The roles of community seed banks in climate change adaption

Although community level seed-saving initiatives have been around for about 30 years, until recently they have received little attention in the scientific literature on climate change adaptation and plant genetic resources. Based on research experiences from various countries, this article argues that community seed banks can enhance the resilience of farmers, in particular of communities and households most affected by climate change. Community seed banks can secure improved access to, and availability of, diverse, locally adapted crops and varieties, and enhance related indigenous knowledge and skills in plant management, including seed selection, treatment, storage, multiplication, and distribution.

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Lúa giống phụ thuộc Trung Quốc

23/08/2012 08:17 GMT+7

TT – Tự hào là quốc gia xuất khẩu gạo thứ hai thế giới nhưng cả nước hiện có khoảng 700.000ha lúa lai, thì có đến 70% diện tích là lúa giống nhập khẩu, chủ yếu từ Trung Quốc.

Lúa giống phụ thuộc Trung Quốc Phóng to
Cánh đồng gieo cấy bằng giống lúa được nhập khẩu từ Trung Quốc tại Yên Định (Thanh Hóa) – Ảnh: HÀ ĐỒNG

Việc phụ thuộc vào một thị trường cung cấp hạt giống không chỉ tạo điều kiện cho các công ty bán hàng ép giá mỗi khi vào vụ mà còn có nguy cơ ảnh hưởng tới sự chủ động nguồn lương thực quốc gia.

Tiếp tục đọc “Lúa giống phụ thuộc Trung Quốc”

“Local Start-ups Hold the Key to Transforming Africa’s Seed Industry”

September 2, 2015

Author: Calestous Juma, Professor of the Practice of International Development; Director, Science, Technology, and Globalization Project; Principal Investigator, Agricultural Innovation in Africa

Belfer Center Programs or Projects: Agricultural Innovation in Africa; Science, Technology, and Globalization; Science, Technology, and Public Policy

The seed industry in sub-Saharan Africa is informal in nature, with approximately 80% of farmers saving and replanting seeds from year to year. This gives them security of access. But improved varieties — including high-yielding and hybrid crops — will increase productivity and income.

To get these seeds into the hands of farmers, a better marketing and distribution system is needed. Local small and medium-sized seed enterprises have a comparative advantage in reaching this underserved market due to their size and market reach.

There has been considerable concern over the potential control of Africa’s seed sector by large corporations. While such firms continue to operate in most countries, it notable that Africa’s seed sector is currently dominated by local start-ups.

The firms are well positioned to promote food security and improve livelihoods among marginalised rural communities. They could help grow the fledgling seed industry, but need better access to credit, research facilities and human resources to achieve their full potential.

What’s holding back the sector in Africa Tiếp tục đọc ““Local Start-ups Hold the Key to Transforming Africa’s Seed Industry””