|2020: 50 năm ngày Trái Đất | 7,7 tỷ dân
2019: Cháy rừng ở Úc
2019: Cháy rừng nhiệt đới Amazon
2019: Bánh Burger kẹp “Thịt nhân tạo” đã trở thành trào lưu ăn uống mới.
2018: Dân số thế giới đạt 7,6 tỷ dân
2017: Nước Anh nói không với than đá
2016: Loài động vật có vú đầu tiên bị tuyệt chủng vì biến đổi khí hậu
2016: Thềm băng khổng lồ Larsen C có dấu hiệu bị nứt
2015: Thế giới đạt Thoả thuận khí hậu lịch sử tại Paris
2012: Băng biển Bắc Cực ở mức thấp kỷ lục
2012: Siêu bão Sandy tàn phá New York
2011: Thảm hoạ kép động đất sóng thần ở Fukushima Nhật Bản
2010: Vụ nổ giàn khoan dầu Deepwater Horizon
2008: Ngân hàng hạt giống toàn cầu
2008: Ô tô điện đã trở nên thật sàng điệu
2006: Hội chứng mũi trắng khiến dơi chết hàng loạt
2006: Số lượng tổ ong mật giảm mạnh
2006: Săn vi cá mập lấy vây cá – Món súp vi cá mập quét sạch hơn 73 triệu con cá mập mỗi năm
2006: Sự trỗi dậy của Trung Quốc
2006: Rác thải nguy hại tại Bờ Biển Ngà gây ô nhiễm nghiêm trọng
2006: Phim đề tài môi trường của Al Gore đạt giải thưởng danh giá
2005: Cơn bão Katrina
2002: Thềm băng Larsen B sụp đổ một phần
2002: Bang California thúc đẩy sử dụng năng lượng mặt trời
|2000: Cách mạng hybrid
1999: Gạo vàng biến đổi gen
1997: Nghị định thư Kyoto
1997: Lời khải huyền của loài lưỡng cư
1996: Mỹ cấm pha chì vào xăng
1995: Số lượng đại bàng đầu trắng được hồi phục
1995: Loài sói được đưa trở lại công viên quốc gia Yellowstone
1995: Suy giảm, mất rừng Amazon
1991: Cháy dầu Kuwait
1991: Nỗ lực thành công mang những chú chồn Ferrets trở lại
1990: Cuộc chiến chống lại các cơn mưa axit
1990: Báo cáo đầu tiên của IPPC
1990: Nhiều nước ký lệnh cấm quốc tế về buôn bán ngà voi
1990: Dân số thế giới đạt ngưỡng 5,3 tỷ dân
1989: Thảm hoạ tràn dầu của tàu Exxon Valdez
1988: Ảnh hưởng của hiệu ứng nhà kính được phát hiện
1987: Nghị định thư MONTREAL
1987: Giải cứu Kền Kền
1986: Thảm họa Chernobyl
1985 Phát hiện lỗ hổng Ozon
1980: Chương trình Superfund khởi động
1980 Khu bảo tồn hoang dã Alaska được bảo vệ
1980 dân số thế giới đạt 4,5 tỷ
1979: Thảm họa hạt nhân tại đảo Three Mile
1978: Thảm hoạ rò rỉ hoá chất độc hại ở Love Canal
1976: Sự cố nhà máy hóa chất ở Seveso, nước Ý
1972: Làm sạch các con sông
1973: Bảo tồn các loài
1972: Bảo vệ các loài động vật có vú dưới biển (thú biển)
1972: Hoa Kỳ cấm thuốc bảo vệ thực vật
1970: Đại hiến chương môi trường MAGNA CARTA
1970: Ngày Trái Đất đầu tiên | 3,68 tỷ dân
- Indonesia and the Philippines account for most of the world’s coconut production. But as the palm oil industry expands, helped along by generous government subsidies, coconut farmers are struggling to adapt.
- In 2010, palm oil overtook coconut oil as the top-selling oil in most Philippine grocery stores. Most of it was imported from Indonesia or Malaysia, but now the Philippines is trying increase its own production.
- Oil palm is a much more industrialized crop than coconut, which is dominated by smallholders. But while the low price of palm oil has given it an advantage, demand has risen for high-quality coconut products due to health and sustainability concerns.
- Some coconut farmers say they need the same kind of support from the government that palm oil companies get if they are going to survive.
GENERAL NAKAR, Philippines — Lucio Tena, 64, has been growing coconuts on his 20-hectare (49-acre) farm in General Nakar, on the east coast of the Philippine island of Luzon, for more than four decades. But the situation facing farmers like him today is the worst he’s experienced in his lifetime.
Tiếp tục đọc “Coconut farmers in Southeast Asia struggle as palm oil muscles in on them”
Researchers at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, found that training large artificial intelligence models produces an astonishing amount of carbon emissions — an unexpected cost to the environment.
The process puts out the equivalent amount of carbon dioxide as five lifetime emissions of the average American car, as calculated by MIT Technology Review. That’s more than 626,000 pounds of carbon dioxide — as much as flying from New York to London and back every week for nearly three years.
Several Vietnamese supermarkets have started using banana leaves to wrap vegetables in an effort to reduce plastic waste.
Shoppers at Lotte Mart in Ho Chi Minh City’s District 7 were recently surprised to see scallions, okra and other vegetables produce wrapped in banana leaves.
THE news that China is bracing for smog waves as the winter heating season begins has once again put the dangerous levels of air pollution in Asia in the spotlight. With the air in Beijing and adjacent areas expected to become heavily polluted over the next week, China will be facing concern – yet again – over its underwhelming response to the problem.
Tiếp tục đọc “Will Vietnam follow China down the pollution path?”
Environmental justice activism is to this age what the workers’ movement was for the industrial age – one of the most influential social movements of its time. Yet, despite its consistent progress since the 1970s, environmental justice protests seem to get lost in the morass of information on broader environmental issues.
In contrast, labour conflicts, including strikes and lock-outs, carry such gravity that the International Labour Organization tracks these on a systematic basis. As more communities are refusing to allow the destruction and contamination of their land, water, soil and air, these, in turn, deserve to be counted. Tiếp tục đọc “Tracking the battles for environmental justice: here are the world’s top 10”
Hình ảnh banner: Một nông dân đang cho ngựa ăn cỏ voi ở tỉnh Cao Bằng, cỏ được trồng để người nông dân không cho gia súc ăn cỏ bên trong một khu rừng được bảo vệ gần đó. Ảnh của Michael Tatarski / Mongabay.
Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, ngày 30 tháng 1 năm 2018
- Việt Nam đứng gần cuối Bảng thế giới trong xếp hạng toàn cầu về tự do báo chí
- Tờ Phóng viên Không Biên giới xếp Việt Nam ở vị trí 175 trên 180 về chỉ số tự do báo chí năm 2017.
- Các nhà báo môi trường ở Việt Nam, bao gồm cả các nhà báo công dân và blogger, thường phải đối mặt với nhiều rào cản, đôi khi là cả bị giam giữ.
Tuy không phải là một điều đáng ngạc nhiên, nhưng viết báo về môi trường ở Việt Nam không phải là một việc dễ dàng. Nhà nước một đảng Việt Nam gần đây đã được xếp hạng 175 trên 180 về Chỉ số Tự do Báo chí Thế giới năm 2017 của Tờ Phóng viên Không Biên giới, nằm giữa Sudan và Trung Quốc.
- Vietnam’s global press freedom ranking is one of the lowest in the world.
- Reporters Without Borders ranks Vietnam 175 0f 180 in its 2017 annual press freedom index.
- Environmental journalists in Vietnam, including citizen journalists and bloggers, routinely face roadblocks and sometimes jail time.
IDS is partnering with the EU, UN, Chatham House and other organisations to host a high level side event on circular economy solutions to tackling ocean plastic pollution, during this year’s United Nations Environment Assembly in Nairobi (4-6 December). The event will showcase specific examples of collaborative action and policies that aim to reduce plastic waste, address unsustainable consumption and production patterns and redirect investment for a clean, efficient and circular economy. Ahead of the event, I want to highlight the importance of a universal development approach and transformative social science research, as solutions to the ocean plastics problem.
Ocean plastics pollution – not just an environmental issue
Plastics pollution of oceans has emerged as a major global environmental crisis. Between 4.8 and 12.7 million tonnes of plastics enter the ocean each year. It is devastating for marine ecosystems and the accumulation of microplastics in food chains pose a risk to human health. And the issue is becoming more serious. By 2050, plastics production is expected to increase to over 2000 tonnes per year, up from 311 million tonnes in 2014.
Plastics end up in the ocean as the result of chains of human activities in different parts of the world. We are all contributing to it. China, Indonesia and the Philippines have been identified as the top three sources of ocean plastics pollution by the Ocean Conservancy. While litter found on the sea floor around the UK has risen 150% in the last year and UK plastic waste drifts to the artic where is has a very damaging impact on one of the most vulnerable ecosystems in the world.
At least 185 environmental activists were killed last year, the highest annual death toll on record and close to a 60% increase on the previous year, according to a UK-based watchdog. Tiếp tục đọc “Environmental activist murders set record as 2015 became deadliest year”
blogs.adb – In many common law jurisdictions, such as the UK and Australia, the concept of ‘legal personhood’—whereby businesses and corporations can be subject to not only similar rights, but also similar liabilities, as individuals—is an inherent element of any comprehensive criminal enforcement regime. In contrast, in many code-based jurisdictions the criminal liability of legal personhood is a relatively new concept. For example, France introduced corporate criminal liability in 1994, followed by Italy in 2001, and Spain in 2010. Tiếp tục đọc “Companies in Viet Nam to become liable for environmental crimes”
UNESCOBKK – Thailand’s adaptive capacity to climate change is high among Mekong countries, while the western coastline of Myanmar and the Cambodian Mekong lowland region are the areas of the sub-region most vulnerable to the phenomenon’s effects.
These were among the key findings of the report, “Climate Change Vulnerability Mapping for the Mekong River Basin”, based on a study carried out by UNESCO Bangkok and the Water Resources and Environment Institute (WREI) of Khon Kaen University’s Faculty of Engineering in Thailand.
The study sought to identify the areas most vulnerable to climate change and climate-induced water problems in five Mekong countries: Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. The study used a framework developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which conceptualizes vulnerability to climate change by looking at the exposure to and sensitivity of a system to a climate hazard and the ability of the system to cope with, adapt to or recover from the effects of hazardous conditions.
The study finds that Mekong countries are adversely affected by major natural hazards, such as tropical cyclones, floods and droughts. The study also mapped adaptive capacity and areas that are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, which can be a useful tool for determining degrees of adaptation and mitigation responses at the provincial level. The findings of this study will be valuable for the five Mekong countries in ensuring sustainable adaptation to climate change.
Climate Change Vulnerability Mapping for Greater Mekong Sub-Region
Bangkok: UNESCO Bangkok; Khon Kaen: Water Resources & Environment Institute, Khon Kaenn University, 2015, 49p.
chathamhouse– Human consumption of meat and dairy products is a major driver of climate change, but this new paper finds that there is a major lack of public awareness and understanding of the link between eating meat and dairy and climate change.
Consumption of meat and dairy produce is a major driver of climate change.
- Greenhouse gas emissions from the livestock sector are estimated to account for 14.5 per cent of the global total, more than direct emissions from the transport sector.
- Even with ambitious supply-side action to reduce the emissions intensity of livestock production, rising global demand for meat and dairy produce means emissions will continue to rise.
Shifting global demand for meat and dairy produce is central to achieving climate goals.
- Recent analyses have shown that it is unlikely global temperature rises can be kept below two degrees Celsius without a shift in global meat and dairy consumption.
- Reducing demand for animal products could also significantly reduce mitigation costs in non-agricultural sectors by increasing their available carbon budget.
However, there is a striking paucity of efforts to reduce consumption of meat and dairy products. Tiếp tục đọc “Livestock – Climate Change’s Forgotten Sector: Global Public Opinion on Meat and Dairy Consumption”
Rights of legal aid beneficiaries and environmental rights: Article 34 of Decree No. 7/CP dated 12/1/2007 on guidelines for implementing 2006 Law on legal aid stipulates: poor people, policy supported groups and other marginalized groups are entitled to legal aid services in eight fields, including environmental law
Dr Truong Thi Quoc Khanh – permenant Deputy of the National Assembly’s Commission on Science, Technology, and Environment – presented at the workshop
IUCN – Legal aid beneficiaries are entitled to, represention by counsel in order to lodge a complaint, to conduct negotiations or during legal proceedings. All of these activities shall be provided at no cost, and be followed-up, monitored by the state legal aid center, lawyers, or legal counselors.
The aim of providing legal aid services for the poor and marginalized groups is to protect their rights and interests, and to improve their legal knowledge. It also aims to avoid needless loss of business. Thus, legal aid plays an important role in raising people’s awareness on environment, and poverty eradication. Environment is closely linked with poverty, thus poverty can induce vulnerable communities (who are heavily dependant on local natural resources) to increase use of natural resources, causing overexplointation and the exhaustion of these resources. Poverty will lead to the lack of investment on environment. In additions, the growth at no costs strategy and population boom in Viet Nam will suplement to this, causing the serious environmental problems. Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam: Problems in enforcing environmental law and ensuring environmental rights for legal aid beneficiaries”
Italian confectionery maker Ferrero is leading the consumer goods industry on sustainable palm oil procurement while household names Colgate-Palmolive, Johnson&Johnson, and PepsiCo are the biggest laggards, according to a new scorecard by Greenpeace International.
The 14 corporations were: Colgate-Palmolive, Danone, Ferrero, General Mills, Ikea, Johnson & Johnson, Kellogg, Mars, Mondelez, Nestle, Orkla, PepsiCo, P&G and Unilever. Tiếp tục đọc “Consumer goods giants under fire for poor palm oil record”