Hơn 2.500 hải cẩu chết hàng loạt

Câu chuyện của tác giả Đoàn Dương • 1 giờ trước VNEXPRESS

Một số lượng lớn hải cẩu có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng đã chết trên bờ biển Caspi của Nga, hãng thông tấn RIA Novosti hôm 4/12 đưa tin.

Các quan chức từ Cơ quan Tài nguyên Thiên nhiên tại Dagestan, một khu vực ở phía tây nam nước Nga, ban đầu cho biết chỉ có khoảng 700 con hải cẩu chết được tìm thấy dọc theo bờ biển Caspi vào ngày 3/12, nhưng “thật không may, con số này đã tăng lên đáng kể và hiện ở mức 2.500 con”.

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Xi Jinping Ramps Up China’s Surveillance, Harassment Deep in America

BY DIDI KIRSTEN TATLOW ON 12/03/22 AT 4:00 AM EST

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How Xi Jinping’s Chinese Spies are Striking Fear in U.S. and Beyond

NEWSCHINAUNITED STATESXI JINPINGCHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY

AChinese man strikes at a banner saying “Chinese Communist Party Step Down!” in New York City. He is challenged briefly, then disappears in the crowd at a Columbia University protest against China’s “Zero COVID” policy.

Another man pummels a female student after she shouts that Chinese authorities must be held accountable for the deaths of 10 people in a fire in an apartment complex under lockdown in Urumqi, sparking a rare wave of demonstrations in China. In Berkeley, California, a suspected Communist Party supporter sets ablaze a memorial placed by protesters mourning the dead in Urumqi.

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“Tiếng Việt từ TK 17: một số từ Hán Việt thời LM de Rhodes” (phần 37)

Nguyễn Cung Thông

Loạt bài “Tiếng Việt từ TK 17” đã đề cập đến một số cách dùng Hán Việt đặc biệt như sinh thì (~qua đời, chết), Kinh Tại Thiên, Kinh Tin Kính, Kinh Thiên Chúa, lịch sự, thượng hoà hạ mục, thượng phụ, trung phụ, hạ phụ, thượng đế, thiên chủ/chúa …v.v…Phần 37 này bàn thêm về cách dùng một số từ Hán Việt thời LM de Rhodes đến truyền đạo: sự (~thờ) 事, thửa (~ sở) 所,  kì 其, giao cảm 交感, tinh thần 星晨, đang/đương thì 當時, củ thủ 糾手, thiểu ngữ 少語. Đây là lần đầu tiên cách dùng này hiện diện trong tiếng Việt qua dạng con chữ La Tinh/Bồ (chữ quốc ngữ).

Tài liệu tham khảo chính của bài viết này là bốn tác phẩm của LM de Rhodes soạn: (a) cuốn Phép Giảng Tám Ngày (viết tắt là PGTN), (b) Bản Báo Cáo vắn tắt về tiếng An Nam hay Đông Kinh (viết tắt là BBC), (c) Lịch Sử Vương Quốc Đàng Ngoài 1627-1646 và (d) tự điển Annam-Lusitan-Latinh (thường gọi là Việt-Bồ-La, viết tắt là VBL) có thể tra tự điển này trên mạng, như trang http://books.google.fr/books?id=uGhkAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false.

Các chữ viết tắt khác là Nguyễn Cung Thông (NCT), Hán Việt (HV), Việt Nam (VN), ĐNA (Đông Nam Á), LM (Linh Mục), CG (Công Giáo), PG (Phật Giáo), TVGT (Thuyết Văn Giải Tự/khoảng 100 SCN), NT (Ngọc Thiên/543), ĐV (Đường Vận/751), NKVT (Ngũ Kinh Văn Tự/776), LKTG (Long Kham Thủ Giám/997), QV (Quảng Vận/1008), TV (Tập Vận/1037/1067), TNAV (Trung Nguyên Âm Vận/1324), CV (Chính Vận/1375), TVi (Tự Vị/1615), VB (Vận Bổ/1100/1154), VH (Vận Hội/1297), LT (Loại Thiên/1039/1066), CTT (Chánh Tự Thông/1670), TViB (Tự Vị Bổ/1666), TTTH (Tứ Thanh Thiên Hải), KH (Khang Hi/1716), P (tiếng Pháp), A (tiếng Anh), L (tiếng La Tinh), ĐNQATV (Đại Nam Quấc Âm Tự Vị), VNTĐ (Việt Nam Tự Điển/Hội Khai Trí Tiến Đức). Các bản Nôm của LM Maiorica là ĐCGS (Đức Chúa Giê Su), KNLMPS (Kinh Những Lễ Mùa Phục Sinh), CTTr (bộ Các Thánh Truyện), MACC (Mùa Ăn Chay Cả), TCTM (Thiên Chúa Thánh Mẫu), TCTGKM (Thiên Chúa Thánh Giáo Khải Mông). Trang/cột/tờ của VBL được trích lại từ bản La Tinh để người đọc tiện tra cứu thêm. Tương quan Hán Việt ghi nhận trong bài không nhất thiết khẳng định nguồn gốc của các từ liên hệ (có gốc Việt hay Hán). 

Click vào đây để đọc file PDF – Tiếng Việt từ TK 17 – p37
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[1] Nghiên cứu ngôn ngữ độc lập ở Melbourne (Úc) – email nguyencungthong@yahoo.com

Khai trương văn phòng đại diện Tòa trọng tài thường trực (PCA) tại Hà Nội

Liên Hà 13:02 24/11/2022 Kinh tế đô thị

 

Theo dõi Kinh tế đô thị trên 

Kinhtedothi – Văn phòng đại diện Hà Nội là văn phòng thứ năm của PCA được thành lập ngoài trụ sở chính tại Cung điện Hòa Bình, thủ đô La Hay của Hà Lan.

TIN LIÊN QUAN

Hà Nội cam kết tạo điều kiện tốt nhất cho Văn phòng đại diện PCA

THÔNG TIN ĐỐI NGOẠI16:00 22/11/2022

Sáng 24/11, Bộ trưởng Ngoại giao Bùi Thanh Sơn cùng Tổng Thư ký Tòa trọng tài thường trực (PCA) Marcin Czepelak đã chính thức khánh thành Văn phòng đại diện của PCA tại Hà Nội với biển tên “Ngôi nhà Hòa bình” tại 48A Trần Phú, Hà Nội.

“Ngôi nhà Hòa bình” 

Bộ trưởng Ngoại giao Bùi Thanh Sơn tại buổi lễ sáng 24/11. 
Bộ trưởng Ngoại giao Bùi Thanh Sơn tại buổi lễ sáng 24/11. 

Tại buổi lễ, Bộ trưởng Bùi Thanh Sơn chúc mừng Văn phòng PCA chính thức đi vào hoạt động, hiện thực hóa cam kết của hai bên tại Nghị định thư năm 2021. “Việt Nam đánh giá cao vai trò của PCA là cơ quan giải quyết tranh chấp quốc tế, đã đóng góp hiệu quả và tích cực vào giải quyết tranh chấp giữa các quốc gia và giữa quốc gia với các tổ chức, bảo đảm tuân thủ luật pháp quốc tế, góp phần duy trì hòa bình và an ninh quốc tế,” Bộ trưởng Bùi Thanh Sơn khẳng định.

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The Gulag Archipelago (by  Solzhenitsyn) in three volumes

by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Publication date 1973

USarchive.org, Download: vol 1, vol 2, vol 3

Topics GulagSocialismMarxismLeninismCommunismStalinismSoviet UnionRussiancounterrevolutionaryextermination campsimprisonmentCommunist Partypurgesprisonersoppressionrepressiongenocidemass murderSiberiaCollection opensourceLanguage English

Unabridged original pdf scans – volume 1 (I-II) 671 pages; volume 2 (III-IV) 717 pages; volume 3 (V-VII) 579 pages.

The Gulag Archipelago is Solzhenitsyn’s masterwork, a vast canvas of camps, prisons, transit centres and secret police, of informers and spies and interrogators and also of heroism, a Stalinist anti-world at the heart of the Soviet Union where the key to survival lay not in hope but in despair. The work is based on the testimony of some two hundred survivors, and on the recollection of Solzhenitsyn’s own eleven years in labour camps and exile. It is both a thoroughly researched document and a feat of literary and imaginative power.

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COP27: one big breakthrough but ultimately an inadequate response to the climate crisis

Published: November 20, 2022 12.11pm GMT The Conversation

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  1. Matt McDonaldAssociate Professor of International Relations, The University of Queensland

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Activist in front of a COP27 sign holds a picture of the Earth with a face, and a thermometer in its mouth.
EPA/SEDAT SUNA EPA-EFE/SEDAT SUNA

For 30 years, developing nations have fought to establish an international fund to pay for the “loss and damage” they suffer as a result of climate change. As the COP27 climate summit in Egypt wrapped up over the weekend, they finally succeeded.

While it’s a historic moment, the agreement of loss and damage financing left many details yet to be sorted out. What’s more, many critics have lamented the overall outcome of COP27, saying it falls well short of a sufficient response to the climate crisis. As Alok Sharma, president of COP26 in Glasgow, noted:

Friends, I said in Glasgow that the pulse of 1.5 degrees was weak. Unfortunately it remains on life support.

But annual conferences aren’t the only way to pursue meaningful action on climate change. Mobilisation from activists, market forces and other sources of momentum mean hope isn’t lost.

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CFR – The World This Week, November 18, 2022

The World This Week will not be sent next week due to the holiday.
Explore the Biden-Xi Meeting David Sacks
U.S. President Joe Biden and Chinese leader Xi Jinping meet on the sidelines of the Group of Twenty summit in Bali, Indonesia. Kevin Lamarque/ReutersThe meeting between U.S. President Joe Biden and Chinese leader Xi Jinping did not resolve major disagreements, but it could start the process of building guardrails to prevent competition from turning into conflict. Read more on Asia Unbound
Can Cooperation Make a Comeback at the G20?
Group of Twenty (G20) leaders are meeting in Bali, but divisions over trade, climate change, and the war in Ukraine threaten to overshadow the summit. What does the G20 do? Get the background
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Council on Foreign Relations: Daily newsbrief Nov. 15, 2022

November 15, 2022
Editor’s note: For the duration of the twenty-seventh Conference of the Parties (COP27), the Daily News Brief will include a special section dedicated to developments at the climate conference.
Top of the Agenda

G20 Summit Focuses on Ukraine War

A draft communiqué from today’s Group of Twenty (G20) summit in Bali, Indonesia, said “most members strongly condemned the war in Ukraine” and its consequences for the world economy, the Financial Times reported. The draft also denounced using or threatening to use nuclear weapons. Russian President Vladimir Putin did not attend the summit, while Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy appeared in a video address.  Deals on climate policy and funding were also announced, with the U.S. and Indonesian presidents unveiling a $20 billion plan (Bloomberg) to move Indonesia away from coal power. Ahead of the summit, Brazil, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Indonesia said they will cooperate on forest preservation (Reuters). The countries collectively contain more than half the world’s tropical rain forests.
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COP27: What’s at Stake for the World?

Council on Foreign Relations

The COP27 climate conference in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, closes out another year of disasters: record-breaking floods, deadly heat waves, and devastating droughts. The urgency for the world’s leaders to make progress at this conference has never been higher, but many obstacles remain. The Council on Foreign Relations explains the issues and lays out what’s at stake in the world’s fight against climate change. 
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Council on Foreign Relations – Daily news brief Nov. 14, 2022

Editor’s note: For the duration of the twenty-seventh Conference of the Parties (COP27), the Daily News Brief will include a special section dedicated to developments at the climate conference.
Top of the Agenda

Biden, Xi Hold First In-Person Meeting

U.S. President Joe Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping signaled an interest in improving cooperation (Nikkei) on global issues during their first in-person meeting of Biden’s presidency. The meeting lasted three hours, and they also discussed policy toward Taiwan (NYT), China’s human rights record, and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, according to a White House readout. The readout said Biden told Xi that U.S. policy toward Taiwan has not changed, and that Washington objects to Beijing’s “coercive and increasingly aggressive reactions” toward the island. The leaders spoke in Bali, Indonesia, where they will attend the Group of Twenty (G20) summit this week. Their meeting comes amid tensions related to U.S. restrictions on China’s chip sector and Chinese military drills that followed U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan in August.
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ASEAN and China announce ACFTA upgrade

ASEAN

PHNOM PENH, 13 November 2022 – The Leaders of ASEAN and China welcomed the official launch of negotiations for the upgrade of the ASEAN-China Free Trade Area (ACFTA). The upgrade negotiations are meant to ensure that ACFTA contributes to the further deepening and broadening of ASEAN-China economic relations and to both region’s post-pandemic economic recovery. The announcement on the upgrade of the ACFTA was made at the 25th ASEAN-China Summit.

The ACFTA is ASEAN’s oldest FTA among its Dialogue Partners. Upgrading the ACFTA sends a signal to the private sector and all stakeholders that both ASEAN and China are committed to make the ACFTA more relevant to businesses, future-ready, and responsive to global challenges.

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US Dept. of Treasury Report to Congress (Nov. 2022): Macroeconomic and Foreign Exchange Policies of Major Trading Partner of the United States

Read full report >>

Excerpt on Vietnam

Treasury Conclusions Related to the 2015 Act

Vietnam has been removed from the Monitoring List, having only met one of the three criteria over the four quarters through June 2022 as it had in the June 2022 Report for the four quarters through December 2021. Vietnam had previously exceeded the thresholds for all three criteria as noted in the December 2021, April 2021, and December 2020 Reports, in each of which Treasury conducted enhanced analysis of Vietnam. In early 2021, Treasury commenced enhanced bilateral engagement with Vietnam in accordance with the 2015 Act. As a result of discussions through the enhanced engagement process, Treasury and the State Bank of Vietnam- (SBV) reached agreement in July 2021 to address Treasury’s concerns about Vietnam’s currency practices.5 Treasury continues to engage closely with the SBV to monitor Vietnam’s progress in addressing Treasury’s concerns and remains satisfied with the progress made by Vietnam.

Treasury Analysis under the 1988 and 2015 Legislation

This Report assesses developments in international economic and exchange rate policies over the four quarters through June 2022. The analysis in this Report is guided by Sections 3001-3006 of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 (1988 Act) (codified at 22 U.S.C. §§ 5301-5306) and Sections 701 and 702 of the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 (2015 Act) (codified at 19 U.S.C. §§ 4421-4422), as discussed in Section 2 of this Report.
Under the 2015 Act, Treasury is required to assess the macroeconomic and exchange rate policies of major trading partners of the United States for three specific criteria. Treasury sets the benchmark and threshold for determining which countries are major trading partners, as well as the thresholds for the three specific criteria in the 2015 Act. In this Report, Treasury has reviewed the 20 largest U.S. trading partners3 against the thresholds Treasury has established for the three criteria in the 2015 Act:

(1) A significant bilateral trade surplus with the United States is a goods and services trade surplus that is at least $15 billion.
(2) A material current account surplus is one that is at least 3% of GDP, or a surplus for which Treasury estimates there is a material current account “gap” using Treasury’s Global Exchange Rate Assessment Framework (GERAF).
(3) Persistent, one-sided intervention occurs when net purchases of foreign currency are conducted repeatedly, in at least 8 out of 12 months, and these net purchases total at least 2% of an economy’s GDP over a 12-month period.4

Read full report >>

Belching lakes, mystery craters, ‘zombie fires’: How the climate crisis is transforming the Arctic permafrost

Newly formed lakes in the permafrost landscape of Russia's Siberia.

Newly formed lakes in the permafrost landscape of Russia’s Siberia.Evgeny Chuvilin/Skoltech

By Katie Hunt, CNN

Published 7:06 AM EST, Sat November 12, 2022

CNN — Four years ago, Morris J. Alexie had to move out of the house his father built in Alaska in 1969 because it was sinking into the ground and water was beginning to seep into his home.

“The bogs are showing up in between houses, all over our community. There are currently seven houses that are occupied but very slanted and sinking into the ground as we speak,” Alexie said by phone from Nunapitchuk, a village of around 600 people. “Everywhere is bogging up.”

What was once grassy tundra is now riddled with water, he said. Their land is crisscrossed by 8-foot-wide boardwalks the community uses to get from place to place. And even some of the boardwalks have begun to sink.

“It’s like little polka dots of tundra land. We used to have regular grass all over our community. Now it’s changed into constant water marsh.”

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Crypto’s Boy King Got Dethroned Overnight

Sam Bankman-Fried sold himself as a savior—but was sitting on a hollow company.

By David Gerard, the author of the book Attack of the 50 Foot Blockchain and the cryptocurrency and blockchain news blog of the same name.

Foreign Policy

Sam Bankman-Fried speaks onstage at a charity event on June 23 in New York City.
Sam Bankman-Fried speaks onstage at a charity event on June 23 in New York City.

NOVEMBER 11, 2022, 1:22 PM

Cryptocurrency has a serious problem: The party’s over. Fresh dollars from naive retail buyers aren’t coming in anymore after the crashes in May and June, despite a round of advertising during the Super Bowl in February reaching every consumer in the United States. Without those fresh dollars, the holders can’t cash out.

Crypto trading firms hold large piles of assets whose “market cap”—their alleged mark-to-market value—supposedly adds up to a trillion dollars. But this number is unrealizable nonsense because the actual dollars just aren’t there. Everyone in the system knows it. What to do?

The regulated U.S.-based exchanges are just the cashier’s desk for the wider crypto casino. The real trading action, as well as price discovery, is on the unregulated offshore exchanges. These include Binance, OKX, and Huobi. Until Tuesday, Nov. 8, they also included Sam Bankman-Fried’s FTX, which cut off customer withdrawals around 11:37 a.m. UTC on Nov. 8 and then revealed around 4 p.m. UTC that it was suffering a “liquidity crisis.” FTX is just the latest casualty in a series of collapses that began with Terraform Labs’s UST stablecoin; that took out Celsius Network, Voyager Digital, and many other crypto trading firms; and that is now gradually driving the price and trading volume of cryptocurrencies to what they should be: zero.

FTX desperately sought more funding, but to no avail; at press time, FTX had been shut down by its Bahamian regulator and put into liquidation, as well as was filing for bankruptcy in the United States and Bankman-Fried has resigned as CEO. But the fall of FTX has been particularly remarkable in part because its founder was unusually feted.

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As major powers meet in Asia, the rest of the world is pressed to pick a side

Simone McCarthy

By Simone McCarthy

Updated 2:54 AM EST, Fri November 11, 2022

Leaders of Southeast Asian nations make courtesy call to Cambodia's king before a summit in Phnom Penh on November 10, 2022.

Leaders of Southeast Asian nations make courtesy call to Cambodia’s king before a summit in Phnom Penh on November 10, 2022.Khem Sovannara/AFP/Getty Images

Editor’s Note: A version of this story appeared in CNN’s Meanwhile in China newsletter, a three-times-a-week update exploring what you need to know about the country’s rise and how it impacts the world. Sign up here.

Hong Kong CNN — 

World leaders are converging in Phnom Penh this weekend for the first in a series of international summits in Southeast Asia over the coming week, where divisions between major powers and conflict threaten to overshadow talks.

The first stop is the Cambodian capital where leaders from across the Indo-Pacific will meet alongside a summit of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) leaders, followed next week by a meeting of the Group of 20 (G20) leaders in Bali and of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum in Bangkok.

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