author suggests that Joao’s activities and political agenda could be properly understood only if one takes into account the hypothesis of his knighthood in the Military Order of Christ, which until now was not paid due attention by historians. Continue reading “Evangelization, politics, and technology transfer in 17th-century CochinChina: The case of João da Cruz”

New research measures impacts of China’s elephant ivory trade ban

by Mongabay.com on 23 October 2018

    • Research released last month by WWF and TRAFFIC, the wildlife monitoring network, found that there has been a substantial decline in the number of Chinese consumers buying ivory since the ivory trade ban went into effect on December 31, 2017. But there is still work to be done to diminish both the supply and demand for elephant ivory in China.
    • Of 2,000 Chinese consumers surveyed, 14 percent claimed to have bought ivory in the past year — significantly fewer than the 31 percent of respondents who said they’d recently purchased ivory during a pre-ban survey conducted in 2017. Some ivory sales have simply gone international, however: 18 percent of regular travelers reported buying ivory products while abroad, particularly in Thailand and Hong Kong.
    • TRAFFIC reports that all of the formerly accredited (i.e. legal) ivory shops the group’s investigators visited in 2018 have stopped selling ivory. But the illegal ivory trade has not been so thoroughly shut down. TRAFFIC investigators also visited 157 markets in 23 cities and found 2,812 ivory products on offer in 345 separate stores.

Continue reading “New research measures impacts of China’s elephant ivory trade ban”