French lensman depicts Vietnam’s travel destinations in late 19th century

By Mai Nhat   September 16, 2020 | 11:51 am GMT+7 vnexpress

French photographer Pierre Dieulefils documented Vietnamese landmarks like Saigon Notre Dame Cathedral, Ha Long Bay and Ban Gioc Waterfall in the late 19th century.

The 2.29-kilometer Long Bien Bridge, which connects the downtown district of Hoan Kiem with Long Bien District, was built between 1899 and 1902 by the French during their colonial rule. The bridge was initially called the Doumer Bridge after Paul Doumer, the French governor-general of Indochina in 1897. At the time of construction it was one of the worlds longest bridges. After the country’s liberation it was renamed Long Bien Bridge.In the late 19th century, some French, including Pierre Dieulefils went to Vietnam to study about Vietnamese culture. 261 of his photos, taken in Vietnams three regions in North, Central and South were printed in the book Beautiful and magnificent Indochina released last August.
The 2.29-kilometer Long Bien Bridge, which connects the downtown district of Hoan Kiem with Long Bien District, was built between 1898 and 1902 by the French during their colonial rule. It was initially called Doumer Bridge after Paul Doumer, a French governor-general of Indochina.
At the time of construction it was one of the world’s longest bridges. After the country’s liberation it was renamed Long Bien Bridge.
Pierre Dieulefils was a soldier in Indochina before returning to Vietnam in 1888 to follow his passion for photography. A total 261 of his photos, taken across Vietnam, were printed in the book “Beautiful and Magnificent Indochina” released last August.
The downtown area of Nam Dinh Province is viewed from above with  tiled roof architecture and close-up houses.
An aerial view of Nam Dinh Town’s center. The town is now capital of Nam Dinh Province in northern Vietnam, nearly 90 km from Hanoi.
Ha Long Bay still looks unspoiled at the end of the 19th century. More than a century ago, the beauty of Ha Long Bay and the life of the people there was an interesting topic that attracted many foreign photographers. In 1994, Ha Long Bay in the northern province of Quang Ninh was recognized by UNESCO as a world natural heritage, earning it a global fame.
Ha Long Bay more than a century ago.
In 1994, the bay in the northern province of Quang Ninh was recognized by UNESCO as a world natural heritage, earning it global fame.
Pierre Dieulefils also spendt much time visiting destinations in the northern border region, including the Ban Gioc waterfall. The waterfall is located in Trung Khanh District in Cao Bang Province on the border with China. Around 340 kilometers (225 miles) to the north of Hanoi, Ban Gioc is now a relatively uncrowded natural beauty in Vietnam and a popular tourist destination in northern Vietnam.
Ban Gioc is considered Vietnam’s most beautiful waterfall, one of the largest natural waterfalls in Southeast Asia, and also the fourth largest in the world amongst those located on an international border.
Ban Gioc Waterfall is in Trung Khanh District of Cao Bang Province on the border with China, around 340 km (225 miles) to the north of Hanoi.
The area outside the Hue Imperial in the capital town Hue in central Vietnam. The relic was built under the reigns of King Gia Long and Minh Mang, located to the north of Huong (Perfume) River. This place combines Vietnamese traditional architectural principles, eastern philosophical thought with the five elements yin and yang theory and the features of Western military architecture.
The area outside the Hue Imperial Citadel in Hue Town, central Vietnam.
The relic was built under the reigns of Kings Gia Long and Minh Mang, to the north of Huong (Perfume) River. It combines traditional Vietnamese architecture, the eastern philosophy of yin and yang, and Western military architecture.
Gia Long was the first emperor (ruling 1802-1820) of the Nguyen Dynasty, Vietnam’s last royal family (1802-1945), while Minh Mang was the second emperor (ruling 1820-1841).
Mossy stone steps at Thieu Tri Mausoleum, the burial place of Emperor Thieu Trii, the third king of the Nguyen Dynasty. This was part of the Hue Monuments Complex recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage in 1993. Today, the mausoleum is located in Cu Chanh Village, in Huong Thuy Town.
Mossy stone steps at Thieu Tri Mausoleum, the tomb of Emperor Thieu Tri, the third Nguyen Dynasty king (ruling 1841-1847).
This area is now part of the Hue Monuments Complex recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage in 1993. Today, the mausoleum is located in Cu Chanh Village of Huong Thuy Town in Hue.
Nine Dynastic Urns includes nine bronze urns located in front of The Mieu Temple in the Hue Imperial Citadel. Construction on the nine Dynastic Urns started in December 1835 and completed in June 1837 under the reign of King Minh Mang. Each urn was decorated with 17 bas-reliefs and named in accordance with the posthumous titles of Nguyen emperors worshipped in The Mieu temple.
Ninedynastic urns stand in front of The Mieu Temple in the Hue Imperial Citadel. Construction on these nine urns started in 1835 and completed in 1837 under the reign of King Minh Mang.
Each urn was decorated with 17 bas-reliefs and named in accordance with the posthumous titles of Nguyen emperors worshipped at The Mieu Temple.
Binh Loi Bridge in the early 20th century. Stretching 276 meters with six spans, Binh Loi was the first bridge to cross the Saigon River and part of the initial phase of the Saigon-Nha Trang railway line. It was built by Levallois-Perret, a construction company formed out of the former Maison Eiffel which was founded by the legendary engineer Gustave Eiffel.Last June, the bridge was dismantled because of deterioration after more than 100 years.
Binh Loi Bridge in Saigon. Stretching 276 m with six spans, Binh Loi was the first bridge to cross Saigon River and part of the initial phase of the Saigon-Nha Trang railway line. It was built by Levallois-Perret, a construction company formed out of the former Maison Eiffel, founded by legendary engineer Gustave Eiffel.
Last June, the bridge was dismantled because of deterioration after more than 100 years.
Boats in front of a factory in Cho Lon area, which was formed between the 17th and 19th centuries when ethnic Chinese and their offspring settled here and built a bustling area. When the French dominated the country, Cho Lon was a town distinct from Saigon. The two were combined in 1956. Currently it is Ho Chi Minh Citys Districts 5 and 6.
Boats in front of a factory in Cho Lon area, formed between the 17th and 19th centuries when ethnic Chinese and their relatives settled here and built a bustling area.
In the French colonial time, Cho Lon was a town distinct from Saigon. The two were combined in 1956. Currently, the Cho Lon area is in Saigon’s Districts 5 and 6.
A view of the old Saigon Notre Dame Cathedral. The cathedral did not have two bell towers when inaugurated in 1880. They were later added in 1985, to include a total of six large bronze bells, with two crosses at the top, 60.5 m above ground. Located in a tourist precinct that includes the historic Central Post Office in District 1, the 140-year-old cathedral is popular among foreign and local visitors, especially during holiday seasons.
The Saigon Notre Dame Cathedral did not have two bell towers when inaugurated in 1880. They were later added in 1985, to include a total of six large bronze bells, with two crosses at the top, 60.5 m above ground.
Located in a tourist precinct that includes the historic Central Post Office in District 1, the 140-year-old cathedral is popular among foreign and local visitors, especially during holiday season.
Pierre Dieulefils was born in Malestroit Village in the Bretagne region of France in 1862. He joined the army in 1883 and was later assigned to Indochina in 1885.Two years later, he was discharged and returned to France. In 1888, he returned to northern Vietnam and became a professional photographer and postcard publisher.In 1905, he went to Saigon and then traveled to Phnom Penh and Angkor Wat in Cambodia. In 1909, he gathered a set of photos on Indochina and published a photo book entitled Indo-chine Pittoresque & Monumentale: Annam - Tonkin. The work earned him a gold medal at the Brussels International Exposition of 1910. In 1913, he returned to France, spending most of his time composing poetry. He died in his hometown of Malestroit in 1937.
Pierre Dieulefils (1862-1937) joined the army in 1883 and was later assigned to Indochina in 1885. Two years later, he was discharged and returned to France. In 1888, he returned to northern Vietnam and became a professional photographer and postcard publisher.
In 1909, he gathered a set of photos on Indochina and published a photo book entitled “Indo-chine Pittoresque & Monumentale: Annam – Tonkin”. The work earned him a gold medal at the Brussels International Exposition of 1910.

Photos by Pierre Dieulefils

Vietnam in the late 19th century through French photographer’s lens

By Mai Nhat   September 14, 2020 | 08:40 am GMT+7 vietnamnet

French lensman Pierre Dieulefils captured images of daily life in Vietnam in the 1880s.

At the end of the 19th century, southern women preferred ao ngu than (five-part ao dai) with beaded jewelry. According to Vietnamese designer Sy Hoang, rich women in this period of time used to wear this type of ao dai, with the four layers representing the parents of both the wife and husband. The fifth layer represents the wearer. The clothing also has five buttons, symbolic of the five qualities every one should have - nhan (kindness), le(decorum), nghia(uprightness), tri(wisdom) and tin (faithfulness). These photos are in Indo-Chine Pittoresque & Monumentale: Annam – Tonkin book, which includes a collection of photos taken by French lensman Pierre Dieulefils, who was a soldier in Indochina before returning to Vietnam  in 1988 to follow his passion for photography.
At the end of the 19th century southern women preferred “ao ngu than” (five-piece ao dai) and beaded jewelry. According to designer Sy Hoang, rich women used to wear this type of ao dai, with four layers representing the parents of the wife and husband and the fifth, the wearer. The tunic also had five buttons, symbolic of the five qualities everyone should have – nhan (kindness), le (decorum), nghia (uprightness), tri (wisdom) and tin (faithfulness).
Tiếp tục đọc “Vietnam in the late 19th century through French photographer’s lens”

President Ho Chi Minh’s Stilt House in Hanoi

By Ha Thanh   September 5, 2020 | 12:03 pm GMT+7 VNExpress

Ho Chi Minh’s Stilt House, the living and working space of the former president, is a popular historic site in Hanoi for both Vietnamese and foreign travelers.
Built in 1958, the tile-roofed stilt house has a single floor and measures 10.5 metres in perimeter (??) and 6.2 metres in height. It resembles the style of the traditional of the Tay – Thai ethnic stilt house in Viet Bac, the northernmost region of Vietnam consisting of six provinces, Cao Bang, Bac Kan, Lang Son, Ha Giang, Tuyen Quang, and Thai Nguyen. Prior to the construction of the house, Ho Chi Minh, known affectionately as Uncle Ho, had discussed its design thoroughly with its architect, Nguyen Van Ninh. He wanted it to resemble his previous stilt house in Viet Bac, with the ground floor being open and the first having a study and a bedroom and a wall with a bookcase and surrounded by a verandah. Uncle Ho lived and worked here from 1958 until his death in 1969. It witnessed many monumental decisions made for the country, making it an architectural, cultural and political heritage of Vietnam.
Built in 1958, the tile-roofed stilt house at 1 Hoang Hoa Tham Street in Ba Dinh District has a single floor and measures 10.5 metres in length and 6.2 metres in width. It resembles the style of the traditional of the Tay – Thai ethnic stilt houses in Viet Bac, the northernmost region of Vietnam consisting of six provinces, Cao Bang, Bac Kan, Lang Son, Ha Giang, Tuyen Quang, and Thai Nguyen. Viet Bac was the name of the region in the time of war against the French colonists (1945-1954).
Tiếp tục đọc “President Ho Chi Minh’s Stilt House in Hanoi”

A slip down memory lane: Vietnam in the 1880s

By Mai Nhat   August 24, 2020 | 08:33 am GMT+7 vnexpress

Grayscale photos by French photographer Pierre Dieulefils shed light on Vietnam’s historical landscape during the late 19th century.

A local book publication has published a book titled Indo-Chine Pittoresque & Monumentale which show a collection of old photos taken by different French photographers, including Dieulefils. These photos served as a form of research about locals lives  back during the French colonial period.
Locally published “Indo-Chine Pittoresque & MonumentaleAnnam – Tonkin” book includes a collection of photos taken by different French photographers, including Dieulefils. These images serve to expose Vietnamese culture during the French colonial period and can be dated back to 1885.

Tiếp tục đọc “A slip down memory lane: Vietnam in the 1880s”

Scientists pull living microbes, possibly 100 million years old, from beneath the sea

sciencemag.org

Microbes buried beneath the sea floor for more than 100 million years are still alive, a new study reveals. When brought back to the lab and fed, they started to multiply. The microbes are oxygen-loving species that somehow exist on what little of the gas diffuses from the ocean surface deep into the seabed.

The discovery raises the “insane” possibility, as one of the scientists put it, that the microbes have been sitting in the sediment dormant, or at least slowly growing without dividing, for eons.

The new work demonstrates “microbial life is very persistent, and often finds a way to survive,” says Virginia Edgcomb, a microbial ecologist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution who was not involved in the work

Tiếp tục đọc “Scientists pull living microbes, possibly 100 million years old, from beneath the sea”

The Curious World of Soviet Bus Stops

On a long-distance bicycle trip from London to St. Petersburg in 2002, photographer Chris Herwig encountered something unexpected in the barren post-Soviet landscapes—artsy, unusual, and almost spaceship-like bus stops. The more he rode, the more he came across such unique transit structures.

Pitsunda, Abkhazia, Georgia

As Herwig traveled through and later began living in post-Soviet states, he would keep an eye out for unusual bus stops. Having grown up in Canada, he says that the U.S.S.R. was always a mystery to him. Something dark and inexplicable. It fascinated him to find colorful, almost celebratory structures in a land that was once so rigidly governed.

Tiếp tục đọc “The Curious World of Soviet Bus Stops”

Đám cưới 2 liệt sĩ: Người thân mang di ảnh cô dâu, chú rể làm lễ

22/07/2020    05:20 GMT+7 Vietnamnet

38 năm sau ngày mất, đám cưới của hai liệt sĩ diễn ra trong bối cảnh đặc biệt, giọt nước mắt tuôn rơi nơi khóe mắt đồng đội. 

Làm kinh tế giỏi, cựu binh bỏ tiền túi xây, sửa 8 cây cầuNhững cựu binh Mỹ tìm lại bạn gái Việt sau nhiều năm xa cáchCựu binh mua hơn 50 xe đạp tặng học sinh nghèo

Một đám cưới đầy đủ nghi lễ, mọi người xúng xính áo quần đi đón dâu nhưng chỉ có di ảnh của cô dâu, chú rể. Tại nhà gái, đại diện nhà trai đặt di ảnh của đôi vợ chồng bên cạnh nhau, đôi mắt ai nấy đều đỏ hoe.

Đó là hình ảnh xúc động trong đám cưới của liệt sĩ Hoàng Thị Hồng Chiêm (1954 – 1979) và liệt sĩ Bùi Văn Lượng (1955 – 1979) ở TP Móng Cái (Quảng Ninh) vào năm 2017.

Tiếp tục đọc “Đám cưới 2 liệt sĩ: Người thân mang di ảnh cô dâu, chú rể làm lễ”

WE NEVER KNEW: Napalm use during Việt Nam’s French-American War

vietnamnews.vn – Update: May, 03/2020 – 08:35

HISTORIC: The Geneva Conference in 1954 decided to split Việt Nam into two: the North under the administration of the Hồ Chí Minh Government, the South under the pro-French, US-supported Saì Gòn regime. VNA/VNS Archives

by Lady Borton*

No one knew the Geneva Agreement’s signing ending Việt Nam’s French-American War (1945‒1954) was imminent. This included the Vietnamese, French, Europeans, and Africans who fought at Cầu Lồ in northern Việt Nam’s Red River Delta on July 14, 1954, nine weeks after Việt Nam’s victory over France in the prolonged battle at Điện Biên Phủ and a week before the Geneva signing.

The officers of the 36th Regiment, 308th Division of the PAVN (People’s Army of Việt Nam) were famous for devising innovative strategy and for protecting their troops, yet at Cầu Lồ the PAVN lost one-third of a full-strength regiment—318 soldiers. Most lie in nameless graves.

How could this huge loss have happened?

The answer? Geography, strong French defences, and American heavy weapons.

But that’s not all.[1] Tiếp tục đọc “WE NEVER KNEW: Napalm use during Việt Nam’s French-American War”

Tư liệu lịch sử: Phỏng vấn Hồ Chí Minh năm 1964

Đây là buổi trả lời phỏng vấn của Bác Hồ với phóng viên thuộc văn phòng phát thanh truyền hình Pháp (ORTF). Video được thực hiện vào ngày 5 tháng 6 năm 1964, và buổi phỏng vấn được trích từ bộ phim tài liệu sản xuất năm 1964 của Pháp có tên là “Hai miền Việt Nam : Bắc Việt” (Les deux Vietnam: Vietnam du Nord).

Điện Biên Phủ – Điện Biên Phủ (1) – tập 3 (B)

Sẽ khó có một Võ Nguyên Giáp thứ 2 trong lịch sử quân sự thế giới”

Đại tướng Võ Nguyên Giáp

(1) Bài viết nhân kỷ niệm lần thứ 10 chiến thắng lịch sứ Điện Biên Phú

cvdvn.net – Thư mục Lịch sử Việt Nam, số 53 – Điện Biên Phủ, Võ Nguyên Giáp

II

ÂM MƯU MỚI CỦA ĐỊCH

KẾ HOẠCH QUÂN SỤ NAVA

 

Tình hình nguy khốn của quân đội xâm lược Pháp trên chiến trường Đông Dương vào đầu năm 1953 đã đặt ra cho đế quốc Pháp vấn đề hết sức cấp thiết là phải có những phương sách mới để cứu vãn tình thế, tránh những thất bại nặng nề hơn. Tiếp tục đọc “Điện Biên Phủ – Điện Biên Phủ (1) – tập 3 (B)”

Điện Biên Phủ – Điện Biên Phủ (1) – tập 3 (A)

Sẽ khó có một Võ Nguyên Giáp thứ 2 trong lịch sử quân sự thế giới”

Đại tướng Võ Nguyên Giáp

(1) Bài viết nhân kỷ niệm lần thứ 10 chiến thắng lịch sứ Điện Biên Phú

cvdvn.net – Thư mục Lịch sử Việt Nam, số 53 – Điện Biên Phủ, Võ Nguyên Giáp

I

HÌNH THÁI CHIẾN SỤ VÀO MÙA HÈ NĂM 1953

 

Mùa hè năm 1953, cuộc kháng chiến cứu nước của nhân dân ta đã bước vào năm thứ tám. Tám năm đó là những năm chiến đấu cực kỳ gian khổ và anh dũng của quân đội và nhân dân ta chống lại quân đội xâm lược của đế quốc Pháp có can thiệp Mỹ giúp sức, lúc đầu mạnh hơn ta rất nhiều về vũ khí và trang bị. Tiếp tục đọc “Điện Biên Phủ – Điện Biên Phủ (1) – tập 3 (A)”

Điện Biên Phủ – Quyết định khó khăn nhất (1) – tập 2

Sẽ khó có một Võ Nguyên Giáp thứ 2 trong lịch sử quân sự thế giới”

Đại tướng Võ Nguyên Giáp

(1) Bài viết nhân kỷ niệm lần thứ 35 Chiến thắng lịch sử Điện Biên Phủ

cvdvn.net – Thư mục Lịch sử Việt Nam, số 53 – Điện Biên Phủ, Võ Nguyên Giáp

Một buổi sáng đầu tháng 10 năm 1953, tôi từ cơ quan Bộ Tổng tư lệnh tới nơi Bác ở. Mùa thu năm nay đến với những lo âu và hy vọng. Không khí có phần căng thẳng. Không năm nào, vào thời gian này, những đoàn cán bộ chuẩn bị chiến trường lại chưa lên đường. Ta vẫn chưa xác định trận đánh lớn trong mùa khô sẽ nổ ra ở đâu.

Từ Điềm Mặc tới Lục Giã, đi ngựa khoảng vài giờ. Trời mưa. Con đường mòn lầy lội chạy dưới chân núi Hồng, qua những rừng vầu, những thửa ruộng bậc thang, những bản nhỏ thưa thớt. Tiếp tục đọc “Điện Biên Phủ – Quyết định khó khăn nhất (1) – tập 2”

Điện Biên Phủ – 40 năm sau nhìn lại… (1) – tập 1

Sẽ khó có một Võ Nguyên Giáp thứ 2 trong lịch sử quân sự thế giới”

Đại tướng Võ Nguyên Giáp viết nhân kỷ niệm lần thứ 40 chiến thắng lịch sử Điện Biên Phủ

cvdvn.net – Thư mục Lịch sử Việt Nam, số 53 – Điện Biên Phủ, Võ Nguyên Giáp

Năm nay, trong khung cảnh đất nước ta hoàn toàn độc lập thống nhất đang trên trường xây dựng Tổ quốc phồn vinh theo định hướng xã hội chủ nghĩa, nhân dân ta kỷ niệm lần thứ 40 chiến thắng Điện Biên Phủ (7-5-1954 – 7-5-1994).

Cùng với Bạch Đằng, Chi Lăng, Đống Đa…, cùng với Cách mạng Tháng Tám và Chiến dịch Hồ Chí Minh toàn thắng, Điện Biên Phủ là một “cái mốc chói lọi bằng vàng”(2) trong lịch sử chống ngoại xâm của dân tộc Việt Nam, là một trong những thắng lợi có ý nghĩa quyết định của cuộc chiến tranh giải phóng và giữ nước 30 năm, hết chống Pháp rồi chống Mỹ.

Gần nửa thế kỷ đã trôi qua. Biết bao biến thiên diễn ra trên thế giới. Mặc dù vậy, những chiến công oanh liệt của quân và dân Việt Nam trong thời đại Hồ Chí Minh, càng lùi sâu vào thời gian, ý nghĩa càng sâu sắc. Điện Biên Phủ là một chiến công như thế. Tiếp tục đọc “Điện Biên Phủ – 40 năm sau nhìn lại… (1) – tập 1”