The State of Southeast Asia 2019

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Abstract: The ASEAN Studies Centre at ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute conducted the “State of Southeast Asia: 2019” online survey between 18 November and 5 December 2018 to seek the views of Southeast Asians onregional affairs. The survey used the purposive sampling method, canvassing views from a total of 1,008 Southeast Asians who are regional experts and stakeholders from the policy, research, business, civil society, and media communities. As such, the results of this survey are not meant to be representative. Rather, it aims to present a general view of prevailing attitudes among those in a position to inform or influence policy on regional political, economic and social issues and concerns.

The survey is divided into five sections.

The first section sketches out the nationality and affiliation of the respondents.

Section II explores the political and economic outlook for 2019, as well as providing views on major developments in the year ahead and security concerns. Some of the issues covered in this section include the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), the US-China trade war, denuclearisation in the Korean Peninsula and Rohingya issue.

Section III examines major power relations in the region, with a specific focus on the US and China.

Section IV looks into the region’s perception of the major powers (China, the European Union, India, Japan, Russia and the US) and provides some clues as to which major power does the region trust the most (or the least).

The survey concludes with Section V which looks at three aspects of soft power – tertiary education, tourism and foreign language – as proxies of the major powers’ influence in Southeast Asia.

Southeast Asia’s largest wind project gets $1.1 billion funding injection

Southeast Asia’s leading nation for solar energy—Thailand—could now be the frontrunner in wind energy after renewables developer WEH secured funding for the region’s biggest wind power project yet.

Eco-business_The Chaiyaphum Wind Farm in Thailand’s Subyai district, Chaiyaphum province. Rising energy use in Southeast Asia is shifting the global energy system’s center of gravity towards Asia. Image: © Asian Development Bank .

Thai renewables developer Wind Energy Holdings Co. Ltd (WEH) has raised US$1.1 billion to finance five new onshore wind farms in what is billed as Southeast Asia’s biggest wind energy project yet.Located in Thailand’s northeastern provinces of Nakhon Ratchasima and Chaiyaphum, the wind farms will add up to 450 megawatts of energy to the national grid on completion, slated for early 2019.Towering at a height of 157 metres, the wind farms will boast the tallest towers in the region, and will use the latest technology supplied by Vestas and General Electric. Siam Commercial Bank is financing the project. Tiếp tục đọc “Southeast Asia’s largest wind project gets $1.1 billion funding injection”

Australia in plans to export colossal amounts of wind and solar energy to Southeast Asia

Climateactionprogramme.org

An international consortium of energy companies has presented its plans to develop a 6 gigawatt (GW) solar and wind hybrid project in Western Australia, designed to export clean energy to Indonesia through subsea cables.

Western Australia is set to take advantage of its significant solar and wind resources to export renewable energy to Indonesia, contributing significantly to the country’s clean energy future and energy security through reducing reliance on imported fossil fuels.

The proposed project is called Asian Renewable Energy Hub (AREH) and is another mega energy project which underlines the significant opportunities that domestic renewable resources can provide for countries to become the ‘new’ energy exporters.

The hybrid power plant would be spread over 14,000 square km in flat desert land on the north-west coast of Australia.

It would comprise approximately 1,200 wind turbines supplied by Vestas, and 10 million solar panels with an aggregated capacity of 6GW – enough electricity to power more than 7 million households. Tiếp tục đọc “Australia in plans to export colossal amounts of wind and solar energy to Southeast Asia”

Unfolding various academic mobility experiences of Southeast Asian women

Pages 1-19 | Received 19 Dec 2016, Accepted 17 Aug 2017, Published online: 08 Nov 2017

http://www.tandfonline.com/

This article draws on data from a qualitative research study undertaken with the main aim of investigating the issue of the gender dimension of the academic mobility of Southeast Asian women. Our research describes Southeast Asian women’s experiences of mobility, narrating why they choose to be mobile, how the experience of going abroad was responded to and/or rejected by their family, how they experienced life in a different country, and what evaluations they make about these experiences in personal, familial, and professional terms. The article stresses the need to improve the understanding of the factors that are still determining the chances of women to be mobile and obtain fruitful gains from these experiences. For this to be attained, the article follows through an intersectional approach to mobility, considering it is of much use as it allows to comprehend that the disadvantages associated with gender are cumulative, multi-layered, resulting from effects of several variables, including of the emotional, social, economic, and political contexts. Tiếp tục đọc “Unfolding various academic mobility experiences of Southeast Asian women”

China’s Mekong Plans Threaten Disaster for Countries Downstream

Foreignpolicy

Beijing is building hydroelectric dams and dredging to allow bigger boats as worries of environmental devastation grow.
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BANGKOK — Thirty million people depend for a living on the Mekong, the great Asian river that runs through Southeast Asia from its origins in the snowfields of Tibet to its end in the delta region of Vietnam, where it fertilizes one of the world’s richest agricultural areas. It’s the greatest freshwater fishery on the planet, second only to the Amazon in its riparian biodiversity. If you control its waters, then you control much of the economy of Southeast Asia. Tiếp tục đọc “China’s Mekong Plans Threaten Disaster for Countries Downstream”

Commentary: A golden opportunity to boost travel and tourism within Southeast Asia

channelnewsasia
Adopting an open skies policy will boost tourism, travel and economic growth in the region, argues Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs’ Wan Saiful Wan Jan.

 
File photo of a Singapore Airlines plane at Changi Airport. (Photo: AFP/Roslan Rahman)

SINGAPORE: Southeast Asia has a lot to offer to global tourists.

The rich cultural diversity, affordable lifestyle and beautiful geography, all make countries in the ASEAN region attractive to tourists from around the world. Growing connectivity also makes it easier for tourists to experience multiple cities and countries within the same trip. Tiếp tục đọc “Commentary: A golden opportunity to boost travel and tourism within Southeast Asia”

Biển Đông-Cuộc chiến quyền lực ở châu Á – Chương 5: Dầu khí ở Biển Đông

SP – [Trích] Bill Hayton- BIỂN ĐÔNG – Cuộc chiến quyền lực ở châu Á

Chương 5

Được miếng và tay không
Dầu khí ở Biển Đông

Something and Nothing
Oil and Gas in the South China Sea

Tháng 8 năm 1990, Đông Nam Á đã trở nên rất phấn khởi về việc ‘Trung Quốc trở lại’. Đã một năm kể từ khi vụ thảm sát tại quảng trường Thiên An Môn và nhiều nhân vật có ảnh hưởng nghĩ rằng đã tới lúc quay trở lại với công việc [bang giao]. Phô trương ầm ĩ, Thủ tướng Lí Bằng, một trong những người đằng sau vụ thảm sát, đã bắt tay vào một chuyến thăm khu vực 9 ngày. Tiếp tục đọc “Biển Đông-Cuộc chiến quyền lực ở châu Á – Chương 5: Dầu khí ở Biển Đông”

Peak oil in the South China Sea (part 1)

The recent deployment of missile launchers and jet fighters on Woody Island of the Paracel islands have put the spotlight on the South China Sea (SCS).

Fig 1: The 200 mile Economic Exclusion Zone claimed by China around Woody Island and the overlapping 108 nm range of the HQ-9 SAM system. Image via ISI. [Image Sat International]   http://defense-update.com/20160218_woody_island_hq9.html

In this post, we focus on oil production around the SCS. Tiếp tục đọc “Peak oil in the South China Sea (part 1)”

Child refugees held in ‘harrowing’ conditions across south-east Asia

Report reveals young people detained in cells 24 hours a day without enough food or proper access to healthcare, often forced to sleep on the floor

A young Rohingya refugee from Myanmar is held at a detention centre in Medan, Indonesia.
A young Rohingya refugee from Myanmar is held at a detention centre in Medan, Indonesia. Photograph: Romeo Gacad/AFP/Getty Images

Thousands of children are languishing in “dangerous and harrowing” conditions in detention centres across south-east Asia, a report has revealed. Children, including babies, are being held in cells 24 hours a day, alongside dozens of unrelated adults, and are frequently separated from family members. Tiếp tục đọc “Child refugees held in ‘harrowing’ conditions across south-east Asia”

Multi-nation patrol to target ISIL-linked Abu Sayyaf

Al Jazeera

Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia to patrol common seas against armed group, carrying out kidnappings and beheadings.

The Abu Sayyaf are holding 31 foreign and local Filipinos hostages including six Vietnamese seamen [EPA]

The Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia will within months launch joint patrols in piracy-plagued waters, after a wave of attacks that saw armed groups affiliated to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) kidnapping and murdering their victims.

Philippine defence chief Delfin Lorenzana announced on Thursday that he and his counterparts in Kuala Lumpur and Jakarta had agreed to patrol a sea lane where commercial vessels could pass with protection from the three nations’ navies. Tiếp tục đọc “Multi-nation patrol to target ISIL-linked Abu Sayyaf”

Southeast Asia’s war on drugs doesn’t work – here’s what does

theconversation_Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s bloody war on drugs is just the latest in a region where drug use has usually been met with draconian measures. Thailand embarked 13 years ago on a drug war that strikes eerie parallels with the Philippine situation.

Today, lawmakers in the Philippines are plotting the restoration of the death penalty to bolster the anti-drug campaign. But this, too, is par for the course in the region. Tiếp tục đọc “Southeast Asia’s war on drugs doesn’t work – here’s what does”

China Sees New Ambiguity With Donald Trump’s Taiwan Call

President Xi Jinping of China, who considers Taiwan an integral part of his country. Credit Pool photo by Nicolas Asfouri

BEIJING — China’s leaders have been markedly reticent about what kind of leader they think Donald J. Trump will be. A pragmatic dealmaker, as his business background might indicate? Or a provocateur who tests the ways of statecraft?

Tiếp tục đọc “China Sees New Ambiguity With Donald Trump’s Taiwan Call”

Đông Nam Á cần tái thiết lập các thỏa thuận thương mại

English: South-east Asia needs a reset on trade deals

Singapore đã ký Hiệp định Thương mại tự do (FTA) song phương với New Zealand vào năm 2000. Sau đó không lâu, các quốc gia khác như Malaysia và Thái Lan đã bắt đầu vào cuộc.

Năm 2003, ASEAN 10 quyết định biến các hiệp định thương mại của mình về hàng hóa, dịch vụ và đầu tư trong những năm 1990 thành Cộng đồng Kinh tế ASEAN (AEC), một bước tiến lớn trong hội nhập kinh tế khu vực.

Trong khi Singapore tăng số lượng thỏa thuận thương mại song phương qua các năm, những quốc gia kém phát triển hơn trong khu vực, như Lào và Campuchia, trở thành một phần của các Hiệp định Thương mại tự do thông qua các thể chế của khu vực của Asean thực hiện các thỏa thuận thương mại với Trung Quốc, Nhật Bản, Hàn Quốc, Ấn Độ, Australia và New Zealand. Tiếp tục đọc “Đông Nam Á cần tái thiết lập các thỏa thuận thương mại”

Cạnh tranh tầm nhìn (toàn cầu)

English: Competing Visions

Một cuộc đua địa kinh tế đang diễn ra để định hình tương lai Châu Á. Các cường quốc khu vực đang thúc đẩy các kế hoạch tham vọng về xây dựng các tuyến đường bộ, đường tàu, đường ống dẫn và các cơ sở hạ tầng cứng khác trên khắp khu vực. Dựa các nguồn tin chính thức, các chuyên gia CSIS đã xây dựng các bản đồ dưới đây để minh hoạ cho một số các tầm nhìn cạnh tranh này. Mỗi bản đồ tóm lược một cách chung nhất những ưu tiên chính về cơ sở hạ tầng của các nước lớn trong cuộc đua. Tổng thể, các bản đồ này cho thấy trước một cuộc cạnh tranh rộng khắp như chính khu vực này. Và khi cuộc cạnh tranh diễn ra, các bản đồ dưới đây sẽ được mở rộng và cập nhập.

chinas_vision_10212016

(Bản đồ tầm nhìn Trung Quốc-ảnh) Tiếp tục đọc “Cạnh tranh tầm nhìn (toàn cầu)”