The World Responsible for Myanmar Becoming Failed State: National Unity Government foreign minister Minister of Myanmar

National Unity Government foreign minister Daw Zin Mar Aung. / The Irrawaddy

By THE IRRAWADDY 1 April 2022

Challenging the regime’s legitimacy at home and abroad, Myanmar’s shadow National Unity Government (NUG) foreign minister Daw Zin Mar Aung, 45, has engaged with foreign governments and parliaments, international aid agencies and Myanmar’s many armed groups.

However, the elected lawmaker from the ousted National League for Democracy and winner of the 2012 International Women of Courage Award said international assistance is largely limited to moral support.

She exclusively tells The Irrawaddy about the importance of international support, including funding and arms, Myanmar’s friends and foes and how it receives different treatment from Ukraine.

It has been more than a year since the revolution against military rule was launched. We heard the revolution has received no assistance from foreign countries. Why is that?

It is mainly because the international community regards the crisis as a domestic issue if we compare it with the Ukraine war. It is widely believed that countries should not interfere in domestic affairs.

Yangon in February last year protests after the military coup.

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The Struggle for Myanmar – Podcast

Is Myanmar heading into civil war — or already there?

Nikkei – Nikkei staff writers – February 5, 2022 09:29 JST

NEW YORK — Welcome to Nikkei Asia’s podcast: Asia Stream.

Every week, Asia Stream tracks and analyzes the Indo-Pacific with a mix of interviews and reporting by our correspondents from across the globe.

New episodes are recorded weekly and available on Apple PodcastsSpotify and all other major platforms, and on our YouTube channel

LISTEN HERE

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Myanmar’s troubled history: Coups, military rule, and ethnic conflict

cfrThe 2021 coup returned Myanmar to military rule and shattered hopes for democratic progress in a Southeast Asian country beset by decades of conflict and repressive regimes.

A protester holds an image of Senior General Min Aung Hlaing during an anti-coup march in February 2021.
A protester holds an image of Senior General Min Aung Hlaing during an anti-coup march in February 2021. Getty Images

WRITTEN BY Lindsay Maizland

Last updated January 31, 2022 11:00 am

Summary

  • Myanmar, also known as Burma, has suffered decades of repressive military rule, widespread poverty, and civil war with ethnic minority groups.
  • The transition away from full military rule starting in 2011 spurred hopes of democratic reforms. But the military maintained control over much of the government and began a campaign of ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya.
  • The military launched a coup in February 2021 and then cracked down on protests. The opposition formed a shadow government and fighting force, leading to a civil war and humanitarian crisis that could spill over Myanmar’s borders.

Tiếp tục đọc “Myanmar’s troubled history: Coups, military rule, and ethnic conflict”

Myanmar bên bờ vực nội chiến

D.KIM THOA 18/1/2022 6:00 GMT+7

TTCT – Sau 3 năm rưỡi giữ cương vị đặc phái viên của tổng thư ký Liên Hiệp Quốc về Myanmar, cuối tháng 10-2021, bà Christine Schraner Burgener rời cương vị trong nỗi canh cánh về nguy cơ bùng nổ nội chiến toàn diện tại quốc gia Đông Nam Á dường như đã nhãn tiền.

 Từ “nội chiến” đã được nhiều chuyên gia sử dụng để nói về tình hình Myanmar lúc này. Ảnh: AP

Trong cuộc trả lời phỏng vấn Hãng tin AP trước khi mãn nhiệm, bà Burgener, một người Thụy Sĩ, đã dùng thẳng từ “nội chiến” để mô tả tình trạng bạo lực và bất ổn đang lan tràn khắp nơi tại Myanmar lúc này. 

Bà kêu gọi cộng đồng quốc tế cân nhắc các biện pháp cụ thể và dứt khoát hơn để giúp quốc gia này sớm tìm được lối ra cho cuộc khủng hoảng chính trị hiện nay.

Tiếp tục đọc “Myanmar bên bờ vực nội chiến”

Myanmar:  current international efforts failing, urges ‘change of course

news.un.org

Conditions have 'worsened' in Myanmar following a military coup in February 2021, according to a UN human rights rapporteur.

22 September 2021Human Rights

The UN independent rights expert on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, told the UN Human Rights Council on Wednesday that conditions inside the country following the 1 February military coup have worsened, urging a “change of course” to prevent further human rights abuses and deaths.

According to Special Rapporteur Tom Andrews, since its power grab and overthrow of the democratically-elected Government, the junta and its forces have murdered more than 1,100 people, arbitrarily detained more than 8,000, and forcibly displaced more than 230,000 civilians, bringing the total number of internally placed persons in Myanmar to well over half a million.

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In pictures: More protesters killed in Myanmar as military tightens grip


In PicturesGallery

More protesters killed in Myanmar as military tightens grip

Martial law imposed in Myanmar as protester death toll rises.

A protester holds a bullet as protests against the military coup and detention of elected government members continue in Hlaing Thayar Township, Yangon. [Anadolu]
A protester holds a bullet as protests against the military coup and detention of elected government members continue in Hlaing Thayar Township, Yangon. [Anadolu]

16 Mar 2021 Al Jareeza

A human rights group says at least 183 people have been killed in Myanmar since the recent military coup in the country, 20 of whom died on Monday.

“Casualties are drastically increasing,” said the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP), which has been tracking the situation since the February 1 coup, in its daily update.

As of March 15, a total of 2,175 people had been arrested, charged or sentenced by authorities, AAPP added.

Tiếp tục đọc “In pictures: More protesters killed in Myanmar as military tightens grip”

Myanmar: Những người trẻ trăm tuổi

CHIÊU VĂN 14/3/2021 6:00 GMT+7

TTCTPhong trào tranh đấu chính trị của thanh niên Myanmar ra đời còn trước chính nhà nước Myanmar hiện đại.

Kyal Sin không phải kiểu phụ nữ chân yếu tay mềm. Trên Facebook, như mọi thiếu nữ 19 tuổi, cô cũng có những tấm hình chu môi làm điệu, ôm ấp chó con và ăn mừng sinh nhật với bạn bè. Và Kyal Sin, tên tiếng Anh là Angel, còn là một vũ công điêu luyện và một cao thủ taekwondo.

Ngày 3-3 vừa rồi ở Mandalay, như nhiều người trẻ Myanmar khác, cô xuống đường tham gia những cuộc biểu tình phản đối cuộc đảo chính quân sự diễn ra ở nước này hôm 1-2.

Ảnh: Los Angeles Times

Tiếp tục đọc “Myanmar: Những người trẻ trăm tuổi”

“Phi chính trị hóa lực lượng vũ trang”- vấn đề nhìn từ Myanmar

CAND – 07:59 20/02/2021 Việc chính phủ cầm quyền ở Myanmar nhanh chóng bị lật đổ sau một cuộc đảo chính của quân đội có lẽ sẽ là bài học đắt giá với rất nhiều chính đảng cầm quyền trên thế giới. Một trong những bài học đó là “phi chính trị hóa Công an, Quân đội”.

Tiềm lực quân sự Myanmar mạnh tới mức nào?

Sáng 1/2/2021, truyền thông trong nước và quốc tế đồng loạt đưa tin, Tổng thống Myanmar Win Myint, Cố vấn nhà nước Aung San Suu Kyi và một loạt nhân vật cấp cao khác của đảng Liên minh Quốc gia vì Dân chủ (NLD) cầm quyền bị Quân đội bắt. Người phát ngôn của NLD Myo Nyunt sau đó xác nhận thông tin và nói rằng với những gì đang diễn ra thực sự là một cuộc đảo chính. Tiếp tục đọc ““Phi chính trị hóa lực lượng vũ trang”- vấn đề nhìn từ Myanmar”

UN’s top court orders Myanmar to protect Rohingya from genocide

Momentous pronouncement at Hague rejects Aung San Suu Kyi’s defence of her country’s military

Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh take part in prayers to mark the second anniversary of their exodus from Myanmar
 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh take part in prayers to mark the second anniversary of their exodus from Myanmar. Photograph: Rafiquar Rahman/Reuters

Myanmar has been ordered by the United Nations’ highest court to prevent genocidal violence against its Rohingya Muslim minority and preserve any evidence of past crimes.

In a momentous and unanimous decision, the international court of justice (ICJ) in The Hague imposed emergency “provisional measures” on the country – intervening in its domestic affairs by instructing the government of Aung San Suu Kyi to respect the requirements of the 1948 genocide convention.

Declaring that there was prima facie evidence of breaches of the convention, the court warned that the estimated 600,000 Rohingya remaining in Myanmar were “extremely vulnerable” to attacks by the military. Tiếp tục đọc “UN’s top court orders Myanmar to protect Rohingya from genocide”

How will China’s New Silk Road shape Myanmar’s economy?

ChannelNewsAsia

Series:
– What are China’s plans for the Belt and Road initiative in ASEAN?
– How will China’s New Silk Road shape Myanmar’s economy?
– How will China’s New Silk Road change Thailand and Cambodia?
– How is China’s New Silk Road transforming Vietnam and Laos?

The New Silk Road is China’s grand trillion-dollar strategy to link up 65 countries and 4.4 billion people.

In this episode, we look at a massive Chinese petrochemical hub which has been built in Kyaukphyu, Myanmar, close to where the Rohingya crisis is still unfolding. How will this project shape Myanmar’s economy?

U.N. calls for Myanmar generals to be tried for genocide, blames Facebook for incitement

Kết quả hình ảnh cho U.N. calls for Myanmar generals to be tried for genocide, blames Facebook for incitement

AUGUST 27, 2018 / 2:39 PM / Stephanie Nebehay / 9 MIN READ

GENEVA (Reuters) – Myanmar’s military carried out mass killings and gang rapes of Muslim Rohingya with “genocidal intent”, and the commander-in-chief and five generals should be prosecuted for the gravest crimes under international law, United Nations investigators said.

Click here to watch video

A report by investigators was the first time the United Nations has explicitly called for Myanmar officials to face genocide charges over their campaign against the Rohingya, and is likely to deepen the country’s isolation. Tiếp tục đọc “U.N. calls for Myanmar generals to be tried for genocide, blames Facebook for incitement”

2018 brings no end to violence against Rohingyas: UN

Dailystar 12:44 PM, January 08, 2018 / LAST MODIFIED: 01:12 PM, January 08, 2018

2,400 Rohingyas enter Bangladesh in Dec last

UNB, Cox’s Bazar

Rohingya people were still arriving here – the New Year bringing no end to the reports of violence and fears, which forced them to flee their homes in Myanmar, says the IOM on Monday.

Over 2,400 Rohingyas are estimated to have arrived in Bangladesh during December 2017, with more people continuing to arrive each day as 2018 begins, according to the UN Migration Agency.
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Religious extremism poses threat to ASEAN’s growth

Asia – December 13, 2017 3:14 pm JST Cover story

Aided by social media, hardliners gain mainstream support

GWEN ROBINSON, Chief editor, and SIMON ROUGHNEEN, Asia regional correspondent

Buddhist monks protest the visit of a U.N. official in Yangon on Jan. 16, 2015. According to local media reports, they were angry that the international organization had urged the government to give members of the Rohingya minority citizenship. © Reuters

YANGON/JAKARTA — With Mt. Agung billowing volcanic ash into the sky above his home in Bali, Khairy Susanto was unsure if he could fly back after joining tens of thousands of fellow Indonesian Islamists at a rally near the presidential palace in Jakarta.

“Inshallah, we can fly, but it doesn’t matter, we will be OK,” Susanto said. “We are happy to be here today to celebrate our victory.” Tiếp tục đọc “Religious extremism poses threat to ASEAN’s growth”

A War of Words Puts Facebook at the Center of Myanmar’s Rohingya Crisis

 Ashin Wirathu in 2013. He has been barred from public preaching in Myanmar since March.CreditAdam Dean for The New York Times

Myanmar’s government has barred Ashin Wirathu, an ultranationalist Buddhist monk, from public preaching for the past year, saying his speeches helped fuel the violence against the country’s Rohingya ethnic group that the United Nations calls ethnic cleansing.

So he has turned to an even more powerful and ubiquitous platform to get his message out — Facebook.

Tiếp tục đọc “A War of Words Puts Facebook at the Center of Myanmar’s Rohingya Crisis”