“Paddy is our life, but many people don’t want us to grow paddy anymore,” laments Pham Van Tuan, a rice farmer in Can Tho province of Vietnam. “Big people from Ho Chi Minh City say that our paddy is causing climate change and water scarcity in the world.”
The Mekong Delta is home to 15 million people, many of whom rely on the delta’s rich soil and water resources for farming and fishing. But their livelihoods are being threatened by rising sea levels, droughts, dams, and other hydrological shifts. A new article from researchers at the University of Illinois and Iowa State University explains the challenges.
Tiếp tục đọc “Environmental changes in the Mekong Delta spell trouble for farmers”
- Shrimp farming is one of the biggest industries in Vietnam, and the government is pushing to expand it, having announced plans last year to boost exports from $3 billion in 2016 to $10 billion by 2025.
- But there are significant environmental problems associated with current farming methods, which contribute to deforestation, erosion, land subsidence and rising salinity levels that are threatening the stability of the entire Mekong region.
- The Vietnamese government and a range of international development partners are working to improve the way the country farms shrimp, with an emphasis on small-scale operators.
- However, the reality is that most farmers are reluctant to change.
Fall is always a good time to create new habits, and coffee chains know it.
These days, they are desperately trying to find any excuse to get you to drink their java.
Many chains used National or International Coffee Day, just passed, as a reason to offer their coffee at a discount, or even for free — with some conditions, of course.
For restaurant operators, there’s no better hook than coffee to get repeat business. It’s a great scheme that seems to be working for some. Given what’s looming on the horizon, however, offering free coffee may no longer be an option for businesses.
Coffee demand around the world is shifting. Europe still accounts for almost one third of the coffee consumed worldwide, but China has doubled its consumption in just the last five years. Tiếp tục đọc “How the coffee industry is about to get roasted by climate change”
Thoạt nhìn, các vùng phía Tây Cameroon trông có vẻ tươi tốt [phủ xanh bởi cây cối và rừng], nhưng khi nhìn gần hơn thì thấy đất đai ở khu vực này đã bị suy thoái do canh tác quá mức, kỹ thuật canh tác không bền vững, thảm thực vật bị tàn phá do bị khai thác làm củi và cháy rừng.
Tuy nhiên, ở một số khu vực vẫn tràn ngập đa dạng sinh học: cà phê phát triển dưới bóng mát của cây chuối, gần đó là những cây mận Châu Phi (tên địa phương là cây safou), cây cô la, cam và các loại cây lấy gỗ như gỗ gụ. Đối với người không chuyên thì đây trông giống như một khu rừng tự nhiên, nhưng thực tế đó là một hệ thống nông lâm – kết hợp cây cho bóng mát với cây trồng.
[Hệ thống nông lâm kết hợp điển hình ở vùng Tây Bắc của Cameroon với chuối và các loại quả địa phương và cây lấy gỗ. Ảnh Ebernezar Asaah]
Researchers have compiled a ‘most wanted’ list of around 500 key bacterial species that are both common and abundant worldwide
- Date: January 18, 2018
- Source: University of Colorado at Boulder
- What lives in your dirt? Researchers are one step closer to finding out after compiling the first global atlas of soil bacterial communities and identifying a group of around 500 key species that are both common and abundant worldwide.
DW_Earthworms help recuperate soil and enrich it with much needed minerals. But environmentalists are concerned as earthworms have come under threat from intensive use of manure and acidic soil.
October 24, 2017
A young man returned home to invent an internet-integrated system that helps farmers produce more food with less water.
Tri Nguyen, CEO of MimosaTEK, was born and raised in Dalat, a city in the Central Highlands region of Vietnam, where the land is mountainous and fertile. He grew up surrounded by local farmers who planted a rich variety of products — from bell peppers and flowers to coffee and bananas. Tri moved to Ho Chi Minh City to work in the information technology sector as a young man, but when the opportunity came, he decided to return to his roots and start a strawberry farm with his friends in Dalat.
Tri turned to the local farmers to learn everything he could about growing strawberries. But he kept hearing something that didn’t seem right: The farmers instructed him to irrigate until water dripped out of the soil when he picked it up in his hands.
Tri did some research that confirmed his instincts: The farmers didn’t need to be using that much water. But when he told his neighbors, they insisted on continuing to overwater their crops. It was how they were taught and how they had farmed all their lives.
“I realized then that the farmers based their decisions on experiences instead of scientific data,” says Tri.
Smallholder and family farmers in Dalat water their crops based on what they see and feel. They don’t consult data on the weather or rainfall because they were never taught to do so. This is leading to excessive irrigation, which can stunt growth or kill crops, and deplete limited groundwater. Furthermore, Vietnam is still recovering from its strongest-ever drought, and every drop counts. Many of Dalat’s farmers are already suffering from water shortages. Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam’s Homegrown System for Saving Water”
New FAO tool offers water-scarce countries and river basins a way to boost productivity
FAO 20 April 2017, Rome – Measuring how efficiently water is used in agriculture, particularly in water-scarce countries, is going high-tech with the help of a new tool developed by FAO.
The WaPOR open-access database has gone live, tapping satellite data to help farmers achieve more reliable agricultural yields and allowing for the optimization of irrigation systems.
WaPOR was presented this week during a high-level partners meeting for FAO’s Coping with water scarcity in agriculture: a global framework for action in a changing climate. It allows for fine-grained analysis of water utilised through farming systems, generating empirical evidence about how it can be most productively used.
Worldwide water utilization – the majority of which is used by agriculture – has outpaced the rate of population growth for most of the last century and some regions are close to breaching viable limits. Tiếp tục đọc “Using real-time satellite data to track water productivity in agriculture”
Gislounge_The Mekong River Delta is an important water source flowing through South East Asia. Primarily feeding the rice fields of Vietnam, the Mekong River Delta has long been an area of great fertility due to water flow and silt build up. However, agricultural efforts in the area have shown a decline in production because of the weather effects of El Niño. This year’s El Niño has been particularly strong, causing droughts in South East Asia.
Satellites including Europe’s Sentinel-1A can now track the rise and fall of different agricultural products around the world. The satellite’s imagery showed that rice production in the Mekong Delta has decreased in the past year, threatening the livelihoods of local farmers as well as food security worldwide. Tiếp tục đọc “Using Remote Sensing to Map Rice Paddy Drop in the Mekong Delta”
Although community level seed-saving initiatives have been around for about 30 years, until recently they have received little attention in the scientific literature on climate change adaptation and plant genetic resources. Based on research experiences from various countries, this article argues that community seed banks can enhance the resilience of farmers, in particular of communities and households most affected by climate change. Community seed banks can secure improved access to, and availability of, diverse, locally adapted crops and varieties, and enhance related indigenous knowledge and skills in plant management, including seed selection, treatment, storage, multiplication, and distribution.
Full article http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09614524.2017.1294653
- Study shows link of high temperature and suicide rate increase in growing season
- Crop losses appear to be the reason as it cause distress and poverty
- Policies such as providing crop insurance may cut suicide rates among farmers
scidev.net_[NEW DELHI] Warming due to climate change may have caused some 59,000 suicides over the last three decades in India, says a new study which statistically links temperature spikes to crop failures and farmer distress and suicides. Tiếp tục đọc “Climate warming linked to India’s ‘suicide epidemic’”
|Illustrative Image. — Photo baocongthuong.com.vn|
HÀ NỘI – Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc has given the investment green light to building two large-scale reservoirs with capacities of nearly a million cu.m each..
The Đồng Mít Reservoir in the central province of Bình Định and Cánh Tạng Reservoir in the northern province of Hòa Bình aim to improve irrigation for agriculture production, improve water supply and living standards in the two provinces. Tiếp tục đọc “PM green lights two large-scale reservoirs”
Mặn đang xâm nhập sâu vào các tỉnh miền Tây khiến nông dân lo lắng. Tuy nhiên, GS Võ Tòng Xuân cho rằng “phải coi nước mặn là bạn, giúp nông dân ven biển làm giàu với con tôm”.
Theo thông tin từ Văn phòng công tác biến đổi khí hậu Cần Thơ, những ngày qua, độ mặn đo được trên sông Hậu ở địa phương này luôn ở mức trên 2.000 mg/l (2‰). Đây là điều chưa từng có trong lịch sử địa phương.
Tình trạng ngập mặn đang diễn ra ngày càng gay gắt khắp miền Tây, dưới tác động của El Nino kéo dài. Cơ quan chức năng dự báo, nước mặn và hạn hán đến tháng 6, ảnh hưởng nghiêm trọng đến lúa, cây ăn trái, nuôi trồng thủy sản và có đến khoảng 1 triệu người trong vùng thiếu nước sạch.
Thế nhưng, GS Võ Tòng Xuân lại có cái nhìn khác, không bi quan về thực trạng này.
|Lúa chết vì nhiễm mặn ở thị xã Vị Thanh, Hậu Giang. Ảnh: Việt Trung.|