The world’s required reading list: The books that students read in 28 countries


This compilation of reading assigned to students everywhere will expand your horizons — and your bookshelves.

In the US, most students are required to read To Kill a Mockingbird during their school years. This classic novel combines a moving coming-of-age story with big issues like racism and criminal injustice. Reading Mockingbird is such an integral part of the American educational experience that we wondered: What classic books are assigned to students elsewhere?

We posed this question to our TED-Ed Innovative Educators and members of the TED-Ed Community. People all over the globe responded, and we curated our list to focus on local authors. Many respondents made it clear in their countries, as in the US, few books are absolutely mandatory. Below, take a look at what students in countries from Ireland to Iran, Ghana to Germany, are asked to read and why. [Note: To find free, downloadable versions of many of the books listed below, search Project Gutenberg.]


What it’s about: The revelations of God as told to the prophet Muhammad, this is the central religious text of Islam and remains one of the major works of Arabic literature.
Why it’s taught: “Overall, there is no culture of reading novels in my country, which is sad,” says Farokh Attah. “The only book that must be read in school is the holy Quran, and everyone is encouraged to read it starting from childhood.” Continue reading “The world’s required reading list: The books that students read in 28 countries”


Historic soccer run brings unequal Vietnam together

Under-23 team’s trip to Asian finals fosters sense of national camaraderie

ATSUSHI TOMIYAMA, Nikkei staff writer

Fans in Hanoi react after Vietnam’s loss in the AFC U23 Championship final against Uzbekistan on Jan. 27. © Reuters

HANOI — The Vietnam national team’s first-ever appearance in the finals of the Asian Football Confederation U23 championship, triggered mass celebrations across the country, despite a close defeat in the final game on Saturday. Continue reading “Historic soccer run brings unequal Vietnam together”

Chuyện tử tế: Phim tài liệu năm 1985

(Theo wiki) Chuyện tử tế  là một bộ phim tài liệu Việt Nam của đạo diễn Trần Văn Thủy. Tác phẩm được sản xuất năm 1985 nhưng bị cấm cho tới năm 1987 mới được công chiếu rộng rãi. Được coi là phần 2 của bộ phim tài liệu gây tiếng vang Hà Nội trong mắt aiChuyện tử tếtiếp tục là một tác phẩm phản ánh những suy nghĩ của Trần Văn Thủy về cuộc sống và xã hội thời bao cấp. Bộ phim đã khắc họa hình ảnh của những người dân nghèo khổ trong xã hội để tìm ra lời giải đáp cho câu hỏi: “Thế nào là sự tử tế?”. Cả Hà Nội trong mắt ai và Chuyện tử tế đều chỉ đến được với đông đảo khán giả sau khi có sự can thiệp của Tổng bí thư Nguyễn Văn Linh vào năm 1987. Tác phẩm sau đó đã giành giải Bồ câu bạc tại Liên hoan phim Quốc tế LeipzigCộng hòa Dân chủ Đức và được nhiều đài truyền hình mua bản quyền để phát lại. Cho đến nay đây vẫn được coi là một trong những tác phẩm xuất sắc nhất của đạo diễn Trần Văn Thủy.

The magic of Khmer classical dance


Review: ‘Walk With Me,’ an Invitation From Thich Nhat Hanh

 A scene from “Walk With Me,” about a community of Zen Buddhists in rural France.CreditSpeakit Productions Ltd/GathrFilms

nytimes_Cooling to the mind and soothing to the spirit, the documentary “Walk With Me” offers a tiny oasis of relief to anyone overheated by current events. When you feel like freaking out, the movie’s commitment to slowing down and drawing inward doesn’t seem like such a bad idea.


Continue reading “Review: ‘Walk With Me,’ an Invitation From Thich Nhat Hanh”

Special culture of Dao ethnic minority people in Tuyen Quang

Last update 07:00 | 07/09/2017

The northern mountainous province of Tuyen Quang is home to nearly 100,000 people of Dao ethnicity whose culture boasts unique customs, rituals and arts.

Special culture of Dao ethnic minority people in Tuyen Quang , entertainment events, entertainment news, entertainment activities, what’s on, Vietnam culture, Vietnam tradition, vn news, Vietnam beauty, news Vietnam, Vietnam news, Vietnam net news, vietna

A ritual at the coming-of-age ceremony of Dao ethnic people

Tuyen Quang is the only province in Vietnam home to all nine Dao subgroups, namely Dao Do, Dao Tien, Dao Cooc Mun, Dao Quan Chet, Dao O Gang, Dao Cooc Ngang, Dao Quan Trang, Dao Thanh Y, and Dao Ao Dai.

Unique worship rituals

Phung Chuong Chi, a shaman in Tho Binh commune of Lam Binh district, said the group’s worship customs are very diverse, including typical rituals like coming-of-age ceremonies and funerals. Continue reading “Special culture of Dao ethnic minority people in Tuyen Quang”

Chinese ballet show draws protests for ‘glorifying Red Army’

Minister says staging The Red Detachment of Women is a privilege but protest organiser says government needs to understand what the story is about

Red Detachment of Women
A performance of The Red Detachment of Women in Tianjin, China. Photograph: Jason Lee/Reuters


Protesters in Melbourne have called for a boycott of a visiting Chinese ballet performance that they say “glorifies the Red Army”.

The National Ballet of China is performing The Red Detachment of Women, created in 1964, , at the Arts Centre in Melbourne.

The state minister for creative industry, Martin Foley, said staging the ballet was a “privilege”, but protest organiser Frank Ruan described it as “like putting salt on the wounds of some Chinese people”. Continue reading “Chinese ballet show draws protests for ‘glorifying Red Army’”

Cách mạng dưới lòng đất: vấn đề mai táng và chôn cất ở châu Á

English:  Underground revolution: Asia’s grave problem

Để giải quyết vấn đề thiếu đất, nhiều quốc gia châu Á đã khuyến khích “mai táng sinh thái” bao gồm quá trình hoả thiêu. Nhưng xét đến các tác động môi trường của việc hoả thiêu, lợi ích đạt được nhiều nhất có lẽ cũng chỉ là tạm thời

Các ngôi mộ lớn, công phu nhưu thế này ở Trung Quốc là một biểu tượng của lòng hiếu thảo và kính trọng tổ tiên, nhưng cái giá phải trả cho vấn đề môi trường là bao nhiêu? Continue reading “Cách mạng dưới lòng đất: vấn đề mai táng và chôn cất ở châu Á”

Underground revolution: Asia’s grave problem

To solve land shortages, many Asian countries have encouraged “eco-burials” that involve the cremation process. But considering the environmental effects of cremation, the benefits may be short-term at best.

Continue reading “Underground revolution: Asia’s grave problem”

Colonial Mentality: A Filipino Heritage?

Một bài viết rất thú vị về tâm lý thuộc địa của người Phillipines. Trong cùng một bối cảnh của bài viết, nếu thay người Phillipines thành người Việt Nam, chúng ta sẽ thấy rất nhiều điểm tương đồng trong tâm lý thuộc địa của người Phillipines, người Việt Nam và các nước thuộc địa khác như thế nào?


This is a very interesting article. In the same context, if we replace the Filipinos by the Vietnamese, we’ll see many similarities of the colonial mentality of the Filipinos, of the Vietnamese and other colonial countries.



by: Maris Cay E. Garbones

“Tangkilikin ang saraling atin,” (Patronize what is ours), we hear this statement spoken quite often. Cliché as it may sound but Filipinos do not live by it.

Skechers, Havaianas, Converse and Crocs’ sales in the Philippines reach hundred millions a year while the Marikina Shoe industry remains an underdog. A kid prefers to eat Hershey’s Kisses rather than enjoy Goya chocolate. The Hunger Games and other Hollywood films attract more audiences than Ang Babae sa Septic Tank and other Filipino movies. The current trend in the Philippines is very far from what former President Carlos P. Garcia had envisioned when he initiated the Filipino First Policy during his administration. The program’s main objective was to free the Philippine economy from foreign control and supervision. Although there are Filipinos who try to follow the path of nationalism that Jose Rizal and other heroes had taken, there are more who are driven by colonial mentality. Continue reading “Colonial Mentality: A Filipino Heritage?”

Sexuality Education


Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) is an age-appropriate, culturally relevant approach to teaching about sex and relationships by providing scientifically accurate, realistic, non-judgemental information. Sexuality education provides opportunities to explore one’s own values and attitudes and to build decision-making, communication and risk reduction skills about many aspects of sexuality.   Continue reading “Sexuality Education”

Background on Southeast Asian Parenting: Helping Youth Succeed: Bicultural Parenting for Southeast Asian Families

University of Minnesota – Extension  

Background on Southeast Asian Parenting

Daniel Detzner, College of Human Ecology, University of Minnesota; Blong Xiong, College of Human Ecology, University of Minnesota; Patricia A. Eliason, General College, University of Minnesota

Reviewed April 2010 by the author (Daniel Detzner).

Eastern Values and Beliefs

To understand Southeast Asian parenting and chlld-rearing practices, we must first understand the cultural values and beliefs that influence parents, especially regarding family life and interpersonal relationships.

Traditionally, Southeast Asians tend to have a large extended family, usually up to three or four generations living together (Vandeusen et al., 1980). Nuclear families typically have four to eight children, depending on socioeconomic status and ethnic group. Continue reading “Background on Southeast Asian Parenting: Helping Youth Succeed: Bicultural Parenting for Southeast Asian Families”