Biển Đông sắp thành căn cứ quân sự:Những nguy cơ với cả khu vực

  • DANH ĐỨC
  • 13.07.2019, 07:00

TTCT – 3 năm sau ngày Tòa trọng tài ra phán quyết xác định “không thực thể nào tại Trường Sa có khả năng tạo ra những vùng biển mở rộng…”, vào cuối tháng 6 và đầu tháng 7-2019, Trung Quốc đã tập trận quy mô lớn ở phía bắc quần đảo Trường Sa và bắn thử tên lửa từ những thực thể nhân tạo họ bồi đắp trái phép.

Biển Đông sắp thành căn cứ quân sự:Những nguy cơ với cả khu vực
Những động thái quân sự hóa lâu dài các đảo chiếm trái phép trên Biển Đông của Trung Quốc là mối đe dọa với an ninh khu vực. Ảnh: The Economist

Continue reading “Biển Đông sắp thành căn cứ quân sự:Những nguy cơ với cả khu vực”

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Failing or Incomplete? Grading the South China Sea Arbitration

On July 12, 2016, an arbitral tribunal at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague issued its ruling in Manila’s case against Beijing’s claims in the South China Sea. Convened under the compulsory dispute settlement provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the tribunal’s five arbitrators ruled overwhelmingly in the Philippines’ favor.  Beijing refused to participate in the arbitration and rejected the outcome. Meanwhile, the newly-inaugurated president of the Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte, downplayed the victory in the hopes of coaxing China toward a more conciliatory policy and, as a result, international pressure on China to comply with the award has evaporated. The ruling clarified important aspects of UNCLOS and customary international law, but there was never much hope Beijing would accept its findings.

Nonetheless, many observers hoped that over time China might find politically face-saving ways to bring its claims and behavior into line with the substance of the ruling, even while rejecting the process. In the three years since the arbitral award, and since Manila’s adoption of a more accommodating policy toward Beijing, has China moved any closer to compliance? AMTI has compiled a list of actionable findings from the tribunal and assessed whether China’s recent actions are in-line with them. Overall, China is in compliance with just 2 of 11 parts of the ruling, while on another its position is too unclear to assess.

Arbitration Compliance Report Card

(Click each row for more information)


Continue reading “Failing or Incomplete? Grading the South China Sea Arbitration”

30 years ago, Vietnam began building ‘ocean fortresses’ to fence off intruders

Friday, July 05, 2019, 15:08 GMT+7

One of the DK1 rigs off Vietnam’s Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelago in the East Vietnam Sea is being installed in this file photo.

Vietnam launched an unprecedented project 30 years ago to plant about two dozen steel structures the Vietnamese call “ocean fortresses” in the East Vietnam Sea that serve as service stations for Vietnamese naval soldiers who exercise the country’s sovereignty at sea.

The DK1 platforms, formally the “economic, scientific and technological service stations,” were established under an executive order issued on July 5, 1989 by Do Muoi, then-sitting Chairman of the Council of Ministers, the country’s premier. Continue reading “30 years ago, Vietnam began building ‘ocean fortresses’ to fence off intruders”

Philippines thanks Vietnam for rescuing sinking crew abandoned by ‘cowardly’ Chinese boat

Thursday, June 13, 2019, 13:00 GMT+7
Philippines thanks Vietnam for rescuing sinking crew abandoned by ‘cowardly’ Chinese boat
Philippine defense secretary Delfin Lorenzana. Photo: AFP

The Philippines on Wednesday condemned the “cowardly action” of a suspected Chinese fishing vessel accused of abandoning a Filipino fishing crew after a collision in the East Vietnam Sea, while thanking a Vietnamese ship for coming to the fishermen’s aid.

The Chinese ship on Sunday hit a Filipino craft anchored near Reed Bank causing it to sink and leaving 22 crewmen “to the mercy of the elements,” Philippine defense secretary Delfin Lorenzana was quoted by AFP as saying in a statement on Wednesday. Continue reading “Philippines thanks Vietnam for rescuing sinking crew abandoned by ‘cowardly’ Chinese boat”

Ở làng cá ngừ trăm tuổi

BÀI & ẢNH: HÀ VĂN ĐẠO

Nhandan – Thứ hai, 13/05/2019 – 04:04 PM (GMT+7)

Ngư dân Thiện Chánh vươn khơi.

Nếu hỏi ngư dân miền trung rằng ở đâu thợ săn cá ngừ đại dương điêu luyện nhất, can trường, nghĩa tình và lãng mạn nhất, họ sẽ trả lời ngay đó là Thiện Chánh (xã Tam Quan Bắc, huyện Hoài Nhơn, tỉnh Bình Định). Mỗi trận bão tố, cuồng phong dập dồn thành một cuộc tập rèn nghị lực và đúc rút kinh nghiệm với đời ngư phủ. Bắt bệnh, chăm chút cho nhau trong những ngày phiêu dạt cũng đã hun đúc nên ý nghĩ sắt son, rằng: Biển là nhà, mọi ngư dân đều là anh em. Continue reading “Ở làng cá ngừ trăm tuổi”

Still Under Pressure: Manila Versus the Militia

April 16, 2019  |  AMTI BRIEF

Still Under Pressure: Manila Versus the Militia

Since early March, Chinese fishing vessels—apparently part of the country’s maritime militia force—have been operating near two Philippine-held features in the disputed Spratly Islands: Loaita Island and Loaita Cay, called Kota and Panata Islands by Filipinos. The Philippine press began to report this militia presence in early April, prompting the government to say it would protest to Beijing. This comes as tensions between the two sides are running high over the presence of a larger Chinese flotilla deployed since December 2018 near Philippine-occupied Thitu Island. Over the last several weeks, Philippine officials have issued diplomatic protests and public recriminations against Beijing over that deployment, which appears aimed at dissuading Manila from continuing modest infrastructure upgrades on Thitu. Continue reading “Still Under Pressure: Manila Versus the Militia”

Slow and Steady: Vietnam’s Spratly Upgrades

April 8, 2019  |  AMTI BRIEF

Vietnam continues to quietly upgrade its facilities in the Spratly Islands, though apparently without facing the same reaction from China’s maritime militia forces as the Philippines recently has. Vietnam occupies 49 outposts spread across 27 features in the vicinity of the Spratly Islands. Of those 27 features, only 10 can be called islets while the rest are mostly underwater reefs and banks.

Spratly Island is the largest of Vietnam’s outposts and the administrative center of its presence in the area. In 2015-16, Vietnam undertook an expansion of the island to extend its small runway and create a protected harbor. In total, Hanoi created about 40 acres of new land at Spratly Island through a process that involved the use of construction equipment to dredge up part of the reef surrounding the island and cover it in sand. This process was more time-consuming and less environmentally disastrous than the methods used for China’s industrial-scale dredging and landfill at its facilities in the Spratlys, but still involved the intentional destruction of coral reef. Continue reading “Slow and Steady: Vietnam’s Spratly Upgrades”

Back off from Thitu island: President Duterte tells China

Philippine president warns of possible military action if Beijing ‘touches’ Thitu island in South China Sea.

Friday April 5, 2019 AlJazeera
China, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia, Taiwan and Vietnam have all staked claims to various islands [Al Jazeera]
China, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia, Taiwan and Vietnam have all staked claims to various islands [Al Jazeera]

 

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has warned China to back off from a disputed island in the South China Sea, warning of possible military action if Beijing “touches” it amid rising tensions over the key waterway.

Continue reading “Back off from Thitu island: President Duterte tells China”

Reading Between the Lines: The Next Spratly Legal Dispute

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March 21, 2019  |  AMTI BRIEF

Reading Between the Lines: The Next Spratly Legal Dispute

In August 2018, the HMS Albion sailed through the Paracel Islands to assert freedom of navigation and challenge China’s claim to straight baselines around the island group. The United Kingdom’s challenge was the first operation by a non-U.S. vessel in the South China Sea that was analogous to the United States’ now well-publicized freedom of navigation operations (FONOPs). Three months later, the USS Chancellorsville undertook an identical challenge to Beijing’s baselines around the Paracels. Similar operations had been undertaken by the USS Decatur in October 2016 and the USS Chafee in October 2017. Continue reading “Reading Between the Lines: The Next Spratly Legal Dispute”

China’s latest island grab: Fishing ‘militia’ makes move on sandbars around Philippines’ Thitu Island

Beijing has snatched another patch of the South China Sea, with its “militia” seizing control of a string of sandbars and denying fishermen access.

Jamie Seidel, AFP
News Corp Australia Network MARCH 5, 2019 1:57PM

China has won the South China Sea

There’s a new name in the South China Sea’s growing list of flashpoints: Thitu Island. While nowhere near the scale of Fiery Cross or Mischief Reefs, this island and bundle of low-lying sandbars off the Philippines coast is just as significant.

It’s a prosperous fishing spot. And it’s another potential territorial marker in the hotly contested international waterway.

Now, China has physically staked its claim over the sandbars that surround it. Continue reading “China’s latest island grab: Fishing ‘militia’ makes move on sandbars around Philippines’ Thitu Island”

Treaty with Japan resolves claims – Hiệp ước San Francisco và tranh chấp Biển Đông

Treaty of San Francisco 1951 >>

Treaty with Japan resolves claims

By Masahiro Matsumura

Territorial and maritime disputes among Taiwan, China and several Southeast Asian countries are roiling the South China Sea region, with little prospect of resolution anytime soon. However, the current uneasy status quo may be tenable, so long as the parties embrace serious confidence-building measures through multilateral forums while maintaining effective deterrence vis-a-vis China and a commitment not to use offensive force.

OSAKA – Territorial and maritime disputes among China, Taiwan, and several Southeast Asian countries are roiling the South China Sea region, with little prospect of resolution anytime soon. But the current uneasy status quo may be tenable, so long as the parties embrace serious confidence-building measures through multilateral forums while maintaining effective deterrence vis-à-vis China and a commitment not to use offensive force. Continue reading “Treaty with Japan resolves claims – Hiệp ước San Francisco và tranh chấp Biển Đông”

Việt Nam kiên quyết phản đối hoạt động của Trung Quốc ở đá Bông Bay

VOV

VOV.VN – Việt Nam kiên quyết phản đối hành động của Trung Quốc ở đá Bông Bay, yêu cầu Trung Quốc chấm dứt ngay và không tái diễn những hành động tương tự.

viet nam kien quyet phan doi hoat dong cua trung quoc o da bong bay hinh 1
Cấu trúc Trung Quốc xây dựng phi pháp trên đá Bông Bay thuộc quần đảo Hoàng Sa của Việt Nam. Ảnh: AMTI/CSIS.

Ngày 22/11, tại cuộc họp báo thường kỳ của Bộ Ngoại giao, khi được hỏi về phản ứng của Việt Nam trước thông tin Trung Quốc đã lắp đặt một số cấu trúc mới trên đá Bông Bay thuộc quần đảo Hoàng Sa của Việt Nam, phó phát ngôn Bộ Ngoại giao Nguyễn Phương Trà khẳng định:

Continue reading “Việt Nam kiên quyết phản đối hoạt động của Trung Quốc ở đá Bông Bay”

China Quietly Upgrades a Remote Reef

November 20, 2018  |  AMTI BRIEF

China Quietly Upgrades a Remote Reef

Recent satellite imagery of Bombay Reef in the Paracel Islands shows that China has installed a new platform at the largely untouched South China Sea feature, which is also claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam. The modest new structure appears to be anchored on the north edge of the reef and is topped by a radome and solar panels. The development is interesting given Bombay Reef’s strategic location, and the possibility that the structure’s rapid deployment could be repeated in other parts of the South China Sea. Continue reading “China Quietly Upgrades a Remote Reef”

Mỹ lần đầu công khai yêu cầu Trung Quốc rút tên lửa khỏi Trường Sa

VNE – Thứ ba, 13/11/2018, 12:11 (GMT+7)

Washington lần đầu tiên thể hiện thái độ quyết liệt đối với hành động triển khai tên lửa phi pháp của Bắc Kinh tại đảo nhân tạo ở Trường Sa.

Tên lửa hành trình chống hạm YJ-12B của Trung Quốc. Ảnh: Twitter.

Tên lửa hành trình chống hạm YJ-12B của Trung Quốc. Ảnh: Twitter.

“Mỹ kêu gọi Trung Quốc rút các tổ hợp tên lửa khỏi các thực thể tranh chấp ở quần đảo Trường Sa và tái khẳng định rằng mọi quốc gia cần tránh giải quyết tranh chấp bằng những hành vi áp đặt hay đe dọa”, Asia Times ngày 12/11 dẫn thông cáo của Bộ Ngoại giao Mỹ sau đối thoại an ninh Mỹ – Trung được tổ chức tại Washington. Continue reading “Mỹ lần đầu công khai yêu cầu Trung Quốc rút tên lửa khỏi Trường Sa”