Doanh nghiệp xoay xở kiếm đơn hàng

Mai Phương – Nguyên Nga

12/01/2023 06:35 GMT+7

Giảm nhân viên, giãn giờ làm khi đơn hàng sụt giảm vẫn đang là câu chuyện diễn ra ở nhiều doanh nghiệp, nhiều địa phương trên cả nước khi bước sang năm mới.

Đơn hàng giảm hơn 50%

Lượng đơn hàng sản xuất tại Công ty giày Pousung VN (Đồng Nai) đã sụt giảm từ quý 4/2022 và kéo dài đến nay. Theo ông Lê Nhật Trường, Chủ tịch Công đoàn Công ty Pousung, ước tính tỷ lệ giảm khoảng 30 – 35% so với trước. Tình hình này có thể kéo dài đến hết quý 1/2023 và kéo sang cả quý 2/2023. Tuy nhiên, với đặc thù là một doanh nghiệp (DN) lớn nên công ty vẫn sắp xếp đảm bảo hoạt động sản xuất cho công nhân như không tăng ca, cho nghỉ luân phiên một ngày trong tuần và không tuyển dụng thêm lao động mới. Tổng cộng đến hiện tại, công ty vẫn có 22.300 lao động, giảm khoảng 5% so với một năm trước. Dù vậy, tính chung cả năm 2022, công ty vẫn đạt kết quả cao hơn năm 2021, vốn bị ảnh hưởng bởi dịch Covid-19, nên công nhân được nhận lương thưởng đón Tết Quý Mão tăng cao hơn 30%.

Dù vẫn còn khó khăn nhưng nhiều doanh nghiệp nỗ lực tìm ra phương hướng để duy trì sản xuất

Tiếp tục đọc “Doanh nghiệp xoay xở kiếm đơn hàng”

Annual Threat Asessment of the US Intelligence Community (Office of Director of National Intelligence)

February 6, 2023

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During the coming year, the United States and its allies will confront a complex and pivotal international security environment dominated by two critical strategic challenges that intersect with each other and existing trends to intensify their national security implications. First, great powers, rising regional powers, as well as an evolving array of non-state actors, will vie for dominance in the global order, as well as compete to set the emerging conditions and the rules that will shape that order for decades to come. Strategic competition between the United States and its allies, hina, and Russia over what kind of world will emerge makes the next few years critical to determining who and what will shape the narrative perhaps most immediately in the context of Russia’s actions in Ukraine, which threaten to escalate into a broader conflict between Russia and the West. Second, shared global challenges, including climate change, and
human and health security, are converging as the planet emerges from the COVID-19 pandemic and confronts economic issues spurred by both energy and food insecurity. Rapidly emerging or evolving technologies continue to have the potential to disrupt traditional business and society with both positive and negative outcomes, while creating unprecedented vulnerabilities and attack surfaces, making it increasingly challenging to predict the impact of such challenges on the global landscape.

These two strategic challenges will intersect and interact in unpredictable ways, leading to mutually reinforcing effects that could challenge our ability to respond, but that also will introduce new opportunities to forge collective action with allies and partners, including non-state actors. The 2023 Annual Threat Assessment highlights some of those connections as it provides the IC’s baseline assessments of the most pressing threats to U.S. national interests. It is not an exhaustive assessment of all global challenges. This assessment addresses both the threats from U.S. adversaries and functional and transnational concerns, such as weapons of mass destruction and cyber, primarily in the sections regarding threat actors, as well as an array of regional issues with larger, global implications.

Russia’s unprovoked full-scale invasion of Ukraine has highlighted that the era of nation-state competition and conflict has not been relegated to the past but instead has emerged as a defining characteristic of the current era. While Russia is challenging the United States and some norms in the international order in its war of territorial aggression, China has the capability to directly attempt to alter the rules-based global order in every realm and across multiple regions, as a near-peer competitor that is increasingly pushing to change global norms and potentially threatening its neighbors. Russia’s military action against Ukraine demonstrates that it remains a revanchist power, intent on using whatever tools are needed to try to reestablish a perceived sphere of influence despite what its neighbors desire for themselves, and is willing to push back on Washington both locally and globally. Besides these strategic competitors, local and regional powers are seeking to exert their influence, often at the cost of neighbors and the world order itself. Iran will
remain a regional menace with broader malign influence activities, and North Korea will expand its WMD capabilities while being a disruptive player on the regional and world stages.

At the same time, as the nations of the world strive to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic, they are beset by an array of shared, global issues. The accelerating effects of climate change are placing more of the world’s population, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, under threat from extreme weather, food insecurity, and humanitarian disasters, fueling migration flows and increasing the risks of future pandemics as pathogens exploit the changing environment. Efforts by Russia, China, and other countries to promote authoritarianism and spread disinformation is helping fuel a larger competition between [ 5 ] democratic and authoritarian forms of government. This competition exploits global information flows to gain influence and impacts nearly all countries, contributing to democratic backsliding, threats of political instability, and violent societal conflict through misinformation and disinformation.

Regional and localized conflicts and instability will continue to demand U.S. attention as states and nonstate actors truggle to find their place in the evolving international order, attempt to navigate great power competition, and confront shared transnational challenges. Regional challengers, such as Iran and North Korea, will seek to disrupt their local security environment and garner more power for themselves, threatening U.S. allies in the process. In every region of the world, challenges from climate change, demographic trends, human and health security, and economic disruptions caused by energy and food insecurity and technology proliferation will combine and interact in specific and unique ways to trigger events ranging from political instability, to terrorist threats, to mass migration, and potential humanitarian emergencies.

The 2023 Annual Threat Assessment Report supports the Office of the Director of National Intelligence’s transparency commitments and the tradition of providing regular threat updates to the American public and the United States Congress. The IC is vigilant in monitoring and assessing direct and indirect threats to U.S. and allied interests. As part of this ongoing effort, the IC’s National Intelligence Officers work closely with analysts from across the IC to examine the spectrum of threats and highlight the most likely and impactful near-term risks in the context of the longer-term, overarching threat environment. The National Intelligence Council stands ready to support policymakers with additional information in a classified setting.

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Những biệt phủ của người Dao giữa đại ngàn Thượng Cửu

Tác giả: Nguyễn Cảnh Dũng

PNVN – 14/10/2022

Từng được mệnh danh là “hoang đảo giữa đại ngàn” với cái đói, cái nghèo ngự trị nhưng chỉ trong ít năm, bản Sinh Tàn của người Dao ở xã Thượng Cửu, huyện Thanh Sơn (Phú Thọ) đã thay đổi đến chóng mặt.

Sinh Tàn, xã Thượng Cửu là bản cao và xa nhất của huyện miền núi Thanh Sơn, tỉnh Phú Thọ. Chỉ ít năm trước, bản Sinh Tàn với hơn 70 nóc nhà của đồng bào người Dao vẫn là “ốc đảo” giữa đại ngàn. Không điện, không nước sạch, không sóng điện thoại và đường nối bản với trung tâm cũng chỉ là lối mòn như sợi chỉ xuyên rừng.

Tiếp tục đọc “Những biệt phủ của người Dao giữa đại ngàn Thượng Cửu”

Which Countries Pollute the Most Ocean Plastic Waste?

#1 Philippines 
#2 India
#3 Malaysia 
#4 China 
#5 Indonesia
#6 Myanmar
#7 Brazil
#8 Vietnam
#9 Bangladesh 
#10 Thailand

Many high-income countries generate high amounts of plastic waste, but are either better at processing it or exporting it to other countries. Meanwhile, many of the middle-income and low-income countries that both demand plastics and receive bulk exports have yet to develop the infrastructure needed to process it.

Ocean plastic waste polluting countries

Visualized: Ocean Plastic Waste Pollution By Country

Tiếp tục đọc “Which Countries Pollute the Most Ocean Plastic Waste?”

(Almost) Everyone is Drilling Inside the Nine-Dash Line

Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative
March 8, 2023  |  AMTI Brief (Almost) Everyone is Drilling Inside the Nine-Dash Line

China’s military, law enforcement, and militia engaged in regular standoffs between 2018 and 2021 with Southeast Asian neighbors over oil and gas exploration inside Beijing’s nine-dash line claim in the South China Sea. By contrast, 2022 was comparatively quiet when it came to tensions over hydrocarbons, aside from one encounter involving the Philippines. But as several claimants forge ahead with new offshore projects in 2023, oil and gas development could reemerge as a primary flashpoint in the disputes.

This feature details new exploration and development projects by claimants across the South China Sea. Many of the new projects lie in disputed waters, some at the sites of previous confrontations. With the China Coast Guard increasing the frequency of patrols across disputed waters, the prospect of confrontation between Chinese law enforcement and oil and gas operators at many of these locations is high.All of the projects detailed here and more are available to explore on AMTI’s newly updated map of Energy Exploration and Development in the South China Sea.

Continue reading on CSIS website >>