United Nations Charter – History of UN Charter

United Nations Charter

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UN

The Charter of the United Nations is the founding document of the United Nations. It was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945.

The United Nations can take action on a wide variety of issues due to its unique international character and the powers vested in its Charter, which is considered an international treaty. As such, the UN Charter is an instrument of international law, and UN Member States are bound by it. The UN Charter codifies the major principles of international relations, from sovereign equality of States to the prohibition of the use of force in international relations.

Since the UN’s founding in 1945, the mission and work of the Organization have been guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter, which has been amended three times in 1963, 1965, and 1973.

The International Court of Justice, the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, functions in accordance with the Statute of the International Court of Justice, which is annexed to the UN Charter, and forms an integral part of it. (See Chapter XIV, Article 92

Visit the UN Dag Hammarskjöld Library’s collection of translations of the UN Charter.

Find the full text of the UN Charter, or read about the history of its making.

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International Court of Justice order of March 16, 2002 concerning Russia-Ukraine war

Read the Court’s full text here >>

The full text of the operative clause of the Order reads as follows:

“For these reasons,

THE COURT,
Indicates the following provisional measures:

(1) By thirteen votes to two,
The Russian Federation shall immediately suspend the military operations that it commenced on 24 February 2022 in the territory of Ukraine;


IN FAVOUR: President Donoghue; Judges Tomka, Abraham, Bennouna, Yusuf, Sebutinde, Bhandari, Robinson, Salam, Iwasawa, Nolte, Charlesworth; Judge ad hoc Daudet;
AGAINST: Vice-President Gevorgian; Judge Xue;

(2) By thirteen votes to two,
The Russian Federation shall ensure that any military or irregular armed unitswhich may be directed or supported by it, as well as any organizations and persons which may be subject to its control or direction, take no steps in furtherance of the military operations referred to in point (1) above;

IN FAVOUR: President Donoghue; Judges Tomka, Abraham, Bennouna, Yusuf, Sebutinde, Bhandari, Robinson, Salam, Iwasawa, Nolte, Charlesworth; Judge ad hoc Daudet;
AGAINST: Vice-President Gevorgian; Judge Xue;

(3) Unanimously,
Both Parties shall refrain from any action which might aggravate or extend the dispute before the Court or make it more difficult to resolve.”

Further readings:

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of
Genocide

Đại sứ Bùi Thế Giang: Nhiều nước mạnh, giàu, phát triển hơn Việt Nam vẫn chưa trở lại được HĐBA LHQ

DVTừng là Phó Trưởng Phái đoàn Đại diện Thường trực Việt Nam tại Liên Hợp Quốc (LHQ) từ cuối 2007 đến đầu 2012, trong đó có 2 năm 2008 & 2009 là Phó Đại diện Việt Nam tại Hội đồng Bảo an (HĐBA) LHQ, đến giờ Đại sứ Bùi Thế Giang vẫn giữ thói quen theo dõi lịch làm việc hàng ngày của HĐBA LHQ. Với nhiều người, những sự kiện Việt Nam tham gia chỉ là một dòng tin, nhưng Đại sứ Bùi Thế Giang phân tích với cái nhìn của người trong cuộc.

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Trẻ em Việt Nam có “nguy cơ cao” chịu tác động của khủng hoảng khí hậu – UNICEF

Children in Viet Nam at ‘high risk’ of the impacts of the climate crisis – UNICEF

Unicef.org

Lần đầu tiên, UNICEF xếp hạng các quốc gia dựa trên nguy cơ rủi ro và mức độ dễ bị tổn thương của trẻ em trước các cú sốc về khí hậu và môi trường; trong đó, trẻ em Việt Nam xếp thứ 37 trên thế giới về mức độ dễ bị tổn thương

Trẻ em và thanh thiếu niên Việt Nam là một trong những nhóm đối tượng có nguy cơ cao nhất trước các tác động của biến đổi khí hậu; điều này đe dọa đến sức khỏe, giáo dục và sự an toàn của các em.
UNICEF Việt Nam\Trương Việt HùngTrẻ em và thanh thiếu niên Việt Nam là một trong những nhóm đối tượng có nguy cơ cao nhất trước các tác động của biến đổi khí hậu; điều này đe dọa đến sức khỏe, giáo dục và sự an toàn của các em.

NEW YORK, HÀ NỘI ngày 20/8/2021 – Theo báo cáo của UNICEF phát hành ngày hôm nay, thanh thiếu niên Việt Nam là một trong những nhóm đối tượng có nguy cơ cao nhất trước các tác động của biến đổi khí hậu; điều này đe dọa đến sức khỏe, giáo dục và sự an toàn của các em.

‘Khủng hoảng khí hậu là cuộc khủng hoảng về quyền trẻ em: Giới thiệu chỉ số rủi ro khí hậu liên quan tới trẻ em’ là phân tích toàn diện đầu tiên được thực hiện về rủi ro khí hậu từ góc độ của trẻ em. Trong phân tích này, các quốc gia được xếp hạng dựa trên nguy cơ rủi ro của trẻ em trước các cú sốc về khí hậu và môi trường, chẳng hạn như lốc xoáy và các đợt nắng nóng, cũng như mức độ dễ bị tổn thương của trẻ em trước các cú sốc, dựa trên khả năng tiếp cận các dịch vụ thiết yếu của trẻ em.

Báo cáo được thực hiện và phát hành với sự hợp tác của tổ chức Fridays for Future nhân dịp kỷ niệm ba năm phong trào biểu tình vì khí hậu toàn cầu do thanh niên lãnh đạo. Báo cáo cho thấy khoảng 1 tỷ trẻ em – gần một nửa trong số 2,2 tỷ trẻ em trên toàn thế giới – sống tại 33 quốc gia được phân loại là có “nguy cơ cực kỳ cao”. Các kết quả của báo cáo cho thấy số lượng trẻ em hiện đang bị ảnh hưởng; các con số có thể trở nên tồi tệ hơn khi tác động của biến đổi khí hậu tăng nhanh.

Tiếp tục đọc “Trẻ em Việt Nam có “nguy cơ cao” chịu tác động của khủng hoảng khí hậu – UNICEF”

Synthetic drugs from Asia are fuelling global public health and crime concerns

UNODC.org

Hanoi (Viet Nam), 29 August 2017 – East and Southeast Asia are at the heart of the global synthetic drug trade, with some drugs manufactured and trafficked in and from the region causing serious public health problems in the region and other parts of the world, said the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) at a high level in Hanoi, Viet Nam, with the ASEAN group of states, Australia, Canada, China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, the United States, and the European Union.

The region has recently been acknowledged to be the largest methamphetamine market, with seizures surpassing the total for North America. Most countries in the region have reported record meth seizures in recent years, and the number of people admitted for methamphetamine treatment has also been on the rise for several years in a row.

“Methamphetamine use is on the increase across Viet Nam, not only among young drug users in major cities, but also industrialized areas, villages and communities,” said Hoang Anh Tuyen, Deputy Director of the Standing Office on Drugs and Crime (SODC) of the Ministry of Public Security of Viet Nam. “We will not be able to cope unless market demand is addressed and we make progress on trafficking into the country with our neighbours.”

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Vietnam sees 6-fold increase in number of synthetic drug users: UN report

vnexpress.net

By Minh Nga   June 11, 2021 | 04:45 pm GMT+7Vietnam sees 6-fold increase in number of synthetic drug users: UN reportSynthetic drugs hidden in medicine boxes were found in packages sent from abroad to Vietnam in July 2020. Photo by Vietnam Customs.

The number of synthetic drug users in Vietnam has jumped six-fold since 2017, the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime has said in a report.

‘Synthetic Drugs in East and Southeast Asia: latest developments and challenges 2021’, released Thursday, estimated the figure at nearly 190,000 last year.

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Vietnam’s re-election at International Law Commission proves international community’s trust

VNN – November, 14/2021 – 13:51|

Ambassador Nguyễn Hồng Thao

HÀ NỘI – Minister of Foreign Affairs Bùi Thanh Sơn has highlighted the significance of Ambassador Nguyễn Hồng Thao’s re-election to the International Law Commission (ILC) for the 2023-2027 tenure.

Talking with the press, Sơn said following the Party and State’s policy of promoting multilateral diplomacy, Việt Nam not only successfully performed important duties as ASEAN Chair 2020 and a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for 2020-2021 but also actively and proactively sent officers to work in prestigious international organisations. 

Ambassador Thao’s re-election to the ILC with 145 approval votes was evidence of the sound external policy of the Party and the State, and reflected the international community’s support and trust of Việt Nam, affirming the country’s enhanced stature and prestige on international arena.

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“Giải pháp lắm chân” cho cái đói

CHỦNG HẠNH 14/10/2021 9:05 GMT+7

TTCTBánh mì kẹp sâu cho bữa sáng, sữa gián và sữa ruồi đen luôn sẵn có ở căngtin, và món cháo dế sẽ sưởi ấm những đêm mưa rét. Đây là những loại thực phẩm thân thiện với môi trường, hứa hẹn sẽ cách tân chế độ ăn uống “xấu xí” của loài người trong tương lai.

 Ảnh: Shutterstock

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UNESCO: General and Regional Histories

General and Regional Histories

UNESCO has launched a series of collected works – People writing their own history. Instead of just tracing the past of nations, these collections aim to provide a greater understanding of civilizations.

The world’s memory is composed of more than just kings and heroes, battles and conquests, great cathedrals and monumental undertakings.

Through this broad perspective, readers gain a global understanding of the evolution of societies, flourishing of cultures, major currents of exchange and interaction with other parts of the world.

These collections also aim to provide a culturally relevant perspective. They provide the point of view of the populations concerned, whose past has often been distorted, discredited or treated as peripheral to the history of the colonizers and the dominant nations – those who usually write history. The idea here is to rediscover a people’s consciousness and the vision it develops of its own destiny. This shift in perspective is reflected by the significant number of local historians, with impeccable academic credentials, who contributed to these collections as editors and authors.

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Issuing Presidential Statement, Security Council Underlines Importance of Maritime Safety, Safeguarding Oceans for Legitimate Use

9 AUGUST 2021

Biển Đông: Trung Quốc cần thay đổi hành vi vì lợi ích của chính mình -  VietNamNet

Maritime security is being undermined at an alarming pace by challenges around contested boundaries, the depletion of natural resources and armed attacks — from piracy to terrorism — senior United Nations officials told the Security Council today, as world leaders adopted a presidential statement outlining their concerns over the increasing frequency of such events.

In a presidential statement (document S/PRST/2021/15) presented by the Prime Minister of India, Council President for August, the 15-member organ noted the problem of transnational organized crimes committed at sea — including illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, smuggling of migrants and illicit trafficking in firearms — as well as the “deplorable” loss of life and adverse impact on international trade stemming from such activities.

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Vietnam a responsible UN member

23/09/2020    09:08 GMT+7 vietnamnet

Since officially joining the United Nations on September 20, 1977, Vietnam has been a responsible member, making positive contributions to the United Nations.

Vietnam a responsible UN member
The opening ceremony of the 32nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York passes a resolution recognising Vietnam as a member of the United Nations, September 20, 1977. Source: VNA
Vietnam a responsible UN member
In 2007, Vietnam was elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for the term of 2008-2009. This is the first time that Vietnam has participated in the UN’s most important body for international peace and security. In the photo: Delegates congratulate the Vietnamese delegation on the election of Vietnam as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for the 2008-2009 term at the UN General Assembly meeting, October 16, 2007. Photo: VNA
Vietnam a responsible UN member
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UN General Assembly: US-China tensions flare over coronavirus

  • 22 September 2020 BBC
Media captionTrump, Xi Jinping and Guterres address the UN General Assembly

Tensions between the US and China came to the fore of the annual UN General Assembly in New York, with US President Donald Trump blaming China for the spread of coronavirus.

He called for China to be held “accountable” for the pandemic.

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US claims UN sanctions on Iran reinstated. The world disagrees

Washington isolated as global allies and adversaries say its unilateral move targeting Tehran has no legal standing.

by Maziar Motamedi 20 Sept 2020, Al Jareeza

MORE ON IRAN

Tehran, Iran – The United States has broken with all other permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and unilaterally declared the re-imposition of all UN sanctions against Iran – a claim rejected by Iran and the international community, including Washington’s close allies, as having no legal basis.

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Rivalries challenge UN as it marks 75 years since founding

Calls for reform and cooperation as pandemic, US scepticism and growing US-China tensions undermine int’l organisation.

22 Sep 2020 01:25 GMT Al Jareeza

The annual United Nations meetings will be held virtually with those in the hall seated far apart because of the coronavirus pandemic [Eskinder Debebe/UN Photo via EPA]
The annual United Nations meetings will be held virtually with those in the hall seated far apart because of the coronavirus pandemic [Eskinder Debebe/UN Photo via EPA]

World leaders came together, virtually, on Monday to mark the 75th anniversary of the United Nations, as the coronavirus pandemic and economic disruption challenge the effectiveness and solidarity of the organisation that was set up after the horrors of World War II.

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