Sai lầm chiến lược của Tập Cận Bình?

Tác giả: Nguyễn Quang Dy, Nghiên Cứu Quốc Tế

Tập Cận Bình (Xi Jinping) được nhiều người coi là một chính trị gia giỏi, với kỳ tích chống tham nhũng, củng cố quyền lực, cải tổ quân đội, phát triển đất nước, vì “Giấc mộng Trung Hoa”. Đặc biệt, Tập Cận Bình còn muốn “làm Trung Quốc vĩ đại trở lại”, vượt Mỹ làm bá chủ thế giới. Nhưng mặt khác, cũng có thể nói Tập Cận Bình đã mắc phải mấy sai lầm lớn.

Thứ nhất, ông không chỉ nắm 3 chức vụ cao nhất của Đảng, Nhà nước, và Quân đội, như “lãnh đạo nòng cốt”, mà còn bỏ giới hạn hai nhiệm kỳ để trở thành “Hoàng đế đỏ” Trung Hoa. Thứ hai, ông tự tin khởi động kế hoạch “Made in China 2025” làm Mỹ và phương Tây lo lắng chống lại. Thứ ba, ông chủ quan theo đuổi sáng kiến “Vành đai và Con đường”, làm nhiều nước khác phản ứng “bẫy nợ”. Thứ tư, ông thiếu nhạy cảm triển khai “chính sách gây ảnh hưởng” bằng các viện Khổng Tử và “tấn công quyến rũ”, làm nhiều nước lo ngại “con ngựa thành Troy”. Thứ năm, ông thẳng tay trấn áp người Duy Ngô Nhĩ ở Tân Cương, và nôn nóng triển khai “hệ thống tín nhiệm xã hội”. Đó là những đại dự án mang “dấu ấn Tập Cận Bình” nhằm thực hiện “Giấc mộng Trung Hoa”. Tiếp tục đọc “Sai lầm chiến lược của Tập Cận Bình?”

Globalization Has Created a Chinese Monster

FP
Xi Jinping’s dictatorship isn’t what the end of history was supposed to look like.

Chinese President Xi Jinping speaks at the opening session of the 19th Communist Party Congress in Beijing on Oct. 18, 2017. (Kevin Frayer/Getty Images)

Chinese President Xi Jinping speaks at the opening session of the 19th Communist Party Congress in Beijing on Oct. 18, 2017. (Kevin Frayer/Getty Images)

On Sunday, the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee recommended ending the two-term limit on the presidency, paving the way for President Xi Jinping to stay in office indefinitely. This surely marks the end of an era — and not just for China, but also for the West.

For the West, the era in question started with the end of the Cold War, as old enemies became “emerging markets.” China had already started opening its markets to foreign investment since 1978 under Deng Xiaoping’s reforms. But only in the 1990s did the private sector take off there, and Western firms promptly rushed in to profit from the breakneck speed of Chinese economic growth. Tiếp tục đọc “Globalization Has Created a Chinese Monster”

China’s Stability Myth Is Dead

FP
With Xi Jinping’s great power comes great irresponsibility.

Chinese President Xi Jinping during the unveiling of the Communist Party's new Politburo Standing Committee in Beijing, China, on Oct. 25, 2017. (Lintao Zhang/Getty Images)

Chinese President Xi Jinping during the unveiling of the Communist Party’s new Politburo Standing Committee in Beijing, China, on Oct. 25, 2017. (Lintao Zhang/Getty Images)

The announcement on Sunday that China would abolish the two-term limit for the presidency, effectively foreshadowing current leader Xi Jinping’s likely status as president for life, had been predicted ever since Xi failed to nominate a clear successor at last October’s Communist Party Congress. But it still came as a shock in a country where the collective leadership established under Deng Xiaoping in the 1980s was once considered inviolable. Xi, like every leader since Deng, combines a trinity of roles that embody the three pillars of power in China: party chairman, president, and head of the Central Military Commission. But like every leader since Deng, he was once expected to hand these over after his appointed decade, letting one generation of leadership pass smoothly on to the next. Tiếp tục đọc “China’s Stability Myth Is Dead”

Many watching to see what a ‘strong China’ means: PM Lee

channelnewsasia
Singapore’s Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong speaking at the Economic Club of Washington during his US working visit. (Photo: AFP/Saul Loeb)

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WASHINGTON: Chinese President Xi Jinping’s consolidation of his leadership position is a signal that this is the start of a new phase for China, according to Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong on Wednesday (Oct 25).

Mr Lee, speaking at a dialogue session at the Council on Foreign Relations during his official working visit to the US, said: “They mentioned a new era; Mao’s era, Deng’s era and now Xi’s era – which he envisages extending to 2050 and taking China to 100 years after the revolution.” Tiếp tục đọc “Many watching to see what a ‘strong China’ means: PM Lee”

Wary of Trump, China launches EU charm offensive – diplomats

BRUSSELS/BEIJING: China has launched a charm offensive with the European Union since U.S. President Donald Trump took office, shifting its stance on trade negotiations and signalling closer cooperation on a range of other issues, European diplomats say.

European envoys in Brussels and Beijing sense a greater urgency from China to find allies willing to stand up for globalisation amid fears Trump could undermine it with his protectionist “America First” policies. Tiếp tục đọc “Wary of Trump, China launches EU charm offensive – diplomats”

In Letter to China, Trump Says He Wants ‘Constructive Relationship’

President Xi Jinping of China in Lima, Peru, last year. The fact that President Trump and Mr. Xi have not talked since Mr. Trump took office in January has drawn increasing scrutiny. Credit Cris Bouroncle/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

HONG KONG — President Trump has sent a letter to his Chinese counterpart saying he looked forward to developing a “constructive relationship” with Beijing, the latest in a series of conciliatory signals by the new administration after months of heated rhetoric aimed at America’s largest trading partner.

The letter, dated Wednesday, also thanked China’s president, Xi Jinping, for a message he sent congratulating Mr. Trump on his inauguration and conveyed wishes to the Chinese people for the Lunar New Year, the White House said in a two-sentence statement.

It is unclear whether the letter was meant as a substitute for an anticipated phone conversation between the two leaders or as an ice-breaking prelude to such a call. Before his inauguration, Mr. Trump and his cabinet appointees made comments and took actions that alarmed Beijing and pointed to rocky ties between the world’s two biggest economies.

Since his inauguration, Mr. Trump has spoken by phone with about 20 foreign leaders. Usually highly scripted affairs, many of those calls have been anything but. The president’s conversation last month with Malcolm Turnbull, the prime minister of Australia, turned contentious when Mr. Turnbull urged Mr. Trump to honor an agreement made under President Barack Obama to accept 1,250 refugees from an offshore detention center.

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But arguably no bilateral relationship is more important than the one between Beijing and Washington, and the fact that Mr. Trump and Mr. Xi have not talked since Mr. Trump took office in January has drawn increasing scrutiny.

Donald Trump and China on dangerous collision course, say experts

The Guardian

Report says ties between the two nuclear-armed countries could deteriorate into an economic or military confrontation

Chinese news papers showing US president Donald Trump at a newsstand in Shanghai.
Chinese news papers showing US president Donald Trump at a newsstand in Shanghai. Photograph: Aly Song/Reuters

A highly combustible cocktail of Donald Trump’s volatility and Xi Jinping’s increasingly aggressive and autocratic rule threatens to plunge already precarious US-China relations into a dangerous new era, some of the world’s leading China specialists say in a new report.

For the last 18 months a taskforce of prominent China experts, some of whom have dealt with Beijing for more than 50 years, hahes been formulating a series of recommendations on how the incoming White House should conduct relations with the world’s second largest economy.

The group’s report, which was handed to the White House on Sunday and will be published in Washington DC on Tuesday, says ties between the two nuclear-armed countries could rapidly deteriorate into an economic or even military confrontation if compromise on issues including trade, Taiwan and the South China Sea cannot be found.

Continue reading on The Guardian

Xi’s APEC speech puts China, Asia-Pacific in global “vanguard”

2016-11-21 01:23:29 Xinhua Web Editor: Zhang Xu
    TĐH: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region. It was established in 1989.

    Membership: Joined 1989: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, USA.

    Republic of China (Taiwan – Chinese Taipei) joined 1991, Hong Kong (China Hong Kong) 1991, People’s Republic of China 1991, Mexico 1993, Papua New Guinea 1993, Chile 1994, Peru 1998, Russia 1998, Vietnam 1998.

Related: Xi promotes Asia-Pacific FTA at APEC summit

Chinese President Xi Jinping’s keynote speech at the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) CEO Summit on Saturday in Lima, Peru, placed China and the region at the forefront of a joint effort to reactivate the global economy, APEC participants and scholars have said. Tiếp tục đọc “Xi’s APEC speech puts China, Asia-Pacific in global “vanguard””

China’s Xi Jinping and Donald Trump speak after election win

President Xi Jinping and Trump spoke on the phone Sunday night, and “established a clear sense of mutual respect for one another,” according to a short statement from Trump’s transition team.

Tiếp tục đọc “China’s Xi Jinping and Donald Trump speak after election win”

A Battle Over Money in Beijing

WSJ

Economic policy is a flashpoint in China’s political succession fight.

China's Premier Li Keqiang at the 1+6 Roundtable on promoting economic growth in Beijing on July 22. ENLARGE
China’s Premier Li Keqiang at the 1+6 Roundtable on promoting economic growth in Beijing on July 22. Photo: Associated Press

A succession struggle is underway in China ahead of next year’s Communist Party Congress. And this time the central fight is over monetary policy instead of ideological slogans. The outcome has implications for China’s response to slowing economic growth. Tiếp tục đọc “A Battle Over Money in Beijing”

US issues warning to China before presidential visit

The Hill

Getty Images

The White House is issuing a stern warning to China about its incursions and meddling in cyberspace, the South China Sea and global currency markets, days before China’s President Xi Jinping comes to the White House.

National Security Advisor Susan Rice on Monday said that the U.S.’s objections to Chinese policy on multiple fronts are at the fore of the conversations between the globe’s two most powerful nations, and would be at the top of President Obama’s agenda during talks this week. Tiếp tục đọc “US issues warning to China before presidential visit”