Hoàn thiện pháp luật về đầu tư năng lượng xanh, năng lượng sạch, năng lượng tái tạo ở Việt Nam

PGS. TS. DOÃN HỒNG NHUNG (Khoa Luật, Đại học Quốc gia Hà Nội) và NGUYỄN THANH HẢI

TÓM TẮT:

Trong lĩnh vực đầu tư năng lượng xanh, năng lượng sạch, năng lượng tái tạo, pháp luật về cơ chế khuyến khích hiện nay bao gồm chính sách giá ưu đãi mua điện Feed-in-Tariff (FiT), cơ chế ưu tiên mua điện từ các nguồn này, cùng với các ưu đãi khác về thuế, đầu tư, sử dụng đất. Pháp luật và cơ chế, chính sách hiện hành đã thu hút nhiều thành phần kinh tế tư nhân tham gia đầu tư vào lĩnh vực này và đạt được những thành tựu nhất định. Song trong giai đoạn mới tới đây, hệ thống pháp luật còn có thể tiếp tục hoàn thiện hơn nữa để đảm bảo tính đồng bộ, hiệu lực, hiệu quả trong việc áp dụng và thực thi pháp luật, góp phần đạt được các mục tiêu phát triển kinh tế – xã hội – môi trường của nước ta. Bài viết đánh giá và đưa ra giải pháp hoàn thiện pháp luật về khuyến khích đầu tư năng lượng xanh, năng lượng sạch, năng lượng tái tạo ở Việt Nam. Tiếp tục đọc “Hoàn thiện pháp luật về đầu tư năng lượng xanh, năng lượng sạch, năng lượng tái tạo ở Việt Nam”

Giá mua điện hiện nay là đủ để các dự án năng lượng tái tạo có thể có lãi

Ông Hoàng Quốc Vượng, Thứ trưởng Bộ Công Thương trao đổi về những giải pháp chính sách nhằm thu hút đầu tư phát triển dự án năng lượng tái tạo.
Giá mua điện hiện nay là đủ để các dự án năng lượng tái tạo có thể có lãi

Ông đánh giá như thế nào về cơ chế giá mua điện FiT (feed-in tariffs – giá bán điện năng sản xuất ra từ nguồn năng lượng tái tạo được cung cấp vào hoặc bán cho lưới điện) hiện nay đối với các dự án năng lượng tái tạo? Nó có đủ hấp dẫn đối với các nhà đầu tư không? Tiếp tục đọc “Giá mua điện hiện nay là đủ để các dự án năng lượng tái tạo có thể có lãi”

The case for women running shift to renewables

In Southeast Asia, those with the knowledge, skills, capability and ambition to effect change in their communities are often women
Coal fired power station silhouette at sunset. Photo: iStockThere is a harsh truth that Southeast Asia must face. While the region remains one of the most vulnerable in the world to climate change, member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations are a long way behind on meeting their climate commitments.
Tiếp tục đọc “The case for women running shift to renewables”

Nghị quyết số 26/NQ-CP của Chính phủ : Ban hành Kế hoạch tổng thể và Kế hoạch 5 năm của Chính phủ thực hiện Nghị quyết số 36-NQ/TW ngày 22 tháng 10 năm 2018 của Hội nghị lần thứ tám Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng khóa XII về Chiến lược phát triển bền vững kinh tế biển Việt Nam đến năm 2030, tầm nhìn đến năm 2045

Thuộc tính văn bản
Số/Ký hiệu 26/NQ-CP
Ngày ban hành 05/03/2020
Người ký Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
Trích yếu Ban hành Kế hoạch tổng thể và Kế hoạch 5 năm của Chính phủ thực hiện Nghị quyết số 36-NQ/TW ngày 22 tháng 10 năm 2018 của Hội nghị lần thứ tám Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng khóa XII về Chiến lược phát triển bền vững kinh tế biển Việt Nam đến năm 2030, tầm nhìn đến năm 2045
Cơ quan ban hành Chính phủ
Phân loại Nghị quyết
Tệp đính kèm: 26.signed.pdf (1976130 Byte)

These 11 EU states already meet their 2020 renewable energy targets

Weforum.org

Steam billows from the cooling towers of Vattenfall's Jaenschwalde brown coal power station behind wind turbines near Cottbus, eastern Germany December 2, 2009. Most world leaders plan to attend a climate summit in Copenhagen December 7-18, boosting chances that a new U.N. deal to fight climate change will be reached, host Denmark said on Tuesday. REUTERS/Pawel Kopczynski (GERMANY - Tags: ENERGY ENVIRONMENT) - BM2E5C21BNF01

The Nordic countries are among the strongest performers.

Almost half of the European Union’s (EU) 28 member states have already hit, or are close to hitting, their 2020 renewable energy targets.

But despite this, there has been a gradual slow-down in the rate of renewable energy use across the EU, and some member states have a lot of ground to make up this year.
Tiếp tục đọc “These 11 EU states already meet their 2020 renewable energy targets”

Vietnam Energy strategy fit for private backers

14:00 | 26/02/2020
Vietnam has enacted its strategic orientations for energy development through to 2030 and with a vision for the next quarter of a century, encouraging more of the private sector to develop for the future, and ensuring energy security to meet new demands.
energy strategy fit for private backers
The country is to prioritise both wind and solar energy, and encourage deep investment in the sector, among others. Photo: Shutterstock

Under the Politburo’s recently-enacted Resolution No.55 NQ/TW on the country’s development strategy for energy over the next 10 years and with a vision towards 2045, targets have been set for sufficient and stable supply energy with reasonable prices, as well as accelerated development of a comprehensive, competitive, and transparent energy market, and diversified ownership and business models.

Doan Van Binh, director of the Institute of Energy and Science at the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, said that since implementing 2007’s Resolution No.18 NQ/TW, which had a vision towards 2050, specific goals have been reached. However, the international and domestic context requires an energy strategy with breakthrough solutions that meet the country’s new development and integration requirements. “The new resolution played an important role as it pointed out weakness during the past and the reason for these. But new situations force us to restructure,” said Binh.

Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam Energy strategy fit for private backers”

Fear? Cost? Fame? What’s turning on Asian businesses to renewable energy?

eco-business.com

What is the main the reason corporations are buying renewable energy? Cost saving? Compliance? The goodness of their hearts?

The first is obvious—savings. I have never seen any company adopt renewables purely out of altruism. There’s always a commercial angle. Owners of large real estate portfolios try to monetise their “rooftop assets”, other companies want to diversify their energy source, or simply adopt solar to hedge against rising energy costs.

Businesses hardly ever adopt renewable energy for altruistic reasons, but does that matter? In this interview with Eco-Business, Lionel Steinitz, CEO of LYS Energy, talks about why firms go green, and how Southeast Asia can unlock its solar potential.

Lionel Steinitz, the founder and chief executive of Singapore-based renewable energy firm LYS Energy Group, came to Singapore nearly 20 years ago and spent his first year in the city-state serving the French army.
Tiếp tục đọc “Fear? Cost? Fame? What’s turning on Asian businesses to renewable energy?”

Offshore wind farms could power much of coastal China

Sciencedaily.com

February 21, 2020

Source: Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Summary:If China is to meet and exceed its Paris Climate Agreement goal by 2030, it’s going to need to find a way to increase its wind capacity. Researchers found that offshore wind could be a big part of the solution.

Under the Paris Climate Agreement, China committed to rely on renewable resources for 20 percent of its energy needs by 2030. Currently, the country is on track to double that commitment, aiming to hit 40 percent by the next decade. Wind power is critical to achieving that goal. Over the past 20 years, China’s wind power capacity has exploded from 0.3 gigawatts to 161 gigawatts.

But, in recent years, that growth has slowed and the hopes for China’s wind-powered future have dampened.

Why? Location, location, location. Tiếp tục đọc “Offshore wind farms could power much of coastal China”

Vietnam faces growing threat to energy security, environment

By Nguyen Dang Anh Thi   January 11, 2020 | 02:00 pm GMT+7 VNExpress

Your family’s electricity bills might zoom this year as Vietnam is set to buy 1.5 billion kWh of power from Laos.

Nguyen Dang Anh Thi

Nguyen Dang Anh Thi

It has become necessary since a shortage is forecast for several years starting in 2020.

With the seventh National Power Development Plan (2011-2020) focusing primarily on traditional energy sources like thermal and hydropower, 47 out of 62 power projects, the majority being thermal, are behind schedule due to lack of funding and local resentment against thermal plants.

Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam faces growing threat to energy security, environment”

What’s stopping corporates from switching to clean energy in Vietnam?

Eco-business.com

Large-scale solar energy uptake is growing in Vietnam, but barriers persist to a thriving market for corporate renewable energy. How can Vietnam move faster to fulfill its clean energy ambitions?

Less than a year after having no large-scale solar farms, Vietnam expects to have more than 4,200 megawatts (MW) of large-scale solar deployed and supplying power to the country’s grid by the end of June 2019 when the first feed-in-tariff (FIT) programme expires.The onshore and offshore wind FIT incentive was recently increased, renewing investor interest and leading to estimates that more than 4,600 MW of wind projects could be completed by 2021.By any measure, Vietnam adding more than 8,000 MW of new solar and wind to its energy mix within a few years is impressive, particularly as the country strives to reduce its emissions by up to 25 per cent while also meeting electricity demand that is expected to grow an average of 8 per cent annually through 2035.
Tiếp tục đọc “What’s stopping corporates from switching to clean energy in Vietnam?”

Key Questions When Considering On-Site Solar PV: An Introductory Guide for Commercial & Industrial Facilities in Vietnam

Clean Energy Investment Accelerator Vietnam 

If you decide that on-site PV is of interest to you, based on this checklist, the next step would be to perform a more detailed technical and engineering feasibility assessment. Checklist to Determine if Your Factory Should Explore Solar PV Key questions to ask about your facility are listed below. More detail for each can be found in the sections that follow.

✓ Does your factory own the building or have a long-term lease (20+ years)?

✓ Do you have space available on your roof for solar panels and/or sufficient land for a ground-mounted system?

✓ Is the roof structurally sound and will it be in place for the duration of the economic life of the solar PV system (typically, 20-25 years?)

✓ Are there any trees, walls, buildings or other structures that shade the area where the solar panels would be located?

✓ Does the factory’s operational schedule and electricity consumption align with solar production?

✓ Does your company allow the use of operational budgets to lease equipment? Or does your company’s budget allow for equipment to be purchased with capital budgets?

✓ If your company is interested in a solar lease, would it be able to sign at least a 10-year contract?

✓ Would your solar PV system qualify for incentives, such as net metering and tax breaks? If you answer YES to all these questions, your factory is well positioned to consider solar. If you answered NO to some of these questions, there may still be other options for renewable energy procurement. The following sections provide a deeper look at these considerations and offer a more detailed explanation of the primary and current financing options for on-site solar PV electricity in Vietnam.

 

Full guideline https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5b7e51339772aebd21642486/t/5bec9bdecd83667c6998cc79/1542233057233/Key+Questions+to+Assess+Solar+Investment+Opportunities+in+Vietnam.pdf

China reportedly ready to end large scale PV subsidies this year

Reuters has reported the Chinese Ministry of Finance has confirmed no subsidies will be made available for large scale solar projects next year.

A report published on the news wire yesterday claimed ministry officials had said the RMB3 billion ($427 million) subsidy pile set aside for solar this year will be cut to RMB2.63 billion next year, and will only be available to small scale and poverty alleviation projects.

If accurate, that would mark a significant step back from the 18-month transition period envisaged for the switch to grid parity solar in the consultation draft of the Work plan for the construction of subsidized (grid parity) projects for wind and solar PV document which emerged from talks between renewables industry insiders and government officials in Beijing in April. Tiếp tục đọc “China reportedly ready to end large scale PV subsidies this year”

Developing renewable energy in Vietnam Through the lens of equality and sustainability

vir.com.vn 
While Vietnam is facing many challenges in producing electricity, renewable energy is emerging as the tipping point for advancing development that is inclusive and sustainable in the country. Babeth Ngoc Han Lefur, country director, Oxfam in Vietnam delves into this issue.
developing renewable energy in vietnam through the lens of equality and sustainability
Babeth Ngoc Han Lefur, country director, Oxfam in Vietnam

As climate change is progressing at an even greater pace than expected by various climate modelling scenarios, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is urging countries to take robust action to cut down greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to limit the average global temperature increase to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2030. In September 2019, people in more than 150 countries were stepping up to support young climate strikers and demand an end to the age of fossil fuels and ensure a rapid, equitable energy revolution. The climate crisis will not wait, so neither should we. The 25th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 25) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2019 calls for action and champions to demand more ambition from nations to fight the climate crisis. This is also an invitation to elevate care for the environment into a national theme where all have a role to play. Tiếp tục đọc “Developing renewable energy in Vietnam Through the lens of equality and sustainability”

Vietnam’s PM decides to do away with solar FiTs in favor of auctions

lexology.com

Get ready for auctions! After months of confusion and uncertainty over the policy for solar power development in Vietnam Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc today issued his conclusions and looks to have signed the death knell for solar feed in tariffs (FiT) in favor of competitive auctions.

In Notification No. 402/TB-VPCP dated 22 November 2019, the Prime Minster concluded that rational future development of the sector necessitates introducing an auction system for ground-mounted solar projects. FiTs will continue to apply only for rooftop solar projects and certain already-approved ground-mounted projects. Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam’s PM decides to do away with solar FiTs in favor of auctions”

Việt Nam’s energy transition faces challenges

VNN – Update: September, 20/2019 – 09:09
Solar power panels installed in the south-central province of Bình Thuận. The province now has about 95 solar power investors. — VNA/VNS Photo Nguyễn Thanh

Việt Nam News talks to Vietnamese and Danish lawmakers and experts about barriers that Việt Nam has faced in energy transition to reach sustainable development goals, experience from Denmark and the two countries’ partnership in the field.

Lê Hồng Tịnh, vice chairman of National Assembly’s Committee of Science, Technology and Environment

Việt Nam has followed the global trend of developing renewable energy. Located in the equatorial zone, Việt Nam has a natural advantage in solar power. In the context that hydropower potentials are running out and imported coal pollutes the environment, it is a priority of Việt Nam to implement wind and solar power policies.

However, if solar power develops at a too rapid speed, it will cause an imbalance in the power system. A cloud blocking the sun can interrupt the system.

European countries have their power system connected to a general European network. When the grid of one country is interrupted, they buy electricity from the general regional power system. Unlike Việt Nam, the power system is not connected to any regional network. Therefore in case of interrupted transmission, it is difficult to find alternative sources of energy.

Việt Nam has revised the Law on Electricity, Law on Economical and Efficient Use of Energy and related laws to attract and encourage the public to engage in using renewable energy.

The Vietnam Electricity has offered assistance of VNĐ1 million (US$43) for each household installing solar-powered water heaters. Now we have to adopt policies in which families can sell extra solar power on their roofs to integrate into the national grid.

We need also an electricity tax policy. The National Assembly has conducted studies to work with the Ministry of Industry and Trade to make amendments and supplements to related laws.

Professor Trần Đình Long, full member of International Academy of Electrotechnical Sciences, vice president of Việt Nam Electrical Engineering Association

Việt Nam has not mapped out an appropriate plan for national electricity structure in the long term. Việt Nam used to target a low proportion of renewable energy in the plan. After that, following the global trend, the proportion of renewable energy has been adjusted to increase.

The percentage of renewable energy accounted for in the national electricity structure needs comprehensive planning on power sources and grids.

Experience from around the world including European countries, China and India shows renewable energy policies start from feed-in tariff and preferential treatment for clean energy. Việt Nam needs to conduct insightful research to adopt a general appropriate feed-in tariff policy. This must answer questions of how electricity prices are supported, through loans or preferential import-export policies.

Dr Vũ Minh Pháp, Institute of Energy Science, Việt Nam Academy of Science and Technology

The barrier of Việt Nam is weakness in technology quality inspection. Technologies of solar and wind power from global manufacturers have entered Việt Nam at a rapid speed. However, there is no Vietnamese unit in charge of inspecting these devices to check whether the technologies are well suited to the Vietnamese environment. Another barrier is that there has been no study in Việt Nam that finds proper answers to the question of how to treat waste after solar and wind power projects reach their end of life.

Steen Gade, former member of Danish Parliament, former chairman of the Climate, Energy and Building Committee

I think Việt Nam needs to combine energy politics with climate issues. Việt Nam needs to combine economic growth with a very strong environmental and climate agenda.

Denmark has experience in involving people. It has been the centre in Denmark when we need high prices of energy, we discuss in public, in media, in organisations, among ordinary people to find out the best solution.

In Denmark, local farmers in rural areas made co-operatives where they own wind mills and they can sell wind power to the grid. That means it was an economic benefit for farmers, at the same time, it started the process of renewable energy. We combine economy and environment and we focus on renewable energy. We have developed action between people, topic discussions, media, education and politics.

Aton Beck, director of global co-operation, Danish Energy Agency

We have very good co-operation with the Vietnamese Ministry of Industry and Trade and the electricity of renewable energy authority on how to ensure more renewable energy in Việt Nam’s system. On November 4th, we will launch a new Việt Nam’s energy outlook that will look into different kinds of scenarios for the long-term transition in Việt Nam. There is definitely a huge potential for wind, solar energy and biomass in Việt Nam.

Next year, Denmark will have more than 50 per cent of our electricity consumption based on wind. We can integrate it into our system. In 2028, we will have 100 per cent of electricity consumption based on wind.

Denmark has some good experience and we would like to share with Việt Nam.

Việt Nam has very successful economic growth but it also creates challenges in the energy sector including higher energy demand, higher dependence on coal, higher emissions of greenhouse gases and higher dependence on importing energy with dramatic increase in energy import.

We have good co-operation with the Vietnamese Ministry of Industry and Trade to ensure that Việt Nam has the right framework for having international developers coming to Việt Nam to invest. That is really important that you have transparent and simple framework conditions for renewable energy developers. — VNS