Đẩy mạnh nuôi tôm bền vững ở Việt Nam

English: Pushing Vietnam’s shrimp industry toward sustainability

  • Nuôi trồng tôm là một trong những ngành công nghiệp lớn nhất Việt Nam, và chính phủ đang thúc việc mở rộng ngành công nghiệp này bằng các kế hoạch [được thông qua] năm ngoái để đẩy mạnh giá trị xuất khẩu từ 3 tỷ đô năm 2016 đến 10 tỷ đô năm 2025.
  • Tuy nhiên, các vấn đề môi trường quan trọng liên quan đến cách thức nuôi trồng hiện giờ sẽ gây ra suy thoái rừng, sói mòn, sụt lở đất và xâm nhập mặn đe dọa tính ổn định của cả vùng Mekong
  • Chính phủ Việt Nam và các tổ chức quốc tế đang hoạt động dnâng cao phương thức nuôi trồng tôm ở nước này, với trọng tâm là nông dân quy mô nhỏ
  • Tuy nhiên, thực tế cho thấy hầu tết nông dân đều e ngại thay đổi

LƯU VỰC SÔNG MEKONG, Việt Nam – Ông Nguyễn Mạnh Hùng, một nông dân nuôi tôm đã mất trắng ao tôm vào năm 2016 sau một chuỗi thiên tai hạn hán và ngập lụt. Ông Hùng và gia đình sống dựa vào đất trong suốt 27 năm qua, cùng ba con, nên mất mát này gây chấn động lớn tới gia đình ông.

“[Đầu tiên], đất trở nên xấu đi, hạn hán. Anh có thể nhìn vào đất và thấy những khối trắng”, ông Hùng nói với phóng viên Mongabay. “Chẳng có thứ gì có thể sống trên đất này, nước cũng hiếm”.

Giống như rất nhiều nông dân nuôi tôm quy mô nhỏ ở vùng này, ông Hùng đã sử dụng phương pháp thâm canh nhằm đạt được sản lượng cao. Ở mô hình canh tác này, nông dân giải tỏa đất càng nhiều càng tốt để làm ao tôm, thường có bạt lót ở lòng ao.

“Hồi xưa chúng tôi nuôi tôm trong ao, đào bằng tay, sau đó khi có tiền chúng tôi chuyển sang đào bằng máy”. Ông Hùng nhớ lại. “Anh phải đốn cây để làm ao: một ao chính lớn, một ao để chế biến và ba ao nhỏ bên cạnh”. Tiếp tục đọc “Đẩy mạnh nuôi tôm bền vững ở Việt Nam”

Conference spotlights recovery of central marine ecology

Last update 19:21 | 31/08/2017

A conference took place in the central province of Thua Thien – Hue on August 31 to discuss the protection and resilience of the marine ecosystem in the waters in the four central regions that suffered from mass fish deaths last year.

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Mass fish deaths, caused by wastewater discharged by Taiwan’s Hung Nghiep Formosa Ha Tinh steel company, were first reported in Ha Tinh on April 6, 2016. The incident also occurred in Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue.

As a result, more than 200 kilometres of coastline were polluted, devastating the marine environment and local economies of those provinces, which largely rely on fishing and tourism. Tiếp tục đọc “Conference spotlights recovery of central marine ecology”

More fish die as extirpative exploitation continues

Last update 08:27 | 21/08/2017
VietNamNet Bridge – Fishermen’s use of extirpative equipment, including explosive and small-mesh nets, is causing the disappearance of many aquatic species.

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At night, 10 trawlers gather in the Binh Chau coastal waters in Quang Ngai province to catch all kinds of aquatic creatures, including the smallest fish and shrimp the activity damages coral reefs.

“Our fishing nets and fish cages are also ‘swept away’ by trawlers. If you complain about that, you will be threatened with death,” said Nguyen Van Bay in An Hai commune of Ly Son district.

The Tam Giang – Cau Hai Lagoon, covering 22,000 hectares, which crosses five districts and communes of Thua Thien – Hue province, has plentiful aquatic resources. There are 15,000 people living on aquaculture and fishery.

Truong Viet Phuong, one of the local fishermen, said there were many fish and it was easy to fish to earn a living. However, fish resources are declining and he now catches several kilos every day.

Dang Viet Nuoc, deputy chair of the Quang An commune, said local men usually hover around lagoon areas, mostly in September and October, and use 500V electricity to catch fish.

Fishermen’s use of extirpative equipment, including explosive and small-mesh nets, is causing the disappearance of many aquatic species.

“The men just need 15 minutes to catch all aquatic creatures because they use extirpative equipment,” he explained.

The destructive fishing has seriously affected the aquatic resources in the localities and caused pollution. Tiếp tục đọc “More fish die as extirpative exploitation continues”

Asia Is Trawling for a Deadly Fishing War

FP

Growing tensions between Sri Lankan and Indian fishermen are just one signal of a looming conflict over the region’s depleted waters.

Photography by Karim Mostafa

June 16, 2017

THALVUPADU, Sri Lanka — Stanley Cruz, a fisher in this beachside village on the island of Mannar off Sri Lanka’s northwestern coast, stands with his bare feet in the sand, holding up a green net between his hands.

“This is the kind of net, you see. Last week, we lost many hundreds of these. Twelve of us fishers, when we went out to get them in the morning they were gone,” he says.

He points toward the waters behind him: the Palk Strait, a narrow body of water separating Sri Lanka from the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Cruz was out the night before, laying his nets in the sea, just like thousands of other fishers from both sides of the strait. But when he went to get them in the morning, they were gone. Tiếp tục đọc “Asia Is Trawling for a Deadly Fishing War”

Indonesian police foil attempt to smuggle 200,000 lobster eggs into Singapore: Reports

channelnewsasia

 
File photo of a lobster. (Photo: Reuters)

JAKARTA: Indonesian authorities foiled an attempt to illegally export more than 200,000 lobster eggs into Singapore through Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, reported the Jakarta Post on Sunday (Jun 11).

The suspects had attempted to deliver a big part of the goods via a Garuda Indonesia flight to Singapore.

According to tribunnews.com, Indonesia’s National Police Special Crimes Directorate Chief Brigadier General Purwadi Arianto said: “We confiscated 208,756 lobster eggs inside eight suitcases.” Tiếp tục đọc “Indonesian police foil attempt to smuggle 200,000 lobster eggs into Singapore: Reports”

Bình Thuận temporarily bans mollusc and bivalve exploitation

vietnam news

Update: March, 29/2017 – 17:30

Bình Thuận has issued a temporary ban on the exploitation of molluscs and bivalves across its sea waters. — Photo thuysanvietnam.com.vn

BÌNH THUẬN — The southern central province of Bình Thuận has issued a temporary ban on the exploitation of molluscs and bivalves across its sea waters as part of an effort to protect and regenerate dwindling marine resources.

The ban will take effect from April 1 to July 31, restricting fishermen and organisations from gathering molluscs and bivalves, the local seafood specialties that include scallops and clams. Tiếp tục đọc “Bình Thuận temporarily bans mollusc and bivalve exploitation”

Eat in style – Know the origin: A joint mission to better Vietnam’s environment and consumers’ health

WWF – August 14th – 24th 2015, seafood certified as responsibly farmed in Vietnam will be officially available for the domestic market at many eateries. The certification denotes the seafood has met strict standards that ensure food safety and minimize environmental impact. This is part of Sustainable Seafood Week 2015, organized by WWF-Vietnam, to introduce the world’s newest trend in stylish dining: sustainability.

In support of responsible production and products, which have gained worldwide popularity and become a significant indicator of a modern, healthy and positive lifestyle, the Sustainable Seafood Week with the message “Eat in style – Know the origin”, is urging Vietnamese consumers to join the international call for products from responsible sources.

Participating restaurants in Sustainable Seafood Week 2015, serving responsibly produced seafood (certified by ASC eco-label)

During the 10 days, besides introducing Vietnam’s responsibly farmed seafood to the domestic market, the program will engage consumers in an array of exciting activities to raise awareness about sustainable seafood, through a display of informative artworks, a theme-inspired flash mob and exciting mini-games at Crescent Mall, District 7, Ho Chi Minh city. Consumers can visit www.cabenvung.vn to find the full list of restaurants participating in the program, and also pledge their support online to the demand for sustainable seafood in Vietnam. Tiếp tục đọc “Eat in style – Know the origin: A joint mission to better Vietnam’s environment and consumers’ health”