Explained: the history of China’s territorial disputes
South China Morning Post – 29-8-2020
China shares over 22,000 kilometres (13,670 miles) of border with 14 countries, but Beijing has disputes with many of its neighbours over where some of these international lines are drawn. The various territorial claims, citing history, politics and geography, have resulted in clashes and occasionally, outright military confrontations. Land borders aside, China also says its territory includes nearly all of the South China Sea, despite competing claims to parts of those waters made by many Southeast Asian countries. As tensions rise between China and the United States, Beijing has adopted a more aggressive attitude, pledging to defend China’s “sovereignty and territorial integrity.”
Shinzo Abe could sometimes look like yet another one of the world’s modern breed of nationalist leaders, alongside Viktor Orban in Hungary, Vladimir Putin in Russia, Xi Jinping in China and Donald Trump in the U.S.
Abe came from a family of Japanese nationalist politicians, including a grandfather whom the U.S. accused of war crimes during World War II. Abe himself downplayed Japan’s wartime atrocities and spoke of the importance of patriotism and “traditional values.” Above all, he pushed his country to shed its post-1945 pacifism and become more militaristic.
Hong Kong (CNN)Tens of thousands of US and Japanese troops will begin a massive island-landing exercise in the Pacific this week as part of joint military operations seen as a warning to China that Washington backs Tokyo over Beijing’s claim to Japanese-controlled islands.Speaking aboard a Japanese warship Monday, Lt. Gen. Kevin Schneider, commander of US Forces Japan, said the exercises would demonstrate the ability of the US-Japan alliance “to deliver combat troops to defend the Senkakus or respond to other crises or contingencies.”Both Tokyo and Beijing claim the Senkaku Islands, known as the Diaoyus in China, as their own, but Japan has administered them since 1972.Tensions over the uninhabited rocky chain, 1,200 miles (1,900 kilometers) southwest of Tokyo, have simmered for years, and with claims over them dating back centuries, neither Japan nor China is likely to back down.Chinese vessels have been spending record amounts of time in the waters around the islands this year, drawing condemnation from Tokyo.The US-Japan exercises, named Keen Sword 21, have been held biennially for more than 30 years. This year’s exercises run through to November 5.
Two Chinese patrol ships have temporarily entered Japan’s territorial waters off the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea. The patrol ships exited the waters after attempting to approach a Japanese fishing boat.
The Japan Coast Guard has been warning the vessels not to reenter Japan’s waters.
The Coast Guard says two of the four Chinese patrol vessels that had been sailing just outside the territorial waters made the intrusion off Taisho Island shortly before 11 a.m. on Thursday. Taisho is one of the Senkaku Islands.
Coast Guard officials say the Chinese ships sailed in Japan’s waters for an hour and a half and left the waters by half past noon.
The Japan Coast Guard says that as of 3 p.m., four Chinese vessels, including the two that had made intrusion on the same day, were sailing just outside Japan’s waters off Taisho Island.
The two vessels, which made intrusion on Thursday, had stayed in Japan’s waters off the Senkaku Islands for more than 57 hours from Sunday morning to Tuesday evening, and attempted to approach a Japanese fishing boat.
It was the longest intrusion since Japan’s government purchased some of the Senkaku Islands from a private Japanese owner in 2012.
Japan controls the islands. China and Taiwan claim them. The Japanese government maintains the islands are an inherent part of Japan’s territory, in terms of history and international law. It says there is no issue of sovereignty to be resolved over them.
Japan and China agreed to bolster economic and financial cooperation, Japanese Finance Minister Taro Aso said on Saturday, as U.S. President Donald Trump’s protectionist stance and tension over North Korea weigh on Asia’s growth outlook.
Chinese Finance Minister Xiao Jie (R) and Japanese Finance Minister Taro Aso shake hands during their bilateral meeting, on the sidelines of Asian Development Bank (ADB) annual meeting, in Yokohama, Japan, Saturday, May 6, 2017. REUTERS/Koji Sasahara/Pool
YOKOHAMA, Japan: Japan and China agreed to bolster economic and financial cooperation, Japanese Finance Minister Taro Aso said on Saturday, as U.S. President Donald Trump’s protectionist stance and tension over North Korea weigh on Asia’s growth outlook.
A group of disputed islands, Uotsuri island (top), Minamikojima (bottom) and Kitakojima, known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China is seen in the East China Sea, in this photo taken by Kyodo September 2012. Mandatory credit. REUTERS/Kyodo/File Photo
TTCT – Những nhà máy khổng lồ, những cuộc triển lãm hoành tráng và những vụ bỏ thầu với giá cực kỳ hấp dẫn, Trung Quốc đang vươn lên mạnh mẽ trong cuộc chiến giành giật thị trường đường sắt cao tốc của thế giới. Nhưng, như với mọi thứ sản xuất tại nước này, câu hỏi tối hậu luôn liên quan tới vấn đề chất lượng.
Triển lãm đường sắt cao tốc của Trung Quốc ở Indonesia -qz.com
Bài dịch dưới đây là một Chương trong quyển sách nhan đề Bá Chủ: Kế Hoạch Của Trung Quốc Để Thống Trị Á Châu và Thế Giới, xuất bản năm 2000, và được Dân Biểu Quốc Hội Hoa Kỳ Dana Rohrabacher đánh giá là “có giá trị hơn cả các sự thuyết trình của Cơ Quan Tình Báo Trung Ương (CIA)”. Tiếp tục đọc “Bản đồ thế giới của bá quyền Trung Quốc”→
Two related disputes between Japan and China in the East China Sea flared again in early August. Between August 5 and 9, more than 200 Chinese fishing ships entered the waters around the Senkaku Islands (called Diaoyu in China), accompanied by China Coast Guard vessels. That same weekend, the Japanese foreign ministry accused China of deploying a radar system on one of its oil platforms in the East China Sea. Japan sees those platforms as a violation of the spirit of a 2008 agreement on joint exploration of resources near the two countries’ disputed continental shelf. Tiếp tục đọc “CSIS – Over the Line: Tracking Energy Competition in the East China Sea”→
Năm 2006, một báo cáo được trình bày trong Bộ Tổng tham mưu quân đội Trung Quốc đã đánh giá tình hình khu vực và quốc tế ảnh hưởng đến Trung Quốc. Trong đó quan hệ Việt Trung được trình bày ngay đầu tiên.
Không quân Trung Quốc hiện nay có số lượng chỉ đứng sau Nga và Mỹ nhưng chất lượng của lực lượng này thì chưa xứng đáng với vị trí thứ 3 thế giới vì chất lượng máy bay và khả năng tác chiến của các phi công Trung Quốc còn khá nhiều vấn đề.