Đông Nam Á đối phó với bãi đổ rác khi Trung Quốc thực thi lệnh cấm nhập khẩu rác thải

English: Southeast Asia braces for trash dump as China enacts waste import ban

Kể từ ngày 1/1/2021, Trung Quốc  sẽ  không còn chấp nhận chất thải đến từ nước khác, đối với Việt Nam, Thái Lan và Indonesia có thể sẽ cảm thấy đây là gánh nặng từ chính sách mới

Mặc dù ba quốc gia này đã thực hiện nhiều biện pháp để đối phó với rác thải nhưng do còn nhiều tham nhũng, và các chính sách yếu có thể khiến các quốc gia bị chôn vùi trong rác

Trung Quốc, quốc gia đã từng là vua cứu cánh của thế giới, đang đóng cửa đối với tất cả các hoạt động nhập khẩu chất thải trong ngày đầu tiên của năm mới. Thông báo gần đây đã gây ra sự lo lắng tương tự đối với các nước xuất khẩu rác thải vào năm 2018, khi Trung Quốc ban hành chính sách “Chiến dịch thanh kiếm toàn quốc” đó là cấm nhập khẩu 24 loại rác thải rắn, bao gồm cả rác thải nhựa
Tiếp tục đọc “Đông Nam Á đối phó với bãi đổ rác khi Trung Quốc thực thi lệnh cấm nhập khẩu rác thải”

Southeast Asia braces for trash dump as China enacts waste import ban

  • On January 1, China will no longer be accepting waste from other countries, with Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia likely to feel the brunt of the new policy
  • Although the three countries have taken steps to deal with mounting trash, corruption and weak policies could doom them to remain buried in refuse
A river canal in Ho Chi Minh City choked by mostly plastic waste. Photo: Sen Nguyen
A river canal in Ho Chi Minh City choked by mostly plastic waste. Photo: Sen Nguyen

China, which used to be the world’s salvage king, is shutting its door to all waste imports starting the first day of the new year. The recent announcement triggered the same kind of anxiety among waste-exporting countries as in 2018, when China enacted its “Operation National Sword” policy, which banned the import of 24 types of solid waste, including plastic waste.

The 2018 policy switch caused the world’s major waste-exporting countries – Europe, Britain, the US and Australia – to scramble for alternative destinations, including

Southeast Asian

nations like Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia, which quickly became overwhelmed by the volume of refuse they received. Soon after, these countries began to impose their own bans and restrictions on waste imports.

With China’s latest announcement about a blanket waste ban, concerns have been raised about the effects this might have on Southeast Asian countries, where limited waste-management capacities are common.

Plastic pollution plagues Southeast Asia amid Covid-19 lockdowns
10 Aug 2020

, which borders China and was one of the countries most affected by Beijing’s 2018 waste policy, might not be ready for more imported waste. According to a national report released last month, various types of solid waste imported for manufacturing do not only not meet the national technical standard in regards to

environmental protection

but also put more pressure on waste-management services in the country.

Meanwhile, most of the domestically made solid waste processing equipment is unsynchronized, incomplete and not yet common in the country – going by the National Environmental Status Report in 2019 issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. No specific national guidelines exist on what technology to use to treat municipal solid waste.

Since 2018, the Vietnamese government has kept a tight rein of its scrap imports through various policies, including amending the country’s technical standard to ensure only quality scrap is allowed in and cracking down on illegal shipments of thousands of containers of paper, plastic and metal scrap. Vietnam imported 9.2 million tons of scrap in the same year, a 14 per cent year-on-year increase, according to Vietnam customs statistics.

Tiếp tục đọc “Southeast Asia braces for trash dump as China enacts waste import ban”

In Sweden, Trash Heats Homes, Powers Buses and Fuels Taxi Fleets


Tahir Gasanin operates the mechanical claw that feeds the burner at a “waste-to-energy” power plant with five tons of garbage at a time.
Credit…Casper Hedberg for The New York Times

By Sept. 21, 2018

LINKOPING, Sweden — In a cavernous room filled with garbage, a giant mechanical claw reaches down and grabs five tons of trash. As a technician in a control room maneuvers the spiderlike crane, the claw drops its moldering harvest down a 10-story shaft into a boiler that is hotter than 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit. A fetid odor emanates from plastic trash bags discarded by hundreds of thousands of homes.

Tiếp tục đọc “In Sweden, Trash Heats Homes, Powers Buses and Fuels Taxi Fleets”

$100m ADB Loan for China Everbright Waste to Energy Projects in Viet Nam


China Everbright International Limited has secured a $100 million loan from the Asian Development Bank to develop a series of waste to energy plants in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam.

Deputy Director General of ADB’s Private Sector Operations Department Christopher Thieme (left) and China Everbright CEO Wang Tianyi (right) after the signing. Tiếp tục đọc “$100m ADB Loan for China Everbright Waste to Energy Projects in Viet Nam”

Vietnam seeks higher-quality FDI: experts

Last update 17:00 | 27/11/2017
VietNamNet Bridge – While Vietnam needs foreign capital to develop the economy, it also requires advanced technologies to become involved more deeply in the global supply chain.

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            The FDI capital would exceed the $30 billion threshold by year end

At a meeting with Japanese investors recently, director of the Binh Duong Planning and Investment Department Nguyen Thanh Truc said foreign investors pledged to invest $2.171 billion in the province this year.

Meanwhile, HCMC is leading the country in FDI (foreign direct investment) with total committed capital of $5 billion this year. Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam seeks higher-quality FDI: experts”