Vietnam needs to choose the path less traveled

vnexpress.net

By Nguyen Dang Anh Thi   January 26, 2020 | 07:27 am GMT+7

In copying other countries’ development mistakes, Vietnam has paid a heavy price for not deploying due foresight. Now, we cannot ignore hindsight wisdom.

Nguyen Dang Anh Thi

Nguyen Dang Anh Thi

When he was 18, my eldest brother faced a tough decision – should he go to university or take up vocational training?

Although he wanted to persist with his academic pursuit, he deferred to the family’s economic needs and decided to join the workforce to support the family.

So, instead of going to university, he decided to go to Tay Loc District in my home province, Thua Thien Hue, and learn tailoring.

One year, with a sudden surge in the need for making windcheaters in HCMC, my brother left home and headed for the southern metropolis in search of better work opportunities. He boarded the crammed bus, not daring to look behind at his sobbing family.

Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam needs to choose the path less traveled”

Bhutan: Statistics and the pursuit of happiness

medium.com

Within the South Asia region, where about a third of the world’s poor live, Bhutan has had astonishing success in reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity. Following the development philosophy of Gross National Happiness, Bhutan has increased its GDP per capita to US$3,398 in 2018, exceeding South Asia’s average of US$1,905 in the same year.¹

GDP per capita (current US$)

Data: World Bank

Bhutan’s economic growth has been driven by its public sector through hydropower development, with hydropower contributing as much as 30% of the GDP.² In comparison, Bhutan’s private sector is weak given its mountainous terrain, small domestic market, sparse population, high transportation costs, skill shortages, and other factors.³

Tiếp tục đọc “Bhutan: Statistics and the pursuit of happiness”

UNESCO Hackathon on Climate Change and Sustainable Development, Hochiminh, Vietnam

UNESCO.org

UNESCO and FOSSASIA invite developers, designers, students, bloggers and all open source contributors to join the hackathon “Getting the Message Across: Climate Change and Sustainable Development” on 13 and 14 October 2018 in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam.

The objective of the hackathon is to develop innovative apps that help journalists to monitor and report on climate change and sustainable development issues in Asia and the Pacific. The participants will be introduced to UNESCO’s Guidebook for Journalists Reporting on Climate Change and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific which includes information and knowledge on climate science, related international and regional treaties and policy frameworks including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable development, and tips for journalists for finding and telling stories.
The apps developed should meet one of the following objectives: Tiếp tục đọc “UNESCO Hackathon on Climate Change and Sustainable Development, Hochiminh, Vietnam”

Mines Linked to Child Labor Are Thriving in Rush for Car Batteries

bloomberg.com

Tom Wilson and Jack Farchy

https://www.bloomberg.com/api/embed/iframe?id=eb78dae4-3892-4fd7-8793-9db6c721238e

The appetite for electric cars is driving a boom in small-scale cobalt production in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where some mines have been found to be dangerous and employ child labor.

Production from so-called artisanal mines probably rose by at least half last year, according to the estimates of officials at three of the biggest international suppliers of the metal, who asked not to be named because they’re not authorized to speak on the matter. State-owned miner Gecamines estimates artisanal output accounted for as much as a quarter of the country’s total production in 2017. Tiếp tục đọc “Mines Linked to Child Labor Are Thriving in Rush for Car Batteries”

Air pollution tanks South Asia’s cities in liveability rankings

eco-business.com 

Bad air has pulled South Asian cities down The Economist Intelligence Unit’s Global Liveability Ranking while political stability has nudged Hong Kong above Singapore. How did the rest of the region fare?

A man carries firewood past the smoking stacks of brick kilns Dhaka

A man carries firewood past the smoking stacks of brick kilns in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The capital city has among the worst air quality in the world. Image: Scott RandallCC BY-NC-ND 2.0By Hannah Koh

Nepal capital Kathmandu fell two positions to 129th place while Dhaka dropped two places to 139th spot in this year’s Global Liveability Ranking by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), which assessed living conditions in 140 cities.
Tiếp tục đọc “Air pollution tanks South Asia’s cities in liveability rankings”

10 things to know about the future of water and sanitation

The world is transforming in many different ways.

These shifts – from climate change, to migration, to new technology and urbanisation – will have a significant impact on the management of water resources and related services such as sanitation. This impact will be both positive and negative, throwing up a variety of new opportunities and challenges, for people and economies.

But how can we make the most of the opportunities and face the challenges?

Here, we outline 10 things to know about the future of water and sanitation up to 2030, to do just that.

This publication is accompanied by the working paper Future flows: global trends to watch on water and sanitation. Tiếp tục đọc “10 things to know about the future of water and sanitation”

The Climate – Justice – Cooperation Nexus: 10 Cornerstones of the Great Transformation towards Sustainability

IIASA

The challenge of our generation: Avert dangerous global warming – invest in social cohesion and wellbeing of people – build local, national, and transnational alliances for transformative change towards sustainability

1. We can reach the goals of the Paris Agreement – but ambitious action is needed now! Climate change is a threat to humanity. Irreversible Earth systems changes need to be avoided. This is a civilisational challenge which requires unprecedented joint action around the globe. We are under huge time pressure. Global CO2 emissions must decline to zero by mid-century in order to achieve the ambitious Paris goal, aimed at stabilising the global mean temperature well below 2 degrees C, and if possible at 1.5 degrees C. This translates into a stylised “carbon law”, whereby emissions must be halved every decade in analogy to the Moore’s law of semiconductors. We have the resources and the technology to achieve this, but do we have the political will and the resolve? Recent developments, such as the declaration by the US President to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, can be interpreted as a major setback. At the same time, they may inspire counter-movements, strengthening the determination to vigorously combat climate change. In particular, OECD countries and emerging economies should make commitments within the G 20 and within their national policies to ensure the achievement of global decarbonisation by the middle of the century. Tiếp tục đọc “The Climate – Justice – Cooperation Nexus: 10 Cornerstones of the Great Transformation towards Sustainability”

Bản đồ hoá hiện trạng nước mặt toàn cầu: Mapping long-term global surface water occurrence

ec.europa.eu_In an article published in Nature on 7 December 2016, JRC scientists describe how, in collaboration with Google, they have quantified changes in global surface waters and created interactive maps which highlight the changes in the Earth’s surface water over the past 32 years.

The data show that the impacts of climate on where and when surface water occurs can be measured, and that the presence of surface water can be substantially altered by human activities.The data show that the impacts of climate on where and when surface water occurs can be measured, and that the presence of surface water can be substantially altered by human activities.
©EU/Google 2016

Based on over three million satellite scenes (1 823 Terabytes of data) collected between 1984 and 2015, the Global Surface Water Explorer was produced using 10 000 computers running in parallel. The individual images were transformed into a set of global maps with a 30-metre resolution, which enable users to scroll back in time to measure the changes in the location and persistence of surface water globally, by region, or for a specific area. The maps are available for all users, free of charge. Tiếp tục đọc “Bản đồ hoá hiện trạng nước mặt toàn cầu: Mapping long-term global surface water occurrence”

Cogeneration & Trigeneration – How to Produce Energy Efficiently

A practical Guide for Experts in Emerging and Developing Economies
Energy efficiency is an increasingly important contributor to climate change mitigation while at the same time reducing the cost of energy as well as presenting an opportunity for technological innovation. Cogeneration (or ‘cogen’ for short) is in many cases one of the low hanging fruits of energy efficiency, and also has benefits on the electricity supply side. Cogeneration – the combined production of heat and power (also known as CHP) – encompasses all concepts and technologies by which heat and power are jointly generated in one unit and used by the same consumer, with the option of excess energy being fed into the public grid. The high levels of efficiency achieved in this process result from using waste heat as a co-product of electricity generation. Taking this one step further to include the generation of cooling energy from waste heat is called trigeneration (or ‘trigen’ for short) or combined cooling, heating and power (CCHP).

Why trying to help poor countries might actually hurt them

Nobel-winning economist Angus Deaton argues against giving aid to poor countries


Federal Nigerian troops walk along a road to the frontier with Biafray, Oct. 13, 1968. On the roadside two emaciated Nigerian boys suffer from starvation and malnutrition. (AP Photo/Dennis Lee Royle

Washingtonpost – It sounds kind of crazy to say that foreign aid often hurts, rather than helps, poor people in poor countries. Yet that is what Angus Deaton, the newest winner of the Nobel Prize in economics, has argued.

Deaton, an economist at Princeton University who studied poverty in India and South Africa and spent decades working at the World Bank, won his prize for studying how the poor decide to save or spend money. But his ideas about foreign aid are particularly provocative. Deaton argues that, by trying to help poor people in developing countries, the rich world may actually be corrupting those nations’ governments and slowing their growth. According to Deaton, and the economists who agree with him, much of the $135 billion that the world’s most developed countries spent on official aid in 2014 may not have ended up helping the poor. Tiếp tục đọc “Why trying to help poor countries might actually hurt them”

17 mục tiêu phát triển bền vững của Chương trình nghị sự phát triển bền vững 2030

Dưới đây là một đoạn trích từ Chương trình nghị sự phát triển bền vững 2030, chỉ ra 17 mục tiêu phát triển bền vững

Các mục tiêu phát triển bền vững

  • Mục tiêu 1. Xóa nghèo dưới mọi hình thức ở mọi nơi
  • Mục tiêu 2. Xóa đói, đảm bảo anh ninh lương thực và cải thiện dinh dưỡng, phát triển nông nghiệp bền vững.
  • Mục tiêu 3. Đảm bảo cuộc sống khỏe mạnh và nâng cao phúc lợi cho tất cả mọi người ở mọi lứa tuổi.
  • Mục tiêu 4. Đảm bảo giáo dục chất lượng, rộng mở và công bằng và nâng cao cơ hội học tập suốt đời cho tất cả mọi người.
  • Mục tiêu 5. Đạt được bình đẳng giới và trao quyền cho tất cả phụ nữ và trẻ em gái.
  • Mục tiêu 6. Đảm bảo sự sẵn có và quản lý bền vững nguồn nước và cải thiện các điều kiện vệ sinh cho tất cả mọi người.
  • Mục tiêu 7. Đảm bảo việc tiếp cận năng lượng với giá cả hợp lý, tin cậy, bền vững và hiện đại cho tất cả mọi người.
  • Mục tiêu 8. Thúc đẩy tăng trưởng kinh tế dài hạn, rộng mở và bền vững, việc làm đầy đủ và năng suất và công việc tốt cho tất cả mọi người.
  • Mục tiêu 9. Xây dựng cơ sở hạ tầng vững chắc, đẩy mạnh công nghiệp hóa rộng mở và bền vững, khuyến khích đổi mới.
  • Mục tiêu 10. Giảm bất bình đẳng trong mỗi quốc gia và giữa các quốc gia.
  • Mục tiêu 11. Xây dựng các đô thị và các khu dân cư mở cửa cho tất cả mọi người, an toàn, vững chắc và bền vững.
  • Mục tiêu 12. Đảm bảo các mô hình tiêu dùng và sản xuất bền vững.
  • Mục tiêu 13. Có biện pháp khẩn cấp để chống lại biến đổi khí hậu và các tác động của nó.*
  • Mục tiêu 14. Bảo tồn và sử dụng bền vững các đại dương, biển và các nguồn tài nguyên biển cho phát triển bền vững.
  • Mục tiêu 15. Bảo vệ, tái tạo và khuyến khích sử dụng bền vững các hệ sinh thái trên cạn, quản lý tài nguyên rừng bền vững, chống sa mạc hóa, chống xói mòn đất và mất đa dạng sinh học.
  • Mục tiêu 16. Thúc đẩy xã hội hòa bình và rộng mở cho phát triển bền vững, mang công bằng đến với tất cả mọi người và xây dựng các thể chế hiệu quả, có trách nhiệm và rộng mở ở tất cả các cấp.
  • Mục tiêu 17. Đẩy mạnh cách thức thực hiện và đem lại sức sống mới cho quan hệ đối tác toàn cầu để phát triển bền vững.

*Chú ý rằng Công ước khung của Liên hợp Quốc về biến đổi khí hậu là diễn đàn quốc tế, liên chính phủ đầu tiên thảo luận về việc ứng phó toàn cầu với biến đổi khí hậu. Tiếp tục đọc “17 mục tiêu phát triển bền vững của Chương trình nghị sự phát triển bền vững 2030”

17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Below is an excerpt from the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, showing the 17 Sustainable Development Goals

TĐH

___________

Sustainable Development Goals

  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
  • Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
  • Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
  • Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
  • Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
  • Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
  • Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
  • Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
  • Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

* Acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change. Tiếp tục đọc “17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”