US, Britain say China breached Hong Kong deal following disqualification of lawmakers

Pro-democracy Hong Kong lawmakers tell a news conference on November 11, 2020 that they will resign
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Pro-democracy Hong Kong lawmakers tell a news conference on November 11, 2020 that they will resign in solidarity with four colleagues disqualified by the city’s pro-Beijing authorities AFP/Anthony WALLACE

19 Nov 2020 08:29AM(Updated: 19 Nov 2020 08:36AM)

WASHINGTON: The United States, Britain, Australia, Canada and New Zealand on Wednesday (Nov 19) jointly accused China of violating its commitments following the disqualification of pro-democracy lawmakers from Hong Kong’s legislature.

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Citing New Security Law, U.S. Warns of Hong Kong Travel Risk

The measure is unlikely to have much of an immediate effect because of the city’s coronavirus restrictions, but it could worsen fraying U.S.-China ties.

Police officers confronting protesters in Hong Kong this month. Dozens of people in the city have been arrested under a new security law.
Police officers confronting protesters in Hong Kong this month. Dozens of people in the city have been arrested under a new security law.Credit…Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times
Austin Ramzy

By Austin Ramzy

Sept. 15, 2020, 9:37 a.m. ET New York Times

The State Department advisory warned that the security law, which came into force in June, could subject Americans who have been publicly critical of China “to a heightened risk of arrest, detention, expulsion, or prosecution.”

The security law targets what it deems acts of secession, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign elements, but critics say the broad wording also gives the authorities wide-ranging powers to target voices of dissent. Dozens of people in Hong Kong have already been arrested under the law, including Jimmy Lai, a prominent pro-democracy media tycoon.

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The State Department has previously warned about the risk of arbitrary detention in mainland China and about the use of exit bans that cannot be readily challenged in court to keep Americans in the country.

Hong Kong, a semiautonomous territory of China, has its own legal system that is more independent and transparent than the Communist Party-controlled courts in the mainland. But the U.S. travel advisory suggests the risk of arbitrary enforcement is increasing in Hong Kong as well.

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Americans traveling in mainland China or Hong Kong “may be detained without access to U.S. consular services or information about their alleged crime,” the advisory said. “U.S. citizens may be subjected to prolonged interrogations and extended detention without due process of law.”

Wang Wenbin, a spokesman for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, criticized the new travel warning on Tuesday, saying China was one of the safest places on earth and the mainland had recorded no local transmission of the coronavirus for a month.

Last year, the State Department warned of the risk of “confrontational” demonstrations in Hong Kong, as mass pro-democracy rallies evolved into an increasingly violent push against Chinese rule. Several other countries issued similar warnings.

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The United States also suspended extradition and bilateral tax agreements with Hong Kong after President Trump ended the special status granted to the city. AustraliaBritainCanada and New Zealand have also halted their extradition agreements with Hong Kong over the security law.

The United States has penalized Hong Kong and Chinese officials, and Beijing has responded with similar measures against American lawmakers and heads of nongovernmental organizations.

The warning on Hong Kong came as the United States improved its assessment of the coronavirus risk in China, where the spread of the virus is largely controlled, by changing its advisory level to “reconsider travel” from “do not travel.”

Austin Ramzy is a Hong Kong reporter, focusing on coverage of the city and also of regional and breaking news. He previously covered major events around Asia from Taipei and Beijing. @austinramzy

Hong Kong to be governed by mysterious law secretly passed by China

By CNN

 

China’s new national security legislation for Hong Kong was written and passed behind closed doors, without the consultation of the city’s local government or legislature.
It reportedly came into force on June 30, potentially rewriting the city’s legal system – despite the fact the overwhelming majority of residents have no idea of what precisely it will entail.
According to reports in Communist Party-controlled media, the law is expected to criminalise offenses such as secession, subversion against the central Chinese government, terrorism, and colluding with foreign forces.
Riot police stop and search people during a protest against the national security law.
Riot police stop and search people during a protest against the national security law. (Getty)
But hours after its reported passage, details remain vague, capping a particularly opaque process that has left analysts and activists guessing.
Speaking at a weekly press conference this morning, the city’s leader Carrie Lam initially refused to answer questions about the law, saying it was “inappropriate for me to comment.”

Tiếp tục đọc “Hong Kong to be governed by mysterious law secretly passed by China”

European leaders condemn China over ‘deplorable’ Hong Kong security bill

Beijing move to stamp out anti-government protests poses diplomatic test for UK

The European Commission president, Ursula von der Leyen, against a backdrop of the EU and Chinese flags
 The European Commission president, Ursula von der Leyen, said EU member states were discussing possible measures in response to China’s move with international partners. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty

European leaders condemned China’s “deplorable decision” to press ahead with its new security laws in Hong Kong, warning that it will speed up the reassessment of China as a trustworthy economic partner.

The European Union council president, Charles Michel, said “we deplore the decision” and the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, said the bloc was now discussing with international partners on any possible measures in response.

The legislaton, passed by lawmakers in Beijing on Tuesday, is aimed at stamping out anti-government protests in Hong Kong. It will criminalise secession, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces.

The UK foreign secretary, Dominic Raab, facing the greatest test of British diplomatic clout since the Salisbury poisoning in March 2018, described the imposition of the new law as a grave step.

Despite the urging of the international community, Beijing has chosen not to step back from imposing this legislation. China has ignored its international obligations regarding Hong Kong. This is a grave step, which is deeply troubling.

He told MPs his offer to provide visas, and paths to citizenship, to millions of Hong Kong British National Overseas passport holders stood. “We urgently need to see the full legislation, and will use that to determine whether there has been a breach of the Joint Declaration and what further action the UK will take,” he added.

A further statement to MPs on Wednesday is possible if the bill has been translated and analysed by the foreign office by then.

The UK can try to punish China collectively through sanctions, or through selective sanctions against named individuals, but few expect that they will persuade China to step back.

Donald Trump, already on a pre-election collision course with China, has previously said the US will remove Hong Kong’s favoured trading status. The US secretary of state, Mike Pompeo, said on Monday the US would bar defence exports to Hong Kong and would soon require licenses for the sale of items to Hong Kong that had both civilian and military uses.

China has responded by saying it would impose a visa ban on US citizens seeking to interfere with Hong Kong’s security laws.

Pompeo believes he is also making headway in persuading the EU to take a more sceptical approach to Chinese investment, but the EU foreign affairs chief, Josep Borrell, on Monday said the EU had to retain the right to view China through its own lenses.

An EU-China Summit set for September has been postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic, but the German foreign minister, Heiko Maas, said it needed to be quickly rescheduled and it was essential that the EU spoke with one voice on China.

By leaving the EU, the UK has less ability to shape the bloc’s sanctions response, but the UK will welcome the signs of Europe-US convergence.

The authority of the US to condemn human rights abuses in Hong Kong has been diminished by revelations last week in the book by the former US national security adviser John Bolton that Trump repeatedly refused to condemn China, believing its cooperation was critical to his re-election chances.

Norbert Röttgen, a senior German CDU member, condemned “the complete lack of transparency” in the new Hong Kong law – which has not been published in full – and said 1 July marked the day “one country, two systems” no longer exists.

Lord Patten, the last British governor of Hong Kong, said: “This decision, which rides roughshod over Hong Kong’s elected legislature, marks the end of ‘one country, two systems’. It is a flagrant breach of the Sino-British joint declaration – a treaty lodged at the United Nations – and Hong Kong’s mini constitution, the Basic Law.

“It will throttle the city’s rule of law, presenting a major confrontation between what passes for law in China and the common law system in Hong Kong, which has allowed the city to function as one of most important financial hubs in Asia. The separation of powers is in danger of being shattered and the courts politicised by the provision that the chief executive will herself choose the judges for national security cases.”

Benedict Rogers, a co-founder of Hong Kong Watch, called for the appointment of a UN special envoy/rapporteur on Hong Kong, the passing of targeted sanctions against the perpetrators of human rights abuses, the formation of an international contact group to monitor the situation on the ground, and the coordination of an international life-boat policy “to help Hongkongers in need of a lifeline”.

Japan’s ambassador to the EU, Kazuo Kodama, told Euractiv news: “There was an important deal reached between the UK and China […] We understood that Hong Kong’s way of life would be maintained, liberalism and independence of judiciary would be maintained, as well as freedom of speech and press, as these values are protected in the US, Europe and Japan.”

A number of countries are experiencing strained relations with China. Australia, in a deepening security and trade dispute with China, has announced plans for a $A1.35bn (£755m) boost to its cyber security budget, including the recruitment of 500 cyber spies.

India, traditionally a non-aligned country but already at odds with China over deadly clashes on the eastern Ladakh border, on Monday announced it was banning more than 50 Chinese apps, including Bytedance’s TikTok and Tencent’s WeChat. China says it was concerned by the move and seeking details.

France is seeking stronger relations with India, and more recently Russia, to try to build an alliance of countries opposed to China. Other countries would prefer any anti-Chinese alliance to comprise democracies spreading from Europe, the US and Asia, but without Putin.

The test for China will come if it finds that by locking itself into so many disputes with the bulk of its major trade partners, moves such as clamping down on protest in Hong Kong end up backfiring by damaging the Chinese economy, and pushing previously neutral countries into the American orbit.

U.S. Halts High-Tech Exports to Hong Kong Over Security Concerns

The Trump administration’s new restrictions come in response to a new national security law that will extend China’s influence over Hong Kong.

Credit…Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

By June 29, 2020, 6:25 p.m. ET

WASHINGTON — The Trump administration placed new restrictions on U.S. exports of defense equipment and certain high-technology products to Hong Kong on Monday, in response to a new Chinese law aimed at tightening Beijing’s control over the territory.

Tiếp tục đọc “U.S. Halts High-Tech Exports to Hong Kong Over Security Concerns”

Người Hong Kong vật lộn giữ ‘danh tính’ sau 20 năm trao trả

VNE – Thứ bảy, 1/7/2017, 15:52

Khách sạn Hồng Kông, Hồng Kông: Giá rẻ, nhiều ưu đãi

Năm 97 rồng đổi màu

Năm 1997, Hoàn Châu Cách Cách bấm máy.

Một năm sau, đài ATV – ông lớn thứ hai của Hong Kong sau TVB – như phần lớn đài truyền hình khác của châu Á giai đoạn đó, nhập bộ phim này về. Năm 1999, lần đầu tiên trong lịch sử, ATV đánh bại TVB về số lượt người xem trong giờ vàng với cuộc phiêu lưu trong hoàng cung của Tiểu Yến Tử và Hạ Tử Vy. Tập cuối của phần 2 đạt rating 58%.

Đó là dấu hiệu cho một thời đại khác trong làng giải trí Hong Kong. Quyền lực gần như tuyệt đối của TVB bị đe dọa. Bởi các thế lực mới, từ Đài Loan và Trung Quốc. Tiếp tục đọc “Người Hong Kong vật lộn giữ ‘danh tính’ sau 20 năm trao trả”

Hong Kong: Học đường biến thành chiến trường và cội rễ sâu xa

  • LOAN PHƯƠNG, 23.11.2019, 08:00

TTCT – Trong khi tám đại học lớn được chính quyền tài trợ ở Hong Kong có lịch sử đấu tranh chính trị đã lâu đời, những cuộc biểu tình do sinh viên khởi phát và đóng vai trò trụ cột khắp vùng lãnh thổ này suốt 5 tháng qua là chưa có tiền lệ. Những trận chiến âm thầm khác diễn ra ngay trong khuôn viên xanh mát của các trường đại học cũng vậy.

Hong Kong: Học đường biến thành chiến trường và cội rễ sâu xa
Sinh viên Đại học Bách khoa Hong Kong đeo mặt nạ trong lễ tốt nghiệp. Ảnh: Nikkei

Tiếp tục đọc “Hong Kong: Học đường biến thành chiến trường và cội rễ sâu xa”

Biểu tình ở Hồng Kông tháng 6 năm 2019

  • Giới tài chính Hồng Kông thấp thỏm vì các cuộc biểu tình
  • Hồng Kông khủng hoảng, vì sao?

***

Giới tài chính Hồng Kông thấp thỏm vì các cuộc biểu tình

Chánh Tài Thứ Bảy,  15/6/2019, 19:01

(TBKTSG Online) – Căng thẳng giữa người dân với chính quyền đặc khu Hồng Kông tăng cao liên quan đến dự luật dẫn độ gây tranh cãi, khiến giới lãnh đạo và đầu tư trong lĩnh vực tài chính ở đặc khu này lo lắng về tương lai của một thành phố được ví là trung tâm tài chính của châu Á và toàn cầu.

Nhờ nằm ở vị trí cửa ngỏ của Trung Quốc và mô hình “một quốc gia, hai chế độ”, Hồng Kông trở thành một trung tâm tài chính của khu vực và toàn cầu. Ảnh: AFP

Tiếp tục đọc “Biểu tình ở Hồng Kông tháng 6 năm 2019”

HONG KONG 20 NĂM TRỞ VỀ ĐẠI LỤC: Không còn là một thử nghiệm chính trị

  • TRẦN TRỌNG
  • 13.07.2017, 15:28

TTCT– Sau 20 năm, mô hình “một quốc gia, hai chế độ” do Đặng Tiểu Bình đề xuất không chỉ là một thử nghiệm chính trị nữa, mà đã là đời sống hằng ngày ở vùng lãnh thổ này. 

Không còn là một thử nghiệm chính trị
Mối quan hệ giữa Hong Kong và đại lục sau 20 năm vẫn chưa thật sự rõ ràng– scmp.com

Tuy nhiên, liệu mô hình quản trị nhà nước có một không hai đó có thành công hay không vẫn còn là một câu hỏi lớn.

Mô hình này được xác lập vào năm 1984 và triển khai ở Hong Kong vào năm chuyển giao 1997, được ca ngợi là bộ khung thực tế nhất để thống nhất hai vùng đất chia cách nhau 150 năm về ý thức hệ và khác biệt thể chế. Mô hình đó đã giúp thành phố ổn định trong thời kỳ chuyển giao từ Anh sang cho Trung Quốc. Tiếp tục đọc “HONG KONG 20 NĂM TRỞ VỀ ĐẠI LỤC: Không còn là một thử nghiệm chính trị”

Taiwan lawmakers launch support group for Hong Kong democracy

 
Lawmakers in Taiwan launched a new group to help promote democracy in Hong Kong on Monday, a move likely to rile Beijing ahead of the 20th anniversary of the handover of the city from Britain back to China. AFP/SAM YEH

TAIPEI: Lawmakers in Taiwan launched a new group to help promote democracy in Hong Kong on Monday (Jun 12), a move likely to rile Beijing ahead of the 20th anniversary of the handover of the city from Britain back to China.

Taiwan and Hong Kong are thorns in Beijing’s side — both saw huge anti-China protests in 2014, known respectively as the Sunflower Movement and Umbrella Movement.

Ties with self-ruling Taiwan have worsened under China-sceptic President Tsai Ing-wen, who took office last year. Tiếp tục đọc “Taiwan lawmakers launch support group for Hong Kong democracy”