Joint Communication to the EU Parliament and Council, by the EU Commission and the High Representative of EU Foreign Affairs and Policy, on Strategy for Cooperation in the Indo Pacific

The Commission and the High Representative invite the European Parliament and the Council to endorse the approach set out in this Joint Communication and to work together on the implementation of its actions and their review.

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Advancing a Rules-based Maritime Order in the Indo-Pacific


Pacific Forum

Issues & Insights Vol. 21, SR 2 — Advancing a Rules-based Maritime Order in the Indo-Pacific

Overview

Authors of this volume participated in the Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Expert Working Group’s 2021 workshop that took place, virtually on March 23-24. The working group, composed of esteemed international security scholars and maritime experts from Japan, the United States, and other Indo-Pacific states, was formed to promote effective U.S.-Japan cooperation on maritime security issues in the region through rigorous research on various legal interpretations, national policies, and cooperative frameworks to understand what is driving regional maritime tensions and what can be done to reduce those tensions. The workshop’s goal is to help generate sound, pragmatic and actionable policy solutions for the United States, Japan, and the wider region, and to ensure that the rule of law and the spirit of cooperation prevail in maritime Indo- Pacific.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: Advancing a Rules-based Maritime Order in the Indo-Pacific | Jeffrey Ordaniel, Director, Maritime Programs, Pacific Forum
  2. Strengthening Maritime Crisis Prevention in Northeast Asia: A Focus on Subnational and Nonstate Actors | Shuxian Luo, Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Brookings Institution
  3. The Gaps in Japanese Maritime Security Law and the Senkaku Situation | Yurika Ishii, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Security Studies, National Defense Academy of Japan
  4. Maritime Security in the East China Sea: Japan’s Perspective | Atsuko Kanehara, Professor, Sophia University; President, Japanese Society of International Law
  5. Use of Force in International Law and the New China Coast Guard Law | Nguyen Thi Lan Huong, Research Fellow, East Sea Studies Institute, Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam
  6. Are We Ready for the Quad? Two Contradictory Goals | Kyoko Hatakeyama, Professor of International Relations, Graduate School of International Studies and Regional Development, University of Niigata Prefecture
  7. Modernizing U.S. Alliances for Maritime Security in the Indo-Pacific Virginia Bacay Watson, Professor, Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies
  8. Maritime Governance Capacity Building: A U.S.-Japan Alliance Agenda for Rule of Law in the Indo-Pacific | John Bradford, Senior Fellow, Maritime Security Programme at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University

Download the Full Volume >>


The Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Expert Working Group’s 2021 workshop and this volume were funded by a grant from the U.S. Embassy Tokyo, and implemented in collaboration with the Yokosuka Council on Asia Pacific Studies (YCAPS).

The statements made and views expressed are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of their respective organizations and affiliations. For questions, please email maritime@pacforum.org.


Photo: The aircraft  carrier  USS  Ronald  Reagan  (CVN  76),  center  left,  and the Japanese helicopter destroyer JS Hyuga (DDH 181), center right, sail  in  formation  with  other  ships  from  the  U.S.  Navy  and  Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) as aircraft from the U.S. Air Force  and  Japan  Air  Self-Defense  Force  fly  overhead  in  formation during Keen Sword 2019 in the Philippine Sea. Keen Sword 2019 is a joint, bilateral field-training exercise involving U.S. military and JMSDF  personnel,  designed  to  increase  combat  readiness  and interoperability of the U.S.-Japan alliance. Source: U.S.  Navy  photo  by  Mass  Communication  Specialist  2nd  Class Kaila V. Peters/Public domain. 

The United States’ Enhanced & Enduring Commitment to the Pacific Islands Region

East West Center in Washington

Key officials engaged in United States relations with Pacific Islands countries discussed expanding presence and engagement in the region from development, military, and congressional policy perspectives. They explained how these moves position the United States to deepen strategic partnership with Pacific Island nations in support of a free, open, and secure Indo-Pacific. Opening comments followed by moderated discussion covered the development trajectories of Pacific Island countries, COVID-19’s impacts on the region, and US-China dynamics.

Tiếp tục đọc “The United States’ Enhanced & Enduring Commitment to the Pacific Islands Region”

The Second Island Cloud: A Deeper and Broader Concept for American Presence in the Pacific Islands

By Andrew Rhodes Joint Force Quarterly 959PRINT  |  E-MAIL Nov. 18, 2019 — Washington Headquarters Services

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Andrew Rhodes wrote this essay while a student at the U.S. Naval War College. It won the Strategic Research Paper category of the 2019 Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Strategic Essay Competition.

In the early 20th century, the visionary Marine officer Earl “Pete” Ellis compiled remarkable studies of islands in the Western Pacific and considered the practical means for the seizure or defense of advanced bases. A century after Ellis’s work, China presents new strategic and operational challenges to the U.S. position in Asia, and it is time for Washington to develop a coherent strategy, one that will last another 100 years, for the islands of the Western Pacific. It has become common to consider the second island chain as a defining feature of Pacific geography, but when Ellis mastered its geography, he saw not a “chain,” but a “cloud.” He wrote in 1921 that the “Marshall, Caroline, and Pelew Islands form a ‘cloud’ of islands stretching east and west.” His apt description of these archipelagoes serves well for a broader conception of the islands in, and adjacent to, traditional definitions of the second island chain. A new U.S. strategy should abandon the narrow lens of the “chain” and emphasize a broader second island cloud that highlights the U.S. regional role and invests in a resilient, distributed, and enduring presence in the Pacific.

Tiếp tục đọc “The Second Island Cloud: A Deeper and Broader Concept for American Presence in the Pacific Islands”

How Japan can lead a free and open Indo-Pacific

  • Jan 12, 2021
The foreign ministers of India, Japan and Australia and the U.S. secretary of state, photographed with Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, took part in the Indo-Pacific 'Quad' meeting in Tokyo in October. | POOL / VIA REUTERS
The foreign ministers of India, Japan and Australia and the U.S. secretary of state, photographed with Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, took part in the Indo-Pacific “Quad” meeting in Tokyo in October. | POOL / VIA REUTERS

The year 2020 was filled with geopolitical and geoeconomic changes that represented a major shift in world history, with the COVID-19 pandemic and the U.S. presidential election leading the way.

How effectively each nation can control the spread of infections within its own borders is likely to significantly affect the transformation of the global economy and power balance in the post-coronavirus era.

Tiếp tục đọc “How Japan can lead a free and open Indo-Pacific”

United States Strategic Framework for the Indo-Pacific

Statement from National Security Advisor Robert C. O’Brien

 NATIONAL SECURITY & DEFENSE

 Issued on: January 12, 2021


National Security Council 

Today, the White House is publishing the recently declassified United States Strategic Framework for the Indo-Pacific. For the last 3 years, this document has provided overarching strategic guidance for implementing the 2017 National Security Strategy within the world’s most populous and economically dynamic region. Approved in February 2018 for implementation across Executive Branch departments and agencies, the document is being released to communicate to the American people and to our allies and partners, the enduring commitment of the United States to keeping the Indo-Pacific region free and open long into the future.

You can read the full statement here.

You can read United States Strategic Framework for the Indo-Pacific here.

SECNAV Braithwaite Calls for New U.S. 1st Fleet Near Indian, Pacific Oceans –

SECNAV Braithwaite Calls for New U.S. 1st Fleet Near Indian, Pacific Oceans

By: Megan Eckstein
November 17, 2020 1:02 PM • Updated: November 17, 2020 2:41 PM USNI NEWS

Tiếp tục đọc “SECNAV Braithwaite Calls for New U.S. 1st Fleet Near Indian, Pacific Oceans –”

15th East Asia summit on Saturday to push for free, open, inclusive & rules-based Indo-Pacific region

SECTIONS ..

The 15th East Asia Summit on Saturday hopes to give a big push to a free, open, inclusive, transparent, rules-based, peaceful and prosperous Indo-Pacific region.

The Summit Meeting will also discuss ways and means to strengthen the EAS platform and to make it more responsive to emerging challenges on its 15th anniversary. The Leaders will also exchange views on issues of international and regional interest including the COVID-19 pandemic and the cooperation among EAS participating count ..

Read more at:
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/15th-east-asia-summit-on-saturday-to-push-for-free-open-inclusive-rules-based-indo-pacific-region/articleshow/79211661.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst

Maritime Claims of the Indo-Pacific

September 3, 2019  |  AMTI Interactive

Maritime Claims of the Indo-Pacific

AMTI has expanded and improved its interactive Maritime Claims of the Indo-Pacific map to include all the Pacific Islands and more. The database of nearly 40 countries in South Asia, East Asia, and the Pacific is the most comprehensive and accurate resource on maritime claims available to the public. Users can search claimants by name or select up to six from a list of available countries. Claim types can be toggled on or off, including territorial baselines, territorial seas, exclusive economic zones, continental shelves, and the nine-dash/U-shaped line.

All claims are shown based on states’ domestic legislation, treaties, and submissions to international bodies. The map is an unbiased depiction of claims; it does not judge their legality or guess at future delimitations. Users can click on any claim line for its source, including links to original documents where available. Details on methodology are available below the map.

Recent Analysis

Stop the Bully in the South China Sea by Greg Poling and Murray Hiebert

Duterte’s Game in Beijing by Richard Heydarian

Balancing Law and Realpolitik in the South China Sea by Lucio Blanco Pitlo III

Vietnam’s Uphill Battle in the South China Sea: A Need for More International Actors by Nguyen Thanh Trung

China’s Incursion into Vietnam’s EEZ and Lessons from the Past by Huong Le Thu

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The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a bipartisan, nonprofit organization founded in 1962 and headquartered in Washington, D.C. It seeks to advance global security and prosperity by providing strategic insights and policy solutions to decisionmakers.

China could overwhelm US military in Asia in hours, Australian report says

The study by the United States Study Center, at the University of Sydney, in Australia, warned that America’s defense strategy in the Indo-Pacific region “is in the throes of an unprecedented crisis” and could struggle to defend its allies against China.

Tiếp tục đọc “China could overwhelm US military in Asia in hours, Australian report says”

Challenging the Pacific Powers: China’s Strategic Inroads in Context

This post is reprinted from Michael Green’s foreword to the newly released report from CSIS, China’s Maritime Silk Road: Strategic and Economic Implications for the Indo-Pacific Region.

December 20, 2018
December 20, 2018  |  AMTI BRIEF

Challenging the Pacific Powers: China’s Strategic Inroads in Context

 
The Pacific Islands are emerging as yet another arena of competition between China, the United States, and other powers. Beijing’s influence in the region has surged over the last decade alongside its rapidly growing aid and infrastructure investments. On the sidelines of the 2018 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Papua New Guinea, President Xi Jinping held a high-level meeting with Pacific Island leaders, announcing new partnerships and signing many of them up as official participants in China’s Belt and Road Initiative. While China’s financial assistance has been mostly welcomed by Pacific nations, some recipient countries along with outside parties have begun to express concerns. Many of China’s larger infrastructure projects in the region have provoked the same anxieties as those seen in Southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean, and elsewhere. These include concerns about unsustainable debt levels, political strings attached to Chinese aid, and, in some cases, the potential for China to use port and airport projects as a means of gaining military access to the region. Tiếp tục đọc “Challenging the Pacific Powers: China’s Strategic Inroads in Context”

HOW SOUTHEAST ASIANS REALLY PERCEIVE THE QUADRILATERAL SECURITY DIALOGUE

The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue between India, the United States, Japan, and Australia (the Quad, sometimes referred to as the QSD) was created over a decade ago, but it has been given a new lease on life by more compelling strategic circumstances in the Indo-Pacific. Xi Jinping’s China actively challenges the existing order, while Donald Trump’s United States sends mixed signals on whether it even wants to maintain its de facto global leadership. More active participation by other major powers in Asia, joined with the United States, sounds like an uncontroversially good idea. But the debate about the revived Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, or Quad 2.0, has been centered on the negatives: the harm it could cause, rather than what it can really contribute. Those assumptions are based on perceptions (or more correctly, misperceptions), whereby the Quad is seen as too confrontational towards China, and challenging or sidelining the centrality of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to discussions of security in the Indo-Pacific. These misperceptions have been so strong, that more ink has been spilled explaining what the Quad is not and what it does not intend, rather than on what it is and what objectives it has. Tiếp tục đọc “HOW SOUTHEAST ASIANS REALLY PERCEIVE THE QUADRILATERAL SECURITY DIALOGUE”