Plastic waste treaty: expert Q&A on the promise of a global agreement to reduce pollution

theconversation.com

The flow of plastic entering the ocean is expected to double by 2040. To prevent this tsunami of difficult-to-decompose waste, experts have proposed a global treaty which could oblige all nations to reduce how much plastic they produce and emit to the environment.

At a recent meeting of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) in Nairobi, Kenya, ministers and representatives from 173 countries agreed on the terms for negotiating such a treaty over the next two years.

Is this the turning point for plastic pollution the world needs? And how will it work? We asked Steve Fletcher, a professor of ocean policy and economy at the University of Portsmouth and an advisor to the UN Environment Prograamme on plastic.

What has actually been agreed in Nairobi?

The UNEA is a gathering of all United Nations member states to discuss and adopt policies for tackling global environmental problems. It is the highest environmental decision-making body in the world. On Wednesday March 2 2022, ministers and representatives from 173 countries formally adopted a resolution to start negotiations for a legally binding agreement to end plastic pollution.

A large model of a tap pouring plastic waste onto the ground is suspended in the air before a conference centre.
The three-day UNEA meeting brought countries together to discuss turning off the plastic tap. EPA-EFE/Daniel Irungu

Agreeing the mandate and focus of the negotiations is just the start. Before the end of 2024, the substance of the agreement will need to be thrashed out.

Tiếp tục đọc Plastic waste treaty: expert Q&A on the promise of a global agreement to reduce pollution

Take-away food packaging makes up most plastic waste in Vietnam: survey

vnexpress.net

By Minh Nga   July 28, 2022 | 08:00 am GMT+7

Take-away food packaging makes up most plastic waste in Vietnam: survey

Take-away food and drink packaging is dumped in a public site in Thu Thiem New Urban Area in HCMC, May 2022. Photo by VnExpress/Quynh TranGarbage from take-away food and drinks make up 44 percent of plastic waste found at surveyed sites in Vietnam, according to the World Bank.

Plastic waste at both surveyed river and coastal sites across Vietnam came mostly from take-away-related sources.

Take-away related waste accounted for 43.6 percent in number and 35.1 percent in weight of the total plastic waste, followed by fisheries-related waste (32.6 percent in number and 30.6 percent in weight), and household-related waste (21.6 percent in number and 22.8 percent in weight), according to a World Bank report released this week.Total amount of plastic waste by source on surveyed sites in Vietnam2020-2021Take-away related wasteTake-away related wasteFisheries related waseFisheries related waseHousehold related wasteHousehold related wasteAgriculture related-wasteAgriculture related-wasteSanitary and medical related wasteSanitary and medical related wasteTake-away related waste●

 volume (%): 43.6

Tiếp tục đọc “Take-away food packaging makes up most plastic waste in Vietnam: survey”

Cần thay đổi thói quen đặt đồ ăn online để giảm rác thải nhựa ra môi trường

(VTC News)

Xu hướng gọi đồ ăn trực tuyến trong giai đoạn dịch COVID-19 làm gia tăng chóng mặt lượng rác thải nhựa, tạo áp lực nặng nề đến môi trường toàn cầu.

Theo thống kê của Bộ Tài nguyên và Môi trường, bình quân mỗi hộ gia đình sử dụng khoảng 1 kg túi nilon mỗi tháng. Lượng chất thải nhựa và túi nilon hiện tại chiếm khoảng từ 8 – 12% chất thải rắn sinh hoạt, nhưng chỉ có khoảng từ 11 – 12% trong số đó được xử lý tái chế. Số còn lại chủ yếu được chôn lấp, đốt và thải ra ngoài môi trường. Vậy đâu là giải pháp để xử lý rác thải nhựa thông minh và hiệu quả.

Tiếp tục đọc “Cần thay đổi thói quen đặt đồ ăn online để giảm rác thải nhựa ra môi trường”

As world drowns in plastic waste, U.N. to hammer out global treaty

by Charles Pekow on 2 February 2022

news.mongabay.com

  • After years of largely neglecting the buildup of plastic waste in Earth’s environment, the U.N. Environment Assembly will meet in February and March in the hopes of drafting the first international treaty controlling global plastics pollution.
  • Discarded plastic is currently killing marine life, threatening food security, contributing to climate change, damaging economies, and dissolving into microplastics that contaminate land, water, the atmosphere and even the human bloodstream.
  • The U.N. parties will debate how comprehensive the treaty they write will be: Should it, for example, protect just the oceans or the whole planet? Should it focus mainly on reuse/recycling, or control plastics manufacture and every step of the supply chain and waste stream?
  • The U.S. has changed its position from opposition to such a treaty under President Donald Trump, to support under President Joe Biden, but has yet to articulate exactly what it wants in an agreement. While environmental NGOs are pushing for a comprehensive treaty, plastics companies, who say they support regulation, likely will want to limit the treaty’s scope.

At the end of February, the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) will tackle a challenging task: the creation of a landmark treaty to control plastic pollution worldwide. While most nations have agreed to participate, the scope and timing of such an agreement aren’t settled, with many countries, environmental NGOs, and the plastics industry expressing widely different ideas as to what should be included.

Tiếp tục đọc “As world drowns in plastic waste, U.N. to hammer out global treaty”

Southeast Asia braces for trash dump as China enacts waste import ban

SCMP
  • On January 1, China will no longer be accepting waste from other countries, with Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia likely to feel the brunt of the new policy
  • Although the three countries have taken steps to deal with mounting trash, corruption and weak policies could doom them to remain buried in refuse
A river canal in Ho Chi Minh City choked by mostly plastic waste. Photo: Sen Nguyen
A river canal in Ho Chi Minh City choked by mostly plastic waste. Photo: Sen Nguyen

China, which used to be the world’s salvage king, is shutting its door to all waste imports starting the first day of the new year. The recent announcement triggered the same kind of anxiety among waste-exporting countries as in 2018, when China enacted its “Operation National Sword” policy, which banned the import of 24 types of solid waste, including plastic waste.

The 2018 policy switch caused the world’s major waste-exporting countries – Europe, Britain, the US and Australia – to scramble for alternative destinations, including

Southeast Asian

nations like Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia, which quickly became overwhelmed by the volume of refuse they received. Soon after, these countries began to impose their own bans and restrictions on waste imports.

With China’s latest announcement about a blanket waste ban, concerns have been raised about the effects this might have on Southeast Asian countries, where limited waste-management capacities are common.

Plastic pollution plagues Southeast Asia amid Covid-19 lockdowns
10 Aug 2020
Vietnam

, which borders China and was one of the countries most affected by Beijing’s 2018 waste policy, might not be ready for more imported waste. According to a national report released last month, various types of solid waste imported for manufacturing do not only not meet the national technical standard in regards to

environmental protection

but also put more pressure on waste-management services in the country.

Meanwhile, most of the domestically made solid waste processing equipment is unsynchronized, incomplete and not yet common in the country – going by the National Environmental Status Report in 2019 issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. No specific national guidelines exist on what technology to use to treat municipal solid waste.

Since 2018, the Vietnamese government has kept a tight rein of its scrap imports through various policies, including amending the country’s technical standard to ensure only quality scrap is allowed in and cracking down on illegal shipments of thousands of containers of paper, plastic and metal scrap. Vietnam imported 9.2 million tons of scrap in the same year, a 14 per cent year-on-year increase, according to Vietnam customs statistics.

Tiếp tục đọc “Southeast Asia braces for trash dump as China enacts waste import ban”

Asphalt road using recycled plastics laid

vneconomictimes – 18:39, 01/10/2019 – by Nghi Do

Asphalt road using recycled plastics laid
Photo: Dow

Stretch of road laid at DEEP C Industrial Zone in Hai Phong.

Ambassador of Belgium to Vietnam, H.E. Paul Jansen, attended the inauguration of the first asphalt road using recycled plastics on October 1 in the northern city of Hai Phong, together with representatives from the Hai Phong People’s Committee and related departments.

Dow and DEEP C Industrial Zones completed the 200-meter section of road enhanced with recycled plastics at the DEEP C Industrial Zone in the city. The project is a collaborative effort between Dow and DEEP C to provide innovative solutions to address plastics waste and advance a circular economy in Vietnam. Tiếp tục đọc “Asphalt road using recycled plastics laid”

Đắk Lắk “Tổng tấn công” rác thải nhựa

Phong trào “chống rác thải nhựa” ngày càng nở rộ khắp tỉnh Đắk Lắk  bằng rất nhiều sáng kiến khác nhau. 

Tại trường tiểu học Hoàng Việt (TP Buôn Ma Thuột), với video clip dự án rất sinh động đáng yêu mang tên “Phân loại rác thải-hành động nhỏ, ý nghĩa lớn”, đội “Voi rừng” gồm 4 học sinh nhỏ đã vinh dự được Ban tổ chức Phong trào trẻ em toàn thế giới Design for change gửi giấy mời sang Roma-Ý dự sự kiện “Kiến tạo để thay đổi” vào cuối tháng 11/2019.

Học sinh trường Hoàng Việt tái chế rác thải nhựa thành vật dụng có ích

Tiếp tục đọc “Đắk Lắk “Tổng tấn công” rác thải nhựa”

Núi rác Cam Ly hôi thối đổ xuống vườn dân cả tuần không được dọn

14/08/2019 14:54 GMT+7

TTO – Rác xử lý không cẩn thận làm cả bãi rác đổ ập xuống vườn hoa màu khiến dân bức xúc. Càng bức xúc hơn khi vụ việc xảy ra đã 1 tuần nhưng không được xử lý.

Núi rác Cam Ly hôi thối đổ xuống vườn dân cả tuần không được dọn - Ảnh 1.Gần như toàn bộ núi rác nghìn tấn đổ xuống vườn dân ở thung lũng

Bằng thiết bị ghi hình từ trên cao, phóng viên Tuổi Trẻ Online ghi nhận không phải một phần bãi tập trung rác của TP Đà Lạt (bãi rác Cam Ly, P.5, Đà Lạt) mà gần như toàn bộ khu tập trung rác đổ xuống vườn dân.

Núi rác sạt một đường dài từ đỉnh xuống thung lũng, nơi có vườn hoa của dân trông như suối rác.

Ghi nhận mỗi ngày có khoảng 200 tấn rác đổ về bãi rác Cam Ly. Như vậy lượng rác đổ xuống vườn dân lên đến hàng ngàn tấn rác.

Tiếp tục đọc “Núi rác Cam Ly hôi thối đổ xuống vườn dân cả tuần không được dọn”

Vietnam’s biggest bookstore chain to eschew plastic bags

Fahasa will stop using single-use plastic bags, replacing them recycled paper bags and wrappings. Photo courtesy of the company.

VNE By Nguyen Quy July 23, 2019 | 04:00 pm GMT+7

Fahasa will stop using single-use plastic next month and shift to biodegradable bags and paper wrappings.

Starting August 1, Fahasa, Vietnam’s biggest bookstore chain, will use a paper band to wrap books purchased from their shops for customers who bring their own bag, the company has recently announced on its official Facebook page. Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam’s biggest bookstore chain to eschew plastic bags”

Villages get rich but suffer environmental consequences

Coal and waste discharged without treatment in Mẫn Xá Village, Văn Môn Commune in Bắc Ninh Province. — Photo tienphong.vn

VNN July, 19/2019 – 09:00

HÀ NỘI — Villages across the country have benefited from the country’s economic development, however, many do not have measures in place to deal with environmental protection.

The village of Trát Cầu in Hà Nội, which produces blankets, bed sheets and pillows, is a typical example.

Nguyễn Quang Thà, chairman of the Trát Cầu Traditional Villages Association, told Tiền Phong (Vanguard) newspaper that over the past 20 years, more and more foreign enterprises have invested in the village.

Now about 30 enterprises from Japan and South Korea are working there.

“The Trát Cầu Village is like a big workshop which runs all day, every day,” said Thà. Tiếp tục đọc “Villages get rich but suffer environmental consequences”

Under the sea, an ocean of trash: cleanup volunteer

VNE – By Nguyen Dong    July 14, 2019 | 08:22 pm GMT+7

Hurt by the sight of plastic waste invading coral reefs, one man has taken on the risky task of clearing it.

Under the sea, an ocean of trash: cleanup volunteer

Over the past eight years, Dao Dang Cong Trung, 40, has spent most of his spare time collecting trash along roads leading to Son Tra Peninsula in Da Nang.

Trung’s zealousness to clean trash has even taken him to the bottom of the sea. Tiếp tục đọc “Under the sea, an ocean of trash: cleanup volunteer”

Prime Minister sets ambitious target in plastic waste fight

By Giang Chinh, VnExpress  June 9, 2019 | 09:48 pm GMT+7

Prime Minister sets ambitious target in plastic waste fight

Trash dumped near the parked boats in the central province of Thanh Hoa. Photo by Nguyen Viet Hung.

Vietnam should strive for zero disposable plastic use in urban stores, markets and supermarkets by 2021, the PM says.

Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc said that plastic waste is a global problem. “Every year, the amount of plastic waste emitted by humans is enough to cover four times the surface area of the earth, including 13 million tons of plastic waste floating on the oceans.”

Tiếp tục đọc “Prime Minister sets ambitious target in plastic waste fight”

As more developing countries reject plastic waste exports, wealthy nations seek solutions at home

Plastic waste from Australia in Port Klang, Malaysia. Malaysia says it will send back some 3,300 tons of nonrecyclable plastic waste to countries including the U.S., U.K., Canada and Australia. AP Photo/Vincent Thian

Less than two years after China banned most imports of scrap material from abroad, many of its neighbors are following suit. On May 28, 2019, Malaysia’s environment minister announced that the country was sending 3,000 metric tons of contaminated plastic wastes back to their countries of origin, including the United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. Along with the Philippines, which is sending 2,400 tons of illegally exported trash back to Canada, Malaysia’s stance highlights how controversial the global trade in plastic scrap has become. Tiếp tục đọc “As more developing countries reject plastic waste exports, wealthy nations seek solutions at home”

Ikea plans mushroom-based packaging as eco-friendly replacement for polystyrene

telegraph.co.uk

Swedish retail giant looks at biodegradable fungus-based packaging to replace polystyrene, which is tricky to recycle

Instantly recognisable: Ikea

Furniture giant Ikea is considering packaging some of its products with fungi. Photo: REX FEATURES

Ikea plans to use packaging made with mushrooms as an eco-friendly replacement for polystyrene, the Swedish retail giant has revealed.

The flat-pack furniture retailer is looking at using the biodegradable “fungi packaging” as part of its efforts to reduce waste and increase recycling, Joanna Yarrow, head of sustainability for Ikea in the UK said.
Tiếp tục đọc “Ikea plans mushroom-based packaging as eco-friendly replacement for polystyrene”