World Bank: New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 11, number 8 (2019 August)

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AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

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World Bank: New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 11, number 7 (2019 July)

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AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

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Chuỗi các phát hiện về Nam Theun 2

BVR&MT – “Cái chết dưới Nước – bài học toàn cầu từ mô hình thuỷ điện điểm của Ngân hàng Thế giới (WB) Lào” là cuốn sách mô tả một chuỗi các phát hiện về dự án Nam Theun 2 từ quá trình lên kế hoạch vào cuối những năm 1980, lấy ý kiến các bên từ cuối những năm 1990 đến đầu những năm 2000, xây dựng và hoàn thành vào năm 2010. Con đập vốn là niềm tự hào của WB về quy mô và vẫn thường được WB ca ngợi về tính bền vững cũng như những đóng góp của nó đối với công cuộc xóa đói giảm nghèo tại Lào – một quốc gia đang phát triển. Tuy nhiên, đồng hành với dự án này là những chỉ trích của dư luận về sự ủng hộ của WB cùng các tổ chức tài chính đối với các con đập lớn có tác động xấu đến môi trường và xã hội trên toàn cầu và Nam Theun 2 là một trong số đó.

Tác giả Bruce Shoemaker tại buổi ra mắt sách tại Hà Nội ngày 29/10/2018

Tiếp tục đọc “Chuỗi các phát hiện về Nam Theun 2”

World Bank: New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 11, number 5 (2019 May)

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AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Tiếp tục đọc “World Bank: New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 11, number 5 (2019 May)”

World Bank: New Research and Development in Vietnam – Volume 11, number 3 (2019 March)

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AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

World Bank – New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 11, number 2 (2019 February)

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AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

Tiếp tục đọc “World Bank – New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 11, number 2 (2019 February)”

Smart grid to enhance power transmission in Vietnam

ABSTRACTOver the last few decades Vietnam has made remarkable progress in reducing poverty and positioning its economy on a sustainable growth path. As a consequence of robust economic growth, electricity demand in Vietnam grew at an average of 14 percent annually over the last decade. With electricity consumption nearly matching generation in recent years and insufficient investment in new power plants, the electricity grid is under constant strain by the growing economy. Realizing the large technical, institutional, and financial challenges posed by this level of expansion will be a key priority for Vietnam’s grid system operators in the short term. In 2012, the Government of Vietnam (GoV) approved the smart grid development project in Vietnam which outlines a smart grid roadmap for Vietnam. The project is aimed at the integration of new monitoring, protection and control systems to improve grid reliability and make efficient use of infrastructure while facilitating future integration of scaled-up renewable energy options. The national power transmission corporation (NPT) has already started progressing some of the smart grid initiatives for transmission identified in the roadmap, such as, the deployment of substation automation system (SAS) and wide area monitoring systems (WAMS) as well as an information system for operation and supervision. To support GoV’s efforts, the World Bank has closely engaged with NPT, the electricity regulator authority of Vietnam (ERAV) and the national load dispatch center (NLDC) to refine the existing smart grid roadmap on the basis of the lessons learned from the international experience with smart grid development. This report presents the results of this technical assistance engagement funded by the energy sector management assistance program (ESMAP) and the Asia sustainable and alternative energy program (ASTAE) and consists of: (i) a technical analysis of Vietnam’s existing smart grid roadmap, and alternative and future options in volume one; (ii) cost-benefit and risk analyses of the smart grid options identified in the technical analysis in volume two; and (iii) considerations of regulatory and performance monitoring in volume three.  See Less –

DETAILS

  • Document Date2016/02/21 06:41:04
  • Document TypeWorking Paper
  • Report Number103719
  • Volume No1
  • Total Volume(s)1
  • CountryVietnam;
  • RegionEast Asia and Pacific;
  • Disclosure Date2016/03/07 06:40:30
  • Disclosure StatusDisclosed
  • Doc NameSmart grid to enhance power transmission in Vietnam

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CITATION

World Bank. 2016. Smart grid to enhance power transmission in Vietnam (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/779591468187450158/Smart-grid-to-enhance-power-transmission-in-Vietnam

The Challenge of Agricultural Pollution : Evidence from China, Vietnam, and the Philippines

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In emerging East Asia, agricultural output has expanded dramatically over recent decades, primarily as a result of successful efforts to stimulate yield growth. This achievement has increased the availability of food and raw materials in the region, drastically diminished hunger, and more generally provided solid ground for economic development. The intensification of agriculture that has made this possible, however, has also led to serious pollution problems that have adversely affected human and ecosystem health, as well as the productivity of agriculture itself. In the region that currently owes the largest proportion of deaths to the environment, agriculture is often portrayed as a victim of industrial and urban pollution, and this is indeed the case. Yet agriculture is taking a growing toll on economic resources and sometimes becoming a victim of its own success. In parts of China, Vietnam, and the Philippines—the countries studied in The Challenge of Agricultural Pollution—this pattern of highly productive yet highly polluting agriculture has been unfolding with consequences that remain poorly understood. With large numbers of pollutants and sources, agricultural pollution is often undetected and unmeasured. When assessments do occur, they tend to take place within technical silos, and so the different ecological and socioeconomic risks are seldom considered as a whole, while some escape study entirely. However, when agricultural pollution is considered in its entirety, both the significance of its impacts and the relative neglect of them become clear. Meanwhile, growing recognition that a “pollute now, treat later” approach is unsustainable—from both a human health and an agroindustry perspective—has led public and private sector actors to seek solutions to this problem. Yet public intervention has tended to be more reactive than preventive and often inadequate in scale. In some instances, the implementation of sound pollution control programs has also been confronted with incentive structures that do not rank environmental outcomes prominently. Significant potential does exist, however, to reduce the footprint of farms through existing technical solutions, and with adequate and well-crafted government support, its realization is well within reach.
Citation
“Cassou, Emilie; Jaffee, Steven M.; Ru, Jiang. 2018. The Challenge of Agricultural Pollution : Evidence from China, Vietnam, and the Philippines. Directions in Development—Environment and Sustainable Development;. Washington, DC: World Bank. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/29187 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”

 

World Bank: New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 10, number 5 (2018 April 17)

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Agriculture and Rural development

• The Challenge of Agricultural Pollution : Evidence from China, Vietnam, and the Philippines.
• Quality of So-Called Organic Fertilizers in Vietnam’s Market.
• Impact of China’s Increasing Demand for Agro Produce on Agricultural Production in the Mekong Region.
• Facilitating aquaculture productivity in Vietnam: Perspectives from awareness of households and the climate change.
• The Institutional Capacity for Forest Devolution: The Case of Forest Land Allocation in Vietnam.
• The politics of swidden: A case study from Nghe An and Son La in Vietnam.
Tiếp tục đọc “World Bank: New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 10, number 5 (2018 April 17)”

World Bank – New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 10, number 2 (2018 February 2)

New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 10, number 2 (2018 February 2)

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Agriculture and Rural development

· Analysis of food demand in Vietnam and short-term impacts of market shocks on quantity and calorie consumption.
· The Challenges in Implementing Vietnam’s Nationally-Determined Contribution (NDC) in the Agriculture Sector under the Current Supporting Laws, Regulations, and Policies.
· Sustainable coffee supply chain management: a case study in Buon Me Thuot City, Daklak, Vietnam.
· Sustainable intensification of smallholder agriculture in Northwest Vietnam: Exploring the potential of integrating vegetables.
· Forest governance in Vietnam: A literature review.
· Performance Assessment of Irrigation Schemes and Water Pollution Issues Raised in the Red River, Vietnam.
· Self-governance and the Effects of Rules in Irrigation Systems: Evidence from Laboratory and Framed Field Experiments in China, India and Vietnam.
· Mapping land-use dynamic in the Vietnamese Mekong delta.
· Pig production and farm income in the pig value chain in Hung Yen and Nghe An provinces.
· Development of Climate-Related Risk Maps and Adaptation Plans (Climate Smart MAP) for Rice Production in Vietnam’s Mekong River Delta.
· Actively cautious: Industrialization and rural livelihood choices in contemporary northern Vietnam. Tiếp tục đọc “World Bank – New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 10, number 2 (2018 February 2)”

World Bank – New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 10, number 1 (2018 January 8)

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Agriculture and Rural development

• Market implications of the integration scenario of Southeast Asian rice markets.
• Understanding smallholder farmers’ capacity to respond to climate change in a coastal community in Central Vietnam.
• The water-land-food nexus of natural rubber production.
• Assessment of household risk management strategies for coastal aquaculture: the case of clam farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam.
• Agroforestry: Contribution to food security and climate-change adaptation and mitigation in Southeast Asia: WHITE PAPER.
• The role of State Forest Enterprises in the payments for Forest Environmental Services Programme in Vietnam.
• Enhancing farmers’ market power and income in the pig value chain; a case study in Bac Giang province, Vietnam.
• The political economy of policy exceptionalism during economic transition: the case of rice policy in Vietnam.
Tiếp tục đọc “World Bank – New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 10, number 1 (2018 January 8)”

The World Bank Year in Review: 2017 in 12 Charts

Worldbank.org

How to sum up 2017? The global economy improved but there were plenty of unsettling and upsetting events and trends. Catastrophic storms and flooding wrecked homes and livelihoods from South Asia to the Caribbean. Education quality in many countries fell short even as much of the world raced into the digital age. Yet extreme poverty continues to decline. Innovation and technology are enhancing the quality of life. And human capital is now the biggest driver of wealth in the world today. Here’s what 2017 looked like in 12 charts.

1. Millions faced famine and required emergency aid

2. The world emitted historic amounts of carbon

3. Natural disasters dominated the news

4. Two-thirds of global wealth is human capital

5. There’s a crisis in learning

6. Nutrition affects learning, and millions of children remain stunted

7. Child marriage carried high personal and economic costs

8. The world’s population is young. And jobless.

9. Natural capital and biodiversity are undervalued

10. Globally, about half of elections are considered free and fair

11. Starting a business is getting easier

12. The power of renewables

A Tribute to Hans Rosling

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World Bank – New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 9, number 24 (2017 December 20)

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Table of Content

Agriculture and Rural development

      • Impact of International Experience and Innovation Capacity on the Export Performance of Vietnamese Agricultural SMEs.
      • Impact of Climate Change on the Technical Efficiency of Striped Catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus, Farming in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam.
      • Designing river flows to improve food security futures in the Lower Mekong Basin.
      • Effectiveness and efficiency of community-based forest management in Hoang Lien National Park, Lao Cai Province.
      • Synergies among climate change and biodiversity conservation measures and policies in the forest sector: A case study of Southeast Asian countries.
      • Livestock Production, Rural Poverty, and Perceived Shocks: Evidence from Panel Data for Vietnam.

Tiếp tục đọc “World Bank – New research on development issues in Vietnam – Volume 9, number 24 (2017 December 20)”

World Bank to cease financing upstream oil and gas after 2019

December 12, 2017 / 7:58 AM
Reuters Staff

PARIS (Reuters) – The World Bank will no longer finance upstream oil and gas projects after 2019, apart from certain gas projects in the poorest countries in exceptional circumstances, it said on Tuesday, drawing praise from environmental groups. Tiếp tục đọc “World Bank to cease financing upstream oil and gas after 2019”