Tham mưu trưởng Không quân Mỹ: Chúng tôi tôn trọng quyền của Việt Nam ở Biển Đông

Chủ nhật, 18/8/2019, 22:02 (GMT+7)VnExpress

 

Hai tướng không quân Mỹ David Goldfein và Charles Brown Jr. hôm nay tới Hà Nội, khẳng định cam kết hợp tác mạnh mẽ với Việt Nam vì ổn định và trật tự ở khu vực.

Đại tướng David Goldfein, Tham mưu trưởng Không quân Mỹ, trong cuộc họp báo chiều nay tại Hà Nội. Ảnh: Hà Trung.

Đại tướng David Goldfein, Tham mưu trưởng Không quân Mỹ, trong cuộc họp báo chiều nay tại Hà Nội. Ảnh: Hà Trung.

“Chúng tôi muốn tôn trọng sự dẫn dắt của Việt Nam và tôn trọng quyền bảo vệ chủ quyền lãnh thổ của Việt Nam. Điều chúng tôi có thể làm là hợp tác với chính phủ Việt Nam”, Đại tướng David Goldfein, Tham mưu trưởng Không quân Mỹ chiều nay trả lời câu hỏi của VnExpress về phản ứng của Mỹ khi Trung Quốc điều tàu khảo sát quay lại vùng biển phía nam Biển Đông của Việt Nam.

Continue reading “Tham mưu trưởng Không quân Mỹ: Chúng tôi tôn trọng quyền của Việt Nam ở Biển Đông”

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CHINA’S INCURSION INTO VIETNAM’S EEZ AND LESSONS FROM THE PAST


AMT BY  | AUGUST 8, 2019

The Haiyang Dizhi 8, a survey vessel belonging to a Chinese government-run corporation, began surveying a large swath of seabed on July 3 northeast of Vanguard Bank (Bai Tu Chinh) off the coast of Vietnam. The ship was apparently undertaking an oil and gas survey across two blocks, Riji 03 and Riji 27, which fall within Vietnam’s continental shelf under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The survey ship has been escorted by other vessels, including the China Coast Guard and maritime militia. At the same time, China Coast Guard ships have been harassing Vietnamese drilling operations in Block 06-01 to the south. Continue reading “CHINA’S INCURSION INTO VIETNAM’S EEZ AND LESSONS FROM THE PAST”

China’s intimidation in the South China Sea poses an economic threat to Vietnam

eastasiaforum
Author: Bill Hayton, Chatham HouseVietnam has lost another sea battle: a US$200 million oil and gas development project — known as the ‘Red Emperor’ development — off Vietnam’s southeast coast has been suspended, possibly cancelled. Hanoi’s hopes of a hydrocarbon boost to its stretched government budget have been dashed. And the culprit is Vietnam’s ‘good neighbour, good comrade and good friend’ to the north.

A Chinese Coast Guard vessel passes near the Chinese oil rig, Haiyang Shi You 981 in the South China Sea, 13 June 2014 (Photo: Reuters/Nguyen Minh).

The project, many years in the making, was a joint venture between Repsol of Spain, Mubadala of Abu Dhabi and the state-owned energy company PetroVietnam. Commercial drilling was due to begin this April and oil and gas were expected to flow for at least 10 years. A specialised platform built in the port of Vung Tau lies idle, as do the contracted drilling rig and storage tanker. Continue reading “China’s intimidation in the South China Sea poses an economic threat to Vietnam”

Cooperate or South China Sea fisheries may collapse

    • More than half the fishing vessel in the world operate in the South China Sea, where sovereign rights have been an object of fierce contention among bordering countries.
    • Scientists have been warning that the sea is fast becoming the site of an environmental disaster, the impending collapse of one of the world’s most productive fisheries.
    • Now a group of experts that includes geopolitical strategists as well as marine biologists is calling on the disputing parties to come together to manage and protect the sea’s fish stocks and marine environment.
    • Effective management hinges on China’s active participation, but it remains unclear whether that country, now the dominant power in the sea with a big appetite for seafood, will cooperate.

Continue reading “Cooperate or South China Sea fisheries may collapse”

Why China is building islands in the South China Sea

Vox_Since 2014, China has been building islands in the middle of the South China Sea. What were once underwater reefs are now sandy islands complete with airfields, roads, buildings, and missile systems. In less than two years, China has turned seven reefs into seven military bases in the South China Sea, one of the most contentious bodies of water in the world.

The sea is one of the most important areas of ocean in the world. It’s estimated to hold 11 billion barrels of oil, 109 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 10 percent of the world’s fisheries. Most importantly, 30 percent of the world’s shipping trade flows through the South China Sea to the busy ports of Southeast Asia. It’s an incredibly important strategic area, and five countries currently claim some part of it.

Most countries base their claims off the

href=””>United Nations Law of the Seas, which says a country’s territory extends 200 miles off its shores, an area called the exclusive economic zone, or EEZ. Any trade or resources that fall in a country’s EEZ belong to that country; they’re its sovereign territory. Any area that is not in an EEZ is considered international waters and subject to UN maritime law, meaning it’s shared by everyone. Every country in the region, which includes Malaysia, the Philippines, Brunei, and Vietnam, bases its claim to the South China Sea on the UN’s EEZ laws — except China.

China argues it has a historical claim to the South China Sea, dating back to naval expeditions in the 15th century. After World War II, the Japanese Empire lost control of the South China Sea, and China took advantage of the moment to reclaim it. On maps, it started drawing a dashed line that encompassed most of the South China Sea. This line became its official claim and is known today as the Nine-Dash Line, because it always has nine dashes. In 1973, when the UN law established EEZs, China reaffirmed its Nine-Dash Line, refusing to clarify the line’s boundaries and rejecting other countries’ claims.

Since then, tensions have built around who rightfully owns the South China Sea. The dispute has centered on the Spratly Islands, an archipelago at the heart of the South China Sea. Currently, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam claim some part of the Spratly Island chain. They’ve asserted their claims by putting small buildings, ports, and even some people on what are essentially rocks in the middle of the ocean.

But the Spratlys are very important, because whichever country can successfully claim them can extend its EEZ to include them, thus gaining miles of precious sovereign territory. This is why China began building up islands in 2014. By turning these rocks into military bases, the Chinese are now able to support hundreds of ships, bolstering their presence in the region. They are using fishing boats, surveillance ships, and navy destroyers to set up blockades around other countries’ islands and defend their own. This is all done very cautiously and in small steps in order to avoid sparking a wider conflict.

Since China began building islands, the disputes have not become violent. But tensions are building in the region. As China deploys more of its military to the Spratlys, other countries are getting nervous and building up their own islands. It’s a complex situation that will continue to gain international attention, for better or for worse.

ROADMAP về các vấn đề Biển Đông

First posted on UNCLOSforum.wordpress.com on July 13, 2014

Chào các bạn,

Mình viết roadmap này cho các bạn chưa nắm vững các vấn đề tổng quát về Biển Đông có một khái niệm cơ bản những tranh chấp chúng ta đang đối diện và những vấn đề pháp lý và chính trị liên hệ. Các bạn nào có điều gì chưa hiểu, xin cứ hỏi để mình hoàn thiện roadmap.

Roadmap này sẽ nói về Việt Nam, TQ, mà không nói nhiều đến Philippines, Malaysia, và Brunei để giản dị hóa vấn đề.

Mến,

Hoành
_____________

 
ROADMAP về các vấn đề Biển Đông

 

I. Các tranh chấp

1. Hoàng Sa

Tranh chấp giữa VN và TQ và Đài Loan. Việt Nam Cộng Hòa (miền Nam Việt Nam) giữ một nửa, TQ giữ một nửa cho đến khi TQ dùng vũ lực xâm chiếm phần VNCH đang giữ trong trận Hải Chiến Hoàng Sa 1974 mà VNCH mất 74 chiến sĩ. Continue reading “ROADMAP về các vấn đề Biển Đông”