Vietnam has been repeating the goal of “industrialization and modernization” like a mantra and has treated these goals as a given without critical thought applied to what it really means
In copying other countries’ development mistakes, Vietnam has paid a heavy price for not deploying due foresight. Now, we cannot ignore hindsight wisdom.
Nguyen Dang Anh Thi
When he was 18, my eldest brother faced a tough decision – should he go to university or take up vocational training?
Although he wanted to persist with his academic pursuit, he deferred to the family’s economic needs and decided to join the workforce to support the family.
So, instead of going to university, he decided to go to Tay Loc District in my home province, Thua Thien Hue, and learn tailoring.
One year, with a sudden surge in the need for making windcheaters in HCMC, my brother left home and headed for the southern metropolis in search of better work opportunities. He boarded the crammed bus, not daring to look behind at his sobbing family.
Within the South Asia region, where about a third of the world’s poor live, Bhutan has had astonishing success in reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity. Following the development philosophy of Gross National Happiness, Bhutan has increased its GDP per capita to US$3,398 in 2018, exceeding South Asia’s average of US$1,905 in the same year.¹
GDP per capita (current US$)
Bhutan’s economic growth has been driven by its public sector through hydropower development, with hydropower contributing as much as 30% of the GDP.² In comparison, Bhutan’s private sector is weak given its mountainous terrain, small domestic market, sparse population, high transportation costs, skill shortages, and other factors.³
Bhutan has invested in infrastructure, education, and health to tackle youth employment, which stood at 12.3% in 2017.²
UNESCO and FOSSASIA invite developers, designers, students, bloggers and all open source contributors to join the hackathon “Getting the Message Across: Climate Change and Sustainable Development” on 13 and 14 October 2018 in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam.
The objective of the hackathon is to develop innovative apps that help journalists to monitor and report on climate change and sustainable development issues in Asia and the Pacific. The participants will be introduced to UNESCO’s Guidebook for Journalists Reporting on Climate Change and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific which includes information and knowledge on climate science, related international and regional treaties and policy frameworks including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable development, and tips for journalists for finding and telling stories.
The apps developed should meet one of the following objectives: Tiếp tục đọc “UNESCO Hackathon on Climate Change and Sustainable Development, Hochiminh, Vietnam”→
The appetite for electric cars is driving a boom in small-scale cobalt production in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where some mines have been found to be dangerous and employ child labor.
Production from so-called artisanal mines probably rose by at least half last year, according to the estimates of officials at three of the biggest international suppliers of the metal, who asked not to be named because they’re not authorized to speak on the matter. State-owned miner Gecamines estimates artisanal output accounted for as much as a quarter of the country’s total production in 2017. Tiếp tục đọc “Mines Linked to Child Labor Are Thriving in Rush for Car Batteries”→
Bad air has pulled South Asian cities down The Economist Intelligence Unit’s Global Liveability Ranking while political stability has nudged Hong Kong above Singapore. How did the rest of the region fare?
A man carries firewood past the smoking stacks of brick kilns in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The capital city has among the worst air quality in the world. Image: Scott Randall, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0By Hannah Koh
South Asian cities have fallen lower in a ranking of the world’s most liveable cities due to the deteriorating quality of air.
These shifts – from climate change, to migration, to new technology and urbanisation – will have a significant impact on the management of water resources and related services such as sanitation. This impact will be both positive and negative, throwing up a variety of new opportunities and challenges, for people and economies.
But how can we make the most of the opportunities and face the challenges?
Here, we outline 10 things to know about the future of water and sanitation up to 2030, to do just that.
The challenge of our generation: Avert dangerous global warming – invest in social cohesion and wellbeing of people – build local, national, and transnational alliances for transformative change towards sustainability
1. We can reach the goals of the Paris Agreement – but ambitious action is needed now! Climate change is a threat to humanity. Irreversible Earth systems changes need to be avoided. This is a civilisational challenge which requires unprecedented joint action around the globe. We are under huge time pressure. Global CO2 emissions must decline to zero by mid-century in order to achieve the ambitious Paris goal, aimed at stabilising the global mean temperature well below 2 degrees C, and if possible at 1.5 degrees C. This translates into a stylised “carbon law”, whereby emissions must be halved every decade in analogy to the Moore’s law of semiconductors. We have the resources and the technology to achieve this, but do we have the political will and the resolve? Recent developments, such as the declaration by the US President to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, can be interpreted as a major setback. At the same time, they may inspire counter-movements, strengthening the determination to vigorously combat climate change. In particular, OECD countries and emerging economies should make commitments within the G 20 and within their national policies to ensure the achievement of global decarbonisation by the middle of the century. Tiếp tục đọc “The Climate – Justice – Cooperation Nexus: 10 Cornerstones of the Great Transformation towards Sustainability”→
Energy efficiency is an increasingly important contributor to climate change mitigation while at the same time reducing the cost of energy as well as presenting an opportunity for technological innovation. Cogeneration (or ‘cogen’ for short) is in many cases one of the low hanging fruits of energy efficiency, and also has benefits on the electricity supply side. Cogeneration – the combined production of heat and power (also known as CHP) – encompasses all concepts and technologies by which heat and power are jointly generated in one unit and used by the same consumer, with the option of excess energy being fed into the public grid. The high levels of efficiency achieved in this process result from using waste heat as a co-product of electricity generation. Taking this one step further to include the generation of cooling energy from waste heat is called trigeneration (or ‘trigen’ for short) or combined cooling, heating and power (CCHP).
Deaton, an economist at Princeton University who studied poverty in India and South Africa and spent decades working at the World Bank, won his prize for studying how the poor decide to save or spend money. But his ideas about foreign aid are particularly provocative. Deaton argues that, by trying to help poor people in developing countries, the rich world may actually be corrupting those nations’ governments and slowing their growth. According to Deaton, and the economists who agree with him, much of the $135 billion that the world’s most developed countries spent on official aid in 2014 may not have ended up helping the poor. Tiếp tục đọc “Why trying to help poor countries might actually hurt them”→