Bộ Quốc Phòng Mỹ: Chương trình Tự do Hàng hải

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28 tháng 2, 2017

Bối cảnh lịch sử

Từ lúc lập quốc, nước Mỹ đã công bố quyền lợi quốc gia tối quan trọng trong việc bảo tồn tự do hàng hải, kêu gọi các lực lượng quân sự nước Mỹ bảo vệ quyền lợi đó. Một trong những sứ mệnh đầu tiên của Hải quân Mỹ là bảo vệ tàu thuyền thương mại của Mỹ ở Đại Tây Dương và Biển Địa Trung Hải chống lại hải tặc và các đe dọa hàng hải khác.

Tương tự như thế, Tổng thống Woodrow Wilson nói với Quốc Hội trong bài diễn văn 14 Điểm rằng những nguyên lý chung mà nước Mỹ và các nước khác đã chiến đấu trong Thế Chiến I là “tự do hàng hải tuyệt đối ở các vùng biển”. Cũng vậy, nhiều tháng trước khi nhập cuộc vào Thế Chiến II, Tổng thống Franklin Roosevelt tuyên bố “trên vai tuần tra hải quân và không quân… là nhiệm vụ bảo toàn chính sách tự do biển của Mỹ.” Tiếp tục đọc “Bộ Quốc Phòng Mỹ: Chương trình Tự do Hàng hải”

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Almost 20 million people are facing starvation because of fighting and drought in South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen

By Umberto Bacchi Thompson Reuters Foundation

ROME, July 3 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – The number of hungry people in the world is rising again after years of decline, as millions suffer from the combined effects of conflict and climate change, the head of the U.N. food agency said on Monday.

“Preliminary data available for this year indicates that the number of undernourished people in the world has (started to) rise again,” said Jose Graziano da Silva, director-general of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

He didn’t provide an exact figure, saying final data would be available in September. “Unfortunately this is not good news,” Graziano da Silva added, speaking at the FAO’s biennial conference in Rome.

The number of people who did not have enough to eat had dropped to 795 million in 2014-16, down 21 percent on 1990–92, according to the FAO.

Graziano da Silva said this year’s setback in the fight against hunger hardly came as a surprise, with almost 20 million people facing starvation because of fighting and drought in South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen.

A total of 19 countries are facing protracted crises, where conflict and violence are often combined with shocks such as drought or floods caused by global warming, he said.

“About 60 percent of the people suffering from hunger in the world live in areas affected by conflict and the impact of climate change,” he said.

Achieving zero hunger by 2030 is one of the U.N.’s Sustainable Development Goals adopted by member states in 2015.

But David Beasley, head of the U.N. World Food Programme (WFP) said the goal had “zero chance of succeeding in the atmosphere that we have in the world today” due to conflicts.

Of the 13 countries where WFP spent the most money, 10 faced food insecurity due to man-made crises, he told the conference.

Bringing just a few of the world’s major conflicts to an end would free enough resources to eradicate hunger, he added.

“Maybe we should slow down and back up a little and focus just on two or three big conflicts,” he said.

Beasley, who was nominated for the role of WFP executive director by the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump, said the United States would maintain its levels of humanitarian funding, and called on other governments to step up support.

“I have no doubt that the United States will not turn its back. It will stand strong,” he said.

(Reporting by Umberto Bacchi @UmbertoBacchi, Editing by Ros Russell.; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women’s rights, trafficking, property rights, climate change and resilience. Visit http://news.trust.org)

Cambodian female workers in Nike, Asics and Puma factories suffer mass faintings

Sportswear brands review spate of incidents in factories where employees on short-term contracts work 10-hour days in soaring temperatures

Garment workers on the outskirts of Pnomh Penh prepare for the working day.
Garment workers on the outskirts of Pnomh Penh prepare for the working day. Photograph: Jarl Therkelsen Kaldan/Danwatch

Women working in Cambodian factories supplying some of the world’s best-known sportswear brands are suffering from repeated mass faintings linked to conditions.

Over the past year more than 500 workers in four factories supplying to Nike, Puma, Asics and VF Corporation were hospitalised. The most serious episode, recorded over three days in November, saw 360 workers collapse. The brands confirmed the incidents, part of a pattern of faintings that has dogged the 600,000-strong mostly female garment workforce for years.

The Observer and Danwatch, a Danish investigative media group, interviewed workers, unions, doctors, charities and government officials in the country’s garment industry, worth $5.7bn in 2015.

The women who collapsed worked 10 hour days, six days a week and reported feeling exhausted and hungry. Excessive heat was also an issue in three factories, with temperatures of 37C. Unlike in neighbouring Vietnam, where factory temperatures must not exceed 32C, Cambodia sets no limit, though if temperatures reach a “very high level” causing difficulties for workers, employers must install fans or air conditioning. Tiếp tục đọc “Cambodian female workers in Nike, Asics and Puma factories suffer mass faintings”

Thousands march in Hong Kong to show dissent for Chinese rule

Rally by pro-democracy groups on 20th anniversary of city’s handover to Chinese rule follows Xi Jinping’s visit and labelling of any challenge to it as ‘a red line’

Pro-democracy protester Leung Kwok-hung joins a march in Hong Kong on Saturday. He was later taken away by police.
Pro-democracy protester Leung Kwok-hung joins a march in Hong Kong on Saturday. He was later taken away by police. Photograph: Isaac Lawrence/AFP/Getty Images

Tens of thousands of pro-democracy protesters have marched across Hong Kong to mark the 20th anniversary of its return to Chinese control with a high-profile show of dissent.

China’s president Xi Jinping, who had been in the former British colony on a three-day tour, flew out of Hong Kong just hours before the annual protest kicked off in Victoria Park on Saturday afternoon. Tiếp tục đọc “Thousands march in Hong Kong to show dissent for Chinese rule”

Trafficking in Persons Report 2017

Date: 06/27/2017 Description: 2017 Trafficking in Person Report. - State Dept Image.“Human trafficking is one of the most tragic human rights issues of our time. It splinters families, distorts global markets, undermines the rule of law, and spurs other transnational criminal activity. It threatens public safety and national security.

“But worst of all, the crime robs human beings of their freedom and their dignity. That’s why we must pursue an end to the scourge of human trafficking.

“Today we take another key step towards that goal. The 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report highlights the successes achieved and the remaining challenges before us on this important global issue.” – Rex W. Tillerson, Secretary of State


The 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report is available in PDF and HTML formats. The PDF is available as a complete one-piece file and as individual sections for easier download. To view the PDF files, you will need to download, at no cost, the Adobe Acrobat Reader.

PDF Format

Trafficking in Persons Report 2017 — Complete Report (PDF)
Introductory Material (PDF)
Country Narratives: A-C (PDF)
Country Narratives: D-I (PDF)
Country Narratives: J-M (PDF)
Country Narratives: N-S (PDF)
Country Narratives: T-Z and Special Case (PDF)
Relevant International Conventions/Closing Material (PDF)

HTML Format

Letter From Secretary Tillerson
Letter From Ambassador Susan Coppedge
Victims’ Stories
Enhancing Criminal Accountability and Addressing Challenges in Prosecution Efforts
Countries That Are Not States Parties to the Protocol
Topics of Special Interest
What is Trafficking in Persons?
Child Soldiers Prevention Act List
Methodology
Global Law Enforcement Data
TVPA Minimum Standards
2017 TIP Report Heroes
Tier Placements
Country Narratives
Special Case
Relevant International Conventions
Stopping Human Trafficking, Sexual Exploitation, and Abuse by International Peacekeepers & Civilian Personnel
Multilateral Organizations Combating Trafficking in Persons
Glossary of Abbreviations
Photo Credits
A Closing Note

Remarks

06/27/17 Remarks at the 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report Launch Ceremony;  Secretary of State Rex W. Tillerson; Ben Franklin Room; Washington, DC
06/27/17 Briefing on the 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report;  Ambassador-at-Large Susan Coppedge, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons; Press Briefing Room; Washington, DC

China: US warship near island a ‘serious provocation’

al jazeera

China denounces a US move sailing a warship close to a disputed island occupied by Beijing in the South China Sea.

USS Stethem destroyer passes less than 12 nautical miles (22 kilometres) from tiny Triton Island [File: Reuters]

China denounced a US warship sailing close to a disputed island in the South China Sea occupied by Beijing as a “serious political and military provocation”, a move that could further strain relations between the superpowers.

Beijing dispatched military vessels and fighter planes in response to warn off the US vessel, foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang said in a statement late on Sunday night, state news agency Xinhua reported. Tiếp tục đọc “China: US warship near island a ‘serious provocation’”

Thailand: 60,000 workers flee over new labour laws

Workers return to Myanmar and other countries after government vows to crack down on unregistered foreign labourers.

More than 3 million migrants work in Thailand, according to the IOM [File: Jorge Silva/Reuters]

Tens of thousands of workers have fled Thailand, officials said, after new labour regulations adopted by the military government sparked fear and panic among the migrant community.

About 60,000 workers left between June 23 and 28, and the number has risen since, an immigration official said on Monday. Tiếp tục đọc “Thailand: 60,000 workers flee over new labour laws”

Trừng phạt khắc nghiệt đối với trẻ em vi phạm pháp luật không ngăn chặn được tình hình tội phạm người chưa thành niên tiếp tục gia tăng

Một thiếu niên vi phạm pháp luật ở Đồng Tháp, từng bị bắt vì một số tội danh nhỏ và tội trộm cắp vặt. UNICEF và nhân viên xã hội đã giúp em tái hòa nhập với cộng đồng của mình và trở thành một thành viên tích cực của câu lạc bộ thanh thiếu niên. Photo: UNICEF Viet Nam\2015\Trương Việt HùngMột thiếu niên vi phạm pháp luật ở Đồng Tháp, từng bị bắt vì một số tội danh nhỏ và tội trộm cắp vặt. UNICEF và nhân viên xã hội đã giúp em tái hòa nhập với cộng đồng của mình và trở thành một thành viên tích cực của câu lạc bộ thanh thiếu niên. Photo: UNICEF Viet Nam\2015\Trương Việt Hùng

Độ tuổi chịu trách nhiệm hình sự của trẻ em là một chủ đề gây nhiều tranh cãi trên thế giới. Ở Việt Nam, vấn đề này đang được tranh luận trong quá trình sửa đổi bổ sung Bộ Luật Hình sự. Một số người tranh luận rằng phương thức tiếp cận “cứng rắn với tội phạm” là cần thiết để trừng phạt trẻ em nhằm phòng ngừa tình trạng phạm tội tiếp diễn. Tiếp tục đọc “Trừng phạt khắc nghiệt đối với trẻ em vi phạm pháp luật không ngăn chặn được tình hình tội phạm người chưa thành niên tiếp tục gia tăng”

Luật sư không được nói bậy trên mạng

PL – Thứ Hai, ngày 3/7/2017 – 07:10
Luật sư không được nói bậy trên mạng

Bộ Tư pháp đang soạn thảo Nghị định sửa đổi, bổ sung một số điều Nghị định 123/2013 của Chính phủ (quy định chi tiết một số điều và biện pháp thi hành Luật Luật sư (LS)). Đáng chú ý, dự thảo đã bổ sung nhiều quy định nhằm nâng cao chất lượng của đội ngũ LS cũng như trách nhiệm của LS trong việc xây dựng hình ảnh, uy tín nghề nghiệp. Tiếp tục đọc “Luật sư không được nói bậy trên mạng”

Coal imports/exports remain tricky problem for Vietnam

Last update 14:00 | 01/07/2017
Coal imports/exports remain tricky problem for Vietnam
VietNamNet Bridge – While a large amount of coal was exported in the first months of the year, most coal used in the country was imported. 


vietnam economy, business news, vn news, vietnamnet bridge, english news, Vietnam news, news Vietnam, vietnamnet news, vn news, Vietnam net news, Vietnam latest news, Vietnam breaking news,  coal-fired power plants, Vinacomin, MOIT

Coal exports have had a sharp export growth rate. GDC said that coal exports from the beginning of the year to May 15 reached 709,624 tons, worth $106.73 million, which represented an increase of 375 percent in quantity and 660 percent in value in comparison with the same period last year. Tiếp tục đọc “Coal imports/exports remain tricky problem for Vietnam”

Mai Chau in ripen rice season

Last update 09:00 | 02/07/2017

If you like the peaceful atmosphere, fresh air and natual beauty, Mai Chau is an ideal place to visit, especially during the ripen rice season.

mai chau in ripen rice season hinh 1
Mai Chau District, Son La province is around 150km from Hanoi. Taking a journey from Hanoi to Mai Chau through winding passes, visitors will have a chance to contemplate the imposing scenery of mountains and forests. Tiếp tục đọc “Mai Chau in ripen rice season”

Top 10 islands in Vietnam

Last update 08:00 | 02/07/2017

VietNamNet Bridge – Vietnam has over 3,000km of coastline and thousands of islands. Here are the most beautiful islands for nature lovers in the country.

Con Dao 

Top 10 islands in Vietnam, travel news, Vietnam guide, Vietnam airlines, Vietnam tour, tour Vietnam, Hanoi, ho chi minh city, Saigon, travelling to Vietnam, Vietnam travelling, Vietnam travel, vn news

Con Dao has white beaches spreading for miles enfolded by the crystal ocean. Lining the beach, long lines of coconut trees create a green paradise.

Coming to Con Dao Island, one can admire the beauty of nature but also the freshness of coconut milkand other culinary delights. Tiếp tục đọc “Top 10 islands in Vietnam”

Must-visit temples in Vietnam

Last update 08:00 | 01/07/2017

VietNamNet Bridge – Temples are among Vietnam’s most popular attractions, where travelers can marvel at intricate carvings and well-preserved architecture as well as experience the local culture during their holiday. 

A predominantly Buddhist country, there are thousands of pagodas and shrines dedicated to the revered icon. Here are the most well-known temples in the country.

Tran Quoc Pagoda 

Must-visit temples in Vietnam, tran quoc pagoda, cao dai temple, thien mu pagoda, travel news, Vietnam guide, Vietnam airlines, Vietnam tour, tour Vietnam, Hanoi, ho chi minh city, Saigon, travelling to Vietnam, Vietnam travelling, Vietnam travel, vn news

Opening Hours: Daily 07:30 – 18:00

Location: Thanh Nien Road, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi Tiếp tục đọc “Must-visit temples in Vietnam”

What is causing the death of rivers?

Last update 08:10 | 27/04/2017
VietNamNet Bridge – Rapid population increase and urbanization have put pressure on waterways in the country. 

vietnam economy, business news, vn news, vietnamnet bridge, english news, Vietnam news, news Vietnam, vietnamnet news, vn news, Vietnam net news, Vietnam latest news, Vietnam breaking news,  environment pollution, dead rivers, Mekong delta

The rivers in Vinh Phuc province have turned black as they have been receiving domestic waste water and waste water from craft villages, garbage and dead animals for many years.

The Phan River, originating from the southern slope of Tam Dao mountain, plays an important role in water supply and drainage. It stabilizes the environment to maintain ecological landscapes for the localities in the province. Tiếp tục đọc “What is causing the death of rivers?”

Alpine ethnic people in Vietnam (8-part series)

Alpine ethnic people in Vietnam – P1: Leading lives aloft

Tuoi Tre News

Updated : 06/04/2017 11:40 GMT + 7

Members of an ethnic minority group in the northern Vietnamese province of Ha Giang, home to the UNESCO-recognized Dong Van Karst Plateau, have settled in fortress-like stone houses atop mountains for generations.

During a recent trip to Ha Giang Province, a Tuoi Tre (Youth) newspaper reporter visited some of the nearly 100 mountain-top hamlets in Dong Van and Meo Vac Districts where Mong ethnic minority people still reside. Tiếp tục đọc “Alpine ethnic people in Vietnam (8-part series)”