Clean Energy Can Help Southeast Asia Recover After COVID-19

WRI.org

Prior to the devastating impacts of COVID-19, Southeast Asia was becoming an economic powerhouse. Manufacturing, industry and services expanded across the region in recent decades. Energy demand also grew an average of 6% per year, one of the fastest growth rates in the world. But despite the global decline in renewable energy prices, Southeast Asian countries have largely embraced fossil fuels to meet their growing energy needs.
Tiếp tục đọc “Clean Energy Can Help Southeast Asia Recover After COVID-19”

Following the Money Isn’t Enough: How Civil Society Organizations Provide Accountability for Climate Adaptation Finance

WRI.org

This paper highlights how civil society organizations can play critical roles in establishing transparent and accountable climate finance systems that put communities at the center of decision-making. It draws from the Adaptation Finance Accountability Initiative’s experiences in Ethiopia and Uganda as well as lessons learned from similar efforts in Bangladesh, Kenya, and the Philippines. It offers valuable information to help civil society organizations build their engagement and capacity on climate adaptation finance.

Download full report here

Top 10 Priorities for President Biden to Tackle the Climate Crisis

WRI.org

Former U.S. Vice President Joseph R. Biden and his running mate Kamala Harris are widely recognized as having won the 2020 U.S. presidential election, with a majority in the Electoral College and a resounding majority in the popular vote. The Democratic Party has retained control of the U.S. House of Representatives, while the results for the U.S. Senate are very close and the outcome is undetermined at this time. In this WRI Commentary, WRI U.S. Director Dan Lashof suggests a 10-point plan for the new administration.


DOWNLOAD

President-elect Biden will be sworn into office in the midst of four deeply intertwined crises: the health crisis, the economic crisis, the racial injustice crisis and the climate crisis. He has promised to build back better by taking bold action on all four simultaneously, including making unprecedented investments in health care, infrastructure and clean energy.
Tiếp tục đọc “Top 10 Priorities for President Biden to Tackle the Climate Crisis”

Alarm as Arctic sea ice not yet freezing at latest date on record

theguardian.com

Delayed freeze in Laptev Sea could have knock-on effects across polar region, scientists say

Sea Ice crystals
 Climate change is pushing warmer Atlantic currents into the Arctic and breaking up the usual stratification between warm deep waters and the cool surface. This also makes it difficult for ice to form. Photograph: Alamy Stock Photo

For the first time since records began, the main nursery of Arctic sea ice in Siberia has yet to start freezing in late October.

The delayed annual freeze in the Laptev Sea has been caused by freakishly protracted warmth in northern Russia and the intrusion of Atlantic waters, say climate scientists who warn of possible knock-on effects across the polar region.

Ocean temperatures in the area recently climbed to more than 5C above average, following a record breaking heatwave and the unusually early decline of last winter’s sea ice.

The trapped heat takes a long time to dissipate into the atmosphere, even at this time of the year when the sun creeps above the horizon for little more than an hour or two each day.

Graphs of sea-ice extent in the Laptev Sea, which usually show a healthy seasonal pulse, appear to have flat-lined. As a result, there is a record amount of open sea in the Arctic.

“The lack of freeze-up so far this fall is unprecedented in the Siberian Arctic region,” said Zachary Labe, a postdoctoral researcher at Colorado State University. He says this is in line with the expected impact of human-driven climate change.

“2020 is another year that is consistent with a rapidly changing Arctic. Without a systematic reduction in greenhouse gases, the likelihood of our first ‘ice-free’ summer will continue to increase by the mid-21st century,’ he wrote in an email to the Guardian. Tiếp tục đọc “Alarm as Arctic sea ice not yet freezing at latest date on record”

How Can Governments Attract Private Investment for the Green Energy Transition?

The world is not on track to avoid the catastrophic impacts of climate change. With 2030 just a decade away, and governments are under pressure to speed up the clean energy transition.

The good news is that: a) the technologies and the capital are available to accelerate the green energy transition, and b) the private sector is ready to invest billions of green dollars into decarbonization and clean energy.

But how can governments provide the institutional and regulatory frameworks that make it attractive for private companies and investors to invest in and deploy the needed solutions and technologies to accelerate the clean energy transition?
Tiếp tục đọc “How Can Governments Attract Private Investment for the Green Energy Transition?”

TẠI SAO CẦN ĐẦU TƯ VÀO NĂNG LƯỢNG TÁI TẠO NGAY BÂY GIỜ?

English: 3 Reasons to Invest in Renewable Energy Now

Man installing panels

Ảnh: Roland Balik: Các nghiên cứu chỉ ra rằng các khoản đầu tư cho năng lượng tái tạo mang lại doanh thu cao và tạo ra nhiều việc làm.

Khi thảm kịch đại dịch Covid-19 của nhân loại trở nên tệ hơn, các hạn chế toàn cầu để ngăn chặn sự lây lan của vi rút bao gồm lệnh ở tại nhà, đóng cửa kinh doanh và lệnh cấm đi lại – có thể góp phần cho một cuộc suy thoái kinh tế tồi tệ nhất kể từ Đại suy thoái – The Great Depression tại Mỹ trước thế chiến thứ II. Virus đã gây ra tác động không thể quên cho ngành năng lượng: năng lượng sử dụng toàn cầu dự đoán sẽ giảm 6% trong trong năm 2020; ngành công nghiệp năng lượng tái tạo cũng không đứng ngoài cuộc

Theo như ước tính của Wood Mackenize , công suất lắp đặt toàn cầu của năng lượng mặt trời và pin tích điện năm 2020 dự kiến sẽ giảm gần 20% so với dự báo trước COVID -19, công suất lắp đặt tua bin gió dự kiến giảm 4,9 GW, tương đương 6%. Việc giảm công suất lắp đặt năng lượng tái tạo và các biện pháp tiết kiếm năng lượng dẫn đến mất 106,000 việc làm trong tháng 3 tại Hoa Kỳ, so với mất 51,000 việc làm trong lĩnh vực dầu khí trong cùng thời gian. Phân tích cũng chỉ ra rằng 15% tổng lượng lao động trong lĩnh vực năng lượng sạch của Mỹ có thể bị mất việc trong những tháng tới- nghĩa là hơn nửa triệu việc làm. Tiếp tục đọc “TẠI SAO CẦN ĐẦU TƯ VÀO NĂNG LƯỢNG TÁI TẠO NGAY BÂY GIỜ?”

4 Questions About China’s New Climate Commitments

WRI.org

Electric bus in Hangzhou, China
Electric bus in Hangzhou, China. Photo by Shankar S./Flickr

In his speech to the UN General Assembly on September 22, 2020, President Xi Jinping of China announced that China will scale up its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to tackling climate change by adopting more vigorous policies and measures in an effort to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and reach carbon neutrality before 2060.

The announcement is among the most significant signs of progress concerning countries’ efforts to mitigate climate change since agreeing to the Paris Agreement in 2015. Further clarifications on the exact commitment will be needed, and it is likely that even more ambition will be needed in future. Here are four key questions and answers about this important development.

1. What Exactly Is New?

The announcement marks the first time that China has set a concrete long-term target of carbon neutrality. This means that by 2060, the country will either stop carbon dioxide emissions altogether, or — more likely — use various means to remove an equivalent amount of any remaining emissions.

Tiếp tục đọc “4 Questions About China’s New Climate Commitments”

China Aims For Carbon Neutrality By 2060

WRI.org

WASHINGTON (September 22, 2020)— Today in remarks delivered before the United Nations General Assembly, President Xi Jinping made a surprise announcement that China aims to achieve carbon neutrality before 2060 and to peak carbon emissions before 2030. This is the first time Chinese leadership has made a commitment about reaching net zero emissions.

Following is a statement from Helen Mountford, Vice President, Climate and Economics, World Resources Institute:

“President Xi sent an extremely important signal today with his unexpected announcement that China will strive for carbon neutrality by 2060 and strengthen its national climate commitment including peaking emissions before 2030. The devil will be in the details and China should set more specific near-term targets and an earlier peaking date, but China’s direction of travel toward a zero-carbon future is coming into focus. Tiếp tục đọc “China Aims For Carbon Neutrality By 2060”

Vietnam brings cement sector into new climate submission to the UN

The southeast Asian nation has made slight improvements to its 2030 climate plan but still expects emissions to increase rapidly over the next decade

Bags of cement for export leaving the city of Can Tho, in southern Vietnam’s Mekong Delta region (Photo: Cong Thanh Group)

By 

Vietnam’s greenhouse gas emissions are set to grow significantly by 2030, under an updated climate plan submitted to the UN.

The country’s large cement sector is factored into the plan for the first time, which experts welcomed. But they said the overall target was not substantially more ambitious than the previous version.

Under the new plan, Vietnam committed to cut its emissions growth by 9% or nearly 84 million tonnes of CO2 by 2030 compared with business as usual projections, using a 2014 baseline. Emissions are still expected to grow by 844 million tonnes of CO2 during that time.

With international finance and support, Vietnam said it could increase its emissions cuts to 27% compared with business as usual, which would still see emissions grow by about 677 million tonnes by 2030. Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam brings cement sector into new climate submission to the UN”

Mekong Delta province declares state of emergency as waves erode embankment

By Trung Dung   August 28, 2020 | 03:37 pm GMT+7

Mekong Delta province declares state of emergency as waves erode embankment

An embankment section in Tran Van Thoi District of Ca Mau Province in early August, 2020. Photo by VnExpress/Trung Dung.

With its coastal embankment threatened by collapse, Ca Mau Province is seeking urgent solutions to save residential areas and farmland.

The province entered a state of emergency Thursday to respond to any damage occurring as a three kilometer (1.86 miles) coastal embankment along its western coast nears the point of collapse due to wave impact.

Authorities have identified four sections as “especially threatened,” measuring 610 and 315 m each in U Minh District, and 1,900 m and 500 m each in Tran Van Thoi District.

“Those sections receive no forest protection. During extreme weather spells, waves would break directly against the embankment, putting it at great risk,” To Quoc Nam, deputy director of the province’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said.

He confirmed the department is looking into investment projects to help counter the situation.

Tiếp tục đọc “Mekong Delta province declares state of emergency as waves erode embankment”

The growing power of hurricanes

New York Times
Trung Nguyen boarded up his brother’s convenience store in Abbeville, La., on Wednesday.Kathleen Flynn/Reuters
Hurricane Laura shares something in common with both Hurricane Florence, a 2018 storm that killed 52 Americans, and Hurricane Katrina, which struck Louisiana 15 years ago this week. All three changed from more typical hurricanes into severe ones in just a day or two.
Tiếp tục đọc “The growing power of hurricanes”

Hoàn thành cập nhật Đóng góp do quốc gia tự quyết định (NDC): Nâng mức đóng góp của Việt Nam cho ứng phó với BĐKH toàn cầu

baotainguyenmoitruong.vn

(TN&MT) – Ngày 24/7/2020, Thủ tướng Chính phủ đã phê duyệt Đóng góp do quốc gia tự quyết định (NDC) cập nhật của Việt Nam. Bằng nguồn lực trong nước, đến năm 2030 Việt Nam sẽ giảm 9% tổng lượng phát thải khí nhà kính so với Kịch bản phát triển thông thường (BAU) quốc gia, tương đương 83,9 triệu tấn CO2tđ.

Mức đóng góp 9% này có thể được tăng lên thành 27% so với BAU quốc gia (tương đương 250,8 triệu tấn CO2tđ) khi nhận được hỗ trợ quốc tế thông qua hợp tác song phương, đa phương và các cơ chế trong khuôn khổ Thỏa thuận Paris về biến đổi khí hậuNDC cập nhật của Việt Nam xác định các biện pháp giảm nhẹ phát thải khí nhà kính giai đoạn 2021-2030 và các nhiệm vụ chiến lược về thích ứng với biến đổi khí hậu, các giải pháp thích ứng nhằm giảm thiểu thiệt hại do các tác động liên quan đến những thay đổi của khí hậu gây ra trong tương lai được xác định cụ thể cho từng lĩnh vực. Tiếp tục đọc “Hoàn thành cập nhật Đóng góp do quốc gia tự quyết định (NDC): Nâng mức đóng góp của Việt Nam cho ứng phó với BĐKH toàn cầu”

Cuộc đua thực thi Thỏa thuận Paris

Thứ năm – 30/07/2020 16:42
Cuộc đua thực thi Thỏa thuận Paris
Theo số liệu từ Ngân hàng Thế giới, hiện có 30 quốc gia/vùng lãnh thổ đã áp dụng thuế các bon và 31 quốc gia/vùng lãnh thổ áp dụng hệ thống trao đổi tín chỉ các bon (ETS). Việt Nam đang nghiên cứu lựa chọn công cụ định giá các bon phù hợp với điều kiện của quốc gia, làm cơ sở phát triển thị trường các bon trong nước và đảm bảo tuân thủ các cam kết quốc tế từ sau năm 2020.

Đáp ứng yêu cầu chương trình tín chỉ các bon
Tiếp tục đọc “Cuộc đua thực thi Thỏa thuận Paris”

Why has flooding been so severe in China this year?

Intense rainfall and severe flooding that has battered China since early June 2020, has affected tens of millions of people and left at least 140 dead or missing. The Three Gorges Dam that spans the Yangtze River has been put to the test in terms of its ability to  control floods along Asia’s longest river. But why have floods across a large region of China been so severe in the summer of 2020?

Rock Dust Could Be Farming’s Next Climate Solution

The process, called enhanced weathering, could remove 2 billion tons of CO2 from the air while fertilizing soil

liming field
A farmer distributes lime over a field in the UK. A new climate solution would use a similar technique to spread rock dust. (Mark Robinson under Wikimedia Commons CC BY 2.0))
SMITHSONIANMAG.COM

For farming, the latest climate fix isn’t especially high tech or glossy. By spreading rock dust over large swatches of land, carbon dioxide could be trapped in transformed, scrubbing it from the atmosphere. If this technique, called enhanced weathering, were to be employed around the world, scientists estimate two billion tons of carbon dioxide could be removed from the atmosphere each year. Tiếp tục đọc “Rock Dust Could Be Farming’s Next Climate Solution”