Presidential Directive Will Serve as a Cornerstone Initiative During the Second Summit for Democracy
Today, President Biden signed an Executive Order that prohibits, for the first time, operational use by the United States Government of commercial spyware that poses risks to national security or has been misused by foreign actors to enable human rights abuses around the world.
Commercial spyware – sophisticated and invasive cyber surveillance tools sold by vendors to access electronic devices remotely, extract their content, and manipulate their components, all without the knowledge or consent of the devices’ users – has proliferated in recent years with few controls and high risk of abuse.
The proliferation of commercial spyware poses distinct and growing counterintelligence and security risks to the United States, including to the safety and security of U.S. Government personnel and their families. U.S. Government personnel overseas have been targeted by commercial spyware, and untrustworthy commercial vendors and tools can present significant risks to the security and integrity of U.S. Government information and information systems.
Lúc mới ra trường, tôi gửi tiền vào một quỹ lớn. Mức nộp tương đương 22% thu nhập mỗi tháng, tôi đóng 6% còn cơ quan góp 16%. Quỹ có số dư vào khoảng 36 tỷ USD, và số lượng khách hàng lên đến hàng chục triệu.
Tuy nhiên, quỹ lại không công bố báo cáo tài chính, và chỉ cho phép nhận vốn và lãi hàng tháng sau khi tôi bước qua tuổi nghỉ hưu. Nghĩa là tôi sẽ phải chờ khoảng 35 năm mới biết khoản đầu tư của mình hiệu quả ra sao. Quỹ cũng thường than thở về nguy cơ mất thanh khoản, vỡ quỹ, trong khi không có cam kết đáng kể về rủi ro trượt giá đồng tiền do lạm phát.
Nếu có cơ hội, theo bạn, tôi có nên rút khỏi quỹ hay không?
During a speech in Brussels today, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen called for the European Union (EU) to take a “bolder” stance (Politico) toward Beijing in response to China becoming “more repressive at home and more assertive abroad.” She said this would help Europe “de-risk” itself (Reuters) economically and diplomatically, but that economic decoupling from China is not possible. She also referred to the close relationship between China’s and Russia’s leaders and said China is responsible for advancing a “just peace” in Ukraine that includes the withdrawal of Russian forces. Von der Leyen will visit Beijing next week. European leaders have diverged in recent months (FT) over their views on China. While the United States has hardened its own China policy through controls on tech exports, trade officials at the European Commission have studied the possibility of controls on outbound European investment.
It is a real pleasure to be here at this very special event co-hosted by two of Europe’s most knowledgeable and independent-minded think tanks. In a time when global affairs are becoming harder to decrypt – and in an era where facts are routinely challenged – the work that you do at these think tanks has never been more important for Europe. Because it is only by having a deeper understanding of the world as it really is – not as we may wish it to be – that we can develop better informed policies. This is why I believe think tanks are an essential part of our democracy. In just ten years, MERICS has developed a unique expertise in analysing the political, economic and social trends in China and how these impact Europe and the world. And we must preserve and uphold your right – and that of all think tanks –– to be analytical and to be critical. So I want to express my solidarity with you and all the other individuals and institutions who have been unfairly sanctioned by the Chinese government. I would also like to congratulate the European Policy Centre on its recent 25th anniversary. From the outset, you have been a truly European voice in the world of policy and academia. This spirit is very much in the image of one of your founders, and one of Europe’s most unheralded fathers – Max Kohnstamm. Max Kohnstamm lived through personal trauma and tragedy during World War II. This experience inspired him to dedicate his life to building a united Europe. One question always guided his work: ‘Do we believe that states are forever condemned to remain […] never to trust another state? Or do we believe in the possibility of change, of gradually changing men’s minds and their behaviour?’. This commitment to creating a better understanding between people lives on through Europe’s think-tank community.