Brace yourself for more record heat

DW

Current high temperatures in the northern hemisphere are set to continue. Climate change means we’re likely to experience very hot summers more often — even though we’re already struggling with health consequences now.

    
Bildergalerie : Sommer / Abkühlung (picture-alliance/dpa)

Europe is in the throes of a heat wave, and it’s not letting up — on the contrary. More hot air is coming over from Africa, and is even bringing desert dust with it.

Southwestern European countries are being hit especially hard. Authorities in Portugal issued a nationwide health warning, including for dust from the Sahara. Warnings were also issued for 40 of Spain’s 50 provinces. The southeastern Portuguese town of Beja is expected to see a peak of 47 degrees Celsius (117 degrees Fahrenheit) on Saturday.
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How the coffee industry is about to get roasted by climate change

theconverstion

Fall is always a good time to create new habits, and coffee chains know it.

These days, they are desperately trying to find any excuse to get you to drink their java.

Many chains used National or International Coffee Day, just passed, as a reason to offer their coffee at a discount, or even for free — with some conditions, of course.

For restaurant operators, there’s no better hook than coffee to get repeat business. It’s a great scheme that seems to be working for some. Given what’s looming on the horizon, however, offering free coffee may no longer be an option for businesses.

Coffee demand around the world is shifting. Europe still accounts for almost one third of the coffee consumed worldwide, but China has doubled its consumption in just the last five years. Tiếp tục đọc “How the coffee industry is about to get roasted by climate change”

Europe’s biggest insurance group Allianz stops insuring coal companies

DW

Europe’s biggest insurance group, Germany-based Allianz, stops selling policies to coal companies effective immediately under efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuel and foster climate-saving energy policies.

    
Allianz Versicherungskonzern Zentrale bei München (picture-alliance/dpa)

Munich, Germany-based Allianz Group announced on Friday that it would refuse insurance coverage of coal-fired power plants and coal mines with immediate effect, and would aim to get rid of all coal risks in its business by 2040.

Read more: How can the world move beyond fossil fuels?

In addition, Europe’s biggest insurer said it would stop investing in companies that do not cut their greenhouse gas emissions.

“We want to promote the transition to a climate-friendly economy,” said chief executive Oliver Bäte, adding that the company wanted to get “even more serious on global warming.” Tiếp tục đọc “Europe’s biggest insurance group Allianz stops insuring coal companies”

Over 100 corporate giants align with UN climate goals

At EU level, a high-level group on sustainable finance issued its final recommendations earlier this year, calling on the 28-country bloc to stop pouring public money into polluting fossil fuels and focus spending on clean energies instead. [Jeff Kubina / Flickr]

L’Oreal and Electrolux today (17 April) joined the likes of McDonald’s and Sony in aligning their emission goals with the 2°C target of the Paris Agreement on climate change.

103 global companies have now signed up to emission reduction goals in line with what climate scientists say is required to prevent dangerous global warming, said the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi), a collaboration between CDP, the United Nations Global Compact, the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

The 100+ companies’ combined emissions are equal to the annual CO2 emissions from 100 coal-fired power plants, representing US$3.4 trillion in market value, roughly equivalent to the London Stock Exchange, the SBTi said in a statement.
Tiếp tục đọc “Over 100 corporate giants align with UN climate goals”

Nông lâm kết hợp: giải pháp ngày càng phổ biến cho một thế giới nóng và đói khát

Thoạt nhìn, các vùng phía Tây Cameroon trông có vẻ tươi tốt [phủ xanh bởi cây cối và rừng], nhưng khi nhìn gần hơn thì thấy đất đai ở khu vực này đã bị suy thoái do canh tác quá mức, kỹ thuật canh tác không bền vững, thảm thực vật bị tàn phá do bị khai thác làm củi và cháy rừng.

Tuy nhiên, ở một số khu vực vẫn tràn ngập đa dạng sinh học: cà phê phát triển dưới bóng mát của cây chuối, gần đó là những cây mận Châu Phi (tên địa phương là cây safou), cây cô la, cam và các loại cây lấy gỗ như gỗ gụ. Đối với người không chuyên thì đây trông giống như một khu rừng tự nhiên, nhưng thực tế đó là một hệ thống nông lâm – kết hợp cây cho bóng mát với cây trồng.

 [Hệ thống nông lâm kết hợp điển hình ở vùng Tây Bắc của Cameroon với chuối và các loại quả địa phương và cây lấy gỗ. Ảnh Ebernezar Asaah]

Hiện tượng thủy triều đỏ trên các vùng biển và đề xuất với Việt Nam

T.S Dư Văn Toán

thiennhien.net

“Thuỷ triều đỏ” là thuật ngữ ngày càng phổ biến và quen thuộc. Nó không thuần chỉ là một hiện tượng tự nhiên tuyệt vời đầy kì bí như nhiều người vẫn nghĩ mà thực chất là một vấn đề môi trường nhức nhối cần quan tâm.

“Thủy triều đỏ” chỉ sự nở hoa của các loài vi tảo biển. Đây là hiện tượng tự nhiên xảy ra do mật độ tế bào vi tảo gia tăng lên đến hàng triệu tế bào/lít (thông thường có khoảng 10 – 100 tế bào vi tảo/ml nhưng trong trường hợp “nở hoa”, mật độ có thể lên trên 10.000 tế bào/ml), làm biến đổi màu của nước biển từ xanh lục đậm, đỏ cho đến vàng xám.
Tiếp tục đọc “Hiện tượng thủy triều đỏ trên các vùng biển và đề xuất với Việt Nam”

Secretary-General Appoints Michael R. Bloomberg of United States Special Envoy for Climate Action

UN.org

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres announced today the appointment of Michael R. Bloomberg of the United States as his Special Envoy for Climate Action.

Mr. Bloomberg will support the Secretary-General’s climate strategy and efforts towards the planned 2019 Climate Summit at United Nations Headquarters.  The Summit will mobilize stronger and more ambitious action towards 2020 climate targets.  The Special Envoy will leverage efforts in key areas of the Summit to encourage rapid and enhanced implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change in the context of sustainable development.
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Sea-level legacy: 20cm more rise by 2300 for each 5-year delay in peaking emissions

02/20/2018 – Peaking global CO2 emissions as soon as possible is crucial for limiting the risks of sea-level rise, even if global warming is limited to well below 2°C. A study now published in the journal Nature Communications analyzes for the first time the sea-level legacy until 2300 within the constraints of the Paris Agreement. Their central projections indicate global sea-level rise between 0.7m and 1.2m until 2300 with Paris put fully into practice. As emissions in the second half of this century are already outlined by the Paris goals, the variations in greenhouse-gas emissions before 2050 will be the major leverage for future sea levels. The researchers find that each five year delay in peaking global CO2 emissions will likely increase median sea-level rise estimates for 2300 by 20 centimeters.

Sea-level legacy: 20cm more rise by 2300 for each 5-year delay in peaking emissions

Every delay in peaking emissions by 5 years between 2020 and 2035 could mean additional 20 cm of sea-level rise (Mengel et al 2018)

Tiếp tục đọc “Sea-level legacy: 20cm more rise by 2300 for each 5-year delay in peaking emissions”

Thẩm định tính khả thi cho dự án năng lượng tái tạo ở thị trường mới nổi – Trích Hướng dẫn tài chính cho người làm chính sách: Năng lượng tái tạo và hạ tầng xanh (P2)

>> Phần 1: Giới thiệu về Hướng dẫn Tài chính cho người làm chính sách: Năng lượng tái tạo và hạ tầng xanh
>> Phần 2: Thẩm định tính khả thi cho dự án năng lượng tái tạo ở thị trường mới nổi

1. CÁC VẤN ĐỀ TÀI CHÍNH CHO DỰ ÁN NĂNG LƯỢNG TÁI TẠO Ở THỊ TRƯỜNG MỚI NỔI 

Như đã nêu ở phần trước, các nhà đầu tư luôn đánh giá một loạt các yếu tố thông thường cho tất cả các thị trường. Tuy nhiên, trong bối cảnh thẩm định tính khả thi và giám sát đầu tư điển hình ở các thị trường mới nổi, sẽ có sự nhấn mạnh đặc biệt vào một loạt các rủi ro cần đượcthận trọng giảm thiểu:

• Sự ổn định và trưởng thành của hệ thống chính trị: điều này ảnh hưởng đến khả năng các dự án đạt được kết quả thành công, vì sự bất ổn càng lớn thì lượng vốn mà các nhà đầu tư và các nhà cho vay thương mại tài trợ cho dự án càng nhỏ. Rủi ro chính trị, ví dụ như sự bế tắc của hợp đồng (CF- contract frustration) và tịch thu, quốc hữu hóa, sung công và cách chức (CNED- confiscation, nationalization, expropriation and deprivation), có thể được chuyển giao cho một loạt các công ty bảo hiểm tư nhân và công lập, bao gồm Cơ quan Bảo đảm Bảo hiểm Đa phương (MIGA, một phần của Nhóm Ngân hàng Thế giới), Lloyd’s of London và thị trường bảo hiểm quốc tế. Khả năng hoặc sự sẵn sàng của các nhà cung cấp dịch vụ này trong việc chấp nhận rủi ro và phí bảo hiểm cho rủi ro sẽ được xác định bởi sự ổn định và sự trưởng thành của hệ thống chính trị. Tiếp tục đọc “Thẩm định tính khả thi cho dự án năng lượng tái tạo ở thị trường mới nổi – Trích Hướng dẫn tài chính cho người làm chính sách: Năng lượng tái tạo và hạ tầng xanh (P2)”

Provinces improve response to climate change

vietnamnews Update: February, 08/2018 – 06:00

Lessons learned from the strategic mainstreaming of ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) was a good foundation for Việt Nam to prepare for climate change. — Photo tuoitre.vn

HÀ NỘI — Lessons learned from the strategic mainstreaming of ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) was a good foundation for Việt Nam to prepare for climate change, according to Dr. Nguyễn Thế Chinh from the Natural Resources and Environment Strategic Institute.

Dr Chinh was speaking on Tuesday at a workshop reviewing a project on the subject. It was held by the Institute for Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment in collaboration with the German Development Co-operation Agency. The event marked more than three years of productive collaboration.

The Euro 4-million (US$4.9 million) project funded by the German Society for International Co-operation (GIZ) worked with the Vietnamese Government to mainstream ecosystem-based measures into pilot models in Hà Tĩnh and Quảng Bình provinces.

“After three years of implementation, the project evaluated the vulnerable ecological situation in Hà Tĩnh and Quảng Bình provinces,” Chinh said.

“The project also helped to set up a national plan of land use for 2016-2020, and an updated action plan for climate change preparedness until 2020 in the provinces,” he added.

The EbA project aims to support efforts in the strategic mainstreaming of ecosystem-based approaches into national policies on climate change adaptation, land-use and development planning.

EbA has been identified as an effective adaptation measure given that Việt Nam is heavily affected by the adverse effects of climate change.

Climate change vulnerability assessments have been conducted at both provincial and commune levels to introduce appropriate EbA solutions for implementation in the selected provinces.

From 2016, the project began pilot EbA activities in coastal areas suffering erosion and sand movement in Quảng Bình Province by planting and rehabilitating coastal forests in combination with livelihood activities, such as cattle-raising, fresh- water fish farming, and vegetable cultivation.

In Hà Tĩnh, the project piloted EbA approaches in a mountain ecosystem under drought conditions, enriching natural forest by using indigenous plants, oranges and pineapples grown in contour lines – plus bee-raising.

The two areas selected for the pilot EbA approaches shared common characteristics. Firstly, the communities in both areas showed real enthusiasm to participate; and secondly, they lived in areas suffering from difficult economic conditions, with limited access to the technologies required for agricultural production.

Strengthening the capacity of stakeholders at central and local levels was a key aspect of the project.

To improve knowledge and the sharing of information on EbA measures and activities, the project organised a series of training workshops on mainstreaming them into the development planning process.

The project also focused on mainstreaming EbA into the climate-change-adaptation legal framework by supporting Government agencies. For example, the Department of Land Management will implement strategic environmental assessments to collect inputs for revising national land-use planning for 2016-2020; the Department for Planning Management will mainstream EbA and climate-change issues into developing the Planning Law; and the departments of Natural Resources and Environment of Hà Tĩnh and Quảng Bình will mainstream EbA into the updated Provincial Climate Change Action Plans to 2020.

Ivo Litzenberg, GIZ expert, said after three years of implementation, the two provinces had cleaner water resources and a healthier ecological system which was less vulnerable to climate-change impacts.

Land erosion was also reduced, which helped local people produce rice crops on slopes, said Litzenberg.

The project had also helped local people understand the importance of production thast was less harmful to ecological systems, he said.

Meanwhile, according to Phan Lam Sơn, deputy head of Hà Tĩnh Province’s Natural Resources and Environment Department, the project helped people become aware of main reasons for climate change, such as improper use of natural resources, waste discharge and polluting the environment.

Việt Nam was assessed as one of nations worst affected by climate change.

If the sea water level rise by one metre, 40 per cent of land area in Cửu Long (Mekong) Delta, 11 per cent of land in the Hồng Delta, and 3 per cent of land areas along other coastal regions would be submerged.

About 10-12 per cent of population would be affected and losses would account for 10 per cent of the country’s GDP, said experts.

Understanding the consequences, the Government has issued several legal documents to deal with the situation, including a National Programme on Climate Change Preparedness, National Strategy on Climate Changes, National Strategy on Natural Calamity Reduction by 2020. — VNS

Bigger, Faster Avalanches, Triggered by Climate Change

The Newyorktimes

A deadly 2016 glacier collapse in Tibet surpassed scientists’ expectations — until it happened again. They worry it’s only the beginning.

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A satellite image showing the aftermath of two avalanches in western Tibet in 2016, when two glaciers on the Aru range collapsed and spread across five miles. Researchers say this unusual event was due to climate change. 

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When 247 million cubic feet of snow and ice collapsed off a glacier in the dry, mountainous region of western Tibet in 2016, the roiling mass took with it nine human lives and hundreds of animals, spreading more than five miles in three minutes at speeds of nearly 200 miles per hour. The event surprised scientists, who had seen a collapse that big and that fast only once before.

Tiếp tục đọc “Bigger, Faster Avalanches, Triggered by Climate Change”

Singapore has declared 2018 the year of climate action—so why are its banks still funding coal?

eco-business_2018 is officially the year of climate action in Singapore, and yet the country’s powerful banks are bankrolling huge, greenhouse gas-producing coal-fired power stations in Asia Pacific, a report has found.

DBS is co-financing four 1200 MW coal-fired power plants in Vietnam—Nam Dinh 1, Nghi Son 2, Vinh Tan 4 and Vung Ang 2—and is a financial adviser for a number of planned coal-fired projects in Indonesia including the Jawa-6, Jawa-9 and Jawa-10 plants.

Singapore banks are bankrolling fossil fuel power projects that are at odds with public promises to fight climate change, a report from Market Forces has found. Tiếp tục đọc “Singapore has declared 2018 the year of climate action—so why are its banks still funding coal?”

Fighting climate change with bioenergy may do ‘more harm than good’

Mongabay.com

  • A new study finds land-use like grazing and managing forests for resource extraction may have released more carbon than previously thought. Its results indicate the world’s terrestrial vegetation is currently sequestering less than half its full carbon-storage potential.
  • Of that missing half, the researchers discovered 42 to 47 percent is attributed to land uses that don’t technically change the vegetation cover type. The researchers say that climate change mitigation strategies often focus on reducing intensive land-use like deforestation, with less-intensive uses that don’t change cover type largely overlooked and under-researched.
  • One of these less-intensive uses is managing forests for biomass energy production. Many countries are trying to replace fossil fuels with biomass energy in-line with international climate agreements like the Paris Accord.
  • The researchers warn that strategies developed under the assumption that producing biomass energy doesn’t come at a carbon cost could harm efforts to fight climate change. They urge that in addition to stopping deforestation, the protection of forest functions, like carbon stocks, should be moved more into focus when it comes to land-use and climate change planning.

As nations try to stem emissions to keep the world from warming more than 2 degrees Celsius in line with their commitments towards the Paris Accord, replacing fossil fuels with renewable alternatives is widely seen as a big step in the right direction. A major source of energy oft-extolled as renewable is biomass from trees, which are usually harvested from managed forests either established on land that has already been deforested or planted where forests didn’t naturally grow. But a new study finds land-use like managing forests for biomass production may come at a much higher carbon cost than previously thought.
Tiếp tục đọc “Fighting climate change with bioenergy may do ‘more harm than good’”

Climate change is triggering a migrant crisis in Vietnam

Theconversation

The Vietnamese Mekong Delta is one of Earth’s most agriculturally productive regions and is of global importance for its exports of rice, shrimp, and fruit. The 18m inhabitants of this low-lying river delta are also some of the world’s most vulnerable to climate change. Over the last ten years around 1.7m people have migrated out of its vast expanse of fields, rivers and canals while only 700,000 have arrived.

On a global level migration to urban areas remains as high as ever: one person in every 200 moves from rural areas to the city every year. Against this backdrop it is difficult to attribute migration to individual causes, not least because it can be challenging to find people who have left a region in order to ask why they went and because every local context is unique. But the high net rate of migration away from Mekong Delta provinces is more than double the national average, and even higher in its most climate-vulnerable areas. This implies that there is something else – probably climate-related – going on here. Tiếp tục đọc “Climate change is triggering a migrant crisis in Vietnam”

Critical Issues to Watch in 2018

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ipsnews_Martin Khor is Executive Director of the South Centre, a think tank for developing countries, based in Geneva

More than 480 billion plastic bottles were sold in the world in 2016, in 2018 we can expect international cooperation to reduce the use of plastic and how to treat plastic waste. Credit: Athar Parvaiz/IPS

PENANG, Malaysia, Jan 2 2018 (IPS) – Another new year has dawned, and on a world facing serious disruption on many fronts.  What are the trends and issues to watch out for in 2018?

One obvious answer is to anticipate how Donald Trump, the most unorthodox of American Presidents, will continue to upset the world order.  But more about that later.

Just as importantly as politics, we are now in the midst of several social and environmental trends that have important long-lasting effects.  Some are on the verge of reaching a tipping point, where a long-term trend produces critical and sometimes irreversible events. We may see some of that in 2018.
Tiếp tục đọc “Critical Issues to Watch in 2018”