The roles of community seed banks in climate change adaption

Although community level seed-saving initiatives have been around for about 30 years, until recently they have received little attention in the scientific literature on climate change adaptation and plant genetic resources. Based on research experiences from various countries, this article argues that community seed banks can enhance the resilience of farmers, in particular of communities and households most affected by climate change. Community seed banks can secure improved access to, and availability of, diverse, locally adapted crops and varieties, and enhance related indigenous knowledge and skills in plant management, including seed selection, treatment, storage, multiplication, and distribution.

Full article http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09614524.2017.1294653

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Mekong Delta during the flood season

Last update 11:07 | 10/08/2017

People in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam are busy fishing when the flooding season has come.

On the fields of An Giang Province’s Phu Hoi Commune, nets have been laid to catch fish, crabs and snakes.

Huynh Van Tai, a local resident who has much experience in fishing during the flooding season, said that this year the flooding arrived earlier than expected so many people had not yet prepared for the work.

Bui Thi Suong in Dong Thap Province’s Hong Ngu District said that earlier, his family earned bigger income from fishing on the flooding season. She even hired dozens of workers for the work. However, in recent years, the seafood source has much decreased.

These days, she and her husband are taking advantages of the flooding season to catch some fish for sales in the market.

Some photos of the busy farmers in the Mekong Delta region in the flooding season:

 

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On the fields of An Giang Province Continue reading “Mekong Delta during the flood season”

The Food Security Solution

May 20, 2016

CSIS – In a world that has become increasingly interconnected and chaotic, with more displaced persons since World War II, and with an array of humanitarian disasters that has outstripped the international community’s budgets and capacity to respond, why should global food security remain an imperative development priority? Why has the United States invested so heavily, to the tune of $5.6 billion over the past five years, in agricultural development and nutrition to reduce extreme poverty?

Agriculture’s Economic Power

Agriculture is the primary source of employment and income for 70 percent of the world’s rural poor, and it contributes more than a third of gross domestic product (GDP) in many of the least developed countries. In light of evidence that GDP growth originating in agriculture can be four times more effective than growth in other sectors in raising incomes of the extremely poor, the economic leverage of agriculture for development is hard to dispute.

Aligning foreign assistance with country-led strategies for agricultural growth is the most effective approach to achieving results for vulnerable smallholder farmers, their families, and their communities. Government ownership is critical to sustaining development investments and to ensuring a sound policy environment for private-sector engagement. In order for agriculture to reach its potential to generate employment, raise smallholder incomes, and catalyze markets, both the will of country leadership to dedicate resources and the ability of local and international private companies to invest along the value chain are required. In some cases, this translates into tough policy reforms that take time to understand, to implement, and to enforce.

National Security Risks Continue reading “The Food Security Solution”