Trung Quốc ngụy biện về bãi Tư Chính

19/08/2019 07:55 GMT+7
TTO – Trung Quốc xem khu vực bãi Tư Chính là “một phần của quần đảo Nam Sa và vùng biển liên quan” của Trung Quốc. Lập luận này của Trung Quốc xuất phát từ cơ sở nào, đúng hay sai khi đối chiếu với UNCLOS 1982?

Trung Quốc ngụy biện về bãi Tư Chính - Ảnh 1.

Tàu cá của ngư dân Quảng Ngãi ra khơi tại cửa biển xã Sa Kỳ (xã Bình Châu, huyện Bình Sơn, Quảng Ngãi) – Ảnh: TRẦN MAI

Mọi người đều biết rằng Trung Quốc là một trong những quốc gia đầu tiên ký kết và phê chuẩn Công ước của Liên Hiệp Quốc về Luật biển (UNCLOS) năm 1982; hơn nữa còn là một trong những thành viên tích cực của nhóm quốc gia đang phát triển, đã có nhiều đóng góp trong quá trình tham gia Hội nghị của Liên Hiệp Quốc về Luật biển lần thứ 3. Continue reading “Trung Quốc ngụy biện về bãi Tư Chính”

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CHINA’S INCURSION INTO VIETNAM’S EEZ AND LESSONS FROM THE PAST


AMT BY  | AUGUST 8, 2019

The Haiyang Dizhi 8, a survey vessel belonging to a Chinese government-run corporation, began surveying a large swath of seabed on July 3 northeast of Vanguard Bank (Bai Tu Chinh) off the coast of Vietnam. The ship was apparently undertaking an oil and gas survey across two blocks, Riji 03 and Riji 27, which fall within Vietnam’s continental shelf under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The survey ship has been escorted by other vessels, including the China Coast Guard and maritime militia. At the same time, China Coast Guard ships have been harassing Vietnamese drilling operations in Block 06-01 to the south. Continue reading “CHINA’S INCURSION INTO VIETNAM’S EEZ AND LESSONS FROM THE PAST”

Diễn biến tại Bãi Tư Chính và lô 06-01 qua góc nhìn Luật quốc tế

Tác giả: Phạm Ngọc Minh Trang, nghiencuuquocte.org

Hôm 19/7, người phát ngôn Bộ Ngoại giao Việt Nam Lê Thị Thu Hằng đã cho công luận biết rằng nhóm tàu khảo sát Hải Dương 8 của Trung Quốc đã vi phạm vùng đặc quyền kinh tế và thềm lục địa Việt Nam ở khu vực phía nam Biển Đông.

“Đây là vùng biển hoàn toàn của Việt Nam, được xác định theo đúng các quy định của Công ước của Liên Hợp Quốc về Luật Biển 1982 mà Việt Nam và Trung Quốc đều là thành viên,” bà Thu Hằng phát biểu, theo truyền thông Việt Nam. Continue reading “Diễn biến tại Bãi Tư Chính và lô 06-01 qua góc nhìn Luật quốc tế”

Reading Between the Lines: The Next Spratly Legal Dispute

March 21, 2019 Email not displaying correctly?
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March 21, 2019  |  AMTI BRIEF

Reading Between the Lines: The Next Spratly Legal Dispute

In August 2018, the HMS Albion sailed through the Paracel Islands to assert freedom of navigation and challenge China’s claim to straight baselines around the island group. The United Kingdom’s challenge was the first operation by a non-U.S. vessel in the South China Sea that was analogous to the United States’ now well-publicized freedom of navigation operations (FONOPs). Three months later, the USS Chancellorsville undertook an identical challenge to Beijing’s baselines around the Paracels. Similar operations had been undertaken by the USS Decatur in October 2016 and the USS Chafee in October 2017. Continue reading “Reading Between the Lines: The Next Spratly Legal Dispute”

ARF: Application de la CNUDM 1982 pour faire face aux défis émergents

lecourrier 26/02/2019 23:37
Dans le contexte des défis émergents tels que le changement climatique, l’élévation du niveau de la mer, l’exploitation de ressources marines non durables, la pollution marine…, la CNUDM 1982 et d’autres documents internationaux concernés devraient constituer un cadre juridique important permettant d’intensifier la coopération dans la restauration et l’utilisation de manière durable des ressources maritimes.
Le séminaire de l’ARF sur l’application de la CNUDM 1982 se tient les 26 et 27 février dans la province de Khanh Hoà (Centre). Photo: Tiên Minh/VNA/CVN
Un séminaire du Forum régional de l’Asean (ARF) sur l’application de la Convention des Nations unies sur le droit de la mer 1982 (CNUDM 1982) et d’autres instruments juridiques internationaux pour faire face aux défis émergents liés à la mer, se tient les mardi 26 et mercredi 27 février dans la ville de Nha Trang, province de Khanh Hoà (Centre) réunissant plus de 80 délégués de 20 pays membre de l’ARF. Continue reading “ARF: Application de la CNUDM 1982 pour faire face aux défis émergents”

7 Reasons U.S. Should Not Ratify UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

Heritage Foundation

Jun 4th, 2018 5 min read

Commentary By

Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D.@Bromund

Senior Research Fellow in Anglo-American Relations

James Jay Carafano@JJCarafano

Vice President, Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute

Brett D. Schaefer

Senior Research Fellow in International Regulatory Affairs

The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea requires that coastal nations pay royalties on their seabed resources to landlocked and developing countries.mizoula/Getty Images

KEY TAKEAWAYS

U.S. accession would provide no benefits not already available to the U.S., while creating unnecessary burdens and risks.

The U.S. does not need to join the convention in order to access oil and gas resources on its extended continental shelf, in the Arctic, or in the Gulf of Mexico.

Despite subsequent changes in 1994 that led the Clinton administration to support U.S. accession, the Trump administration should oppose accession to this treaty.

 
President Donald Trump recently proclaimed June 2018 to be National Ocean Month and stated his support for better utilizing the vast resources contained in America’s Exclusive Economic Zone, the 200-nautical mile zone off U.S. coasts over which the U.S. has jurisdiction. Continue reading “7 Reasons U.S. Should Not Ratify UN Convention on the Law of the Sea”

A new twist in the South China Sea Arbitration: The Chinese Society of International Law’s Critical Study

Published on May 25, 2018        Author: , EJIL Talk

On Monday 14 May 2018 the Chinese Journal of International Law, an Oxford University Press journal, published an extraordinary 500 page “Critical Study” of the Awards on jurisdiction and the merits in the South China Sea Arbitration between the Philippines and China. Readers will recall the case was brought under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) by the Philippines against China and that there was an awards on jurisdiction in 2015 and a final award on the merits in 2016 (discussed in many places including here, here, here, here and here). The Critical Study was produced by the joint efforts of some 70 scholars and is listed as having been authored by the Chinese Society of International Law (CSIL). It examines almost every issue raised in the case – and several that weren’t – and concludes the Tribunal was catastrophically wrong on every single point, right down to how many times the Philippines was allowed to amend its pleadings. Continue reading “A new twist in the South China Sea Arbitration: The Chinese Society of International Law’s Critical Study”

Naval Arms Race – Military activities in the Exclusive Economic Zone

Download:

– UN Study on the Naval Arms Race (Report of the General Secretary – Sept. 17, 1985)
From UN Site From CVD

– Military Activities in the Exclusive Economic Zone: Preveting uncertainty and defusing conflict (George V. Galdorisi & Alan G. Kaufman – 2001)
From California Western School of Law From CVD

– Military Activities in the Exclusive Economic Zone: Preveting uncertainty and defusing conflict (Hyun Soo-Kim)
From US Naval War College From CVD
Continue reading “Naval Arms Race – Military activities in the Exclusive Economic Zone”

Intelligence Gathering in the Exclusive Economic Zone

The United States Naval War College – International Law Studies

Intelligence Gathering in the Exclusive Economic Zone
by: Efthymios Papastavridis
93 INT’L L. STUD. 446 (2017)
Published by the Stockton Center for the Study of International Law

Download report:
– from Naval War College
– from CVD

Volume 93 International Law Studies (2017)

Feature Articles

Continue reading “Intelligence Gathering in the Exclusive Economic Zone”

China protests to US over sail-by in disputed waters

channelnewsasia

 
The US Navy regularly carries out such operations to challenge China’s vast claims to the South China Sea, where Beijing has turned reefs into militarised artificial islands. AFP/Ted ALJIBE

BEIJING: China said Wednesday (Oct 11) it has lodged a protest with the United States after an American warship sailed near disputed islands in the South China Sea.

The US Navy missile destroyer Chafee entered into China’s territorial waters near the Sansha islands on Tuesday, according to Beijing’s foreign ministry. Continue reading “China protests to US over sail-by in disputed waters”

Why China is building islands in the South China Sea

Vox_Since 2014, China has been building islands in the middle of the South China Sea. What were once underwater reefs are now sandy islands complete with airfields, roads, buildings, and missile systems. In less than two years, China has turned seven reefs into seven military bases in the South China Sea, one of the most contentious bodies of water in the world.

The sea is one of the most important areas of ocean in the world. It’s estimated to hold 11 billion barrels of oil, 109 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 10 percent of the world’s fisheries. Most importantly, 30 percent of the world’s shipping trade flows through the South China Sea to the busy ports of Southeast Asia. It’s an incredibly important strategic area, and five countries currently claim some part of it.

Most countries base their claims off the

href=””>United Nations Law of the Seas, which says a country’s territory extends 200 miles off its shores, an area called the exclusive economic zone, or EEZ. Any trade or resources that fall in a country’s EEZ belong to that country; they’re its sovereign territory. Any area that is not in an EEZ is considered international waters and subject to UN maritime law, meaning it’s shared by everyone. Every country in the region, which includes Malaysia, the Philippines, Brunei, and Vietnam, bases its claim to the South China Sea on the UN’s EEZ laws — except China.

China argues it has a historical claim to the South China Sea, dating back to naval expeditions in the 15th century. After World War II, the Japanese Empire lost control of the South China Sea, and China took advantage of the moment to reclaim it. On maps, it started drawing a dashed line that encompassed most of the South China Sea. This line became its official claim and is known today as the Nine-Dash Line, because it always has nine dashes. In 1973, when the UN law established EEZs, China reaffirmed its Nine-Dash Line, refusing to clarify the line’s boundaries and rejecting other countries’ claims.

Since then, tensions have built around who rightfully owns the South China Sea. The dispute has centered on the Spratly Islands, an archipelago at the heart of the South China Sea. Currently, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam claim some part of the Spratly Island chain. They’ve asserted their claims by putting small buildings, ports, and even some people on what are essentially rocks in the middle of the ocean.

But the Spratlys are very important, because whichever country can successfully claim them can extend its EEZ to include them, thus gaining miles of precious sovereign territory. This is why China began building up islands in 2014. By turning these rocks into military bases, the Chinese are now able to support hundreds of ships, bolstering their presence in the region. They are using fishing boats, surveillance ships, and navy destroyers to set up blockades around other countries’ islands and defend their own. This is all done very cautiously and in small steps in order to avoid sparking a wider conflict.

Since China began building islands, the disputes have not become violent. But tensions are building in the region. As China deploys more of its military to the Spratlys, other countries are getting nervous and building up their own islands. It’s a complex situation that will continue to gain international attention, for better or for worse.

Working Draft of UNCLOS Translation

First posted on UNCLOSforum.wordpress.com on Jan. 31, 2015

Dear friends,

In an effort to have a Vietnamese version of UNCLOS that is very close to the English version, a group of translators are working on the translation from English to Vietnamese, and I am the Editor in Chief of this project.

This copy here is the working draft, not even done with the first draft yet. However, we place it here so that you know the work we are doing, and also to invite your comments.

Please free to comment here or mail to me (Trần Đình Hoành) at tdhoanh@gmail.com

Thanks a million.

Hoành

Please click here to read the translation.

Letter dated 6 June 2014 from the Permanent Representative of Viet Nam to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General concerning Haiyang Shiyou oil rig

First poste on unclosforu.wordpress.com on June 6, 2014

Viet Nam & UN
Letter dated 6 June 2014 from the Permanent Representative of Viet Nam to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General
06-23-2014, 03:41 pm

Sixty-eighth session

Agenda item 76 (a)

Oceans and the law of the sea

Letter dated 6 June 2014 from the Permanent Representative of Viet Nam to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

Upon instructions from my Government, I have the honour to transmit herewith a diplomatic note dated 4 June 2014 from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam addressed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China concerning China’s continued illegal operation of the oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 in the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf of Viet Nam (see annex). Continue reading “Letter dated 6 June 2014 from the Permanent Representative of Viet Nam to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General concerning Haiyang Shiyou oil rig”

HỘI NGHỊ ASEAN:  Đằng sau những câu chữ

  • DANH ĐỨC
  • 11.08.2017, 13:43

TTCT – Cuộc họp cấp ngoại trưởng ASEAN (AMM) năm nay, và tiếp theo đó là Diễn đàn khu vực ASEAN (ARF), đã diễn ra trong bầu không khí đầy tranh cãi, phản ánh cục diện thế sự ngày nay. Các văn kiện chính, trên bề nổi, phản ánh xu thế đó. Song, trong chiều sâu, lại phản ánh một sự đồng thuận nhất định.

 Đằng sau những câu chữ
Bộ trưởng Ngoại giao Trung Quốc Vương Nghị. Philstar.com bình luận rằng với Bắc Kinh, COC đi kèm những điều kiện “mơ hồ và không công bằng”.-Ảnh: rappler.com

Nếu so sánh ARF lần thứ nhất hồi năm 1994 tại Bangkok, mà Việt Nam tham dự với tư cách quan sát viên, với ARF năm nay tại Manila, rõ ràng diễn đàn năm nay quá ư là “gay cấn”. Những biến chuyển của chính trường thế giới đã đặt ra những thách thức mới so với cách đây 23 năm. Continue reading “HỘI NGHỊ ASEAN:  Đằng sau những câu chữ”

Biển Đông: Mỹ, Trung quốc, và Việt Nam

Tại Biển Đông, có lẽ ai cũng thấy hai lực lớn kèn cựa nhau là Mỹ và Trung Quốc. Các nước khác thì có vẻ ấm ấm lạnh lạnh, không quá quan tâm đến vấn đề. Kampuchia thì có vẻ thiên hẳn về TQ. Phi Luật Tân là nước chống TQ mạnh nhất, nay đã đổi chiều. Chỉ VN là còn đứng trong thế cứng cựa với TQ, tiếp tục mời mọc các công ty của các nước đầu tư vào các lô biển để thăm dò và khai thác dầu hoặc khí đốt, tiếp tục lên tiếng chống đối mỗi khi TQ tuyên bố gì hay làm gì ở Biển Đông, trong khi vẫn cố gắng giữ liên hệ ngoại giao tốt với TQ trong những lãnh vực khác, và vẫn giữ ngoại giao thân thiện với Mỹ. Continue reading “Biển Đông: Mỹ, Trung quốc, và Việt Nam”