Vietnam faces growing threat to energy security, environment

By Nguyen Dang Anh Thi   January 11, 2020 | 02:00 pm GMT+7 VNExpress

Your family’s electricity bills might zoom this year as Vietnam is set to buy 1.5 billion kWh of power from Laos.

Nguyen Dang Anh Thi

Nguyen Dang Anh Thi

It has become necessary since a shortage is forecast for several years starting in 2020.

With the seventh National Power Development Plan (2011-2020) focusing primarily on traditional energy sources like thermal and hydropower, 47 out of 62 power projects, the majority being thermal, are behind schedule due to lack of funding and local resentment against thermal plants.

Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam faces growing threat to energy security, environment”

What’s stopping corporates from switching to clean energy in Vietnam?

Large-scale solar energy uptake is growing in Vietnam, but barriers persist to a thriving market for corporate renewable energy. How can Vietnam move faster to fulfill its clean energy ambitions?

Less than a year after having no large-scale solar farms, Vietnam expects to have more than 4,200 megawatts (MW) of large-scale solar deployed and supplying power to the country’s grid by the end of June 2019 when the first feed-in-tariff (FIT) programme expires.The onshore and offshore wind FIT incentive was recently increased, renewing investor interest and leading to estimates that more than 4,600 MW of wind projects could be completed by 2021.By any measure, Vietnam adding more than 8,000 MW of new solar and wind to its energy mix within a few years is impressive, particularly as the country strives to reduce its emissions by up to 25 per cent while also meeting electricity demand that is expected to grow an average of 8 per cent annually through 2035.
Tiếp tục đọc “What’s stopping corporates from switching to clean energy in Vietnam?”

Key Questions When Considering On-Site Solar PV: An Introductory Guide for Commercial & Industrial Facilities in Vietnam

Clean Energy Investment Accelerator Vietnam 

If you decide that on-site PV is of interest to you, based on this checklist, the next step would be to perform a more detailed technical and engineering feasibility assessment. Checklist to Determine if Your Factory Should Explore Solar PV Key questions to ask about your facility are listed below. More detail for each can be found in the sections that follow.

✓ Does your factory own the building or have a long-term lease (20+ years)?

✓ Do you have space available on your roof for solar panels and/or sufficient land for a ground-mounted system?

✓ Is the roof structurally sound and will it be in place for the duration of the economic life of the solar PV system (typically, 20-25 years?)

✓ Are there any trees, walls, buildings or other structures that shade the area where the solar panels would be located?

✓ Does the factory’s operational schedule and electricity consumption align with solar production?

✓ Does your company allow the use of operational budgets to lease equipment? Or does your company’s budget allow for equipment to be purchased with capital budgets?

✓ If your company is interested in a solar lease, would it be able to sign at least a 10-year contract?

✓ Would your solar PV system qualify for incentives, such as net metering and tax breaks? If you answer YES to all these questions, your factory is well positioned to consider solar. If you answered NO to some of these questions, there may still be other options for renewable energy procurement. The following sections provide a deeper look at these considerations and offer a more detailed explanation of the primary and current financing options for on-site solar PV electricity in Vietnam.


Full guideline

China reportedly ready to end large scale PV subsidies this year

Reuters has reported the Chinese Ministry of Finance has confirmed no subsidies will be made available for large scale solar projects next year.

A report published on the news wire yesterday claimed ministry officials had said the RMB3 billion ($427 million) subsidy pile set aside for solar this year will be cut to RMB2.63 billion next year, and will only be available to small scale and poverty alleviation projects.

If accurate, that would mark a significant step back from the 18-month transition period envisaged for the switch to grid parity solar in the consultation draft of the Work plan for the construction of subsidized (grid parity) projects for wind and solar PV document which emerged from talks between renewables industry insiders and government officials in Beijing in April. Tiếp tục đọc “China reportedly ready to end large scale PV subsidies this year”

Developing renewable energy in Vietnam Through the lens of equality and sustainability 
While Vietnam is facing many challenges in producing electricity, renewable energy is emerging as the tipping point for advancing development that is inclusive and sustainable in the country. Babeth Ngoc Han Lefur, country director, Oxfam in Vietnam delves into this issue.
developing renewable energy in vietnam through the lens of equality and sustainability
Babeth Ngoc Han Lefur, country director, Oxfam in Vietnam

As climate change is progressing at an even greater pace than expected by various climate modelling scenarios, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is urging countries to take robust action to cut down greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to limit the average global temperature increase to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2030. In September 2019, people in more than 150 countries were stepping up to support young climate strikers and demand an end to the age of fossil fuels and ensure a rapid, equitable energy revolution. The climate crisis will not wait, so neither should we. The 25th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 25) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2019 calls for action and champions to demand more ambition from nations to fight the climate crisis. This is also an invitation to elevate care for the environment into a national theme where all have a role to play. Tiếp tục đọc “Developing renewable energy in Vietnam Through the lens of equality and sustainability”

Vietnam’s PM decides to do away with solar FiTs in favor of auctions

Get ready for auctions! After months of confusion and uncertainty over the policy for solar power development in Vietnam Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc today issued his conclusions and looks to have signed the death knell for solar feed in tariffs (FiT) in favor of competitive auctions.

In Notification No. 402/TB-VPCP dated 22 November 2019, the Prime Minster concluded that rational future development of the sector necessitates introducing an auction system for ground-mounted solar projects. FiTs will continue to apply only for rooftop solar projects and certain already-approved ground-mounted projects. Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam’s PM decides to do away with solar FiTs in favor of auctions”

Việt Nam’s energy transition faces challenges

VNN – Update: September, 20/2019 – 09:09
Solar power panels installed in the south-central province of Bình Thuận. The province now has about 95 solar power investors. — VNA/VNS Photo Nguyễn Thanh

Việt Nam News talks to Vietnamese and Danish lawmakers and experts about barriers that Việt Nam has faced in energy transition to reach sustainable development goals, experience from Denmark and the two countries’ partnership in the field.

Lê Hồng Tịnh, vice chairman of National Assembly’s Committee of Science, Technology and Environment

Việt Nam has followed the global trend of developing renewable energy. Located in the equatorial zone, Việt Nam has a natural advantage in solar power. In the context that hydropower potentials are running out and imported coal pollutes the environment, it is a priority of Việt Nam to implement wind and solar power policies.

However, if solar power develops at a too rapid speed, it will cause an imbalance in the power system. A cloud blocking the sun can interrupt the system.

European countries have their power system connected to a general European network. When the grid of one country is interrupted, they buy electricity from the general regional power system. Unlike Việt Nam, the power system is not connected to any regional network. Therefore in case of interrupted transmission, it is difficult to find alternative sources of energy.

Việt Nam has revised the Law on Electricity, Law on Economical and Efficient Use of Energy and related laws to attract and encourage the public to engage in using renewable energy.

The Vietnam Electricity has offered assistance of VNĐ1 million (US$43) for each household installing solar-powered water heaters. Now we have to adopt policies in which families can sell extra solar power on their roofs to integrate into the national grid.

We need also an electricity tax policy. The National Assembly has conducted studies to work with the Ministry of Industry and Trade to make amendments and supplements to related laws.

Professor Trần Đình Long, full member of International Academy of Electrotechnical Sciences, vice president of Việt Nam Electrical Engineering Association

Việt Nam has not mapped out an appropriate plan for national electricity structure in the long term. Việt Nam used to target a low proportion of renewable energy in the plan. After that, following the global trend, the proportion of renewable energy has been adjusted to increase.

The percentage of renewable energy accounted for in the national electricity structure needs comprehensive planning on power sources and grids.

Experience from around the world including European countries, China and India shows renewable energy policies start from feed-in tariff and preferential treatment for clean energy. Việt Nam needs to conduct insightful research to adopt a general appropriate feed-in tariff policy. This must answer questions of how electricity prices are supported, through loans or preferential import-export policies.

Dr Vũ Minh Pháp, Institute of Energy Science, Việt Nam Academy of Science and Technology

The barrier of Việt Nam is weakness in technology quality inspection. Technologies of solar and wind power from global manufacturers have entered Việt Nam at a rapid speed. However, there is no Vietnamese unit in charge of inspecting these devices to check whether the technologies are well suited to the Vietnamese environment. Another barrier is that there has been no study in Việt Nam that finds proper answers to the question of how to treat waste after solar and wind power projects reach their end of life.

Steen Gade, former member of Danish Parliament, former chairman of the Climate, Energy and Building Committee

I think Việt Nam needs to combine energy politics with climate issues. Việt Nam needs to combine economic growth with a very strong environmental and climate agenda.

Denmark has experience in involving people. It has been the centre in Denmark when we need high prices of energy, we discuss in public, in media, in organisations, among ordinary people to find out the best solution.

In Denmark, local farmers in rural areas made co-operatives where they own wind mills and they can sell wind power to the grid. That means it was an economic benefit for farmers, at the same time, it started the process of renewable energy. We combine economy and environment and we focus on renewable energy. We have developed action between people, topic discussions, media, education and politics.

Aton Beck, director of global co-operation, Danish Energy Agency

We have very good co-operation with the Vietnamese Ministry of Industry and Trade and the electricity of renewable energy authority on how to ensure more renewable energy in Việt Nam’s system. On November 4th, we will launch a new Việt Nam’s energy outlook that will look into different kinds of scenarios for the long-term transition in Việt Nam. There is definitely a huge potential for wind, solar energy and biomass in Việt Nam.

Next year, Denmark will have more than 50 per cent of our electricity consumption based on wind. We can integrate it into our system. In 2028, we will have 100 per cent of electricity consumption based on wind.

Denmark has some good experience and we would like to share with Việt Nam.

Việt Nam has very successful economic growth but it also creates challenges in the energy sector including higher energy demand, higher dependence on coal, higher emissions of greenhouse gases and higher dependence on importing energy with dramatic increase in energy import.

We have good co-operation with the Vietnamese Ministry of Industry and Trade to ensure that Việt Nam has the right framework for having international developers coming to Việt Nam to invest. That is really important that you have transparent and simple framework conditions for renewable energy developers. — VNS

Năng lượng tái tạo có thể giúp đạt mục tiêu toàn cầu về khí hậu và năng lượng đồng thời giữ được các dòng sông chảy tự nhiên

© Santiago Gibert/WWF – Posted on 13 May 2019

Hà Nội, ngày 13 tháng 5 năm 2019 – Trong bối cảnh hàng ngàn đập thuỷ điện đang được quy hoạch trên toàn cầu, trong đó có cả khu vực Tiểu vùng sông Mekong Mở rộng, một báo cáo mới đây của WWF và Uỷ ban Bảo vệ Thiên nhiên khẳng định năng lượng tái tạo có thể giải quyết thách thức toàn cầu về năng lượng và khí hậu mà không cần phải hy sinh những dòng sông chảy tự do cũng như những lợi ích đa dạng mà chúng mang lại cho con người và thiên nhiên. Tiếp tục đọc “Năng lượng tái tạo có thể giúp đạt mục tiêu toàn cầu về khí hậu và năng lượng đồng thời giữ được các dòng sông chảy tự nhiên”

In Vietnam’s booming energy sector coal reigns, but renewables play catch-up


HANOI/SINGAPORE (Reuters) – Vietnam has become a hot spot for energy investors eying a spend of up to $150 billion over the coming decade to meet surging power demand, with coal set to dominate despite signs of a government effort to go green.

FILE PHOTO: Power-generating windmill turbines are pictured at a wind park in Bac Lieu province, Vietnam, July 8, 2017. REUTERS/Kham/File Photo

With a population nudging 100 million and annual GDP growth around 7%, Vietnam has forecast power generation will need to rise from about 47,000 megawatts (MW) currently to 60,000 MW by 2020 and 129,500 MW by 2030.

Reuters Graphic

To meet these targets the country will need to add more than neighbor Thailand’s total installed capacity by 2025 and its electricity sector will likely be bigger than Britain’s by the mid-2020s.

“Vietnam is a big growth story for the coal industry. Coal demand will be extremely strong,” said Pat Markey, Managing Director of Sierra Vista Resources, a Singapore-based commodity advisory.
Tiếp tục đọc “In Vietnam’s booming energy sector coal reigns, but renewables play catch-up”

Từ hoang mạc Ninh Thuận thành tổ hợp điện mặt trời lớn nhất Đông Nam Á 330 MW

Việt Nam sở hữu đường bờ biển dài, khí hậu nhiệt đới gió mùa, nền kinh tế nông nghiệp mạnh, nhờ đó tạo ra điều kiện đa dạng, dồi dào cho khai thác, sản xuất điện gió, điện mặt trời, nhiên liệu sinh học. Cùng với hàng loạt chính sách, cơ chế hỗ trợ cụ thể từ Chính phủ, danh sách các tỉnh thành có dự án năng lượng tái tạo mở rộng: Tây Ninh, An Giang, Đăk Lăk, Quảng Ngãi, Quảng Trị, Ninh Thuận… với sự tham gia của các nhà đầu tư trong và ngoài nước.

Trong đó, Ninh Thuận kỳ vọng trở thành trung tâm năng lượng tái tạo quốc gia. Hiện tỉnh có 8 dự án điện gió và điện mặt trời đã vào vận hành thương mại. Điện gió có ba dự án, công suất 116MW. Điện mặt trời có năm dự án với tổng công suất 631MW. Dự kiến đến tháng 6 đạt 13 dự án điện mặt trời, nâng tổng công suất lên 1.317MW.

Sáng 27/4 tại huyện Thuận Nam, tỉnh Ninh Thuận khánh thành tổ hợp ba nhà máy điện mặt trời lớn nhất Đông Nam Á, công suất 330MW của liên doanh BIM Group – AC Energy. Trong đó BIM 1 công suất 50MW, BIM 2 công suất 250MW và BIM 3 công suất 30MW.
Tiếp tục đọc “Từ hoang mạc Ninh Thuận thành tổ hợp điện mặt trời lớn nhất Đông Nam Á 330 MW”

Vietnam seeks foreign capital for renewable energy projects

Last update 16:00 | 10/04/2019
VietNamNet Bridge – Vietnam is trying to develop a renewable power market in the long term, and to do this, it must seek foreign capital.

vietnam economy, business news, vn news, vietnamnet bridge, english news, Vietnam news, news Vietnam, vietnamnet news, vn news, Vietnam net news, Vietnam latest news, Vietnam breaking news, solar power, EVN

By the end of 2018, the total capacity of renewable power projects had accounted for 2.1 percent of total electricity output in Vietnam.

However, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Cao Quoc Hung affirmed that developing renewable energy to ease the reliance on traditional power generation methods is one of Vietnam’s priority tasks. Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam seeks foreign capital for renewable energy projects”

Vietnam embraces opportunities to be renewable viable

Last update 14:29 | 13/04/2019

VietNamNet Bridge – In 2010, Prime Ministry approved the national programme on developing non-fired construction materials by 2020. United Nations Development Programme in Vietnam and Global Environment Fund have supported efforts to reduce pollution by sponsoring the project of “Accelerating production and use of non-fired bricks”. Việt Nam News’s Khoa Thu talks with UNDP Viet Nam Country Director Caitlin Wiesen on how Vietnam can promote green expenditure in the future.

Non-fired bricks, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, mangrove restoration, Vietnam economy, Vietnamnet bridge, English news about Vietnam, Vietnam news, news about Vietnam, English news, Vietnamnet news, latest news on Vietnam, Vietnam
UNDP Viet Nam Country Director Caitlin Wiesen.

Non-fired bricks are still new to Vietnam’s market. Why have the UNDP and GEF decided to invest in the project and what are major achievements so far?

This is a very important project for the UNDP since non-fired bricks support companies to use waste from fossil fuel and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in a way that can be greener, more effective and healthier for the planet. Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam embraces opportunities to be renewable viable”

Vietnam’s Energy Dilemma Is About To Become A Crisis

Vietnam can’t seem to get a break. The country lies just beneath China, its giant neighbor to the north, and shares many of the same socialist ideals that Beijing promulgates. However, Sino-Vietnamese relations have been a source of tension for years dating back to the colonization of Vietnam by China centuries ago – a historical fact that the average Vietnamese citizen has never forgotten. Even after the protracted and costly war between North Vietnam and the U.S.-backed South Vietnamese government, that ended more than 40 years ago, China (which had proven a valuable ally for Hanoi during the war) turned on its smaller communist ally and invaded the country in 1979. It was a brief but bloody border war which showed Beijing that Vietnam could still hold its own. Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam’s Energy Dilemma Is About To Become A Crisis”

Cựu Ngoại trưởng Mỹ John Kerry: Việt Nam không nên là “tù nhân” của năng lượng than

Dân trí
Phát biểu tại Diễn đàn Kinh tế Việt nam 2019 bàn về chủ đề Chủ động ứng phó với biến đổi khí hậu và củng cố An ninh năng lượng đảm bảo phát triển bền vững diễn ra sáng nay (17/1) tại Hà Nội, cựu Ngoại trưởng Mỹ John Kerry khẳng định: Việt Nam không cần thiết phải là “tù nhân”, lệ thuộc vào năng lượng than.

Ông John Kerry, người đang là Chủ tịch danh dự Quỹ hòa bình quốc tế Carnegie nhấn mạnh: Tôi luôn ấn tượng với nguồn năng lượng của người dân Việt Nam, đa số dân trẻ hướng tới tương lai và có mối quan hệ tốt hơn với thế giới.

Cựu Ngoại trưởng Mỹ John Kerry: Việt Nam không nên là tù nhân của năng lượng than - Ảnh 1.

Cựu Ngoại trưởng Mỹ ngài John Kerry tại Diễn đàn Kinh tế Việt Nam năm 2019.

Ông Kerry cho rằng, hiện thách thức của mỗi quốc gia là khác nhau nhưng nhu cầu đều giống nhau đó là năng lượng. “Lựa chọn của chúng ta về năng lượng là phải chú ý đến biến đổi khí hậu. Biến đổi khí hậu đang diễn ra rồi. Nhu cầu về than của Đông Nam Á hiện nay vẫn tăng và tăng cao nhất ở Đông Nam Á với mức 5% so với thế giới”, ông Kerry nói. Tiếp tục đọc “Cựu Ngoại trưởng Mỹ John Kerry: Việt Nam không nên là “tù nhân” của năng lượng than”

It’s decision time for Southeast Asia as power demand soars

Still stuck on coal, the region is missing out on massive price cuts in renewables, writes Courtney Weatherby.
Southeast Asia’s energy demand is expected to grow by two-thirds by 2040, requiring massive investment in new energy generation and transmission. Installed capacity will double from 240 gigawatts to 565 gigawatts, which amounts to adding a bit more than Japan’s total electricity capacity. Tiếp tục đọc “It’s decision time for Southeast Asia as power demand soars”